Published Research

The following references cite studies that used SMMR, SSM/I, or SSMIS data from NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Willmes, S., M. Nicolaus, and C. Haas. 2014. The microwave emissivity variability of snow covered first-year sea ice from late winter to early summer: a model study. The Cryosphere 8: 891-904. doi:

Wu, Renguang, Ge Liu, and Zhao Ping. 2014. Contrasting Eurasian spring and summer climate anomalies associated with western and eastern Eurasian spring snow cover changes. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 119(12): 7410-7424. doi:

Yang, Qinghua, et al. 2014. Assimilating SMOS sea ice thickness into a coupled ice-ocean model using a local SEIK filter. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 119(10): 6680-6692. doi:

Yang, Xiao-Yi, and Xiaojun Yuan. 2014. The Early Winter Sea Ice Variability under the Recent Arctic Climate Shift. Journal of Climate 27(13): 5092-5110. doi:

Yeager, Stephen, and Gokhan Danabasoglu. 2014. The Origins of Late-Twentieth-Century Variations in the Large-Scale North Atlantic Circulation. Journal of Climate 27(9): 3222-3247. doi:

Zhang, Jinlun, et al. 2014. The great 2012 Arctic Ocean summer cyclone enhanced biological productivity on the shelves. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 119(1): 297-312. doi:

Zhang, Ruonan, Renhe Zhang, and Zhiyan Zuo. 2014. Characteristics and Differences of Multi-Snow Data in Winter over China. Climatic and Environmental Research 19(5):: 572-586.

Zhao, M., et al. 2014. Recent ice cap snowmelt in Russian High Arctic and anti-correlation with late summer sea ice extent. Environmental Research Letters 9(4). Art. #045009. doi:

Zhong, Wenli, and Jinping Zhao. 2014. Deepening of the Atlantic Water Core in the Canada Basin in 2003–11. Journal of Physical Oceanography 44(9): 2353-2369. doi:

Zunz, Violette, Hugues Goosse, and Svetlana Dubinkina. 2014. Impact of the initialisation on the predictability of the Southern Ocean sea ice at interannual to multi-decadal timescales. Climate Dynamics. doi:

Zygmuntowska, M., et al. 2014. Uncertainties in Arctic Sea Ice Thickness and Volume: New Estimates and Implications for Trends. The Cryosphere 8: 705-720. doi:

Zygmuntowska, M., et al. 2014. Uncertainties in Arctic Sea Ice Thickness and Volume: New Estimates and Implications for Trends. The Cryosphere 8: 705-720. doi:


Aars, Jon. 2013. Variation in Detection Probability of Polar Bear Maternity Dens. Polar Biology 36(8): 1089-1096. doi:

Aires, Filipe, Fabrice Papa, and Catherine Prigent. 2013. A Long-Term, High-Resolution Wetland Dataset over the Amazon Basin, Downscaled from a Multiwavelength Retrieval Using Sar Data. Journal of Hydrometeorology 14(2): 594-607. doi:

Alekseeva, T. A., I. N. Mordvintsev, and S. V. Frolov. 2013. Comparative Analysis of Satellite and Shipborne Data on Ice Cover in the Russian Arctic Seas. Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics 49(9): 879-885. doi:

Asplin, Matthew Grant. 2013. Cyclone Forcing of Coupled Dynamic and Thermodynamic Processes In Arctic Sea Ice, and Across the Ocean-Sea Ice-Atmosphere Interface. Ph. D. Dissertation, University of Manitoba. University of Manitoba.

Babb, David G., et al. 2013. Multiyear Sea Ice Export Through the Bering Strait During Winter 2011-2012. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 118(10): 5489-5503.

Bailey, Joscelyn N.-L., et al. 2013. Change at the Margin of the North Water Polynya, Baffin Bay, Inferred from Organic Matter Records in Dated Sediment Cores. Marine Geology 341(1): p1-13. doi:

Bajish, C. C., et al. 2013. Quasi-Decadal Circumpolar Variability of Antarctic Sea Ice. SOLA 9: 32-35. doi:

Bates, N. R., et al.  2013. Summertime Calcium Carbonate Undersaturation in Shelf Waters of the Western Arctic Ocean - How Biological Processes Exacerbate the Impact of Ocean Acidification. Biogeosciences  10: 5281-5309. doi:

Beck, Pieter S. A., et al. 2013. A Large-Scale Coherent Signal of Canopy Status in Maximum Latewood Density of Tree Rings at Arctic Treeline in North America. Global and Planetary Change 100: 109-118. doi:

Berger, M., J. Brandefelt, and J. Nilsson. 2013. The Sensitivity of the Arctic Sea Ice to Orbitally Induced Insolation Changes: A Study of the Mid-Holocene Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project 2 and 3 Simulations. Climate of the Past 9: 969-982. doi:

Bintanja, R., et al.  2013. Important Role for Ocean Warming and Increased Ice-Shelf Melt in Antarctic Sea-Ice Expansion. Nature Geoscience 6(5): 376-379. doi:

Boisier, J. P., N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, and P. Ciais. 2013. Inferring Past Land Use-Induced Changes in Surface Albedo from Satellite Observaitons: A Useful Tool to Evaluate Model Simulations. Biogeosciences 10(3): 1501-1516. doi:

Bromwich, D. H., et al. 2013. Comprehensive Evaluation of Polar Weather Research and Forecasting Model Performance in the Antarctic. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(2): 274-292. doi:

Brown, R. D. and C. Derksen. 2013. Is Eurasian October Snow Cover Extent Increasing?. Environmental Research Letters 8. Art. #024006. doi:

Brown, Zachary W. and Kevin R. Arrigo. 2013. Sea Ice Impacts on Spring Bloom Dynamics and Net Primary Production in the Eastern Bering Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 118(1): 43-62. doi:

Castro de la Guardia, L., et al. 2013. Future Sea Ice Conditions in Western Hudson Bay and Consequences For Polar Bears in the 21st Century. Global Change Biology 19(9): 2675-2687. doi:

Cherry, Seth G., et al. 2013. Migration Phenology and Seasonal Fidelity of an Arctic Marine Predator in Relation to Sea Ice Dynamics. Journal of Animal Ecology 82(4): 912-921. doi:

Chokmani, Karem, Monique Bernier, and Alain Royer. 2013. A Merging Algorithm for Regional Snow Mapping over Eastern Canada from AVHRR and SSM/I Data. Remote Sensing 5(11): 5463-5487. doi:

Clark, Graeme F., et al. 2013. Light-Driven Tipping Points in Polar Ecosystems. Global Change Biology 19(12): 3749-3761. doi:

Close, Sally E., et al. 2013. Control of Mode and Intermediate Water Mass Properties in Drake Passage by the Amundsen Sea Low. Journal of Climate 26(14): 5102-5123. doi:

Dash, Mihir K., et al. 2013. Variability in the ENSO-Induced Southern Hemispheric Circulation and Antarctic Sea Ice Extent. International Journal of Climatology 33(3): 778-783. doi:

Devasthale, A., et al. 2013. The Thermodynamic State of the Arctic Atmosphere Observed By AIRS: Comparisons During the Record Minimum Sea Ice Extents of 2007 And 2012. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13: 7441-7450. doi:

Diffenbaugh, Noah S., Martin Scherer, and Moetasim Ashfaq. 2013. Response of Snow-Dependent Hydrologic Extremes to Continued Global Warming. Nature Climate Change. doi:

Dosser, Hayley V., Luc Rainville, and John M. Toole. 2013. Near-Inertial Internal Wave Field in the Canada Basin from Ice-Tethered Profilers. Journal of Physical Oceanography 44(2): 413-426. doi:

DuVivier, Alice K and John J. Cassano. 2013. Evaluation of WRF Model Resolution on Simulated Mesoscale Winds and Surface Fluxes near Greenland. Monthly Weather Review 141(3): 941-963. doi:

Fan, Ke, Zhiqing Xu, and Baoqiang Tian 2013. Has the Intensity of the Interannual Variability in Summer Rainfall over South China Remarkably Increased?. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics. doi:

Fenty, Ian, and Patrick Heimbach. 2013. Hydrographic Preconditioning for Seasonal Sea Ice Anomalies in the Labrador Sea. Journal of Physical Oceanography 43(5): 863-883. doi:

Fisher, Jenny A., et al.  2013. Factors Driving Mercury Variability In The Arctic Atmosphere And Ocean Over The Past 30 Years. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 27(4): 1226-1235. doi:

