Service Interruption

Florence Fetterer

Program Manager

NSIDC data manager Florence Fetterer
MS, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA, 1985
BS, St. John's College, Annapolis, MD 1981


Sea ice; applications-oriented remote sensing; data rescue; data set development

Recent Highlights

  • March 2013: We are energetically seeking stable support for our archive of analog materials, including the Glacier Photograph Collection. The uniquely valuable nature of this collection comes across vividly in NSIDC's March 2013 Monthly Highlight.
  • November 2012: Arctic Sea Ice Charts from the 1893 – 1956 were published, with thanks to the Icelandic Meteorological Office, the Danish Meteorological Institute, and University of Colorado undergraduate student labor!
  • August 2012: The Sea Ice Index was updated to include daily data in response to many user requests. The documentation was extensively overhauled to include an explanation of how the data products are made and to give a clear and complete description of all Sea Ice Index products.
  • March 2012: In cooperation with the World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS), an updated version of the World Glacier Inventory was released. The WGI is an important component of the GTN-G and features in NSIDC's Monthly Highlight: A census of moving ice.

Current Roles

Florence manages NSIDC's NOAA-sponsored program and serves as the NSIDC liaison to NOAA. The NOAA@NSIDC program includes some of NSIDC's most popular data sets, such as the Glacier Photograph Collection and the Sea Ice Index. The team specializes in documenting and publishing data sets that might otherwise remain unavailable to researchers. Examples include Russian and U.S. sea ice chart data, submarine upward looking sonar ice draft data, and historical Soviet snow data. See News from NOAA at NSIDC for all the NOAA team news.

Current Projects

PI, Managing the SCICEX Data Collection

The SCience ICe EXcercise (SCICEX) program is a collaboration between the U.S. Navy and the marine research community to utilize data acquired by nuclear-powered submarines for the study of the Arctic Ocean. Unlike surface ships, submarines are able to acquire scientifically valuable data regardless of sea ice cover, weather conditions, and time of year.

Project manager, Contribution to High Asia Runoff from Ice and Snow (CHARIS)

CHARIS is USAID-supported project that promotes scientific collaboration and data sharing while conducting research on science questions that have broad economic and political impact.


  • International Ice Charting Working Group (IICWG)
  • Global Terrestrial Network for Glaciers (GTN-G)
  • Southern Ocean Observing System Data Management Sub-Committee (SOOS-DMSC)
  • NASA Earth Observatory Advisory Board

Selected Publications

Fetterer, F. 2009. Data Management Best Practices for Sea Ice Observations. Field Techniques for Sea-Ice Research. Edited by H. Eicken et al. University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks, 588pp; ISBN 978-1-6022230-59-0.

Fetterer, F., ed. 2008. The Poles. In State of the Climate in 2007. Levinson, D.H. and J. H. Lawrimore, ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 89: S85-S105.

Mahoney, A. R., R. G. Barry, V. Smolyanitsky, and F. Fetterer. 2008. Observed sea ice extent in the Russian Arctic, 1933–2006. Journal of Geophysical Research 113, C11005, doi:10.1029/2008JC004830.

Meier, W.N., J. Stroeve, A. Barrett, and F. Fetterer, 2012. A simple approach to providing a more consistent Arctic sea ice extent timeseries from the 1950s to present, The Cryosphere, 6, 1359-1368, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1359-2012.

Meier, W.N., J. Stroeve, and F. Fetterer. 2007. Whither Arctic sea ice? A clear signal of decline regionally, seasonally and extending beyond the satellite record. Ann. Glaciol. 46: 428-434.

Overland, J., J. Calder, F. Fetterer, D. McGuire, J. Morison, J. Richter-Menge, N. Soreide, and J. Walsh. 2003. SEARCH workshop on large-scale atmosphere-cryosphere observations. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (August): 1077-1082, DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-84-8-1077.

Stern, H., W. Meier, F. Fetterer. 2006. Arctic sea ice concentration from operational ice charts and satellite passive microwave data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

Serreze, M.C., J. Maslanik, T.A. Scambos, F. Fetterer, J. Stroeve, K. Knowles, C. Fowler, S. Drobot, R. Barry, and T.M. Haran. 2003. A record minimum Arctic sea ice extent and area in 2002. Geophysical Research Letters 30(3): 1110, doi:10.1029/2002GL016406.

Selected Data Sets

Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute. 2007. Sea ice charts of the Russian Arctic in gridded format, 1933-2006.  Edited and compiled by V. Smolyanitsky, V. Borodachev, A. Mahoney, F. Fetterer, and R. Barry. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

Arctic Climatology Project. 2000. Environmental Working Group Arctic meteorology and climate atlas, edited by F. Fetterer and V. Radionov, National Snow and Ice Data Center, CD-ROM, Boulder, CO, 2000.

Danish Meteorological Institute and NSIDC. 2012. Arctic Sea Ice Charts from Danish Meteorological Institute, 1893 - 1956. Compiled by V. Underhill and F. Fetterer. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center.

Fetterer, F., S. Wilds, and J. Sloan. 2008. Arctic sea ice melt pond statistics and maps, 1999-2001. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

Fetterer, F., K. Knowles, W. Meier, and M. Savoie. 2002, updated 2007. Sea Ice Index. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

Meier, W., F. Fetterer, M. Savoie, S. Mallory, R. Duerr, and J. Stroeve. 2011. NOAA/NSIDC Climate Data Record of Passive Microwave Sea Ice Concentration, Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

National Ice Center (NIC) and NSIDC. 2010. Multisensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent – Northern Hemisphere. Developed by F. Fetterer, M. Savoie, S. Helfrich, and P. Clemente-Colón. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

National Ice Center. 2006. National Ice Center Arctic sea ice charts and climatologies in gridded format. Edited and compiled by F. Fetterer and C. Fowler. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital media.

Related Resources

Multisensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent (MASIE)

Contribution to High Asia Runoff from Ice and Snow (CHARIS)

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES)


Sea Ice Index

Contact NSIDC User Services for more information.