Published Research

The following references cite studies that used data distributed by NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Howat, I., B. Smith, et al. 2008. Rates of Southeast Greenland Ice Volume Loss from Combined ICESat and ASTER Observations. Geophysical Research Letters  35(L17505). doi:

Hulbe, C., T. Scambos, et al. 2008. Patterns of Glacier Response to Disintegration of the Larsen B Ice Shelf, Antarctic Peninsula. Global and Planetary Change  63(1): p 1-8. doi:

Kaab, A. 2008. Glacier Volume Changes Using ASTER Satellite Stereo and ICESat GLAS Laser Altimetry. A Test Study on EdgeØya, Eastern Svalbard. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing Journal  46(10): 2823-2830.

Kurtz, N., T. Markus, et al. 2008. Comparison of ICESat Data With Airborne Laser Altimeter Measurements Over Arctic Sea Ice. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  46(7): 1913-1924.

Kwok, R. and G. Cunningham 2008. ICESat Over Arctic Sea Ice: Estimation of Snow Depth and Ice Thickness. Journal of Geophysical Research  113(C08010). doi:

McAdoo, D., S. Farrell, et al. 2008. Arctic Ocean Gravity Field Derived from ICESat and ERS-2 Altimetry: Tectonic Implications. Journal of Geophysical Research  113(B05408). doi:

Minnis, Patrick et al. 2008. Near-Real-Time Cloud Retrievals from Operational and Research Meteorological Satellites. Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere XIII, edited by Richard H. Picard, Adolfo Comeron, Klaus Schaufer, Aldo Amodeo, Michiel van Weele, Proc. OfSPIE 7107.

Muskett, R., C. Lingle, et al. 2008. Acceleration of Surface Lowering on the Tidewater Glaciers of Icy Bay, Alaska, USA from InSAR DEMs and ICESat Altimetry. Earth and Planetary Science Letters  265(3-4): 345-359.

Neuenschwander, A., T. Urban, et al. 2008. Characterization of ICESat/GLAS Waveforms Over Terrestrial Ecosystems: Implications for Vegetation Mapping. Journal of Geophysical Research  113(G02S03). doi:

Potts, L. V. et al. 2008. Multi-Resolution Dune Morphology Using Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) and Dune Mobility from Fuzzy Inference Systems Using SRTM and Altimetric Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing  29(10): 2879–2901.

Ray, R. 2008. Preliminary Tidal Analysis of ICESat Laser Altimetry: Southern Ross Ice Shelf. Geophysical Research Letters  35(L02505). doi:

Rosette, J. A. B., P. R. J. North, and J. C. Suárez. 2008. Vegetation Height Estimates for a Mixed Temperate Forest Using Satellite Laser Altimetry. International Journal of Remote Sensing  29(5): 1475-1493.

Simard, M., V. Rivera-Monroy, et al. 2008. A Systematic Method for 3D Mapping of Mangrove Forests Based on Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Elevation Data, ICEsat/GLAS Waveforms and Field Data: Application to Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Colombia. Remote Sensing of Environment  112(5): 2131-2144.

Skourup, H. and R. Forsberg. 2008. Geoid, Sea Level and Vertical Datum of the Arctic - Improved by ICESat and GRACE. Geomatica  62: 287-298.

Slobbe, D., R. Lindenbergh, et al. 2008. Estimation of Volume Change Rates of Greenland's Ice Sheet from ICESat Data Using Overlapping Footprints. Remote Sensing of Environment  112(12): 4204-4213.

Spinhirne, J.D. 2008. Performance of the GLAS Satellite LIDAR Cloud and Aerosol Measurements. IEEE Aerospace Conference 2008, ISSN: 1095-323X, ISBN: 978-1-4244-1487-1 p 1-8.

Urban, Timothy J., Bob E. Schutz, and Amy L. Neuenschwander. 2008. A Survey of ICESat Coastal Altimetry Applications: Continental Coast, Open Ocean Island, and Inland River. Terrestrial Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences Journal  19(1-2): p 1-19.

Van den Broeke, M., W. Van de Berg, et al. 2008. Firn Depth Correction Along the Antarctic Grounding Line. Antarctic Science  20: 513-517.

Wilkinson, J. and E. C. f. M. R. W. 2008. Use of a LIDAR Forward Model for Global Comparisons of Cloud Fraction between the ICESat LIDAR and the ECMWF Model. Monthly Weather Review  136(10): 3742–3759.

Zwally, H. Jay et al. 2008. Properties of Thin Clouds Observed by ICESat and CALIPSO Over Ice Sheets and their Impact on Ice Altimetry Measurements. Fourth Symposium on LIDAR Atmospheric Applications.

Zwally, H., D. Yi, et al. 2008. ICESat Measurements of Sea Ice Freeboard and Estimates of Sea Ice Thickness in the Weddell Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research  113(C02S15). doi:


Afzal, R., A. Yu, et al. 2007. The Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) Laser Transmitter. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics  13(3): 511-536.

Alsdorf, D., E. Rodriguez, et al. 2007. Measuring Surface Water from Space. Reviews of Geophysics  45(RG2002). doi:

Atwood, D., R. Guritz, et al.  2007. DEM Control in Arctic Alaska With ICESat Laser Altimetry. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  45(11 Part 2): 3710-3720.

Bhang, K., F. Schwartz, et al. 2007. Verification of the Vertical Error in C-Band SRTM DEM Using ICESat and Landsat-7, Otter Tail County, MN. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  45(1): 36-44.

Bills, B. G., A. A. Borsa, et al. 2007. MISR-Based Passive Optical Bathymetry from Orbit with Few-Cm Level of Accuracy on the Salar De Uyuni, Bolivia. Remote Sensing of Environment  107(1-2): 240-255.

Biscaro, D. 2007. ICESat Altimetry and Radar-Derived Ice Thickness in the Scott Coast (Northern Victoria Land, Antarctica): Evidences for Ice Tongues/Shelves Density Variations. Geophysical Research Abstracts 9.

Borsa, A., J. Minster, et al. 2007. Modeling Long-Period Noise in Kinematic GPS Applications. Journal of Geodesy  81(2): 157-170.

Bourgoin, L., M. Bonnet, et al. 2007. Temporal Dynamics of Water and Sediment Exchanges between the Curuaí Floodplain and the Amazon River, Brazil. Journal of Hydrology  335(1-2): 140-156.

Braun, A. and G. Fotopoulos. 2007. Assessment of SRTM, ICESat, and Survey Control Monument Elevations in Canada. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remot Sensing  73(12): 1333-1342.

Brenner, A., J. DiMarzio, et al. 2007. Precision and Accuracy of Satellite Radar and Laser Altimeter Data Over the Continental Ice Sheets. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  45(2): 321-331.

Casey, S., A. Dessler, et al. 2007. Frequency of Tropical Precipitating Clouds as Observed by the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Precipitation Radar and ICESat/Geoscience Laser Altimeter System. Journal of Geophysical Research  112(D14215). doi:

Chepfer, H., M. Chiriaco, et al. 2007. Evaluation of MM5 Optically Thin Clouds Over Europe in Fall Using ICESat Lidar Spaceborne Observations. Monthly Weather Review  135(7): 2737-2753.

Chipman, J. 2007. Satellite-Based Assessment of the Dynamics of New Lakes in Southern Egypt. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28(19): 4365-4379.

Duong, H., R. Lindenbergh, et al. 2007. Error Analysis of ICESat Waveform Processing by Investigating Overlapping Pairs Over Europe. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium : 4753-4756.

Eguchi, N., T. Yokota, et al. 2007. Characteristics of Cirrus Clouds from ICESat/GLAS Observations. Geophysical Research Letters 34(L09810). doi:

Fricker, H., T. Scambos, et al. 2007. An Active Subglacial Water System in West Antarctica Mapped from Space. Science  315 (5818): 1544-1548.

Harpold, R., T. Urban, et al. 2007. Assessment of ICESat Repeat Track Estimation Techniques for Polar Elevation Change Detection. Remote Sensing of Environment  112: 4204-4213.

Jansen, D., M. Schodlok, et al. 2007. Basal Melting of A-38B: A Physical Model Constrained by Satellite Observations. Remote Sensing of Environment  111(2-3): 195-203.

Kwok, R., G. Cunningham, et al. 2007. Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) Over Arctic sea ice: Retrieval of Freeboard. Journal of Geophysical Research  112(C12013). doi:

Lefsky, M., M. Keller, et al. 2007. Revised Method for Forest Canopy Height Estimation from Geoscience Laser Altimeter System Waveforms. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing  1(013537).

Liu, C. 2007. Geographical and Seasonal Distribution of Tropical Tropopause Thin Clouds and their Relation to Deep Convection and Water Vapor Viewed from Satellite Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research  112(D09205). doi:

Liu, J., J. Wen, et al. 2007. Development and Applications of Dome A-DEM in Antarctic Ice Sheet. Chinese Geographical Science  17(2): 160-165.

Magruder, L., C. Webb, et al. 2007. ICESat Altimetry Data Product Verification at White Sands Space Harbor. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  45(1): 147-155.

Maslanik, J., C. Fowler, et al. 2007. A Younger and Thinner Multiyear Ice Pack: Significance for Extreme, Accelerated and Sustained Losses of Arctic Sea Ice COver.. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 200  C22A-03.

Ranson, K., D. Sun, et al. 2007. Using MODIS and GLAS Data to Develop Timber Volume Estimates in Central Siberia. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 2007: 2306-2309.

Rim, H., C. Webb, et al. 2007. Macro-Model Tuning Experiment for ICESat Precision Orbit Determination (AAS 07-165). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  127(1): 987.

Roemer, S., B. Legrésy, et al. 2007. Refined Analysis of Radar Altimetry Data Applied to the Region of the Subglacial Lake Vostok/Antarctica. Remote Sensing of Environment  106(3): 269-284.

Scambos, T., J. Bohlander, et al. 2007. Antarctic Tabular Iceberg Evolution during Northward Drift: A Proxy System for Studying Ice Shelf Break-Up. Antarctica: A Keystone in a Changing World–Online Proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences. U.S. Geological Survey and The National Academies: USGS OF-2007-1047, edited by AK Cooper and CR Raymond et al. 157.

Sun, G., K. Ranson, et al. 2007. Forest Vertical Structure from GLAS: An Evaluation using LVIS and SRTM Data. Remote Sensing of Environment  112: 107-117.

Wang, X., M. Frontoso, et al. 2007. Retrieval of Atmospheric Particles Optical Properties by Combining Ground-Based and Spaceborne Lidar Elastic Scattering Profiles. Optics Express  15(11): 6734-6743.

Wen, J., K. Jezek, et al. 2007. Mass Budgets of the Lambert, Mellor and Fisher Glaciers and Basal Fluxes Beneath their Flowbands on Amery Ice Shelf. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences  50(11): 1693-1706.

Wesche, C., O. Eisen, et al. 2007. Surface Topography and Ice Flow in the Vicinity of the EDML Deep-Drilling Site, Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology  53(182): 442-448.

Wylie, D., E. Eloranta, et al.  2007. A Comparison of Cloud Cover Statistics from the GLAS LIDAR with HIRS. Journal of Climate  20(19): 4968-4981.

Yamanokuchi, T., K. Doi, et al. 2007. Combined Use of InSAR and ICESat/GLAS Data for High Accuracy DEM Generation on Antarctica. IEEE International Symposium on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. doi:

Zhang, X. and R. Forsberg. 2007. Assessment of Long-Range Kinematic GPS Positioning Errors by Comparison with Airborne Laser Altimetry and Satellite Altimetry. Journal of Geodesy  81(3): 201-211.


Bae, S., C. Webb, et al. 2006. Star tracker Misalignment Calibration for the ICESat Mission. American Astronautical Society  124: 6-107.

Carabajal, C. 2006. SRTM C-Band and ICESat Laser Altimetry Elevation Comparisons as a Function of Tree Cover and Relief. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing  72(3): 287-298.

