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Data Set ID:
GGD200

Borehole temperatures in deep wells of Western Siberia, Russia, 1960-1995, Version 1

This data set is a database of the permafrost and geothermal conditions of the oil and gas deposits of Western Siberia. Data were taken from 736 plots, each having from one to ten wells. The data set includes soil and rock temperatures at 20, 50, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 1000, and 3000 meters; depth of the bedding of the top and bottom of permafrost layers; size of the thermal flows in the subpermafrost; and thickness of frozen layers and underlying thawed layers. Additional information includes the geographical coordinates of the sites, the air temperature, permafrost-geothermal geological sections, maps of thermal flows, and the distribution of the temperatures at each depth (down to 5000 meters). The data are presented on the CAPS Version 1.0 CD-ROM, June 1998.

Geographic Coverage

Parameter(s):
  • Frozen Ground > Permafrost
  • Frozen Ground > Soil Temperature
Spatial Coverage:
  • N: 72, S: 60, E: 80, W: 67

Spatial Resolution: Not Specified
Temporal Coverage:
  • 1 January 1960 to 31 December 1995
Temporal Resolution: Not specified
Data Format(s):
  • GIF
  • Microsoft Excel
  • Binary
Platform(s) Not specified
Sensor(s): Not specified
Version: V1
Data Contributor(s): Victor Devyatkin, Victor An
Data Citation

As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

An, V 1998. Borehole temperatures in deep wells of Western Siberia, Russia, 1960-1995, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. [Date Accessed].

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Notice: 

This data set was first published on the 1998 CAPS CD.
The text for this document was taken unchanged from that CD.

"Permafrost-geothermal parameters of Western Siberia"
by V.V.An and V.N.Devyatkin, Earth Cryosphere Institute SB RAS

Permafrost-geothermal database contains information on:

  • geographical name of the site (mainly of gas field), years after the drilling was finished, altitude, northern latitude and eastern longitude
  • main geological units (lithology and age) at definite intervals (3 to 11 per section) to the depth from the surface to 320-2655 m
  • Geothermal parameters: heat conductivity l, thermal gradient g, and heat flux q (for both frozen and unfrozen state)
  • interval of depths at which permafrost was met
  • temperature measurements at various depths (20 to 2000 m)

Permafrost-geothermal database reveals a ratio between the thermal flux values near the boundary of frozen (qfr) and underlying unfrozen (thawed) (qunfr) horizons of lithosphere. This ratio enables to determine either stationary or non-stationary geotemperature field in frozen rocks under global air temperature changes. If qfr=qunfr stationary temperature field exists, if 0<<=qfr<qunfr: non-stationary (degradational), or if qfr>qunfr: non-stationary (aggradational) temperature field of permafrost.

To calculate a conductive component of a thermal flux the following expression was used: q=lg, where l - coefficient of heat conductivity of rocks (determined for cores in laboratory conditions or taken from tabulated data, based on geological properties of rocks, and g - the geothermal gradient determined by temperature measurements in boreholes.

The database allows also to determine the permafrost thickness and to reveal the character of distribution of internal thermal flux, to determine the rock temperatures at various depths and to apply this information for practical engineering in connection with prospecting and operation of gas-oil-bearing deposits and geothermal energy.

Detailed Data Description

Fig. 3. Detunata Goala - morphological sketch map and BTS measurements: 1 - cliffs, 2 - debris, 3- rock glaciers front, 4 - peak, 5 - BTS measurements, 6 - cemented ice, 7 -dendrochronological date, 8- spring, 9. forest limit .