Forest, A., et al.  2013. Ecosystem Function and Particle Flux Dynamics Across the Mackenzie Shelf (Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean): An Integrative Analysis of Spatial Variability and Biophysical Forcings. Biogeosciences  10: 2833-2866. doi:

Galligani, V. S., et al. 2013. The Impact Of The Melting Layer on the Passive Microwave Cloud Scattering Signal Observed from Satellites: A Study Using TRMM Microwave Passive and Active Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(11): 5667-5678. doi:

Gan, T. Y., et al. 2013. Changes in North American Snowpacks for 1979-2007 Detected from the Snow Water Equivalent Data of SMMR And SSM/I Passive Microwave and Related Climatic Factors. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(14): 7682-7697. doi:

Gessner, Ursula, et al. 2013. The Relationship between Precipitation Anomalies and Satellite-Derived Vegetation Activity in Central Asia. Global and Planetary Change 110: pt.A: 74-87. doi:

Girardin, Martin P., et al.  2013. Unusual Forest Growth Decline in Boreal North America Covaries with the Retreat of Arctic Sea Ice. Global Change Biology 20(3): 851-866. doi:

Guemas, Virginie, et al. 2013. Retrospective Prediction of the Global Warming Slowdown in the Past Decade. Nature Climate Change 3(7): 649-653. doi:

Halfar, Jochen, et al.  2013. Arctic Sea-Ice Decline Archived by Multicentury Annual-Resolution Record from Crustose Coralline Algal Proxy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 110(49): 19737-19741. doi:

Han, Lijan, et al. 2013. Spatial Variations in Snow Cover and Seasonally Frozen Ground over Northern China and Mongolia, 1988-2010. Global and Planetary Change 116: 139-148. doi:

Hansen, E., et al. 2013. Thinning of Arctic Sea Ice Observed in Fram Strait: 1990-2011. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 118(10): 5202-5221. doi:

He, Quanjun. 2013. Night-Time Cloud Detection for FY-3A/VIRR Using Multispectral Thresholds. International Journal of Remote Sensing 34(8): 2876-2887. doi:

Heide-Jørgensen, Mads Peter, et al. 2013. The Significance of the North Water Polynya to Arctic Top Predators. Ambio  42: 596-610. doi:

Hilboll , Andreas, Andreas Richter, and John P. Burrows. 2013. Remote Sensing and Modelling of Atmospheric Chemistry and Sea Ice Parameters. Earth System Science: Bridging the Gaps Between Disciplines edited by Gerrit Lohmann, et al. Heidelberg ; New York : Springer: p 9-56. doi:

Hill, Victoria J., et al. 2013. Synthesis of Integrated Primary Production in the Arctic Ocean: II. In Situ and Remotely Sensed Estimates. Progress in Oceanography 110: 107-125. doi:

Holland, M. M., et al. 2013. Initial-Value Predictability of Antarctic Sea Ice in the Community Climate System Model 3. Geophysical Research Letters 40(10): 2121-2124. doi:

Holland, M. M.  2013. The Marine Cryosphere. Ocean Circulation and Climate 103: 413-442. doi:

Hosking, J. Scott, et al. 2013. The Influence of the Amundsen-Bellingshausen Seas Low on the Climate of West Antarctica and Its Representation in Coupled Climate Model Simulations. Journal of Climate 26(17): 6633-6648. doi:

Howell, S. E. L., et al. 2013. Recent Extreme Light Sea Ice Years in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago: 2011 and 2012 Eclipse 1998 and 2007. The Cryosphere 7: 1753-1768. doi:

Hunke, Elizabeth C., David A. Hebert, and Olivier Lecomte. 2013. Level-Ice Melt Ponds in the Los Alamos Sea Ice Model, CICE. Ocean Modelling 71(1): 26-42. doi:

Huntington, Henry P., et al. 2013. The Influence of Wind and Ice on Spring Walrus Hunting Success on St. Lawrence Island, Alaska. Deep-Sea Research Part II - Topical Studies in Oceanography 94: 312-322. doi:

Ivanov, Vladimir and Eiji Watanabe. 2013. Does Arctic Sea Ice Reduction Foster Shelf-Basin Exchange? . Ecological Applications 23(8): 1765-1777. doi:

