NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center (NSIDC DAAC)
Enabling researchers and data users to better understand how changes in the cryosphere impact our planet.
The NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center (NSIDC DAAC) enables researchers and data users across the globe to better understand how changes in the cryosphere impact our planet. Operated by NSIDC at CU Boulder since 1993, and managed by NASA, the NSIDC DAAC provides:
- Hundreds of free and open NASA Earth science data sets
- Detailed data documentation
- Data tools, resources, and tutorials
- Robust data user support services
The NSIDC DAAC distributes cryosphere and related geophysical data from NASA Earth-observing satellite missions, airborne campaigns, and field observations. These data can be used to study topics relating to snow cover, sea ice, ice sheets, ice shelves, glaciers, frozen ground, soil moisture, climate interactions, and more.
Accessing the data is free though users are required to have a NASA Earthdata login. This no-charge, single-sign-on service enables NASA to better understand user needs, and keep users apprised of relevant news and updates. NASA also requires that data users properly cite data sets when publishing their results.
Custodians of NASA Earth science data
The NSIDC DAAC is one of twelve Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs) in NASA's Earth Science Data and Information System Project (ESDIS). The primary goal of ESDIS is to maximize the scientific return from NASA's missions and experiments for research and applied scientists, decision makers, and society at large.
The DAACs are part of the ESDIS Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS), a distributed system of facilities located at institutions like NSIDC across the US. Each DAAC is designed to process, archive, document, and distribute NASA Earth science data sets for the study of one or more areas of Earth science.
Collectively, the DAACs provide reliable, robust services to users whose needs may cross the traditional boundaries of a science discipline, while continuing to support the particular needs of users within the discipline communities.
|DAAC||Primary Data Offerings|
|Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) DAAC||Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Products, Sea Ice, Polar Processes, Geophysics|
|Atmospheric Science Data Center (ASDC)||Radiation Budget, Clouds, Aerosols, Tropospheric Chemistry|
|Crustal Dynamics Data Information System (CDDIS)||Space Geodesy, Solid Earth|
|Global Hydrology Resource Center (GHRC) DAAC||Hazardous Weather, Lightning, Tropical Cyclones and Storm-induced Hazards|
|Goddard Earth Sciences Data and Information Services Center (GES DISC)||
Global Precipitation, Solar Irradiance, Atmospheric Composition and Dynamics, Global Modeling
|Land Processes DAAC (LP DAAC)||
Land Cover, Surface Reflectance, Radiance, Temperature, Topography, Vegetation Indices
|Level 1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System (LAADS) DAAC||MODIS Level-1 and Atmosphere Data Products|
|National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) DAAC||Frozen Ground, Glaciers, Ice Sheets, Sea Ice, Snow, Soil Moisture|
|Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) DAAC||Biogeochemical Dynamics, Ecological Data, Environmental Processes|
|Ocean Biology DAAC (OB.DAAC)||Ocean Biology, Sea Surface Temperature|
|Physical Oceanography DAAC (PO.DAAC)||
Gravity, Sea Surface Temperature, Ocean Winds, Topography, Circulation and Currents
|Socioeconomic Data and Applications Center (SEDAC)||Human Interactions, Land Use, Environmental Sustainability, Geospatial Data|
Open access data to study the cryosphere
The NSIDC DAAC was formally created in 1993 and has operated out of NSIDC at CU Boulder ever since. In addition to archiving and distributing data, the NSIDC DAAC focuses on broadening the reach and relevance of NASA data by making data products more accessible to users, helping users work with the data, and expanding the utility of the data to more users.
Some examples of how the NSIDC DAAC does this include:
- Broadening access to data products by making them discoverable through the NASA Earthdata portal and through the NSIDC website data catalog which includes hundreds of additional cryosphere and Earth science-related data sets managed by NSIDC.
- Enabling a wider range of users to interact with data products by collaborating with researchers and software developers to create a range of data access services and tools.
- Increasing the utility of data products by coordinating with data producers to document critical information about how the data are collected and processed, gaps in data, quality assurance measures, and more.
- Providing daily support to data users by answering questions and troubleshooting issues, as well as creating opportunities for users to participate in online and in-person workshops using NSIDC DAAC data.
- Engaging in periodic assessments of users’ needs and regular meetings with the NSIDC DAAC User Working Group to inform initiatives and projects.
The NSIDC DAAC is also a CoreTrustSeal-certified Regular Member of the World Data System (WDS), signifying that we provide reliable, high quality data services. CoreTrustSeal is an international, community based, non-governmental, and non-profit organization promoting sustainable and trustworthy data infrastructures.
The NSIDC DAAC User Working Group (UWG)
The NSIDC DAAC has a User Working Group (UWG) of scientists from the fields of research that the DAAC serves. The working group also includes the NASA Cryospheric Science Program Manager and the DAAC Scientist.
A formal Charter has not been written for the UWG. The UWG operates under the following terms of reference.
- Reviewing the progress and performance of the DAAC relative to the NSIDC DAAC’s missions;
- Representing the user community in the development and operation of the NSIDC DAAC products and services;
- Suggesting specific data products and services to NASA and the NSIDC DAAC;
- Providing input to NASA and NSIDC on the NSIDC DAAC objectives, priorities, target user communities, implementation approaches, and other issues.
Current NSIDC DAAC UWG Membership
|Andy Aschwanden||University of Alaska, Geophysical Institute|
|Andrew Barrett||NSIDC, University of Colorado Boulder|
|William Bertrand||University of Colorado Boulder, Dept. of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences|
|Gina Henderson||United States Naval Academy|
|John S. Kimball||W.A. Franke College of Forestry and Conservation, University of Montana|
|Fadji Maina||NASA Goddard Space Flight Center|
|Lawrence Mudryk||Environment and Climate Change Canada|
|Kristin Poinar||University of Buffalo, Department of Geography|
|Mark Raleigh||Oregon State University|
|Nicole-Jeanne Schlegel||NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory|
|Tyler Sutterly||University of Washington Polar Science Center|
|Melinda Webster||University of Alaska Fairbanks, Geophysical Institute|
|Thorsten Markus||NASA Representative, Cryospheric Science Program Manager, NASA Headquarters|
|Jeanne Behnke||NASA Representative, ESDIS Deputy Project Manager, GSFC|