Data Set ID:

Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data, Version 1

This product consists of meteorological data from 105 Arctic weather stations and 137 Antarctic stations, extracted from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)'s Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) database. Variables include wind direction, wind speed, visibility, air temperature, dew point temperature, and sea level pressure. Temporal coverage varies by station, with the earliest record in 1913 and the latest in 2002. Data are in tab-delimited ASCII text format, with one file per station and year. Graphs of meteorological variables throughout the time series accompany the ASCII data. Data are available via FTP.

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Geographic Coverage

Data Set Tabs

Temporal Coverage:
  • 1913-01-01 to 2002-12-31
Temporal Resolution:
Not specified
Sensor(s): Not specified
Spatial Coverage:
  • N: -60.717, S: -90, E: 178.72, W: 0

  • N: 83.633, S: 59.983, E: -13.583, W: -73.167

Spatial Resolution:
Not Specified
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Dew Point Temperature
  • Atmospheric Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
  • Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
  • Air Quality > Visibility
Data Format(s):
  • ASCII Text (.txt)
Data Contributor(s): Julienne Stroeve, Christopher Shuman

We kindly request that you cite the use of this data set in a publication using the following citation. For more information, see Use and Copyright.

Julienne Stroeve and Christopher Shuman 2004. Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data, Version 1. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Questions? Please contact:

NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA