Glacier Types: Rock

The composition of rock glaciers is tipped more toward rock than snow and ice. Rock glaciers sometimes form when slow-moving glacial ice is covered by debris. They are often found in steep-sided valleys, where rocks and soil fall from the valley walls onto the ice. Rock glaciers may also form when frozen soil creeps downslope.

Rock glacier on Gilpin Peak, ColoradoThis rock glacier slumps down off of the northeast face of Gilpin Peak in Colorado. —Credit: Bob Webster

Last updated: 16 March 2020