|The ADEOS-II platform. Image courtesy of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).|
The Advanced Earth Observation Satellite-II (ADEOS-II), also known as Midori-II, was launched on 14 December 2002. It follows the ADEOS mission, which ended June 1997. Design life of ADEOS-II was three to five years, but operations ended on 25 October 2003 because of insufficient electric power. ADEOS-II observes the distribution of chlorophyll, water vapor, sea water, sea surface temperature, and other variables related to the water, energy, and carbon cycles. Data will be used for the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX) Plan, the Climate Variation Research Plan (CLIVER) of the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), and the International Geosphere-Biosphere Program (IGBP).
Main body dimensions: approximately 6 x 4 x 4 m
Solar array paddle dimensions: approximately 3 x 24 m
Mass: 3.68 tons
Power: 5,350 W
Design life: 3-5 years; operations ended prematurely on 25 October 2003.
Launch vehicle: H-IIA rocket
Launch site: Tanegashima Space Center
|Instrument||Developer||Spectral Resolution||Geophysical parameters|
|Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer (AMSR)||Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)||8 bands from 6.9 GHz to 89 GHz||Water vapor, precipitation, sea surface wind speed, sea surface temperature, soil moisture, sea ice extent, snow water equivalent|
|Global Imager (GLI)||Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA)||23 bands in visible and near-infrared region, 6 bands in short-wave infrared region, and 7 bands in middle- and thermal-infrared region||Reflected solar and infrared radiation, ocean color products, chlorophyll, organic substance, vegetation indices, sea surface temperature, snow and sea ice extent, snow grain size, snow impurities, snow surface temperature, aerosol optical thickness over snow surfaces, cloud distribution|
|Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer-II (ILAS-II)||Ministry of the Environment (MOE)||3-13 µm, 753-784 nm||Stratospheric profiles of ozone, nitrogen dioxide, nitric acid, aerosols, water vapor, methane, CFC-11, CFC-12, nitrous oxide, and chlorine nitrate in polar regions; atmospheric temperature and pressure|
|Sea Winds||NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)||13.4 GHz||Ocean surface wind speed and direction|
|Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectances (POLDER)||Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES), France||A filter and polarizer wheel rotate and scan eight narrow spectral bands (564, 670, 763, 765, 865, and 910 nm) and three polarization angles (443, 670, and 865 nm).||Polarization; directional and spectral characteristics of solar light reflected by aerosols, clouds, oceans, and land surface|
Also visit the ADEOS-II Orbital Parameters (JAXA) Web page.
The primary science objective of the ADEOS-II mission is to use multiple sensors to study clouds, water vapor, soil moisture, snow runoff, snow and ice, oceanic plant and organic material, and other climatic factors that influence environmental change. Specific objectives are to:
The ADEOS-II Mission Operation System (MOS), located at the Earth Observation Center (EOC) in Hatoyama, Japan, is the main planning organization for mission operations. The MOS plans the operation of ADEOS-II onboard instruments based on operation requests from sensor providers, schedules data downlinks, and plans tape-management operations.
ADEOS-II flies in a sun-synchronous, subrecurrent orbit.
The EOC Real-Time Control System coordinates and optimizes conflicts between several satellites, including ADEOS-II, and assigns an available antenna to receive data from each satellite. The MOS receives the antenna information pertinent to ADEOS-II and schedules X-band stations to receive mission data from the satellite.
The MOS serves as a Feeder Link Station for the Data Relay and Tracking Satellite (DRTS) and as a Direct Downlink Station for X-band direct transmission. The Kiruna (Sweden), Wallops (USA), and Alaska (USA) stations also receive mission data from ADEOS-II via X-band transmission, process into Level-0 data (except for POLDER and GLI 250 m), and transmit the Level-0 data to the MOS in Japan. The Showa receiving station in Antarctica receives GLI 250 m data from ADEOS-II via X-band transmission, and delivers data via tape once per year to the MOS.
The MOS processes mission data from ADEOS-II into Level-0 data and sends this to sensor developers via network communication or physical media. AMSR and GLI Level-0 data are processed into Level-1, -2, and -3 products.
For access to AMSR data from the ADEOS-II platform, please see the AMSR/ADEOS-II Data Web site.
ADEOS-II crosses the equator at 10:30 a.m. local time (± 15 minutes) in a descending node.
The following acronyms are used in this document:
|ADEOS-II||Advanced Earth Observation Satellite-II|
|AMSR||Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer|
|CLIVER||Climate Variation Research Plan|
|CNES||Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales|
|DAAC||Distributed Active Archive Center|
|DRTS||Data Relay and Tracking Satellite|
|EOC||Earth Observation Center (Japan)|
|EORC||Earth Observation Research and Application Center (Japan)|
|GEWEX||Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment|
|IGBP||International Geosphere-Biosphere Program|
|ILAS-II||Improved Limb Atmospheric Spectrometer-II|
|JAXA||Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency|
|JPL||Jet Propulsion Laboratory|
|MOE||Ministry of the Environment|
|MOS||Mission Operation System|
|POLDER||Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectances|
|WCRP||World Climate Research Programme|
Earth Observation Research and Application Center (EORC). ADEOS-II Science Project. 2003. http://sharaku.eorc.jaxa.jp/ADEOS2/index.html.
Accessed March 2004.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). AMSR Overview. 2003. http://www.eoc.jaxa.jp/satellite/sendata/amsr_e.html. Accessed March 2004.
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). 2003. ADEOS-II Data Users Handbook. Tokyo, Japan: JAXA. View PDF file.
National Space Development Agency of Japan. Date unknown. ADEOS-II Reference Handbook. View PDF file.