Published Research

The following references cite studies that used SMMR, SSM/I, or SSMIS data from NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Maslowski, Wieslaw, et al. 2012. The Future of Arctic Sea Ice. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 40: 625-654.

Meier, Walt, et al. 2012. A Simple Approach to Providing a More Consistent Arctic Sea Ice Extent Time Series from the 1950s to Present. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 6(6): 1359-1368. doi:

Melling, Humfrey. 2012. Sea-Ice Observation: Advances and Challenges. Arctic Climate Change, edited by Peter Lemke and Hans–Werner Jacobi 43: 27-115. doi:

Mizukami, N. and S. Perica. 2012. Towards Improved Snow Water Equivalent Retrieval Algorithms for Satellite Passive Microwave Data over the Mountainous Basins of Western USA. Hydrol. Process 26: 1991–2002. doi:

Muskett, Reginald R. 2012. Multi-Satellite and Sensor Derived Trends and Variation of Snow–Water Equivalent on the High–Latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. International Journal of Geosciences 3(1): 1-13 p. doi:

Nielson, Ryan M., Thomas J. Evans, and Michelle Bourassa Stahl. 2012. Investigating the Potential Use of Aerial Line Transect Surveys for Estimating Polar Bear Abundance in Sea Ice Habitats: a Case Study for the Chukchi Sea. Marine Mammal Science. doi:

Padman, Laurie, et al. 2012. Oceanic Controls on the Mass Balance of Wilkins Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research–Oceans 117(1): 17p. doi:

Pagano, A. M., et al. 2012. Long–Distance Swimming by Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) of the Southern Beaufort Sea during Years of Extensive Open Water. Canadian Journal of Zoology 90(5): 663-676. doi:

Parkinson, C. L., and D. J. Cavalieri. 2012. Antarctic Sea Ice Variability and Trends, 1979-2010. Cryosphere 6: 871-880. doi:

Porter, David F., John J. Cassano, and Mark C. Serreze. 2012. Local and Large–Scale Atmospheric Responses to Reduced Arctic Sea Ice and Ocean Warming in the WRF Model. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres 117(11): 21 p. doi:

Qiu, Yubao, et al. 2012. Satellite–Based Snow Cover Analysis and the Snow Water Equivalent Retrieval Perspective over China. Remote Sensing of Planet Earth, edited by Yann Chemin: 47-74. doi:

Sahanatien, V., and A. E. Derocher. 2012. Monitoring Sea Ice Habitat Fragmentation for Polar Bear Conservation. Animal Conservation 15: 397-406. doi:

Salama, Mhd. Suhyb, et al. 2012. Decadal Variations of Land Surface Temperature Anomalies Observed over the Tibetan Plateau by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) from 1987 to 2008. Climatic Change 114(3-4): 769-781. doi:

Schloss, Irene R., et al. 2012. Response of Phytoplankton Dynamics to 19-year (1991–2009) Climate Trends in Potter Cove (Antarctica). Journal of Marine Systems 92(1): 53-66. doi:

Stammerjohn, Sharon, et al. 2012. Regions of Rapid Sea Ice Change: An Inter-Hemispheric Seasonal Comparison. Geophysical Research Letters 39(6). L06501. doi:

Stirling, Ian, and Andrew E. Derocher. 2012. Effects of Climate Warming on Polar Bears: a Review of the Evidence. Global Change Biology 18(9): 2694-2706. doi:

Streletskiy, Dmitry A., Nikolay I. Shiklomanov, and Frederick E. Nelson. 2012. Spatial Variability of Permafrost Active–Layer Thickness under Contemporary and Projected Climate in Northern Alaska. Polar Geography 35(2): 95-116. doi:

Stroeve, Julienne C., et al. 2012. The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis. Climnatic change 110(3): 1005-1027. doi:

Stroeve, Julienne C., et al. 2012. The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis. Climnatic change 110(3): 1005-1027. doi:

Strong, Courtenay. 2012. Atmospheric Influence on Arctic Marginal Ice Zone Position and Width in the Atlantic Sector, February–April 1979–2010. Climate Dynamics: p 12. doi:

Tamura, T., et al. 2012. Potential Regime Shift in Decreased Sea Ice Production after the Mertz Glacier Calving. Nature Communications 3. doi:

Thums, Michele, et al. 2012. Depletion of deep marine food patches forces divers to give up early. Journal of Animal Ecology. doi:

Tietsche, Steffen. 2012. Initialization and predictability of Arctic Sea Ice in a Global Climate Model. Berichte zur Erdsystemforschung 115: 107 p .

