Report GD-29: 2.8 Secondary Readings Karakoram Hydrology

Abbott, J. (1848) Inundation of the Indus taken from the lips of an eyewitness, A.D. 1842. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, no. 17: 230-232.

Adair, C.F.E.S. (1899) A summer in high Asia: Being a record of sport and travel in Balistan and Ladakh. W. Thacker and Co: London.

Adams, L. (1867) Wanderings of a Naturalist in India: The Western Himalayas and Cashmere. Edmonson: Edinburgh.

Ahmad, E. (1960) The Indus - A study in river geography. The Geographer, vol. 8: Islamabad.

American Alpine Club. (1954) American Karakoram Expedition. McGraw-Hill: New York.

Austen, H.H.G. (1862) On the glacier Phenomena of the valley of the Upper Indus. Report of the 32nd Meeting of the Brit Association for the advancement of Science: UK.

Austen, H.H.G. (1864) The glaciers of the Mustagh Range (Trans-Indus). (In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 1864, 8.)

Austen, H.H.G. (1864) On the glaciers of the Mustagh Range. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society. 34: 19-56.

Austen, H.H.G. (1880) On the Post Tertiary and more recent deposits of Kashmir and the Upper Indus Valley. British Association for the Advancement of Sciientific Research. 50.

Austen, H.H.G. (1884) The Mountain systems of the Himalaya and neighboring Ranges of India. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society N.S, 6: 83-87.

Bajracharya, D. (1986) Decentralized energy planning and management for the Hindu Kush-Himalaya (ICIMOD Occasional paper, 4). ICIMOD, Nepal: Kathmandu.

Band, G. (1955) Road to Rakaposhi. Hodder and Southton: London.

Becher, J. (1859) The flooding of the Indus, Letter addressed to R.H.Davies, Secretary to the Government of Punjab and its dependence. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 28: 219-228.

Bellew H.W. (1875) Kashmir and Kashgar. A journey of the Embassy to Kashgar in 1873-1874. Trubner and Co: London.

Bonney, T. G. and Raisin, A.C. (1894) Notes on Mr. W.M. Conway's collection of rock specimens from the Karakoram Himalayas. In: Conway, II: 41-73.

Bonney, T. G. and Raisin, A.C. (1894) On rocks and minerals collected by Mr. W.M. Conway in the Karakorum Himalayas. (In: Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, 55: 468-487.)

Burnes, A. (1839) A memoir of a map of the Eastern Branch of the Indus, giving an account of the alterations produced in it by the earthquake of 1819 and the bursting of the dams in 1826; etc. , Bombay.

Burnes, A. (1839) Travels into Bokhara; etc., Chapter 9 on the Sources of the Ind. John Murray: London.

Chen, W. and Roecker, S.W. (1980) The regional variation of the focal mechanism of intermediate depth earthquakes and seismicity in the Karakoram-east Hindu Kush area. EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union. 61: 1031.

Clark, J. (1980) Hunza: Lost kingdom of the Himalayas. Indus Publication, Pakistan: Karachi.

Cockerill, G.K. (1939) Pioneer exploration in Hunza and Chitral. The Himalayan Journal, 11: 15-41.

Collie, J.N. (1898) Nanga Parbat. Commission internationale des Glaciers: Les Variation Periodiques des Glaciers: Geneve.

Conway, W.M. (1893) Exploration in the Mustagh Mountains. Geographical Journal 2: 27-32.

Conway, W.M. (1893) The Crossing of the Hispar Pass. Geographical Journal, 1, 23-33.

Conway, W.M., ed., (1894) Climbing and Exploration in the Karakoram Himalaya. Fisher Unwin: London.

Conway, W.M. (1894) List of measured altitudes. (In: Climbing and exploration in the Karakoran Himalaya. W. M. Conway, ed., Fisher Unwin: London.)

Dainelli, G. (1916) Escursione ai Ghiacciai dell'alta valle Sciaiok. Boll. della Sez Fiorent del C.A.I.

Dainelli, G. (1924) Il limite delle nevi nel bacino superiore dell'Indo (Caracorum e Himalaya Occidentale. (In: Recueil de travaux of fert a M.Journal Cvijic par ses amis et collaborateurs etc, Belgrade.)

Dainelli G., (ed) (1924-1932) Relazione Scientifiche della Spedizione Italina de Fillippi, nell' Himalaia, Caracorum e Turchestan Cinese (1913-1914). Serie II. (In: Resultati geologici e geografici, 12 volumes: Nicola Zanichella: Bologna.)

Dainelli, G. (1932) The Italia Pass in the Eastern Karakoram. Geographical Review, 22: 392-402.

Dainelli, G. (1932) My Expedition in Eastern Karakoram, 1930.Himalayan Journal, 4: 46-54.

Dainelli, G. (1959) Esploratori e alpinisti nel Caracorum. Unione Tipografico: Torino, 447pp.

de Montessus de Ballore, F. (1911) The seismic phenomena of British India and their connection with geology. Memoirs of Geological Survey of India, 35: 153-194.

Desio, A. (1930) Geological work of the Italian Expedition to the Karakorum. Geographical Journal, 75: 402-411.

Desio, A. (1954) La mia recognizione al Karakoram del 1953. Ricerca scientifica. 24: 2: 253-262.

Desio, A. (1954) La mia recognizione preliminare al K2 (Karakoram Occidentale), nel 1953. Riv. Mens Club. Alpino Ital. 73(1-2): 3-14.

Desio, A. (1936) Travel in the Karakoram Range. Tourist World, 2(8): 29-31 and 48-49.

Desio, A. (1963) Travels in the Karakorum. Pakistan Quarterly, 11(3): 14-21.

Drew, F. (1873) Alluvial and lacustrine deposits and glacial records of the Upper Indus Basin. Quarterly Journal (Geology) , 29: 441-471.

Eckenstein, O. (1896) The Karakorams and Kashmir: an account of a journey. London.

Edwards, J.I. (1960) The Batura Mustagh Expedition. Alpine Journal 65(300): 48-52.

Falconer, H. (1841) Letter to the Secretary of the Asiatic Society on the recent Cataclysm of the Indus, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 10: Part 2: 615-620.

Falconer, H. (1863-64) Discussion of Godwin Austen's Paper Glaciers of the Mustakh Range. (In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 8: 38-42.)

Filchner, W. (1939) Bismilah! A scientist in Tartary. From Hoang-ho to the Indus, (Translated E.O. Lorimer). Faber and Faber: London.

Forster, G. (1808) A journey from Bengal To England, through the northern part of India, Kashmire, Afghanistan and Persia, and into Russia by the Caspian Sea. 2 volumes, Faulder: London.

Francis, H. (1956) Exploring in the Karakoram. American Alpine Journal, 10(1): 60-65.

Gazdar, M.N. (1987) Natural resources development and environmental management in Pakistan. pp 114, Open Press: Kuala Lumpur.

Goudie, A.S., Brunsden, D, Collins, D.N., Derbyshire, E., Ferguson, R.I., Hashmet, Z, Jones, D.K.C., Perrott, F.A., Said, M., Waters, R.S. and Whalley, W.B. (1984) The geomorphology of the Hunza Valley, Karakoram mountains, Pakistan. (In: Miller, K.J., ed., The International Karakoram Project, vol. II, 359-410. Cambridge University Press: Great Britain.)

Gregson, M. (1928) Note on the head water of the Yarkland River. Geographical Journal, 72: 345-347.

Guillaume, C. (1893) Les glaciers de Moustagh (Himalaya) d'apres l'expedition recente de M. Conway avec carte.Nouvelles Geog.

Gyr, H. (1947) Karakoram Expedition. Himalayan Journal, no. 17: 101-111.

Hanemann, F. (1871) Das Quellgebeit des Indus and Satledsch. Petermann's Mitteilungen, no. 17: 434.

Hasell, F.A.E. (1964) Communications on the Pakistan-British Karakoram Expedition, 1962. Alpine Journal, 1(1): 98-103.

Haserodt, K. (1982) Die quartare Vergletscherung a m Pakistanischen Hindu Kush (Chitral). (In: Sitzungberischte und Mitteilungen der Braunschweigischen WisTibet-Expedition 1981, Braunschweig Symposium 14-16.4, 25-27. Verlag, Erich Goltze and Co, KG: Gottingen.)

Hauslab, D. (1843-44) Observations sur les glaciers. Bull de la Soc Geolog de France, 1: 57-62.

Hayward, G.W. (1871) Letters from G.W. Hayward on his explorations in Gilgit and Yasin. Journal of the Geographical Society, 41: 1-46.

Hedin, S. (1895) Die Gletscher des Mustagata. Zeitschrift der Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin, 30: 7-17.

Henderson, G. and Hume, A.O. (1873) Lahore to Yarkland. Incidents of the Route and Natural history of the countries traversed by the expedition of 1870 under F.D. Forsyth. Reevex: London.

Hewitt, K. (1989) The altitudinal organization of Karakoram geomorphology. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie. 76: 9-32.

Hewitt, K. (1989) European science in high Asia; geomorphology in the karakoram Himalaya to 1939. (In: Tinkler, K.J., ed.,The History of Geomorphology - From Hutton to Hack, 19th Annual Binghamtom Symposium, Canada, Sept. 23-25, 1988. 165-203. Hyman-Unwin.)

Hewitt, K. (1989) Hazards to water development in high mountain regions. The Himalayan sources of the Indus, (In: Hydrology of Disasters, Proceedings of the Technical Conference, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, November 1988. 294-312. James and James: London.)

Hofman, H. (1938) Der Karakoram. Wurzburg.

Huber, W. (1867) Les Glaciers. Paris.

Hunt, J. and Cooke, C.R. (1938) A winter visit to the Zemu Glacier. Himalayan Journal, 10: 49-70.

Imperial College, London (1987) Imperial College east Karakoram Expedition, Unpublished Report.

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Prepared by: Sir Alexander Gibb and Partners, Hunting Technical Surveys Ltd. and International Land Development Consultants (1965) Indus Special Study-West Pakistan. Lahore.

Ivanac, J.F., Traves, D.M and King, D. (1963) The geology of the N.W. portion of the Gilgit Agency. Records of the Geological Survey of Pakistan, vol. 8: 1-27.

Jacot-Guilarmod, C. (1905) Six mois dans l'Himalaya, le Karakoram et l' Hindu-Kush-Neuchatel.

Karakoram Conference (1938) Karakoram Conference Report. Geographical Journal 91: 129-152.

Klaproth, J. (1826) Mir Izzet Ullah's description of the Khumdam Glaciers. Paris: Magasin Asiatique.

Kreutzmann, H. (1993) Challenges and responses in the Karakoram socioeconomic transformation in Hunza. Mountain Research and Development, 13(1): 19-39.

Leitner, G.W. (1893) The Hunza and Nagyr. Oriental University Institute: Woking, England.

Lydekker, R. (1881) Geology of the part of Dardistan, Baltistan and neighboring districts. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 14: 223-246.

Lydekker, R. (1883) The geology of the Kashmir and chamba Territories and the British district of Khagan. Mem. Geological Survey of India. vol. 22.

Maraini, F. (1961) Karakoram. The ascent of Gasherbrun IV. Trans Journal Caddel. Viking Press: New York.

Mason, K. (1931) Expedition notes: tours in the Gilgit Agency. Himalayan Journal, 3, 110-115.

Medilcott, H.B. (1864) On the geological structure and relations of the Himalayan Range between the rivers Ganges and Indus, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 3, 1-212.

Mohummud, U. (1977) Water resources investigation in West Pakistan with the help of ERTS imagery. (In: Snow Survey Proceedings UN/FAO, Regional Training Seminar on Remote Sensing Applications, Karachi.)

Montogomerie, T.G. (1860) Memorandum on the great flood of the River Indus which reached Attock on 10th August, 1858. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29: 128-135.

Montogomerie, T.G. (1871) Report on The Mirza's Explorations from Cabul to Kashgar. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, 41: 132-193.

Obbard, J. (1860) On the translation of waves of water with relation to the great flood of the Indus in 1858. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29: 266-274.

Paffen, K.H., Pillweizer, W. and Schneider, H.J. (1956) Forschungen im Hunza-Karakoram: Vorlaufiger Bericht uber du wissenschaftlichen aebeiten der Deutsch-Osterreichischen Himalaya-Karakoram Expedition, 1954. (Preliminary report on the scientific work of the German-Austrian Himalaya-Karakoram Expedition, 1954.). Erdkunde, 10(1): 15-28.

Pithawalla, M.B. (1943) The physics of the Indus River and its relation to the recurrence of flood. Calcutta, India. Science and Culture, 9.

Pratt, J.H. (1860) On the physical difference between a rush of water like a torrent down to a channel and the transmission of a wave down a river - with reference to the inundation of the Indus as observed at Attock in August, 1858. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29: 274-282.

Rabot, C. (1897) Les variations de longueur des glaciers dans les regions arctiques et boreales. Arch des Sc phys et natur.

Rabot, C. (1908) Etuds et explorations dans l'Himalaya. La Geogr. vol. 17.

Rabot, C. (1911) Resultats geographiques des expeditions du Duc des Abruzzes et du Dr. Longstaff dans le Karakoram. La Geographie Tome 23.

Rebitsch, M. and Pillewizer, W. (1955) The German-Austrian Karakoram expedition. (In: The Mountain World, 18-33. Harper and Bros: New York.)

Schomberg, R.C.F. (1938) Kafers and Glaciers: Travels in Chitral. London.

Spender, M. and Auden, J.B. (1938) The Shaksgam Expedition, 1937 And Geological notes. Himalayan Journal, 10: 22-39.

Spoleto, H.R.H. (1930) The Italian Expedition to the Karakorum in 1929. Geographical Journal, 75(5): 385-401.

Spoleto, H.R.H. Duke of, and Desio, A. (1936) La spedizione geografica italiana nel Karakoram. Arte Grafiche Bertarelli: Milano.

Stoliczka, F. (1866) Geological sections across the Himalayan Mountains, From Wangtubridge on the river Sutlej to Sungdo on the Indus: with an account on the formations in Spiti, accompanied by a revision of all known fossils from that districts. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, vol. 5.

Vignie, G.T. (1837) Some account of the valley of Kashmir, Ghazni and Kabul, in a letter dated Bunderpore, on the Wular Lake, Kashmir, 16th June 1837. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. 6.

Vignie, G.T. (1932) Travels in Kashmir, Ladak, Iskardo and the countries adjoining the Mountain course of the Indus, and the Himalaya north of the Punjab. Henry Colburn: London.

Visser, C. (1934) The Karakoram and Turkestan Expedition of 1929-1930. Geographical Journal 84: 4: 281-295.

Visser, C. and Visser-Hooft, J. (1938) Karakorum Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Niederlandischen Expedition in den Karakoram und die Angrezenden Gebiete in den Jahren 1922, 1925, 1929-1939, und 1935. E.J. Brill: Leiden.

Workman, F.B. (1899) Ascent of the Biafo Glacier and Hispar Pass; Two pioneer ascents in the Karakoram. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 15: 523--526.

Workman, F.B. (1913) Expedition zum Siachen oder Rose-Gletscher im Karakoram im Jahre. Mitteilungen Geografishce Geselleschaft, 56: 61-65.

Workman, F.B. (1913) Some notes on my 1912 expedition to the Siachen or Rose glacier, Eastern Karakoram. Scottish Geographical Magazine, 29: 13-17.

Workman, F.B. and Workman, W.H. (1908) Ice-bound heights of the Mustagh: an account of two seasons of pioneer exploration and high climbing in the Baltistan Himalaya. Constable: London.

Workman, F.B. and Workman, W.H. (1910) The call of the Snowy Hispar. London.

Workman, W.H. and Workman, F.B. (1917) Two Summers in the Ice-Wilds of Eastern Karakoram. E.F.Dutton and Co: New York.

Zarin, M.M. and Schmidt, R.L. (1984) Discussion with Hariq:land tenure and transhumance in Indus Kohistan. Centre for South and South east Asian Studies, University of California: Berkeley, USA.

Zenettin, B. (1964) Geology and Petrology of the Harmosh-Mango Gusor Area. Scientific Report III. Geology-Petrology, vol. I., Italian expeditions to the Karakoram and Hindu-Kush. E.J. Brill: Leiden.