Ji, Rubao, Meibing Jin, and  Øystein Varpe. 2013. Sea Ice Phenology and Timing Of Primary Production Pulses in the Arctic Ocean. Global Change Biology 19(3): 734-741. doi:

Ji, Zhenming, and Shichang Kang. 2013. Projection of Snow Cover Changes over China under RCP Scenarios. Climate Dynamics 41(3-4): 589-600. doi:

Jiménez, C., et al. 2013. A Joint Analysis of Modeled Soil Moisture Fields and Satellite Observations. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(12): 6771-6782. doi:

Jiuliang, Liu and Li Zhen. 2013. Temporal Series Analysis of Snow Water Equivalent of Satellite Passive Microwave Data in Northern Seasonal Snow Classes (1978-2010). 2013 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS): 3606-3609. doi:

Jullion, L. and Alberto C. Naveira Garabato.  2013. Decadal Freshening of the Antarctic Bottom Water Exported from the Weddell Sea. Journal of Climate 26(20): 8111-8125. doi:

Juricke, Stephan, et al. 2013. Effects of Stochastic Ice Strength Perturbation on Arctic Finite Element Sea Ice Modeling. Journal of Climate 26(11): 3785-3802. doi:

Kapsch, Marie-Luise, Rune G. Graversen, and Michael Tjernström. 2013. Springtime Atmospheric Energy Transport and the Control of Arctic Summer Sea-Ice Extent. Nature Climate Change 3: 744-748. doi:

Karlsson, J. and G. Svensson. 2013. Consequences of Poor Representation of Arctic Sea-Ice Albedo and Cloud-Radiation Interactions in the CMIP5 Model Ensemble. Geophysical Research Letters 40(16): 4374-4379. doi:

Karmosky, Christopher. 2013. Synoptic and Mesoscale Climate Forcing on Antarctic Ice Chelf Surface Melt Dynamics. Ph. D. Dissertation, Pennsylvania State University 111 p. Pennsylvania State University.

Karspeck, Alicia R., et al. 2013. An Ensemble Adjustment Kalman Filter for the CCSM4 Ocean Component. Journal of Climate 26(19): 7392-7413. doi:

Kay, J. E. and T. L'Ecuyer. 2013. Observational Constraints on Arctic Ocean Clouds and Radiative Fluxes during the Early 21st Century. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 118(13): 7219-7236. doi:

Kerby, Jeffrey T. and Eric Post. 2013. Advancing Plant Phenology and Reduced Herbivore Production in a Terrestrial System Associated with Sea Ice Decline. Nature Communications 4. #2514. doi:

Key, Jeff, Xuanji Wang, and Yinghui  Liu. 2013. Monitoring Change in the Arctic. IN: Satellite-based Applications on Climate Changeedited by John Qu, Alfred Powell, M.V.K. Sivakumar. Dordrecht; New York: Springer: 127-149. doi:

Kinda, G. Bazile, et al. 2013. Under-Ice Ambient Noise in Eastern Beaufort Sea, Canadian Arctic, and Its Relation to Environmental Forcing. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134(1). doi:

Kinda, G. Bazile, et al. 2013. Acoustic Remote Sensing of Arctic Sea Ice From Long Term Soundscape Measurements. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  134(1): 77-87. doi:

Klehmet, K., et al. 2013. A Regional Climate Model Hindcast for Siberia : Analysis of Snow Water Equivalent. The Cryosphere 7: 1017-1034. doi:

Koenigk, Torben, et al. 2013. Arctic Climate Change in 21st Century CMIP5 Simulations with EC-Earth. Climate Dynamics 40(11-12): 2719-2743. doi:

Koldunov, Nikolay V., Armin Köhl, and Detlef Stammer. 2013. Properties of Adjoint Sea Ice Sensitivities to Atmospheric Forcing and Implications for the Causes of the Long Term Trend of Arctic Sea Ice. Climate Dynamics 41(2): 227-241. doi:

Krumpen, T., et al. 2013. Variability and Trends in Laptev Sea Ice Outflow between 1992-2011. The Cryosphere 7(1): 349-363. doi:

Lampkin, D. J. and U. Wade. 2013. Evaluation of a Novel Inversion Model for Surface Melt Magnitude over the Greenland Ice Sheet During the 2002 Ablation Season. International Journal of Remote Sensing 34(19): 6931-6946. doi:

