Further Reading

Hallett Glacier, 1916Two early glacier enthusiasts, Rowe Glacier, Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, 1916. F. W. Byerly photograph/NSIDC

Would you like to learn more about glaciers?

Many of the resources we've listed may be available from your local library, bookstore, or are available on the Internet.

Introductory materials

Intermediate to Advanced materials

Glacier Links

Introductory Materials

The Anatomy of a Glacier: Read about how glaciers affect the water cycle and the weather on this well illustrated PBS NOVA tour of the Khumbu Glacier and the icefalls on Mount Everest.

Glacier Maker: Learn how to identify the contents of a glacier like those found in Patagonia, construct a miniature glacier model, and compare and contrast your model with Patagonian glaciers. from PBS and The Living Edens)

Repeat Photography Project: USGS scientists have begun the task of documenting glacial decline through photography. The striking images created by pairing historic images with contemporary photos has given global warming a face and made climate change a relevant issue to viewers

Warnings from the Ice: The NOVA science series on PBS hosts this web page. It provides information on arctic ice and how data collected from the region help to further our understand of the global climate.

Glaciers—Then and Now: A Windows to the Universe Actvity: This activity for grades 4-8 has students compare photographs of glaciers to observe how Alaskan glaciers have changed over the last century.

Advanced Materials

Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World: The USGS Global Change Research Program provides an inventory of the extent of glaciers around the world for the years 1979 to 1981.

Glacier Articles

"The heat is on." 1999. National Parks - The magazine of the National Parks and Conservation Association, Volume 73, Number 1, page 33.

"Portfolio: Living Ice." 1998. Alaska, Volume 64, Number 1, page 44.

"Nunataks." 1998. National Geographic, Volume 194, Number 6, page 60.

"Biking across the Alaska Range." 1997. National Geographic, Volume 191, Number 5, page 118.

"Glaciers on the go." 1997. Ranger Rick, Volume 31, Number 8, page 38.

"Into the heart of glaciers." 1997. National Geographic, Volume 189, Number 2, page 70.

"Getting close to glacier." 1996. Sunset, Volume 197, Number 1, page 20.

"Simulating glaciers: stimulating interest in geology." 1996. Science Scope, Volume 20, Number 2, page 10.

"The big melt May." 1995. Conde Nast Traveler, pages 152-157 and 199-206.

"Return of the glaciers." New Zealand Geographic, Volume 146, Number 876, page 80.

"Recession of tropical glaciers." 1994. Science, Volume 265, Number 5180.

"Quantifying global warming from the retreat of glaciers." 1994. Science, Volume 264, Number 5156.

"Icy indicators of warming." 1993. World Watch, Volume 6, Number 1, page 9.

"Maine's Debsconeag Lakes, the place the glaciers created." 1993. Audubon, Volume 95, Number 3, pages 52-55.

"Return of the glaciers." 1992. Newsweek, Volume CXX, Number 21, page 62.

"Sensitivity of glaciers and small ice caps to greenhouse warming." 1992. Science Volume 258, Number 5079, page 115.

"Postglacial vegetation history of coastal islands in southeastern New England." 1990. National Geographic, Volume 6, Number 2, page 178.

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. Volume 6, pages 277-288. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1982.

Glacier Books


Danger-- Icebergs!. R. Gans. New York: Crowell, 1987 revised. Let's read-and -find-out science book.
Explains how icebergs are formed from glaciers, move into the ocean, create hazards to ships, and sometimes melt away.

Glacier. B.J. Knapp. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational Corp., 1992.
Describes the way in which massive tongues of ice grind and scour at a landscape until they create valleys with spectacularly steep sides, and how the eroded material is then moulded to transform many lowlands.

Glacier Tracks. E. Tallcott. New York, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard, 1970.
Describes the different glacial forms of the ice age and how boulders, hills, and other land formations seen today provide clues to the paths of glaciers.

Glaciers. M. George. Mankato, MN: Creative Education, Inc., 1991.
Text and photographs introduce the composition, the history, and the beauty of glaciers.

Glaciers. D.V. Georges. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1986.
Discusses the formation of glaciers and their broken off pieces, icebergs; the way they shape the earth; and why scientists study them.

Glaciers. R. Lockard. New York, Coward-McCann, 1970. The Science is what and why books.
Describes the history, formation, movements, and effects of the world's ice sheets.

Glaciers. W. Tangborn. New York: T.Y. Crowell, 1988 revised edition. Let's-read-and-find-out science book.
Explains how and where glaciers form, how they move, and how they shape the land.

Glaciers and Ice Caps. M. Bramwell. London/New York: Franklin Watts, 1986.

Glaciers and Icebergs. J. Markert. Mankato, MN: Child's World, 1993.
Describes how glaciers and icebergs form, move, and affect the planet Earth.

Glaciers and Ice Sheets Planet Earth Series). G. de Q. Robin. New York: Bookwright Press, 1984.

Glaciers, Ice on the Move. S. M. Wallen. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books, 1990.
Describes the formation and movement of different types of glaciers, their effects on the land, and how scientists study glaciers.

Glaciers, Natures Frozen Rivers. H. H. Nixon and J. L. Nixon. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1980.
Discusses what glaciers are, how they move, the various kinds, how they move and change the land and how they can be used.

Ice Ages. R.A. Gallant. New York: F. Watts, 1985. A First Book.
Describes the various ice age periods throughout history and prehistory and explains how and why they occur.

Ice Caps and Glaciers. C. Twist. New York: Gloucester Press, 1993. Hands on Science.
Describes what ice from the polar regions can tell us about past climatic conditions and our changing atmosphere and examines the role of water in its solid state within the environment. Includes projects and other hands-on activities.

Icebergs and Glaciers. S. Simon. New York: Morrow, 1987.
Discusses the formation, movement, and different types of glaciers and icebergs and describes their effect on the world around them.

Junior Science Book of Icebergs and Glaciers. P. Lauber. Garrard, 1961.

Power of Ice. R. Radlauer. Chicago: Childrens Press, 1985.
Describes an expedition to explore a glacier in Alaska. Introduces facts about glaciers, including their origins, types, and effects on the Earth.

Story of Glaciers and the Ice Age. W. H. Matthews. New York: Harvey House, 1974.
Describes the characteristics of various types of glaciers and examines their roles in shaping the Earth's surface.

Intermediate to Advanced

Alaska's Glaciers. Alaska Geographic volume 9, number 1, 1982.

Frozen Earth: Explaining the Ice Ages. R.V. Fodor. Hillside, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 1981.
Discusses the evidence for the existence of ice ages, explains what glaciers are, and presents the many explanations offered for the causes of ice ages with emphasis on the astronomical theory. Also considers the effects of future climatic changes.

Glacier. R. H. Bailey and the Editors of Time-Life Books Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1982.

Glacier Ice. A. Post and E. R. LaChapelle Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, 1971.
Aerial photographs of glaciers in western North America extending from the Cascade Range, Pacific Coast of North America and the interior ranges of Alaska.

Glaciers. M. J. Hambrey and J. Alean Cambridge. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Glaciers and Landscape: A Geomorphological Approach. D. E. Sugden and B. S. John. New York: Wiley, 1976.

Glaciers and the Environment. Nairobi. United Nations Environment Programme UNEP). Global Environment Monitoring System GEMS). Environment Library No. 9, 1992.
History of ice, nature of glaciers, making of a glacier, glacier's temperature, glacier audit, how glaciers move, monitoring the world's glaciers. [* To Order no charge): United Nations Environment Programme, PO Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya.]

Glaciers of North America: A Field Guide. S. A. Ferguson. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Press, 1992.

Ice Ages: Past and Future. J. Erickson. Blue Ridge Summit, PA: Tab Books, 1990.
Glacial epoch; glaciology; glaciers; global temperature changes; climatic changes.

The Physics of Glaciers. W. S. B. Patterson. Tarrytown New York: Elsevier, 1994 3rd Edition.