Data Set ID: 

Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys, 1966-1996, Version 1

The Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys are based on observations made by personnel at 1,345 sites throughout the Former Soviet Union between 1966 and 1990, and over 200 of those sites between 1991 and 1996. These observations include snow depths at World Meteorological Organization (WMO) stations and snow depth and snow water equivalent measured over a nearby snow course transect. The station snow depth measurements are a ten-day average of individual snow depth measurements. The transect snow depth data are the spatial average of 100 to 200 individual measuring points. The transect snow water equivalent is the spatial average of 20 individual measuring points. Data were acquired from the Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, and data were digitized in Russia under the supervision of Professor Alexander Krenke.

This is the most recent version of these data.

  • Snow/Ice > Snow Cover > SNOW COVER
  • Snow/Ice > Snow Density > SNOW DENSITY
  • Snow/Ice > Snow Depth > SNOW DEPTH
  • Snow/Ice > Snow Water Equivalent > SNOW WATER EQUIVALENT
Data Format(s):
Spatial Coverage:
N: 80, 
S: 35, 
E: 180, 
W: 30
Spatial Resolution:
  • Varies
Temporal Coverage:
  • 10 January 1966 to 31 December 1996
(updated 2004)
Temporal ResolutionVariesMetadata XML:View Metadata Record
Data Contributor(s):Richard Armstrong, Alexander Krenke

Geographic Coverage

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As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Krenke, A. Edited by National Snow and Ice Data Center. 1998, updated 2004. Former Soviet Union Hydrological Snow Surveys, 1966-1996, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: [Date Accessed].

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