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Data Set ID:
NSIDC-0057

Comprehensive Ocean - Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) LMRF Arctic Subset, Version 1

The Comprehensive Ocean - Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) Long Marine Reports Fixed-Length (LMRF) Arctic subset contains marine surface weather reports for regions north of 65 degrees N from ships, drifting ice stations, and buoys. The COADS LMRF Arctic subset contains data collected over the years 1950 to 1995 and includes the following parameters: air and sea temperature, cloudiness, humidity, and winds. The data are in the form of individual marine reports with a given latitude and longitude.

Geographic Coverage

Parameter(s):
  • Atmospheric Temperature > Air Temperature
  • Clouds > Cloud Height
  • Clouds > Cloud Amount/Frequency > Cloudiness
  • Clouds > Cloud Types
  • Atmospheric Winds > Surface Winds > Horizontal Velocity
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor > Humidity
  • Atmospheric Pressure > Sea Level Pressure
  • Ocean Temperature > Sea Surface Temperature
  • Atmospheric Water Vapor > Water Vapor > Surface Humidity
  • Atmospheric Pressure > Surface Pressure
  • Ocean Winds > Surface Winds
  • Ocean Waves > Swells
Spatial Coverage:
  • N: 90, S: 65, E: 180, W: -180

Spatial Resolution:
  • Varies
Temporal Coverage:
  • 1 January 1950 to 31 December 1995
Temporal Resolution: Varies
Data Format(s):
  • LMRF
Platform(s) BUOYS, SHIPS
Sensor(s): BATHYTHERMOGRAPHS, XBT
Version: V1
Data Contributor(s): Mark Serreze, Scott Woodruff, Steven Worley
Data Citation

As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Serreze, M., compiler 2006. Comprehensive Ocean - Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) LMRF Arctic Subset, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5067/TLB86RYP2MRY. [Date Accessed].

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Overview

In cooperation with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Diagnostics Center (NOAA/CDC), and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), NSIDC is distributing an Arctic subset of surface marine data from the Comprehensive Ocean - Atmosphere Data Set (COADS)in the Long Marine Reports Fixed-Length (LMRF) format.

The original data were obtained from many sources, including merchant vessels, research ships, and moored and drifting buoys. Parameters include the following: atmospheric pressure, surface pressure, air temperature, sea surface temperature, humidity, water vapor, surface winds, cloud information (amount, height and type), and present weather. The scientists assembling COADS have attempted to integrate all available digitized, directly sensed surface-marine data sets that would contribute information of reasonable quality. Most of the early data were gathered by ships-of-opportunity. More recent data also come from fixed research vessels, buoys, and other observing devices. Data archived at NSIDC is for regions North of 65° N for the years 1950-1995.

The COADS LMRF Arctic subset consists of 46 data files (one for each year) which are in LMRF (Long Marine Report Fixed-Length, packed binary format), and has a total volume of approximately 201 MB unix compressed and 632 uncompressed. The data are in the form of individual marine reports with a given latitude and longitude. A UNIX-based Fortran program is distributed with the data files.

The FTP directory contains the Comprehensive Ocean - Atmosphere Data Set (COADS) LMRF Arctic Subset data, as well as two informational documents and a UNIX Fortran program. The "lmr" document describes the LMR and LMRF data formats, and contains detailed information on parameters and data sources. The "stat_trim" document describes the trimming (quality control) procedures and flags, and information on the calculation of monthly statistics. These documents were compiled by and are distributed by the NOAA Climate Diagnostics Center (CDC) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). COADS is the result of a continuing cooperative project between the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) -- specifically its Environmental Research Laboratories (ERL), National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), and Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES, conducted jointly with the University of Colorado) -- and the National Science Foundation's National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). The NOAA portion of COADS is currently supported by the NOAA Climate and Global Change (C&GC) Program and the NOAA Environmental Services Data and Information Management (ESDIM) Program.

For additional documents and information on COADS see the following page maintained at NOAA: COADS Home Page

References and Related Publications

Document Information

Document Creation Date

August 1998

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