SMAP/Sentinel-1 L2 Radiometer/Radar 30-Second Scene 3 km EASE-Grid Soil Moisture, Version 3
Data set id:
This is the most recent version of these data.
Version Summary
Changes to this version include:
- An improved calibration methodology was applied to the SMAP Level-1B brightness temperatures.
- Revised the coefficients in the land surface temperature computation to be consistent with the SMAP Level-2 soil moisture passive enhanced product. The new coefficients are C=0.246, K=1.007 for AM passes and C=1.0, K=1.007 for PM passes.
- Changed the omega parameter of the tau-omega model for forest landcover classes (1-5) from 0.05 to 0.07.
- Uses a new high-resolution soil database (SoilGrid250m; Hengl et al., 2017).
- Uses bulk density to set the upper limit of the soil moisture retrievals. Previous versions used a fixed value of 0.65 m3/m3.
- Enhanced documentation on Data Flags in the User Guide to help data users to better understand and use the flags.
- Added a bit in the TB Disaggregation QC flag to indicate (1) the use of SMAP AM or PM data; and (2) the time difference (greater or less than 36 hours) between the SMAP and Sentinel observations overlap.
- Fixed the EASE_[row/column]_index_apm_[1km/3km] data fields to make them 0-based.
- Fixed the range beginning and ending time in the file metadata.
- In June 2024, the validated state was retroactively applied to all 3-km data from August 21, 2020 onward.

For the full major and minor version history, go to


This Level-2 (L2) soil moisture product provides estimates of land surface conditions retrieved by both the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) radiometer during 6:00 a.m. descending and 6:00 p.m. ascending half-orbit passes and the Sentinel-1A and -1B radar. SMAP L-band brightness temperatures and Copernicus Sentinel-1 C-band backscatter coefficients are used to derive soil moisture data, which are then resampled to an Earth-fixed, cylindrical 3 km Equal-Area Scalable Earth Grid, Version 2.0 (EASE-Grid 2.0). While the 3 km data product has undergone validation, the 1 km product has not and should be used with caution.
Data Format(s):
Temporal Coverage:
31 March 2015 to present
Temporal Resolution:
  • 30 second
Spatial Resolution:
  • 3 km
  • 3 km
Spatial Reference System(s):
WGS 84 / NSIDC EASE-Grid 2.0 Global
Spatial Coverage:
Blue outlined yellow areas on the map below indicate the spatial coverage for this data set.

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This articles provides an example MATLAB snippet to read and plot SMAP/Sentinel-1 L2 Radiometer/Radar 30-Second Scene 3 km EASE-Grid Soil Moisture HDF5 soil moisture and brightness temperature data, as well as the related surface and quality flags.
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