- References and Links
References and Links
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Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command. "Seawater, Sound & Ice." http://pao.cnmoc.navy.mil/pao/Educate/OceanTalk2/indexseawater.htm Accessed March 2005.
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Ocean Science Research Element, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory. "Brine Drainage." Accessed April 2005.
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Wadhams, P. 2000. Ice in the ocean. Australia: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers.
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Accessed February 2005.
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Gilbert, M. 2004. University of Alaska Fairbanks. "Global Climate Change Threatens Reindeer, Caribou."http://www.uaf.edu/news/a_news/20041028115553.html
Accessed July 2005.
HÃ¤rkÃ¶nen, T., O. Stenman, M. JÃ¼ssi, I. JÃ¼ssi, R. Sagitov, and M. Verevkin. 1998. Population size and distribution of the Baltic ringed seals (Phoca hispida botnica). NAMMCO Science Publication 1: 167-180.
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Kerr, R.A. 2005. Scary Arctic Ice Loss? Blame the Wind (PDF file, 100 KB). Science 307(5707): 203.
Kerr, R.A. 2002. Whither arctic ice? Less of it, for sure. Science 297: 1491.
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USA Today, 14 December 2004.
McNutt, L. "How Does Ice Cover Vary in the Bering Sea From Year to Year?"
Accessed February 2005.
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Accessed February 2005.
North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission (NAMMCO). Date unknown. Status of marine mammals in the North Atlantic: The ringed seal (PDF file, 63 KB). TromsÃ¸, Norway: North Atlantic Marine Mammal Commission.
Pagophilus.Org. 2001. "Harp Seal" and "Ringed Seal." Accessed July 2005.
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Schumacher, J.D., N.A. Bond, R.D. Brodeur, P.A. Livingston, J.M. Napp, and P.J. Stabeno. Climate change in the southeastern Bering Sea and some consequences for biota. In Large marine ecosystems of the world: Trends in exploitation, protection, and research. Edited by G. Hempel and K. Sherman, K. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.
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Serreze, M., and R. Barry. Atmosphere-ice-ocean interactions. In The Arctic Climate Systems. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. In Press.
Serreze, M. Personal communication. February 2005.
Stroeve, J., M. Serreze, F. Fetterer, T. Arbetter, W. Meier, J. Maslanik, and K. Knowles. Tracking the Arctic's shrinking ice cover: another extreme minimum in 2004. Geophysical Research Letters. In Press.
Alexander, Caroline. 2001. The Endurance, Shackleton's legendary antarctic expedition. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Alexander, Caroline, 1999. Mrs. Chippy's last expedition: the remarkable journal of Shackleton's polar-bound cat. New York, NY: Perennial.
Bryce, Robert M. 1997. Cook and Peary: the polar controversy, resolved. Mechanicsburg, PA: Stackpole.
The Endurance--Shackleton's Legendary Antarctic Expedition. 2000. Columbia Tristar Home Video.
Guttridge, Leonard F. 1986. Icebound, the Jeanette expedition's quest for the North Pole. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press.
Lansing. A. 1999. Endurance: Shackleton's incredible voyage, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Carroll & Graf.
Mulvaney, Kieran. 2001. At the ends of the earth: a history of the polar regions. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.
Shackleton--The Greatest Survival Story of All Time. 2002. A&E Home Video.
Shackleton, Ernest. 1999, originally published 1919. South: the story of Shackleton's last expedition, 1914-1917. Edited by Peter King. North Pomfret, VT: Trafalgar Square Publishing.
Shackleton, Ernest. 1998, originally published 1919. South: a memoir of the Endurance voyage. New York, NY: Carroll & Graf.
Ernest H. Shackleton (South-Pole.com)
The Fram (Fram Museum)
Roald Amundsen (South-Pole.com)
Robert Falcon Scott (South-Pole.com)
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