Site no: D 1

Source of data:
     Name of investigator:  dr. Petru Urdea
     Name of institute: West University of Timioara, 
                        Dept. of Geography

Data type:
     Temperature log       X
     Borehole log
     Site visit description
     Other:

Location:
     Longitude:  23o 12' 46'' E
     Latitude: 46o 16' N
     UTM:

Geodetic datum: topographic map 1 : 25 000, ed. 1978, Military Topographic Department

Elevation a.s.l.:
     (m): 1100 - 1125
     (feet):

Aspect (slopeorientation):
     North
     Northeast
     East
     Southeast
     South
     Southwest
     West
     Northwest        X
     Complex (undulating)
     Level

Slope angle (degree):     5 -27

Landform:
     Blanket
     Fan
     Hummock
     Inclined
     Level
     Rolling
     Ridged
     Steep
     Terraced 
     Undulating
     Veneer
     Other (specify) : rock glaciers

Material:
     Anthropogenic
     Colluvial      X
     Eolian
     Fluvial
     Lacustrine
     Alluvial
     Residual
     Morainal (till)
     Volcanic
     Marine
     Organic
     Bedrock
     Ice
     Other (specify)

Texture of material:
     Clay
     Silt
     Loam
     Coarse, gravelly       X
     Diamicton
     
Drainage:
     Very rapidly drained
     Rapidly drained
     Well drained      X
     Moderately well drained
     Imperfectly drained
     Poorly drained
     Very poorly drained

Vegetation type:
     Closed coniferous forest
     Open coniferous forest        X
     Deciduous forest
     Mixed deciduous and coniferous forest
     Grassland 
     Wetland (including peatland)
     Tundra, alpine
     Tundra, high shrub
     Tundra, medium shrub
     Tundra, low shrub
     Tundra, broken herb
     Unvegetated surface

Vegetation cover (%):    47

Anthropogenically disturbed site:
     Yes
     No       X

Fire history:  there were no fires

Remarks:

Site no: D 2

Source of data:
     Name of investigator:  dr. Petru Urdea
     Name of institute: West University of Timisoara, 
                        Dept. of Geography

Data type:
     Temperature log       X
     Borehole log
     Site visit description
     Other:

Location:
     Longitude: 23o 12'45'' E
     Latitude: 46o 16' N
     UTM:

Geodetic datum: topographic map 1: 25 000, ed. 1978, Military To[pographic Department

Elevation a.s.l.:
     (m): 990
     (feet):

Aspect (slopeorientation):
     North
     Northeast
     East
     Southeast
     South
     Southwest
     West
     Northwest         X
     Complex (undulating)
     Level

Slope angle (degree):   18

Landform:
     Blanket
     Fan
     Hummock
     Inclined
     Level
     Rolling
     Ridged
     Steep
     Terraced 
     Undulating
     Veneer
     Other (specify) : rock glaciers 

Material:
     Anthropogenic
     Colluvial        X
     Eolian
     Fluvial
     Lacustrine
     Alluvial
     Residual
     Morainal (till)
     Volcanic
     Marine
     Organic
     Bedrock
     Ice
     Other (specify)

Texture of material:
     Clay
     Silt
     Loam
     Coarse, gravelly       X
     Diamicton
     
Drainage:
     Very rapidly drained
     Rapidly drained
     Well drained       X
     Moderately well drained
     Imperfectly drained
     Poorly drained
     Very poorly drained

Vegetation type:
     Closed coniferous forest
     Open coniferous forest        X
     Deciduous forest
     Mixed deciduous and coniferous forest
     Grassland 
     Wetland (including peatland)
     Tundra, alpine
     Tundra, high shrub
     Tundra, medium shrub
     Tundra, low shrub
     Tundra, broken herb
     Unvegetated surface

Vegetation cover (%):    78

Anthropogenically disturbed site:
     Yes
     No     X

Fire history:  there were no fires

Remarks:

Fig. 2 
Fig 1 and 3
Background color on

Software and Tools

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Data Acquisition and Processing

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Contacts and Acknowledgments

V.V.An and V.N.Devyatkin, Earth Cryosphere Institute SB RAS

Document Information

Please cite these data as follows:

An, V. 1998. Ground temperatures in deep wells of Western Siberia In: International Permafrost Association, Data and Information Working Group, comp. Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System (CAPS), version 1.0. CD-ROM available from National Snow and Ice Data Center, nsidc@kryos.colorado.edu. Boulder, Colorado: NSIDC, University of Colorado at Boulder.

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