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Data Set ID:

Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations, Version 1

This archive of daily rawinsonde measurements of wind direction and
speed, atmospheric pressure, humidity, air temperature, and
geopotential height as well as surface-based observation of cloud
cover (amount, type and height) from Soviet North Pole drifting
stations was assembled under the direction of Dr. J. Kahl, with
funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the Electric Power Research
Institute. Soundings were recorded from April 19, 1954 to July 31,
1990 at drifting stations located in the Arctic Ocean, north of
approximately 70 degrees North. Data were obtained from several
different sources. All of these data are ultimately derived from the
set of bound volumes of handwritten tables kept at the Arctic and
Antarctic Research Institute (AARI) in St. Petersburg, Russia. Data
are in 21 ASCII text format files with an average size of under 10 MB.
The data are available via ftp.

Geographic Coverage

Spatial Coverage:
  • N: 90, S: 70, E: 180, W: -180

Spatial Resolution: Not Specified
Temporal Coverage:
  • 19 April 1954 to 31 July 1990
Temporal Resolution: Not specified
  • Atmospheric Temperature > Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric Pressure > Atmospheric Pressure Measurements
  • Clouds > Cloud Amount/Frequency
  • Clouds > Cloud Height
  • Clouds > Cloud Types
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Dew Point Temperature
  • Altitude > Geopotential Height
  • Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
  • Atmospheric Winds > Upper Level Winds
Data Format(s):
  • ASCII Text
Version: V1
Data Contributor(s): Jonathan Kahl, Mark Serreze

Data Citation

As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Kahl, J. 1997. Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: [Date Accessed].
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