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SMAP L4 Global Daily 9 km EASE-Grid Carbon Net Ecosystem Exchange, Version 4 (SPL4CMDL)
Data set:
SPL4CMDL
Citation
There is a more recent version of these data.
Version Summary

Changes to this version largely affect model inputs and ancillary files rather than changes to the internal model structure or code. Note that Version 4 is slightly better than Version 3 in RMSE terms, with improvement generally larger for drier sites. Specific changes include:




  • The carbon model biome properties lookup table (BPLUT) has been calibrated using an augmented FLUXNET global tower site record which includes more calibration sites (335 sites compared to 228 sites for V3), expanded tower data records extending to at least 2015, and the addition of new tower sites representing more land cover types.

  • Revised Level-4 carbon global model calibration and SOC initialization using an extended (2000-2017) MODIS fPAR (V006) record and the latest SMAP Nature Run (NRv7.2) climate data records.

  • Implemented minor changes to spatial weighting of calibration tower sites within a model grid cell and reduced the outlier influence on model response curve fitting.



For the full major and minor version history, go to https://nsidc.org/data/smap/data_versions.

Overview

The Level-4 (L4) carbon product (SPL4CMDL) provides global gridded daily estimates of net ecosystem carbon (CO2) exchange derived using a satellite data based terrestrial carbon flux model informed by the following: Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) L-band microwave observations, land cover and vegetation inputs from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS), and the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, Version 5 (GEOS-5) land model assimilation system. Parameters are computed using an Earth-fixed, global cylindrical 9 km Equal-Area Scalable Earth Grid, Version 2.0 (EASE-Grid 2.0) projection.
Data Contributor(s):
Kimball, J. S., L. A. Jones, A. Endsley, T. Kundig, and R. Reichle.
Parameter(s):
GROSS PRIMARY PRODUCTION (GPP) HETEROTROPHIC RESPIRATION (RH) NET ECOSYSTEM CO2 EXCHANGE (NEE) SOIL ORGANIC CARBON (SOC)
Platform(s):
Aqua, SMAP, SUOMI-NPP, Terra
Sensor(s):
MODIS, SMAP L-BAND RADIOMETER, VIIRS
Data Format(s):
HDF5
Temporal Coverage:
31 March 2015 to 26 August 2020
Temporal Resolution:
1 day
Spatial Resolution:
9 km
9 km
Spatial Coverage:
N:
85.044
S:
-85.044
E:
180
W:
-180

Data Access & Tools

This data set has been retired. There is a more recent version of these data.

Help Articles

How To

Many NSIDC data set web pages provide the ability to search and filter data with spatial and temporal contstraints using a map-based interface. This article outlines how to order NSIDC DAAC data using advanced searching and filtering. 
To convert HDF5 files into binary format you will need to use the h5dump utility, which is part of the HDF5 distribution available from the HDF Group. How you install HDF5 depends on your operating system.
This step-by-step tutorial demonstrates how to access MODIS and SMAP data using the Application for Extracting and Exploring Analysis Ready Samples (AppEEARS). AppEEARS allows users to access, explore, and download point and area data with spatial, temporal, and parameter subsets.
The following are instructions on how to import and geolocate SMAP Level-3 Radiometer Soil Moisture HDF5 data in ENVI. Testing notes Software: ENVI Software version: 5.3 Platform: Windows 7
This How to guide outlines the steps for properly importing, projecting and visualizing HDF and NetCDF files in ArcMap. A couple of things to note before you start:
Data subscriptions are available for select NSIDC DAAC data collections (found below). Our subscription service automatically sends you new data as they are delivered from active NASA satellite missions.
  Data from the NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center (NSIDC DAAC) can be accessed directly from our HTTPS file system or through our Application Programming Interface (API).
NASA Earthdata Search is a map-based interface where a user can search for Earth science data, filter results based on spatial and temporal constraints, and order data with customizations including re-formatting, re-projecting, and spatial and parameter subsetting.
NASA Worldview uses the Global Imagery Browse Service (GIBS) to provide up to date, full resolution imagery for select NSIDC DAAC data sets (see attachments below).
NASA's Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) provides up to date, full resolution imagery for selected NSIDC DAAC data sets. 

Getting started

OPeNDAP, the Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol, is a NASA community standard DAP that provides a simple way for researchers to access and work with data over the internet.
SMAP Ancillary data sets are used to produce SMAP Level-1, -2, -3, and -4 standard data products.
The following table describes both the required and actual latencies for the different SMAP radiometer data sets. Latency is defined as the time (# days, hh:mm:ss) from data acquisition to product generation.
The following table describes the data subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection services that are currently available for SMAP data via the NASA Earthdata Search, a Data Subscription, and Programmatic Access.