Data Set ID:
NSIDC-0060

Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations, Version 1

This archive of daily rawinsonde measurements of wind direction and speed, atmospheric pressure, humidity, air temperature, and geopotential height as well as surface-based observation of cloud cover (amount, type and height) from Soviet North Pole drifting stations was assembled under the direction of Dr. J. Kahl, with funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the Electric Power Research Institute. Soundings were recorded from April 19, 1954 to July 31, 1990 at drifting stations located in the Arctic Ocean, north of approximately 70 degrees North. Data were obtained from several different sources. All of these data are ultimately derived from the set of bound volumes of handwritten tables kept at the Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) in St. Petersburg, Russia. Data are in 21 ASCII text format files with an average size of under 10 MB.

This is the most recent version of these data.

Version Summary:

initial release

BASIC Level of Service

Data: Data integrity verified

Documentation: Key metadata and links to supporting documentation available

User Support: Assistance with data access and basic data usage

See All Level of Service Details

Parameter(s):
  • ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > AIR TEMPERATURE
  • ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE > ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS
  • CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD FREQUENCY
  • CLOUDS > CLOUD PROPERTIES > CLOUD HEIGHT
  • CLOUDS > CLOUD TYPES
  • ATMOSPHERIC TEMPERATURE > SURFACE TEMPERATURE > DEW POINT TEMPERATURE
  • ALTITUDE > GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT
  • ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > SURFACE WINDS
  • ATMOSPHERIC WINDS > UPPER LEVEL WINDS
Data Format(s):
  • ASCII Text
Spatial Coverage:
N: 90, 
S: 70, 
E: 180, 
W: -180
Platform(s):OCEAN WEATHER STATIONS
Spatial Resolution:Not SpecifiedSensor(s):RAWINSONDES
Temporal Coverage:
  • 19 April 1954 to 31 July 1990
Version(s):V1
Temporal ResolutionNot specifiedMetadata XML:View Metadata Record
Data Contributor(s):Jonathan Kahl, Mark Serreze

Geographic Coverage

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As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Kahl, J. 1997. Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center. doi: https://doi.org/10.5067/AH8D9CN70VN6. [Date Accessed].

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