Dessler, A., S. Palm, et al. 2006. Tropopause-Level Thin Cirrus Coverage Revealed by ICESat/Geoscience Laser Altimeter System. Journal of Geophysical Research  111(D08203). doi:

Dessler, A., S. Palm, et al. 2006. Tropical Cloud-Top Height Distributions Revealed by the Ice, Cloud, and Land Elevation Satellite (ICESat)/Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS). Journal of Geophysical Research  111(D12).

Duong, H., N. Pfeifer, et al. 2006. Analysis of Repeated ICESat Full Waveform Data: Methodology and Leaf-On/Leaf-Off Comparison. Workshop on 3D Remote Sensing in Forestry, Feb 2006, Vienna.

Duong, H., N. Pfeifer, et al. 2006. Full Waveform Analysis: ICESat Laser Data for Land Cover Classification. ISPRS Commission VII Mid-term Symposium - Remote Sensing: From Pixels to Processes: 30-35.

Eguchi, N., T. Yokota, et al. 2006. Cirrus Cloud Characteristics from the ICESat/GLAS Observations. Geophysical Research Letters  34(9).

Filin, S. 2006. Calibration of Spaceborne Laser Altimeters - An Algorithm and the Site Selection Problem. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  44(6): 1484-1492.

Fricker, H. and L. Padman. 2006. Ice Shelf Grounding Zone Structure from ICESat Laser Altimetry. Geophysical Research Letters 33(L15502). doi:

Helmer, E. and M. Lefsky. 2006. Forest Canopy Heights in Amazon River Basin Forests as Estimated with the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS). USDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-42CD.

Horgan, H. and S. Anandakrishnan. 2006. Static Grounding Lines and Dynamic Ice Streams: Evidence from the Siple Coast, West Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  33(L18502). doi:

Kovacs, T. 2006. Comparing Modis and Aeronet Aerosol Optical Depth at Varying Separation Distances to Assess Ground-Based Validation Strategies for Spaceborne LIDAR. Journal of Geophysical Research  111(D24203). doi:

Kwok, R. and H. Zwally. 2006. ICESat Over Arctic Sea Ice: Interpretation of Altimetric and Reflectivity Profiles. Journal of Geophysical Research  111(C06006). doi:

Laxon, S., S. Farrell, et al. 2006. Satellite Altimeter Estimates of Sea Ice Thickness and Mass Balance. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, abstract C13A-08.

Nerem, R. S., E. Leuliette, et al. 2006. Present-Day Sea-Level Change: A Review. Comptes Rendus Geoscience  338(14-15): 1077-1083.

Rignot, E. 2006. Changes in Ice Dynamics and Mass Balance of the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  364(1844): 1637-1655.

Sèze, G., F. Parol, et al. 2006. Comparison of Seviri Cloud Product with both the Polder and the Glas Space LIDAR One. Proceedings of the 3rd MSG RAO Workshop (ESA SP-619) 37.

Shiobara, M., M. Yabuki, et al. 2006. Arctic Experiment for ICESat/GLAS Ground Validation with a Micro-Pulse LIDAR at Ny-Alesund, Svalbard. Polar Meteorol Glaciol  20: 28–39.

Shuman, C., H. Zwally, et al. 2006. ICESat Antarctic Elevation Data: Preliminary Precision and Accuracy Assessment. Geophysical Research Letters  33(L07501). doi:

Spreen, G., S. Kern, et al. 2006. Satellite-Based Estimates of Sea-Ice Volume Flux through Fram Strait. Annals of Glaciology  44(1): 321-328.

Surazakov, A. B. and V. B. Aizen. 2006. Estimating Volume Change of Mountain Glaciers Using SRTM and Map-Based Topographic Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  44(10): 2991-2995.

Wang, L. and A. Dessler. 2006. Instantaneous Cloud Overlap Statistics in the Tropical Area Revealed by ICESat/GLAS Data. Geophysical Research Letters  33(L15804). doi:

Webb, C., J. Stauch, et al. 2006. ICESat Off-Nadir Laser Targeting: Theory and Practice (AAS 05-259). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  123(1): 155.

Wilkinson, J. 2006. Use of a LIDAR Forward Model to Perform Global Cloud Fraction Comparisons Between the ICESat LIDAR and the ECMWF Model. Monthly Weather Review  136: 3742-3759.

Wu, W., A. Dessler, et al. 2006. Analysis of the Correlations between Atmospheric Boundary-Layer and Free-Tropospheric Temperatures in the Tropics. Geophysical Research Letters  33( L20707). doi:

Yong, P., Y. Xinfang, et al. 2006. Waveform Length Extraction from ICEsat GLAS Data and Forest Application Analysis. Scientia Silvae Sinicae  42(7): 137.


Abshire, J., X. Sun, et al. 2005. Laser Altimetry Using Pseudo-Noise Code Modulated Fiber Lasers and Photon Counting Detectors. IEEE Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference  3: 1991-1993.

Abshire, J., X. Sun, et al. 2005. Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) on the ICESat Mission: On-Orbit Measurment Performance . Geophysical Research Letters 32(L21S02). doi:

Bae, S., L. Magruder, et al. 2005. "ICESat/GLAS Percision Attitude Determination for Early Laser Operation". In Spaceflight Mechanics 2004- Part 1: Advances in the Astonautical Sciences . . Published for the American Astronautical Society by Univelt.

Baek, S., O. Kwoun, et al.  2005. Digital Elevation Model of King Edward VII Peninsula, West Antarctica, from SAR Interferometry and ICESat Laser Altimetry. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  2(4): 413-417.

Bamber, J. and J. Gomez-Dans. 2005. The Accuracy of Digital Elevation Models of the Antarctic Continent. Earth and Planetary ScienceLetters  237(3-4): 516-523.

Bamber, J. and J. Gomez-Dans. 2005. A New Digital Elevation Model of the Antarctic Derived from Combined Satellite Radar Altimter and GLAS Data. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting, abstract C51B-0275 86(52).

Berkoff, T., S. Valencia, et al. 2005. Spatiotemporal Path-Matching for Comparisons between Ground-Based and Satellite LIDAR Measurements. Óptica Pura y Aplicada  39(1): 109-116.

Bindschadler, R., H. Choi, et al. 2005. Detecting and Measuring New Snow Accumulation on Ice Sheets by Satellite Remote Sensing. Remote Sensing of Environment  98(4): 388-402.

Carabajal, C. and D. Harding. 2005. ICESat Validation of SRTM C-Band Digital Elevation Models. Geophysical Research Letters 32(L22S01). doi:

Chunbo, F., L. Jiancheng, et al. 2005. Applications of ICESat to Geoscience Research. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics  25(2): 94-97.

Csatho, B., T. Schenk, W. Krabill, T. Wilson, W. Lyons, G. McKenzie, C. Hallam, S. Manizade, and T. Paulsen. 2005. Airborne Laser Scanning for High-Resolution Mapping of Antartica. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union  86(25). doi:

Csatho, B., Y. Ahn, et al. 2005. ICESat Measurements Reveal Complex Pattern of Elevation Changes on Siple Coast Ice Streams, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L23S04). doi:

Dalå NS, Forsberg R, Keller K, Skourup H, Stenseng L, and Hvidegaard SM. 2005. Airborne LIDAR Measurements of Sea Ice North of Greenland and Ellesmere Island 2004. Danish National Space Center Technical Report 3.

Fan, C. and J. Li 2005. A Design on Calibration and Validation of ICESat Data. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2005 5: 3318-332.

Forsberg, R. and H. Skourup. 2005. Arctic Ocean Gravity, Geoid and Sea-Ice Freeboard Heights from ICESat and GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L21502). doi:

Fricker, H., A. Borsa, et al. 2005. Assessment of ICESat Performance at the Salar de Uyuni, Bolivia. Geophysical Research Letters 32(L21S06). doi:

Fricker, H., J. Bassis, et al. 2005. ICESat's New Perspective on Ice Shelf Rifts: The Vertical Dimension. Geophysical Research Letters 32(L23S08). doi:

Fricker, H., N. Young, et al. 2005. Multi-Year Monitoring of Rift Propagation on the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L02502). doi: