SMAP Level 2 and Level 3 soil moisture products will version up in mid-October of 2021. At that time additional products may also be reprocessed. Should you have questions, please contact user services at Thank you for your patience while we update the data.
Data Set ID: 

SMAP/Sentinel-1 L2 Radiometer/Radar 30-Second Scene 3 km EASE-Grid Soil Moisture, Version 3

This Level-2 (L2) soil moisture product provides estimates of land surface conditions retrieved by both the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) radiometer during 6:00 a.m. descending and 6:00 p.m. ascending half-orbit passes and the Sentinel-1A and -1B radar. SMAP L-band brightness temperatures and Copernicus Sentinel-1 C-band backscatter coefficients are used to derive soil moisture data, which are then resampled to an Earth-fixed, cylindrical 3 km Equal-Area Scalable Earth Grid, Version 2.0 (EASE-Grid 2.0).

Note: These data are Beta-release quality. Additional analyses of in situ soil moisture stations will be conducted over the next several months, which should move the data quality to the validated category.

This is the most recent version of these data.

Version Summary: 

Changes to this version include:
- An improved calibration methodology was applied to the SMAP Level-1B brightness temperatures.
- Revised the coefficients in the land surface temperature computation to be consistent with the SMAP Level-2 soil moisture passive enhanced product. The new coefficients are C=0.246, K=1.007 for AM passes and C=1.0, K=1.007 for PM passes.
- Changed the omega parameter of the tau-omega model for forest landcover classes (1-5) from 0.05 to 0.07.
- Uses a new high-resolution soil database (SoilGrid250m; Hengl et al., 2017).
- Uses bulk density to set the upper limit of the soil moisture retrievals. Previous versions used a fixed value of 0.65 m3/m3.
- Enhanced documentation on Data Flags in the User Guide to help data users to better understand and use the flags.
- Added a bit in the TB Disaggregation QC flag to indicate (1) the use of SMAP AM or PM data; and (2) the time difference (greater or less than 36 hours) between the SMAP and Sentinel observations overlap.
- Fixed the EASE_[row/column]_index_apm_[1km/3km] data fields to make them 0-based.
- Fixed the range beginning and ending time in the file metadata.

For the full major and minor version history, go to

COMPREHENSIVE Level of Service

Data: Data integrity and usability verified; data customization services available for select data

Documentation: Key metadata and comprehensive user guide available

User Support: Assistance with data access and usage; guidance on use of data in tools and data customization services

See All Level of Service Details

Data Format(s):
  • HDF5
Spatial Coverage:
N: 60, 
S: -60, 
E: 180, 
W: -180
Spatial Resolution:
  • 3 km x 3 km
Temporal Coverage:
  • 31 March 2015
Temporal Resolution30 secondMetadata XML:View Metadata Record
Data Contributor(s):Das, N., D. Entekhabi, R. S. Dunbar, S. Kim, S. Yueh, A. Colliander, P. E. O'Neill, T. Jackson, T. Jagdhuber, F. Chen, W. T. Crow, J. Walker, A. Berg, D. Bosch, T. Caldwell, and M. Cosh.

Geographic Coverage

Other Access Options

Other Access Options


As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Das, N., D. Entekhabi, R. S. Dunbar, S. Kim, S. Yueh, A. Colliander, P. E. O'Neill, T. Jackson, T. Jagdhuber, F. Chen, W. T. Crow, J. Walker, A. Berg, D. Bosch, T. Caldwell, and M. Cosh. 2020. SMAP/Sentinel-1 L2 Radiometer/Radar 30-Second Scene 3 km EASE-Grid Soil Moisture, Version 3. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center. doi: [Date Accessed].

Literature Citation

As a condition of using these data, we request that you acknowledge the author(s) of this data set by referencing the following peer-reviewed publication.

  • Das, N., D. Entekhabi, S. Dunbar, J. Chaubell, A. Colliander, S. Yueh, T. Jagdhuber, F. Chen, W. T. Crow, P. E. O'Neill, J. Walker, A. Berg, D. Bosch, T. Caldwell, M. Cosh, C. Holifield -Collins, E. Lopez-Baeza, and M. Thibeault. 2019. The SMAP and Copernicus Sentinel 1A/B microwave active-passive high resolution surface soil moisture product, Remote Sensing of Environment. 233. 111380.

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