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SMAP Enhanced L3 Radiometer Global Daily 9 km EASE-Grid Soil Moisture, Version 2 (SPL3SMP_E)
Data set:
SPL3SMP_E
Citation
There is a more recent version of these data.
Version Summary

Changes to this version include:



  • Level-1B water-corrected brightness temperatures are used in passive soil moisture retrieval.
    This procedure corrects for anomalous soil moisture values seen near coastlines in the previous
    version and should result in less rejected data due to waterbody contamination. Five new data fields
    accommodate this correction: grid_surface_status, surface_water_fraction_mb_h,
    surface_water_fraction_mb_v, tb_h_uncorrected, and tb_v_uncorrected.

  • Improved depth correction for effective soil temperature used in passive soil moisture
    retrieval; new results are captured in the surface_temperature data field. This correction reduces
    the dry bias seen when comparing SMAP data to in situ data from the core validation sites.


  • Frozen ground flag updated to reflect improved freeze/thaw detection algorithm, providing better
    accuracy; new results are captured in bit 7 of surface_flag.

Overview

This enhanced Level-3 (L3) soil moisture product provides a composite of daily estimates of global land surface conditions retrieved by the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) radiometer. This product is a daily composite of SMAP Level-2 (L2) soil moisture which is derived from SMAP Level-1C (L1C) interpolated brightness temperatures. Backus-Gilbert optimal interpolation techniques are used to extract information from SMAP antenna temperatures and convert them to brightness temperatures, which are posted to the 9 km Equal-Area Scalable Earth Grid, Version 2.0 (EASE-Grid 2.0) in a global cylindrical projection.
Data Contributor(s):
O'Neill, P. E., S. Chan, E. G. Njoku, T. Jackson, and R. Bindlish.
Parameter(s):
BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE SOIL MOISTURE
Platform(s):
SMAP
Sensor(s):
SMAP L-BAND RADIOMETER
Data Format(s):
HDF5
Temporal Coverage:
31 March 2015 to 12 August 2019
Temporal Resolution:
1 day
Spatial Resolution:
9 km
9 km
Spatial Coverage:
N:
85.044
S:
-85.044
E:
180
W:
-180

Data Access & Tools

This data set has been retired. There is a more recent version of these data.

Help Articles

How To

Many NSIDC data set web pages provide the ability to search and filter data with spatial and temporal contstraints using a map-based interface. This article outlines how to order NSIDC DAAC data using advanced searching and filtering. 
To convert HDF5 files into binary format you will need to use the h5dump utility, which is part of the HDF5 distribution available from the HDF Group. How you install HDF5 depends on your operating system.
This step-by-step tutorial demonstrates how to access MODIS and SMAP data using the Application for Extracting and Exploring Analysis Ready Samples (AppEEARS). AppEEARS allows users to access, explore, and download point and area data with spatial, temporal, and parameter subsets.
The following are instructions on how to import and geolocate SMAP Level-3 Radiometer Soil Moisture HDF5 data in ENVI. Testing notes Software: ENVI Software version: 5.3 Platform: Windows 7
Data subscriptions are available for select NSIDC DAAC data collections (found below). Our subscription service automatically sends you new data as they are delivered from active NASA satellite missions.
  Data from the NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center (NSIDC DAAC) can be accessed directly from our HTTPS file system or through our Application Programming Interface (API).
NASA Earthdata Search is a map-based interface where a user can search for Earth science data, filter results based on spatial and temporal constraints, and order data with customizations including re-formatting, re-projecting, and spatial and parameter subsetting.
NASA Worldview uses the Global Imagery Browse Service (GIBS) to provide up to date, full resolution imagery for select NSIDC DAAC data sets (see attachments below).
NASA's Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) provides up to date, full resolution imagery for selected NSIDC DAAC data sets. 

Getting started

There is considerable overlap of the SMAP radiometer footprints, or Instantaneous Fields of View (IFOVs), which are defined by the contours where the sensitivity of the antenna has fallen by 3db from its maximum.
OPeNDAP, the Open-source Project for a Network Data Access Protocol, is a NASA community standard DAP that provides a simple way for researchers to access and work with data over the internet.
SMAP data files contain rich quality information that can be useful for many data users. The retrieval quality flag and surface flag bit values and interpretations are documented in the respective product Data Fields pages: Level-2 soil moisture product (SPL2SMP)
The following table describes both the required and actual latencies for the different SMAP radiometer data sets. Latency is defined as the time (# days, hh:mm:ss) from data acquisition to product generation.
The following table describes the data subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection services that are currently available for SMAP data via the NASA Earthdata Search, a Data Subscription, and Programmatic Access.  
While the standard SMAP Level-2 and -3 radiometer soil moisture products* contain landcover_class and landcover_class_fraction in the data files, the enhanced soil moisture products** do not.