Glaciological Data Series
The World Data Center System1
The World Data Centers (WDCs) were established in 1957 to provide archives for the observational data resulting from the International Geophysical Year (IGY). In 1958 the WDCs were invoked to deal with the data resulting from the International Geophysical Cooperation 1959, the one-year extension of the IGY. In 1960, the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) Comite International de Geophysique (CIG) invited the scientific community to continue to send to the WDCs similar kinds of data from observations in 1960 and following years, and undertook to provide a revised Guide to International Data Exchange for that purpose. In parallel, the CIG inquired of the IGY WDCs whether they were willing to treat the post-IGY data; and with few exceptions, the WDCs agreed to do so. Thus the WDCs have been serving the scientific community continuously since the IGY, and many of them archive data for earlier periods.
In November 1987 the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) Panel on World Data Centers prepared a new version of the Guide to International Data Exchange, originally published in 1957, and revised in 1963, 1973 and 1979. The new publication, Guide to the World Data Center System, Part I, The World Data Centers (General Principles, Locations and Services), was issued by the Secretariat of the ICSU Panel on World Data Centers. This new version of the Guide contains descriptions of each of the twenty-seven currently operating disciplinary centers, with address, telephone, telex, and contact persons listed. The reader is referred to the new Guide for descriptions of the responsibilities of the WDCs, the exchange of data between them, contribution of data to WDCs, and the dissemination of data by them. The WDCs for Glaciology are listed below.
Additionally, the World Glacier Monitoring Service provides international data services including data analyses and preparation of specialized data products. It merges the previous activity of the Permanent Service on the Fluctuations of Glaciers and the Temporary Technical Secretariat for World Glacier Inventory. These activities are not part of the WDC system but the center cooperates with WDCs in the discipline. Users wishing assistance in seeking data or services from this group may contact an appropriate WDC.
World Glacier Monitoring Service (WGMS)
Dr. W. Haeberli
1. Adapted from Guide to the World Data Center System. Part 1. The World Data Centers (General Principles, Locations and Services). International Council of Scientific Unions. Panel on World Data Centers, November 1987, 91pp.