Get Data

Data Set ID:
G02140

Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989, Version 1

This data set contains sea ice and snow measurements collected during aircraft landings associated with the Soviet Union's historical Sever airborne and North Pole drifting station programs. The High-Latitude Airborne Annual Expeditions Sever (Sever means North) took place in 1937, 1941, 1948-1952, and 1954-1993 (Konstantinov and Grachev, 2000). In Spring 1993, the last (45th) Sever expedition finished long-term activity in the Arctic. Snow and sea ice data were collected, along with meteorological and hydrological measurements (the latter are not part of this data set). Up to 202 landings were accomplished each year.
The data set contains measurements of 23 parameters, including ice thickness and snow depth on the runway and surrounding area; ridge, hummock, and sastrugi dimensions and areal coverage; and snow density. The sea ice thickness data are of particular importance, as ice thickness measurements for the Arctic Basin are scarce. These data are a subset of those used to create the atlas Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin, self-published by Ilya P. Romanov in 1993, and republished by Backbone Publishing Company in 1995. Romanov provided these data to the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) in 1994.

Geographic Coverage

Data Set Tabs

Spatial Coverage:
  • N: 90, S: 64, E: 180, W: -180

Spatial Resolution:
Not Specified
Temporal Coverage
  • 1 June 1928 to 31 May 1989
Temporal Resolution:
Not specified
Parameter(s):
  • Sea Ice > Ice Roughness > Hummocks
  • Sea Ice > Sea Ice Elevation > Hummocks
  • Sea Ice > Ice Deformation
  • Sea Ice > Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Sea Ice > Ice Floes > Length
  • Sea Ice > Sea Ice Elevation
  • Snow/Ice > Snow Density
Platform(s):
AIRCRAFT, GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS, MOORINGS, OCEAN PLATFORMS
Sensor(s): SNOW MEASURING ROD
Data Format(s):
  • ASCII Text (.txt)
Version:
V1
Data Contributor(s): Ilya Romanov

Data Citation

As a condition of using this data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

National Snow and Ice Data Center. Compiled by I. P. Romanov. 2004. Morphometric Characteristics of Ice and Snow in the Arctic Basin: Aircraft Landing Observations from the Former Soviet Union, 1928-1989, Version 1. [indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5B8562T. [Date Accessed].

Questions? Please contact:

NSIDC User Services
Phone: 1 303 492-6199
Fax: 1 303 492-2468
Email: nsidc@nsidc.org
Contact Address:
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
City: Boulder
Province or State: CO
Postal Code: 80309-0449
Country: USA