Data Set ID:

Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive, 1947 - 1996, Version 1

The Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive (HARA) contains millions of vertical soundings of temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind, representing all available rawinsonde ascents from Arctic land stations poleward of 65 degrees North. HARA includes soundings from the beginning of record through mid-1996. Most stations began recording soundings in the late 1950s, but a few began in 1947 or 1948.

This is the most recent version of these data.

STANDARD Level of Service

Data: Data integrity and usability verified

Documentation: Key metadata and user guide available

User Support: Assistance with data access and usage; guidance on use of data in tools

See All Level of Service Details

  • Atmospheric Temperature > Air Temperature > AIR TEMPERATURE
  • Atmospheric Pressure
  • Altitude > Geopotential Height > GEOPOTENTIAL HEIGHT
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Humidity > HUMIDITY
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor > HUMIDITY
  • Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds > WIND DIRECTION
  • Atmospheric Winds > Upper Level Winds > WIND DIRECTION
  • Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds > WIND SPEED
  • Atmospheric Winds > Upper Level Winds > WIND SPEED
Data Format(s):
Spatial Coverage:
N: 90, 
S: 65, 
E: 180, 
W: -180
Spatial Resolution:
  • Varies
Temporal Coverage:
  • 10 November 1947 to 30 June 1996
Temporal ResolutionVariesMetadata XML:View Metadata Record
Data Contributor(s):Jonathan Kahl, Mark Serreze, Spencer Shiotani

Geographic Coverage

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As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Serreze, M. C., J. D. Kahl, and S. Shiotani. 1997. Historical Arctic Rawinsonde Archive, 1947 - 1996, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: [Date Accessed].

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