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As climate changes, how do Earth's frozen areas affect our planet and impact society?

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map of snow
Snow Analysis
Snow-covered area was 203 percent of average for April, ranking second highest in the 24-year satellite record. Despite a snowy April, snow cover days were below average because of a widespread slow start to the snow season. States in the north reported below-average snow water equivalent, while the opposite was true for states in the south.
melt off of Antarctic Peninsula
Ice Sheet Analysis
In late February and early March, two record melt events for that time of year occurred on the Antarctic Peninsula. Overall, however, the 2023 to 2024 melt season was slightly below the 45-year average because of low melt regions outside of the Antarctic Peninsula. 
Annual maintenance of weather instruments at Ailaktalik station
The Silalirijiit Project was an innovative effort to engage community members and stakeholders to better monitor and understand the weather of Baffin Island’s Clyde River region. It combined state-of-the-art weather-monitoring technology with local Inuit knowledge.
Colorado snowstorm hangs heavy on ponderosa pine branches
Snow Analysis
March started out dry in the western United States, but made significant gains in winter storms toward the end of the month, finishing tenth in snow-covered area over the 24-year-satellite record. Snow-covered area reached a maximum on January 17, 2024, spot on with the average over the data record.
Windnagel digging a snow pit
Ann Windnagel is a project manager at NSIDC. Her contributions span data set development, interactive applications, and research related to glaciers, sea ice, and snow. In this Q&A, she describes the many hats she has worn over the years, her biggest challenges, and her biggest rewards.
This NASA blue marble image shows Arctic sea ice extent on March 14, 2024, when sea ice reached its maximum extent for the year. Sea ice extent for March 14 averaged 15.01 million square kilometers (5.80 million square miles), the fourteenth lowest in the satellite record.
News Release
Arctic sea ice has likely reached its maximum extent for the year, at 15.01 million square kilometers (5.80 million square miles) on March 14, according to scientists at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) at the University of Colorado Boulder.