• Due to planned system maintenance taking place on Wednesday, October 5 from 10 - 11 a.m. (USA Mountain Time), data set landing pages and other related data pages may be temporarily unavailable or behave unexpectedly during that timeframe.

  • On Wednesday, October 5, from 9 a.m. to 12 p.m. (Mountain Time), the following data collections may not be available due to planned system maintenance: AMSR Unified, AMSR-E, Aquarius, High Mountain Asia, IceBridge, ICESat/GLAS, ICESat-2, LVIS, MEaSUREs, MODIS, SMAP, SnowEx, SSM/I-SSMIS and VIIRS.

  • MODIS Collection 6.1 has been fully reprocessed and temporal coverage is now complete. MODIS Collection 6.0 data sets will be processed continuously through the end of 2022. Data for C6.0 will likely remain available for just a few months thereafter.

MODIS/Terra Snow Cover 5-Min L2 Swath 500m, Version 61 (MOD10_L2)
Data set:
MOD10_L2
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This is the most recent version of these data.
Version Summary
1. The low visible reflectance screen for snow cover using bands 2 and 4 was lowered from 0.10 to 0.07.
2. Cloud mask algorithm flags are set for 'probably cloudy' and 'probably clear' sky conditions in the algorithm flags QA data set.

Overview

This global Level-2 (L2) data set provides daily snow cover detected using the Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) and a series of screens designed to alleviate errors and flag uncertain snow cover detections. The NDSI is derived from radiance data acquired by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on board the Terra satellite: DOI:10.5067/MODIS/MOD02HKM.061 and DOI:10.5067/MODIS/MOD021KM.061. Each data granule contains 5 minutes of swath data observed at a resolution of 500 m. The terms "Version 61" and "Collection 6.1" are used interchangeably in reference to this release of MODIS data.
Data Contributor(s):
Hall, D. K. and G. A. Riggs.
Parameter(s):
SNOW COVER
Platform(s):
Terra
Sensor(s):
MODIS
Data Format(s):
HDF-EOS2
Temporal Coverage:
24 February 2000 to present
Temporal Resolution:
5 minute
Spatial Resolution:
500 m
500 m
Spatial Coverage:
N:
90
S:
-90
E:
180
W:
-180

Data Access & Tools

A free NASA Earthdata Login account is required to access these data. Learn More

Help Articles

Getting started

For the snow cover and sea ice products, users can use MODIS Collections 6 and 6.1 together.
The lag time between observations and availability of MODIS products is only a few days. Lag time may be extended due to satellite maneuvers and extra quality assurance required for the geolocation data after the maneuver.
The following table describes the data subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection services that are currently available for MODIS data via the NASA Earthdata Search tool.
The Normalized Difference Snow Index (NDSI) snow cover is an index that is related to the presence of snow in a pixel and is a more accurate description of snow detection as compared to Fractional Snow Cover (FSC). Snow typically has very high visible (VIS) reflectance and very low reflectance in

How To

Many NSIDC DAAC data sets can be accessed using the NSIDC DAAC's Data Access Tool. This tool provides the ability to search and filter data with spatial and temporal constraints using a map-based interface.
To convert HDF5 files into binary format you will need to use the h5dump utility, which is part of the HDF5 distribution available from the HDF Group. How you install HDF5 depends on your operating system.
Data subscriptions are available for select NSIDC DAAC data collections (found below). Our subscription service automatically sends you new data as they are delivered from active NASA satellite missions.
All data from the NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center (NSIDC DAAC) can be accessed directly from our HTTPS file system, using wget or curl. Basic command line instructions are provided in the article below. 
NASA Earthdata Search is a map-based interface where a user can search for Earth science data, filter results based on spatial and temporal constraints, and order data with customizations including re-formatting, re-projecting, and spatial and parameter subsetting.
NASA Worldview uses the Global Imagery Browse Service (GIBS) to provide up to date, full resolution imagery for select NSIDC DAAC data sets (see attachments below).
NASA's Global Imagery Browse Services (GIBS) provides up to date, full resolution imagery for selected NSIDC DAAC data sets.