Data Set ID: 
SPL4SMAU

SMAP L4 9 km EASE-Grid Surface and Root Zone Soil Moisture Analysis Update, Version 1

This document describes the SMAP Level-4 Surface and Root Zone Soil Moisture (SPL4SM) data product, which consists of the following collections:

For each product, input SMAP L-band brightness temperatures from descending and ascending half-orbit satellite passes (approximately 6:00 a.m. and 6:00 p.m. local solar time, respectively) are assimilated into a land surface model that is gridded using an Earth-fixed, global, cylindrical 9 km Equal-Area Scalable Earth Grid, Version 2.0 (EASE-Grid 2.0) projection.

Note: These data are Beta-release quality, meaning that they have not undergone full validation and may still contain significant errors.

Version Summary: 

First public data release

Geographic Coverage

Parameter(s):
  • Soils > Soil Moisture/Water Content
Spatial Coverage:
  • N: 85.044, S: -85.044, E: 180, W: -180

Spatial Resolution:
  • 9 km x 9 km
Temporal Coverage:
  • 31 March 2015
Temporal Resolution: 03:00:00
Data Format(s):
  • HDF5
Platform(s) SMAP Observatory
Sensor(s): SMAP L-BAND RADIOMETER
Version: V1
Data Contributor(s): Reichle, R., G. De Lannoy, R. D. Koster, W. T. Crow, and J. S. Kimball.

Data Citation

As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Reichle, R., G. De Lannoy, R. D. Koster, W. T. Crow, and J. S. Kimball. 2015. SMAP L4 9 km EASE-Grid Surface and Root Zone Soil Moisture Analysis Update, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center. doi: https://doi.org/10.5067/SHSINYSFEV8L. [Date Accessed].
A user guide is not available for this data set.

FAQ

Why does the root zone soil moisture in the SMAP Level-4 soil moisture products vary in such close unison with the surface soil moisture?
The surface and root zone soil moisture estimates in the SMAP Level-4 soil moisture products are the outputs of a land surface model into which SMAP observations of brightness temperature have been assimilated. The coupling between the surface layer and the root zone layer is known to be very... read more
What are the latencies for SMAP radiometer data sets?
The following table describes both the required and actual latencies for the different SMAP radiometer data sets. Latency is defined as the time (# days, hh:mm:ss) from data acquisition to product generation. Short name Title Latency Required Actual (mean1) SPL1AP SMAP L1A... read more
Why do the soil moisture values in the SMAP Level-4 data vary from what I expect in a particular region?
There are a few reasons that the soil moisture data values in SMAP Level-4 data products may vary from what you expect in a particular region. The first step a data user should take in investigating apparently anomalous values is to look at the rich quality information and other data flags... read more
What data subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection services are available for SMAP data?
The following table describes the data subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection services that are currently available for SMAP data via the NASA Earthdata Search tool. Short name Title Subsetting... read more

How To

How do I programmatically request data services such as subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection using an API?
The subsetting, reformatting, and reprojection services provided by NSIDC through NASA Earthdata Search can also be accessed programmatically as a synchronous REST interface. This programmatic access is provided via an HTTPS URL containing a series of... read more
How to import and geolocate SMAP Level-3 and Level-4 data in ENVI
The following are instructions on how to import and geolocate SMAP Level-3 Radiometer Soil Moisture HDF5 data in ENVI. Testing notes Software: ENVI Software version: 5.3 Platform: Windows 7 Data set: SMAP L3 Radiometer Global Daily 36 km EASE-Grid Soil... read more
How do I visualize SMAP data in Worldview?
This video tutorial provides step-by-step instructions on how to visualize SMAP data in Worldview (http://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/). NASA Worldview is a map-based application... read more
How do I search, order, and customize SMAP data using Earthdata Search?
This video tutorial and attached PDF document provide step-by-step instructions on how to search, order, and customize SMAP data using Earthdata Search (https://search.earthdata.nasa.... read more
How to Import SMAP HDF Data Into ArcGIS
Selected SMAP L4, Version 4 HDF data (SPL4SMAU, SPL4SMGP, & SPL4SMLM) can be added to ArcGIS with a simple drag/drop or using the 'Add Data' function. These data can be imported and visualized but not geolocated. In order to import, project, and scale these data and other SMAP L3 and L4 HDF... read more
How do I access data using OPeNDAP?
Data can be programmatically accessed using NSIDC’s OPeNDAP Hyrax server, allowing you to reformat and subset data based on parameter and array index. For more information on OPeNDAP, including supported data sets and known issues, please see our OPeNDAP documentation: ... read more