Wang, Qiang, et al. 2012. Flow Constraints on Pathways through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.. Atmosphere–Ocean. doi:

Wang, X. and J. Zhao. 2012. Seasonal and Inter-Annual Variations of the Primary Types of the Arctic Sea-Ice Drifting Patterns. Advances in Polar Science 23(2): 72-81.

Wesche, Christine, and Wolfgang Dierking. 2012. Iceberg Signatures and Detection in SAR Images in Two Test Regions of the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology 58(208): 325-339. doi:

Xuanji Wang, et al. 2012. Arctic Climate Variability and Trends from Satellite Observations. Advances in Meteorology 2012: 22p. doi:


Ainley, David G., et al. 2011. Modeling the Relationship of Antarctic Minke Whales to Major Ocean Boundaries. Polar Biology. doi:

Årthun, M., et al. 2011. Dense Water Formation and Circulation in the Barents Sea. Deep–Sea Research Part I – Oceanographic Research Papers 58(8): 801-817. doi:

Barreira, S., and R.H. Compagnucci.  2011. Spatial Fields of Antarctic Sea–Ice Concentration Anomalies for Summer-Autumn and Their Relationship to Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation during the Period 1979-2009. Annals of Glaciology 52(57): 140-150. doi:

Bengston, J. L., et al. 2011. Distribution, Density, and Abundance of Pack–Ice Seals in the Amundsen and Ross Seas, Antarctica. Deep–Sea Research Part II – Topical Studies in Oceanography 58(9-10): 1261-1276. doi:

Biancamaria, S., et al. 2011. Satellite-Based High Latitude Snow Volume Trend, Variability and Contribution to Sea Level over 1989/2006. Global and Planetary Change 75(3-4): 99-107. doi:

Bluhm, K., et al. 2011. Distribution of Iodide and Iodate in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean During Austral Summer. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 58(25-26): 2733-2748. doi:

Brown, J., et al. 2011. High–Resolution Study of Layering within the Percolation and Soaked Facies of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Annals of Glaciology 52(59): 35-42.

Carroll, M. L., et al.  2011. Climatic Regulation of Clinocardium Ciliatum (Bivalvia) Growth in the Northwestern Barents Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302(1-2): p10-20. doi:

Cassano, John J., M. K. Higgins, M. W. Seefeldt. 2011. Performance of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model for Month–Long Pan–Arctic Simulations. Monthly Weather Review  139: 3469-3488. doi:

Chen, L., et al. 2011. Estimation of Monthly Air-Sea CO2 Flux in the Southern Atlantic and Indian Ocean using In-Situ and Remotely Sensed Data. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(8): 1935-1941. doi:

Chen, S., et al. 2011. A Simple Retrieval Method of Land Surface Temperature from AMSR–E Passive Microwave Data—A Case Study over Southern China during the Strong Snow Disaster of 2008. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 13(1): 140-151. doi:

Comiso, J. C., et al.  2011. Variability and Trends in Sea Ice Extent and Ice Production in the Ross Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans 116(C04021). doi:

Cunningham, C., and J. Bonatti. 2011. Local and Remote Responses to Opposite Ross Sea Ice Anomalies: A Numerical Experiment with the CPTEC/INPE AGCM. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 106(1-2): 23-44. doi:

Danielson, S., et al.  2011. Thermal and Haline Variability over the Central Bering Sea Shelf: Seasonal and Interannual Perspectives. Continental Shelf Research 31(6): 539-554. doi:

Derocher, A. E., et al. 2011. Sea Ice and Polar Bear Den Ecology at Hopen Island, Svalbard. Marine Ecology–Progress Series 441: 273-279. doi:

Drucker, Robert, S. Martin, R. Kwok. 2011. Sea Ice Production and Export from Coastal Polynyas in the Weddell and Ross Seas. Geophysical Research Letters 38(17). L17502. doi:

Dutra, Emanuel. 2011. Global Land–Atmosphere Coupling Associated with Cold Climate Processes. x 103 p.

Eisenman, I., et al.  2011. Consistent Changes in the Sea Ice Seasonal Cycle in Response to Global Warming. J. of Climate 24: 5325-5335. doi:

Emmerson, L., and C. Southwell. 2011. Adélie Penguin Survival: Age Structure, Temporal Variability and Environmental Influences. Oecologia 31(6): 15p. doi:

Eriksson, Leif, W. Dierking. 2011. Nordic Workshop on Radar Remote Sensing of Sea ice. : 58 p.

Ferland, Joannie, M. G. Gosselina, M. Starr.  2011. Environmental Control of Summer Primary Production in the Hudson Bay System: The Role of Stratification. J. of Marine Systems 88(3): 385-400. doi:

Forest, Alexandre, et al. 2011. Biogenic Carbon Flows Through the Planktonic Food Web of the Amundsen Gulf (Arctic Ocean): A Synthesis of Field Measurements and Inverse Modeling Analyses. Progress in Oceanography 91(4): 410-436. doi:

Fox-Kemper, B., et al. 2011. Parameterization of Mixed Layer Eddies. III: Implementation and Impact in Global Ocean Climate Simulations. Ocean Modelling 39(1-2): 61-78. doi:

Fritsen, C., et al. 2011. The Timing of Sea Ice Formation and Exposure to Photosynthetically Active Radiation along the Western Antarctic Peninsula. Polar Biology 34(5): 683-692. doi:

Gent, Peter R., et al. 2011. The Community Climate System Model Version 4. Journal of Climate 24: 4973-4991. doi:

Germe, Agathe, et al. 2011. Greenland Sea Sea Ece Variability Over 1979–2007 and its Link to the Surface Atmosphere. Journal of Geophysical Research–Oceans 116(C10). C10034. doi:

Hamilton, Lawrence C., R. B. Lammers. 2011. Linking Pan-Arctic Human and Physical Data. Polar Geography 34(1-2): 107-123. doi:

Heide-Jørgensen, M. P., et al. 2011. Harbour Porpoises Respond to Climate Change. Ecology and Evolution. doi:

Hellmer, H.H., et al. 2011. On the Freshening of the Northwestern Weddell Sea Continental Shelf. Ocean Sciences 7: 305-316. doi:

Herman, A., J. Jedrasik, and M. Kowalewski. 2011. Numerical Modelling of Thermodynamics and Dynamics of Sea Ice in the Baltic Sea. Ocean Sciences 8(1): 113-157. doi:

Hochheim, K. P., J. V. Lukovich, D. G. Barber. 2011. Atmospheric Forcing of Sea Ice in Hudson Bay During the Spring Period, 1980-2005. J. of Marine Systems 88(3): 476-487. doi:

Iida, T., K. Mizobata, S.-I. Saitoh. 2011. Interannual Variability of Coccolithophore Emiliania Huxleyi Blooms in Response to Changes in Water Column Stability in the Eastern Bering Sea. Continental Shelf Research.

Jay, C., B. Marcot, and D. Douglas. 2011. Projected Status of the Pacific Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) in the Twenty–First Century. Polar Biology 34(7): 1065-1084. doi:

Jiménez, C., et al. 2011. Global Intercomparison of 12 Land Surface Heat Flux Estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres: (D02102). doi:

Jin, Meibing, et al. 2011. Investigation of Arctic Sea Ice and Ocean Primary Production for the Period 1992–2007 Using a 3–D Global Ice–Ocean Ecosystem Model. Deep-Sea Research Part II – Topical Studies in Oceanography.

Jin, Y.-Q., H. Chen. 2011. Detection of Snow and Frost in Southern China in January 2008 Using AMSR–E Scattering and Polarization Indexes. International J. of Remote Sensing 32(16): 4475-4487. doi:

Johnston, Barbara M., A. J. Gabric. 2011. Interannual Variability in Estimated Biological Productivity in the Australian Sector of the Southern Ocean in 1997-2007. Tellus B 63: 266-286. doi:

Joiner, J., et al. 2011. Fast Simulators for Satellite Cloud Optical Centroid Pressure Retrievals, 1. Evaluation of OMI Cloud Retrievals. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 4: 6185-6228. doi:

Kaduk, Jörg D., S. O. Los. 2011. Predicting the Time of Green up in Temperate and Boreal Biomes. Climatic Change 107(4-4): 277-304. doi:

Kahru, M., et al. 2011. Are Phytoplankton Blooms Occurring Earlier in the Arctic?. Global Change Biology 17(4): 1733-1739. doi:

Karlsson, J., and G. Svensson. 2011. The Simulation of Arctic Clouds and their Influence on the Winter Surface Temperature in Present–Day Climate in the CMIP3 Multi–Model Dataset. Climate Dynamics 36(3): 623-635. doi:

Kaschner, K., et al. 2011. Current and Future Patterns of Global Marine Mammal Biodiversity. PLoS ONE 6(5). e19653. doi:

Kawaguchi, Yusuke, et al.  2011. Numerical Study of Winter Water Formation in the Chukchi Sea: Roles and Impacts of Coastal Polynyas. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 116(7). #C07025. doi:

Kim, Y., et al. 2011. Developing a Global Data Record of Daily Landscape Freeze/Thaw Status Using Satellite Passive Microwave Remote Sensing. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 49(3): 949-960. doi:

Koenig, T., R. Doscher, and G. Nikulin. 2011. Arctic Future Scenario Experiments with a Coupled Regional Climate Model. Tellus Series A – Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 63(1): 69-86. doi:

Kravchenko, V. O., et al. 2011. Decadal Variability of Winter Temperatures in the Antarctic Peninsula Region. Antarctic Science 23(6): 614-622. doi:

Kwok, R.  2011. Observational Assessment of Arctic Ocean Sea Ice Motion, Export, and Thickness in CMIP3 Climate Simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans 116(C00). C00D05. doi:

Laidre, Kristin, et al. 2011. Unusual Narwhal Sea Ice Entrapments and Delayed Autumn Freeze-up Trends. Polar Biology 35(1): 149-154. doi:

Laine, Vesa, et al. 2011. Shortwave Broadband Black–Sky Surface Albedo Estimation for Arctic Sea Ice Using Passive Microwave Radiometer Data. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres 116(D16). Art. #D16124. doi:

Lemmetyinen, J., A. Kontu, J. P. Karna, J. Vehvilainen, M. Takala, and J. Pulliainen. 2011. Correcting for the Influence of Frozen Lakes in Satellite Microwave Radiometer Observations through Application of a Microwave Emission Model. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(12): 3695-3706. doi:

Li, Xin, et al. 2011. Changes in the Near–Surface Soil Freeze–Thaw Cycle on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation. doi:

Massonnet, F., et al. 2011. On the Influence of Model Physics on Simulations of Arctic and Antarctic Sea Ice. The Cryosphere Discussions 52(2): 1167-1200. doi:

Matthewman, N. Joss, G. Magnusdottir. 2011. Observed Interaction between Pacific Sea Ice and the Western Pacific Pattern on Intraseasonal Time Scales. J. of Climate 24: 5031-5042. doi:

McClean, J.L, et al. 2011. A Prototype Two–Decade Fully–Coupled Fine–Resolution CCSM Simulation. Ocean Modelling 39(1-2): p10-30. doi:

McKelvey, Kevin S., et al. 2011. Climate Change Predicted to Shift Wolverine Distributions, Connectivity, and Dispersal Corridors. Ecological Applications 21(8): 2882-2897. doi:

Meier, Walter N., et al. 2011. Intersensor Calibration Between F–13 SSM/I and F–17 SSMIS Near–Real–Time Sea Ice Estimates. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 49(9): 3343-3349. doi:

Mernild, S.H., T.L. Mote, and G.E. Liston. 2011. Greenland Ice Sheet Surface Melt Extent and Trends: 1960-2010. Journal of Glaciology 57(204): 621-628.

Mesquita, M. D. S., et al. 2011. Sea-Ice Anomalies in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Relationship with Storm Tracks in the Northern Hemisphere During Winter. Tellus Series A – Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography 63(2): 312-323. doi:

Mizobata, K., et al. 2011. “Low Primary Productivity in the Chukchi Sea Controlled by Warm Pacific Water: A Data–Model Fusion Study,” . in Remote Sensing of the Changing Oceans, ed. DanLing Tang: 235-250. doi:

Müller, J., et al. 2011. Towards Quantitative Sea Ice Reconstructions in the Northern North Atlantic: A Combined Biomarker and Numerical Modelling Approach. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 306(3-4): 137-148. doi:

Mundy, P. R., D. F. Evenson. 2011. Environmental Controls of Phenology of High–Latitude Chinook Salmon Populations of the Yukon River, North America, with Application to Fishery Management. Journal of Marine Science 68(6): 1155-1164. doi:

Murase, H., et al.  2011. Day After Sea Ice Melt Index. in IDCR/SOWER CPII and CPIII: 14p.

Murase, H., et al.  2011. Open Sea Area in the South of the Ice Edge. in IDCR/SOWER CPII and CPIII: 16p.

Muskett, R. R. 2011. Non–Stationary Drivers of Polar Sea Ice Area. Natural Science 3(5): 351-358. doi:

Muskett, R.R., and V.E. Romanovsky. 2011. Alaskan Permafrost Groundwater Storage Changes Derived from GRACE and Ground Measurements. Remote Sensing 3(2): 378-397. doi:

Narvekar, P.S., et al. 2011. Analysis of WindSat Third and Fourth Stokes Components over Arctic Sea Ice. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote 49(5): 1627-1636. doi:

Nihashi, Sohey, K. I. Ohshima, H. Nakasato. 2011. Sea–Ice Retreat in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Ice–Ocean Albedo Feedback Effect on it. Journal of Oceanography 67(5): 551-562. doi:

Nuncio, M., A. J. Luis. 2011. Role of Westerlies and Thermohaline Characteristics on Sea–Ice Extent in the Indian Ocean Sector of Antarctica. Journal of the Geological Society of India 78: 211-216.

Oza, Sandip R., et al.  2011. Inter-Annual Variations Observed in Spring and Summer Antarctic Sea Ice Extent in Recent Decade. Mausam 62(4): 633-640.

Oza, Sandip R., et al.  2011. Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Melting Onset Dates of Sea–Ice in the Arctic. Indian Journal of Geo–Marine Sciences 40(4): 497-501.

Oza, Sandip R., et al.  2011. Spatio-Temporal Coherence Based Technique for Near-Real Time Sea-Ice Identification from Scatterometer Data. Journal of the Indian Society of Remote Sensing 39(2): 147-152. doi:

Ozsoy–Cicek, B., et al. 2011. Antarctic Sea–Ice Extents and Concentrations: Comparison of Satellite and Ship Measurements from International Polar Year Cruises. Annals of Glaciology 52(57): 318-326. doi:

Ozsoy–Cicek, B., et al. 2011. Intercomparisons of Antarctic Sea Ice Types from Visual Ship, RADARSAT–1 SAR, Envisat ASAR, QuikSCAT, and AMSR–E Satellite Observations in the Bellingshausen. Deep–Sea Research Part II – Topical Studies in Oceanography 58(9-10): 1092-1111. doi: