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Data Set ID:

Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data, Version 1

This product consists of meteorological data from 105 Arctic weather stations and 137 Antarctic stations, extracted from the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC)'s Integrated Surface Hourly (ISH) database. Variables include wind direction, wind speed, visibility, air temperature, dew point temperature, and sea level pressure. Temporal coverage varies by station, with the earliest record in 1913 and the latest in 2002. Data are in tab-delimited ASCII text format, with one file per station and year. Graphs of meteorological variables throughout the time series accompany the ASCII data. Data are available via FTP.

Geographic Coverage

Spatial Coverage:
  • N: -60.717, S: -90, E: 178.72, W: 0

  • N: 83.633, S: 59.983, E: -13.583, W: -73.167

Spatial Resolution: Not Specified
Temporal Coverage:
  • 1 January 1913 to 31 December 2002
Temporal Resolution: Not specified
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Dew Point Temperature
  • Atmospheric Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
  • Atmospheric Temperature > Surface Air Temperature
  • Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds
  • Air Quality > Visibility
Platform(s) ARWS, ASOS
Sensor(s): Not specified
Data Format(s):
  • ASCII Text (.txt)
Version: V1
Data Contributor(s): Julienne Stroeve, Christopher Shuman

Data Citation

As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Julienne Stroeve and Christopher Shuman 2004. Historical Arctic and Antarctic Surface Observational Data, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: [Date Accessed].
No See Also links are available for this data set.
Questions? Please contact:

NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA