Published Research

The following references cite studies that used SMMR, SSM/I, or SSMIS data from NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Unger-Shayesteh, Katy, et al. 2013. What Do We Know About Past Changes in the Water Cycle of Central Asian Headwaters? A review. Global and Planetary Change  110, part A:  4-25. doi:

Van der Schrier, G., et al. 2013.  A scPDSI-Based Global Data Set of Dry and Wet Spells for 1901-2009. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(10): 4025-4048. doi:

Vander Jagt, Benjamin J., et al. 2013. The Effect of Spatial Variability on the Sensitivity of Passive Microwave Measurements to Snow Water Equivalent. Remote Sensing of Environment 136(9): 163-179. doi:

Veal, Karen L., et al. 2013. A Time Series of Mean Global Skin SST Anomaly Using Data from ATSR-2 and AATSR. Remote Sensing of Environment  135: 64-76. doi:

Walker, Catherine Colello. 2013. Fracture of Antarctic Ice Shelves and Implications for the Icy Satellites of the Outer Solar System. . Ph. D., University of Michigan.

Wang, L., et al. 2013. Recent Changes in Pan-Arctic Melt Onset from Satellite Passive Microwave Measurements. Geophysical Research Letters 40(3): 522-528. doi:

Wang, Ninghua, Trent W. Biggs, and André Skupin 2013. Visualizing Gridded Time Series Data with Self Organizing Maps: An Application to Multi-Year Snow Dynamics in the Northern Hemisphere. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems 39: 107-120. doi:

Wang, Wanqiu, Mingyue Chen, and Arun Kumar.  2013. Seasonal Prediction of Arctic Sea Ice Extent from a Coupled Dynamical Forecast System. Monthly Weather Review  141(4): 1375-1394. doi:

Wang, X. , et al. 2013. Trends and Low Frequency Variability of Extra-Tropical Cyclone Activity in the Ensemble of Twentieth Century Reanalysis. Climate Dynamics 40(11-12): 2775-2800. doi:

Wood, Kevin R., et al.  2013. Is There a "New Normal" Climate in the Beaufort Sea?. Polar Research  32: Art. #19552. doi:

Wu, Renguang, Ping Zhao, and Ge Liu. 2013. Change in the Contribution of Spring Snow Cover and Remote Oceans to Summer Air Temperature Anomaly over Northeast China Around 1990. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres  118(2): 663-676. doi:

Xi, Li, et al.  2013. Frost Flower Aerosol Effects on Arctic Wintertime Longwave Cloud Radiative Forcing. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres  118(23): 13,282-13,291. doi:

Xu, Shiming, et al. 2013. Simulation of Sea Ice in FGOALS-G2: Climatology and Late 20th Century Changes. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences  30(3): 658-673. doi:

Yan, T., et al. 2013. On the Inverse Relationship between North American Snow Extent and North Atlantic Hurricane Activity. International Journal of Climatology 33(4): 992-1000. doi:

Zahorowski, W., et al.  2013. Constraining Annual and Seasonal Radon-222 Flux Density from the Southern Ocean Using Radon-222 Concentrations in the Boundary Layer at Cape Grim. Tellus Series B-Chemical and Physical Meteorology  65: 19622. doi:

Zhang, Jinlun, et al. 2013. The Impact of an Intense Summer Cyclone on 2012 Arctic Sea Ice Retreat. Geophysical Research Letters 40(4): 720-726. doi:

Zhang, R., B. Wu, J. Han, and Z. Zuo. 2013. Effects on Summer Monsoon and Rainfall Change Over China Due to Eurasian Snow Cover and Ocean Thermal Conditions, Climate Change - Realities, Impacts Over Ice Cap, Sea Level and Risks. Prof. Bharat Raj Singh (Ed.). ISBN:978-953-51-0934-1. InTech. doi:

Zunz, V., H. Goosse, and F. Massonnet.  2013. How Does Internal Variability Influence the Ability of CMIP5 Models to Reproduce the Recent Trend in Southern Ocean Sea Ice Extent?. The Cryosphere  7(2): 451-468. doi:


Anderson, Mark A., Jessica L. Busse, and Sheldon D. Drobot. 2012. A Comparison Between SSM/I Passive Microwave Melt Onset Dates and Satellite–Derived Albedo Melt Onset Dates in the Arctic. International Journal of Remote Sensing 33(2): 517-533. doi:

Arthun, M., et al. 2012. Quantifying the Influence of Atlantic Heat on Barents Sea Ice Variability and Retreat. Journal of Climate 25(13): 4736-4743. doi:

Beckers, Benoit and Pierre Beckers. 2012. A General Rule for Disk and Hemisphere Partition into Equal-Area Cells. Computational Geometry  45(7): 275-283. doi:

Brodzik, M. J., B. Billingsley, T. Haran, B. Raup, M. H. Savoie. 2012. EASE-Grid 2.0: Incremental but Significant Improvements for Earth–Gridded Data Sets. ISPRS International Journal of Geo–Information  1(1): 32-45. doi:

Brown, Zachary W., and Kevin A. Arrigo. 2012. Contrasting Trends in Sea Ice and Primary Production in the Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean. ICES Journal of Marine Science 69(7): 1180-1193. doi:

Cavalieri, D. J., C. L. Parkinson, N. DiGirolamo, and A. Ivanoff. 2012. Intersensor Calibration Between F13 SSMI and F17 SSMIS for Global Sea Ice Data Records. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 9(2): 233-236. doi:

Dash. Mihir K., et al. 2012. Variability in the ENSO–Induced Southern Hemispheric Circulation and Antarctic Sea Ice Extent. International Journal of Climatology. doi:

Dellâ Aquila A, et al. 2012. Effects of Seasonal Cycle Fluctuations in an A1B Scenario over the Euro–Mediterranean Region. Climate Research 52: 135-157. doi:

Derksen, C., P. Toose, J. Lemmetyinen, J. Pulliainen, A. Langlois, N. Rutter, and M. C. Fuller. 2012. Evaluation of Passive Microwave Brightness Temperature Simulations and Snow Water Equivalent Retrievals through a Winter Season. Remote Sensing of Environment 117: 236-248. doi:

Dupont, Florent, et al. 2012. Monitoring the Melt Season Length of the Barnes Ice Cap Over the 1979–2010 Period Using Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Data. Hydrological processes 26(17): 2643-2652. doi:

Dutra, E., P. Viterbo, P. M. A. Miranda, and G. Balsamo. 2012. Complexity of Snow Schemes in a Climate Model and Its Impact on Surface Energy and Hydrology. Journal of Hydrometeorology 13(2): 521-538. doi:

Forcada, Jaume. 2012. Responses of Antarctic Pack–Ice Seals to Environmental Change and Increasing Krill Fishing. Biological Conservation 149(1): 40-50. doi:

Garnier, Anne, et al. 2012. Retrieval of Cloud Properties Using CALIPSO Imaging Infrared Radiometer. Part 1: Effective Emissivity and Optical Depth. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 51: 1407-1425. doi:

Ghatak, Debjani, et al. 2012. Simulated Siberian Snow Cover Response to Observed Arctic Sea Ice Loss, 1979–2008. J. of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 117(D23): D23108. doi:

Girard-Ardhuin, F., and R Ezraty. 2012. Enhanced Arctic Sea Ice Drift Estimation Merging Radiometer and Scatterometer Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 50(7): 2639-2648. doi:

Han, L. J., A. Tsunekawa, and M. Tsubo. 2012. Active and Passive Microwave Remote Sensing of Springtime Near–Surface Thaw at Midlatitudes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 9(3): 427-432. doi:

Hanna, Edward. 2012. Recent Observations of Antarctic Sea–Ice. Weather 54(3): 71-87. doi:

Hayasaki, Masamitsu and Ryuichi Kawamura. 2012. Cyclone Activities in Heavy Rainfall Episodes in Japan during Spring Season. SOLA 8: 45-48. doi:

Humphries, Grant R. W., et al. 2012. Spatial of Sea Surface Dimethylsulfide Concentrations in the High Arctic. Biogeochemistry 15p. doi:

Hutchings, J. K., and I. G. Rigor. 2012. Role of Ice Dynamics in Anomalous Ice Conditions in the Beaufort Sea during 2006 and 2007. Journal of Geophysical Research–Oceans 117: 14p. doi:

Ivanov, Vladimir V., et al. 2012. Tracing Atlantic Water Signature in the Arctic Sea Ice Cover East of Svalbard. Advances in Meteorology2012: 11p. doi:

Jenouvrier, S., et al. 2012. Analysis of Coupled Demographic and Climate Models. Global Change Biology 18(9): 2756-2770. doi:

Johnston, David W., et al. 2012. The Effects of Climate Change on Harp Seals (Pagophilus groenlandicus). Plos ONE  7(1). doi:

Joiner, J., A. P. Vasilkov, P. Gupta, P. K. Bhartia, P. Veefkind, M. Sneep, J. de Haan, I. Polonsky, and R. Spurr. 2012. Fast Simulators for Satellite Cloud Optical Centroid Pressure Retrievals; Evaluation of OMI Cloud Retrievals. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5(3): 529-545. doi:

Jones, Miranda C., et al. 2012. Modeling Commercial Fish Distributions: Prediction and Assessment Using Different Approaches. Ecological Modeling 225: 133-145. doi:

Kang, D. H., and A. P. Barros. 2012. Observing System Simulation of Snow Microwave Emissions Over Data Sparse Regions–Part I: Single Layer Physics. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 50(5): 1785-1805. doi:

Kang, D. H., and A. P. Barros. 2012. Observing System Simulation of Snow Microwave Emissions Over Data Sparse Regions–Part II: Multilayer Physics. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 50(5): 1806-1820. doi:

Kim, Youngwook, et al. 2012. Satellite Detection of Increasing Northern Hemisphere Non–Frozen Seasons from 1979-2008: Implications for Regional Vegetation Growth. Remote Sensing of Environmnet 121: 472-487. doi:

Kirtman, Ben, et al. 2012. Impact of Ocean Model Resolution on CCSM Climate Simulations. Climate Dynamics 39(6): 1303-1328. doi:

Koenigk, Torben, et al. 2012. Arctic Climate Change in 21st Century CMIP5 Simulations with EC–Earth. Climate Dynamics: 25 p. doi:

Köhn, Jacqueline, A. Royer. 2012. Microwave Brightness Temperature as an Indicator of Near–Surface Air Temperature Over Snow in Canadian Northern Regions. International J. of Remote Sensing 33(4): 1126-1138. doi:

Kuzin, V., et al. 2012. Certain Results of Numerical Simulation of Processes in the Arctic Ocean. Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics 48(1): 102-119. doi:

Laidre, Kristin, et al. 2012. Unusual Narwhal Sea Ice Entrapments and Delayed Autumn Freeze–Up Trends. Polar Biology 35(1): 149-154. doi:

Lakhankar, Tarendra, et al. 2012. Analysis of the Effects of Snowpack on Satellite Microwave Brightness Temperature and Emissivity Data. Journal of Geophysics and Remote Sensing 1: 101. doi:

Lee, Hyung-Chul, et al. 2012. Impact of Climate Warming on Upper Layer of the Bering Sea. Climate Dynamics. doi:

Lynch, Heather J., et al.  2012. Spatially Integrated Assessment Reveals Widespread Changes in Penguin Populations on the Antarctic Peninsula. Ecology 93(6): 1367-1377. doi:

Macias-Fauria, Marc, et al. 2012. Eurasian Arctic Greening Reveals Teleconnections and the Potential for Structurally Novel Ecosystems. Nature Climate Change 2: 613-618. doi:

Majumdar, T. J., and S. Bhattacharya. 2012. Wintertime Mapping and Monitoring of Sea Ice Temperatures Surrounding Antarctica using SSM/I Data. Journal of the Indian Geophysical Union 16(3): 97-106.

Maksimovich, Elena, and Timo Vihma. 2012. The Effect of Surface Heat Fluxes on Interannual Variability in the Spring onset of Snow Melt in the Central Arctic Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research–Oceans 117: 19 p. doi:

Maslowski, Wieslaw, et al. 2012. The Future of Arctic Sea Ice. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 40: 625-654.

Meier, Walt, et al. 2012. A Simple Approach to Providing a More Consistent Arctic Sea Ice Extent Time Series from the 1950s to Present. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 6(6): 1359-1368. doi:

Melling, Humfrey. 2012. Sea-Ice Observation: Advances and Challenges. Arctic Climate Change, edited by Peter Lemke and Hans–Werner Jacobi 43: 27-115. doi:

Mizukami, N. and S. Perica. 2012. Towards Improved Snow Water Equivalent Retrieval Algorithms for Satellite Passive Microwave Data over the Mountainous Basins of Western USA. Hydrol. Process 26: 1991–2002. doi:

Muskett, Reginald R. 2012. Multi-Satellite and Sensor Derived Trends and Variation of Snow–Water Equivalent on the High–Latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. International Journal of Geosciences 3(1): 1-13 p. doi:

Nielson, Ryan M., Thomas J. Evans, and Michelle Bourassa Stahl. 2012. Investigating the Potential Use of Aerial Line Transect Surveys for Estimating Polar Bear Abundance in Sea Ice Habitats: a Case Study for the Chukchi Sea. Marine Mammal Science. doi:

Padman, Laurie, et al. 2012. Oceanic Controls on the Mass Balance of Wilkins Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research–Oceans 117(1): 17p. doi:

Pagano, A. M., et al. 2012. Long–Distance Swimming by Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) of the Southern Beaufort Sea during Years of Extensive Open Water. Canadian Journal of Zoology 90(5): 663-676. doi:

Parkinson, C. L., and D. J. Cavalieri. 2012. Antarctic Sea Ice Variability and Trends, 1979-2010. Cryosphere 6: 871-880. doi:

Porter, David F., John J. Cassano, and Mark C. Serreze. 2012. Local and Large–Scale Atmospheric Responses to Reduced Arctic Sea Ice and Ocean Warming in the WRF Model. Journal of Geophysical Research–Atmospheres 117(11): 21 p. doi:

Qiu, Yubao, et al. 2012. Satellite–Based Snow Cover Analysis and the Snow Water Equivalent Retrieval Perspective over China. Remote Sensing of Planet Earth, edited by Yann Chemin: 47-74. doi:

Sahanatien, V., and A. E. Derocher. 2012. Monitoring Sea Ice Habitat Fragmentation for Polar Bear Conservation. Animal Conservation 15: 397-406. doi:

Salama, Mhd. Suhyb, et al. 2012. Decadal Variations of Land Surface Temperature Anomalies Observed over the Tibetan Plateau by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) from 1987 to 2008. Climatic Change 114(3-4): 769-781. doi:

Schloss, Irene R., et al. 2012. Response of Phytoplankton Dynamics to 19-year (1991–2009) Climate Trends in Potter Cove (Antarctica). Journal of Marine Systems 92(1): 53-66. doi:

Stammerjohn, Sharon, et al. 2012. Regions of Rapid Sea Ice Change: An Inter-Hemispheric Seasonal Comparison. Geophysical Research Letters 39(6). L06501. doi:

Stirling, Ian, and Andrew E. Derocher. 2012. Effects of Climate Warming on Polar Bears: a Review of the Evidence. Global Change Biology 18(9): 2694-2706. doi:

Streletskiy, Dmitry A., Nikolay I. Shiklomanov, and Frederick E. Nelson. 2012. Spatial Variability of Permafrost Active–Layer Thickness under Contemporary and Projected Climate in Northern Alaska. Polar Geography 35(2): 95-116. doi:

Stroeve, Julienne C., et al. 2012. The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis. Climnatic change 110(3): 1005-1027. doi:

Stroeve, Julienne C., et al. 2012. The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis. Climnatic change 110(3): 1005-1027. doi:

Strong, Courtenay. 2012. Atmospheric Influence on Arctic Marginal Ice Zone Position and Width in the Atlantic Sector, February–April 1979–2010. Climate Dynamics: p 12. doi:

Tamura, T., et al. 2012. Potential Regime Shift in Decreased Sea Ice Production after the Mertz Glacier Calving. Nature Communications 3. doi:

Thums, Michele, et al. 2012. Depletion of deep marine food patches forces divers to give up early. Journal of Animal Ecology. doi:

Tietsche, Steffen. 2012. Initialization and predictability of Arctic Sea Ice in a Global Climate Model. Berichte zur Erdsystemforschung 115: 107 p .

Wang, Qiang, et al. 2012. Flow Constraints on Pathways through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago.. Atmosphere–Ocean. doi:

Wang, X. and J. Zhao. 2012. Seasonal and Inter-Annual Variations of the Primary Types of the Arctic Sea-Ice Drifting Patterns. Advances in Polar Science 23(2): 72-81.

Wesche, Christine, and Wolfgang Dierking. 2012. Iceberg Signatures and Detection in SAR Images in Two Test Regions of the Weddell Sea, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology 58(208): 325-339. doi:

Xuanji Wang, et al. 2012. Arctic Climate Variability and Trends from Satellite Observations. Advances in Meteorology 2012: 22p. doi:


Ainley, David G., et al. 2011. Modeling the Relationship of Antarctic Minke Whales to Major Ocean Boundaries. Polar Biology. doi:

Årthun, M., et al. 2011. Dense Water Formation and Circulation in the Barents Sea. Deep–Sea Research Part I – Oceanographic Research Papers 58(8): 801-817. doi:

Barreira, S., and R.H. Compagnucci.  2011. Spatial Fields of Antarctic Sea–Ice Concentration Anomalies for Summer-Autumn and Their Relationship to Southern Hemisphere Atmospheric Circulation during the Period 1979-2009. Annals of Glaciology 52(57): 140-150. doi:

Bengston, J. L., et al. 2011. Distribution, Density, and Abundance of Pack–Ice Seals in the Amundsen and Ross Seas, Antarctica. Deep–Sea Research Part II – Topical Studies in Oceanography 58(9-10): 1261-1276. doi:

Biancamaria, S., et al. 2011. Satellite-Based High Latitude Snow Volume Trend, Variability and Contribution to Sea Level over 1989/2006. Global and Planetary Change 75(3-4): 99-107. doi:

Bluhm, K., et al. 2011. Distribution of Iodide and Iodate in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean During Austral Summer. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography 58(25-26): 2733-2748. doi:

Brown, J., et al. 2011. High–Resolution Study of Layering within the Percolation and Soaked Facies of the Greenland Ice Sheet. Annals of Glaciology 52(59): 35-42.

Carroll, M. L., et al.  2011. Climatic Regulation of Clinocardium Ciliatum (Bivalvia) Growth in the Northwestern Barents Sea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 302(1-2): p10-20. doi:

Cassano, John J., M. K. Higgins, M. W. Seefeldt. 2011. Performance of the Weather Research and Forecasting Model for Month–Long Pan–Arctic Simulations. Monthly Weather Review  139: 3469-3488. doi:

Chen, L., et al. 2011. Estimation of Monthly Air-Sea CO2 Flux in the Southern Atlantic and Indian Ocean using In-Situ and Remotely Sensed Data. Remote Sensing of Environment 115(8): 1935-1941. doi:

Chen, S., et al. 2011. A Simple Retrieval Method of Land Surface Temperature from AMSR–E Passive Microwave Data—A Case Study over Southern China during the Strong Snow Disaster of 2008. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 13(1): 140-151. doi:

Comiso, J. C., et al.  2011. Variability and Trends in Sea Ice Extent and Ice Production in the Ross Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research – Oceans 116(C04021). doi:

Cunningham, C., and J. Bonatti. 2011. Local and Remote Responses to Opposite Ross Sea Ice Anomalies: A Numerical Experiment with the CPTEC/INPE AGCM. Theoretical and Applied Climatology 106(1-2): 23-44. doi:

Danielson, S., et al.  2011. Thermal and Haline Variability over the Central Bering Sea Shelf: Seasonal and Interannual Perspectives. Continental Shelf Research 31(6): 539-554. doi:

Derocher, A. E., et al. 2011. Sea Ice and Polar Bear Den Ecology at Hopen Island, Svalbard. Marine Ecology–Progress Series 441: 273-279. doi:

Drucker, Robert, S. Martin, R. Kwok. 2011. Sea Ice Production and Export from Coastal Polynyas in the Weddell and Ross Seas. Geophysical Research Letters 38(17). L17502. doi: