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Further Reading, References

The Anatomy of a Glacier PBS NOVA tour of the Khumbu Glacier and the icefalls on Mount Everest.

AntarcticGlaciers.org. Structural Glaciology. Accessed December 20, 2019.

Blunden, J. and D.S. Arndt, Eds. 2019. State of the Climate in 2018. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc. 100(9):Si–S305. doi:10.1175/2019BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

Bogan, K. Impact of High Asian glaciers and snowpack on water resources. Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Resources. Accessed December 10, 2019.

Bramwell, M. 1986. Glaciers and Ice Caps. London/New York: Franklin Watts.

Cryosphere Ecology Group. Bioalbedo. Charles University in Prague. Accessed December 12, 2019.

Erickson, J. 1990. Ice Ages: Past and Future. Blue Ridge Summit, PA: Tab Books.

Ferguson, A.A. 1992. Glaciers of North America: A Field Guide. Golden, CO: Fulcrum Press.

Fodor. R.V. 1981. Frozen Earth: Explaining the Ice Ages. Hillside, NJ: Enslow Publishers.

Glacier Maker. PBS Living Edens.

Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS) at NSIDC. Accessed December 16, 2019.

Hambrey, M.J., and J. Alean 1992. Glaciers. Cambridge/New York: Cambridge University Press.

Hastenrath, S. 1994. Recession of tropical glaciers. Science 265(5180): 1790-1791.

Icy indicators of warming. 1993. World Watch 6(1): 9.

Into the heart of glaciers. 1997. National Geographic 189(2): 70.

Kaplan, M. 2012, August 27. On glaciers, balls of dust and moss make a cozy home. The New York Times. Accessed December 13, 2019.

Knapp, B.J. 1982. Glacier. Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational Corp.

Maine's Debsconeag Lakes, the place the glaciers created. 1993. Audubon 95(3): 52-55.

Markert, J. 1993. Glaciers and Icebergs. Mankato, MN: Child's World

Matthews, W. H. 1974. Story of Glaciers and the Ice Age. New York: Harvey House.

Matthews, V., KellerLynn, K., and Fox, B., Eds. 2003. Messages in Stone: Colorado’s Colorful Geology Denver: Colorado Geological Survey.

McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. 1982. 6: 277-288. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

National Park Service. Ice Fields and Ice Caps. Accessed December 17, 2019.

National Park Service. Ice Fields and Ice Caps. Accessed December 17, 2019.

Nixon, H.H., and J.L. Nixon. 1980. Glaciers, Natures Frozen Rivers. New York: Dodd, Mead.

Nunataks. 1998. National Geographic 194(6): 60.

Oerlemans J. 1994. Quantifying global warming from the retreat of glaciers. Science 264(5156):243-245.

Patterson, W.S.B. 1994. The Physics of Glaciers.Tarrytown New York: Elsevier. 3rd Edition.

Pawn of the Pumice Castle. 2011, June 25. Accretionary Wedge #35: No Jive, it's Ogive. Accessed December 20, 2019.

Pelto, M., and WGMS Network. 2019. Alpine glaciers in State of the Climate in 2018. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(9): S24-S25.

Post, A., and E.R. LaChapelle. 1971. Glacier Ice. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Repeat Photography Project United States Geological Survey.

Return of the glaciers. 1992. Newsweek 120(21): 62.

Robin, G. de Q. 1984. Glaciers and Ice Sheets (Planet Earth Series). New York: Bookwright Press.

Roe, G.H. 2011. What do glaciers tell us about climate variability and climate change? Journal of Glaciology 57(203): 567-568.

Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World United States Geological Survey.

Sensitivity of glaciers and small ice caps to greenhouse warming. 1992. Science Volume 258, Number 5079, page 115.

Simon, S. 1987. Icebergs and Glaciers. New York: Morrow.

Simulating glaciers: stimulating interest in geology. 1996. Science Scope 20(2): 10.

Sugden, D.E., and B.S. John. 1976. Glaciers and Landscape: A Geomorphological Approach. New York: Wiley.

Tallcott, E. 1970. Glacier Tracks. New York, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard

Twist, C. 1983. Ice Caps and Glaciers. New York: Gloucester Press.

United Nations Environment Programme. 1992. Glaciers and the Environment. Environment Library No. 9.

United States Geological Survey. Impacts of climate change and melting glaciers on coastal ecosystems in the Gulf of Alaska. Accessed December 10, 2019.

United States Geological Survey. What are the impacts of glacier loss, other than losing an aesthetic landscape feature? Accessed December 10, 2019.

Wallen, S.M. 1990. Glaciers, Ice on the Move. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books.

Warnings from the Ice PBS NOVA.

Zemp, M., M. Huss, E. Thibert, N. Eckert, R. McNabb, J. Huber, M. Barandun, H. Machguth, S.U., Nussbaumer, I. Gärtner-Roer, L. Thomson, F., Paul, F. Maussion, S. Kutuzov, and J.G. Cogley. 2019. Global glacier mass changes and their contributions to sea-level rise from 1961 to 2016. Nature 568: 382-386.

How to Cite

To cite material from this website, NSIDC recommends the following format:

"All About Glaciers." National Snow and Ice Data Center. Accessed [Day] [Month] [Year]. https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/glaciers.

For example:
"All About Glaciers." National Snow and Ice Data Center. Accessed 1 February 2016. https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/glaciers.

Last updated: 16 March 2020