Langehaug, H. R., et al. 2013. Arctic Sea Ice Decline and Ice Export in the CMIP5 Historical Simulations. Ocean Modelling 71: 114-126. doi:

Larson, Kristine M. 2013. A Methodology to Eliminate Snow- and Ice-Contaminated Solutions from GPS Coordinate Time Series. Journal of Geophysical Research - Solid Earth 118(8): 4503-4510. doi:

Lee, Yun Gon, et al 2013. Potential Impacts of Northeastern Eurasian Snow Cover on Generation of Dust Storms in Northwestern China during Spring. Climate Dynamics  41: 721-733. doi:

Lin, Pengfei, Yongqiang Yu, and Hailong Liu. 2013. Oceanic Climatology in the Coupled Model FGOALS-G2: Improvements And Biases. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences  30(3): 819-840. doi:

Liptak, Jessica and Courtenay Strong. 2013. Propagating Atmospheric Patterns Associated with Sea Ice Motion Through the Fram Strait.. Journal of Climate 26(9): 2992-2997. doi:

Liu, Ge, Ren-Guang Wu, and Yuan-Zhi Zhang. 2013. Persistence of Snow Cover Anomalies Over the Tibetan Plateau and the Implicaions for Forecasting Summer Precipitation over the Meiyu-Baiu Region. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters 7(2): 115-119.

Livina,  V. N. and T. M. Lenton. 2013. A Recent Tipping Point in the Arctic Sea-Ice Cover: Abrupt and Persistent Increase in the Seasonal Cycle Since 2007. Cryosphere  7(1): 275-286. doi:

Lu, Hui, et al. 2013. Climate Change Assessment Due to Long Term Soil Moisture Change and Its Applicability Using Satellite Observations. Climate Change - Realities, Impacts Over Ice Cap, Sea Level and Risks by Juddy N. Okpara. Saarbrücken LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing: 357-378. doi:

Luojus, Kari, et al. 2013. GlobSnow-2 Product User Guide, version 1.0. : 23 p.

Macelloni, G., et al.  2013. Ground-Based L-Band Emission Measurements at Dome-C Antarctica: The DOMEX-2 Experiment. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  51(9): 4718-4730. doi:

Mahlstein, Irina, Peter R. Gent, and Susan Solomon. 2013. Historical Antarctic Mean Sea Ice Area, Sea Ice Trends, and Winds in CMIP5 Simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres  118(D11): 5105-5110. doi:

Mallet, P.-E., et al. 2013. Polar lows over the Nordic and Labrador Seas: Synoptic Circulation Patterns and Associations with North Atlantic-Europe Wintertime Weather Regimes. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres  118(6): 2455-2472. doi:

Massom R., et al. 2013. Change and Variability in East Antarctic Sea Ice Seasonality, 1979/80-2009/10. Plos ONE  8(5). Art. #e64756. doi:

Matrai, P. A., et al. 2013. Synthesis of Primary Production in the Arctic Ocean: 1. Surface Waters, 1954-2007. Progress in Oceanography 110: 93-106. doi:

McKinney, M. A., et al. 2013. Global Change Effects on the Long-Term Feeding Ecology and Contaminant Exposures of East Greenland Polar Bears. Global Change Biology  19(8): 2360-2372. doi:

McPhee, Miles G.  2013. Intensification of Geostrophic Currents in the Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean. Journal of Climate  26(10): 3130-3138. doi:

Meccia, V., et al.  2013. Coupling a Thermodynamically Active Ice Shelf to a Regional Simulation of the Weddell Sea. Geoscientific Model Development  6: 1209-1219. doi:

Merryfield W. J., et al.  2013. Multi-System Seasonal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice. Geophysical Research Letters  40(8): 1551-1556. doi:

Moore, J. Keith, et al. 2013. Marine Ecosystem Dynamics and Biogeochemical Cycling in the Community Earth System Model [CESM1(BGC)]: Comparison of the 1990s with the 2090s under the RCP4.5 and RCP8.5 Scenarios. Journal of Climate  26(23): 9291-9312. doi:

Mortin, Jonas, Rune G. Graversen, and Gunilla Svensson. 2013. Evaluation Of Pan-Arctic Melt-Freeze Onset in CMIP5 Climate Models and Reanalyses Using Surface Observations. Climate Dynamics  42(7-8): 2239-2257. doi: