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Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System






In order to compile this bibliography, a wide range of sources was extensively searched and referenced. These sources include books, journals, dissertations, reports and multi-media systems. The bibliography particularly relied on the individual collections of faculty members and students of Wilfrid Laurier University (WLU), various bibliographic updates of Cold Regions Research Centre of WLU, and the publications of institutions directly or indirectly related with the snow and ice hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram mountain ranges. Institutional sources include: World Data Centers for Glaciology in Lanzhou, China (WDC-D), and in Boulder, Colorado, USA (WDC-A); Japanese Society on Snow and Ice, Nagoya, Japan; Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) Pakistan; and Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (WECS) and International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal.

The major book sources include, International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) publications, various scholarly accounts of scientific expeditions as well as bilateral and multi-lateral works on the snow and ice hydrology of Himalaya-Karakoram. The major journal sources include: Annals of Glaciology; Bulletin of Glacier Research; Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde and Glazialgeologie; Journal of Glaciology; Seppyo; Italian journals on high mountain hydrology; Mountain Research and Development; and the Chinese journals of Academia Sinica. Among multi-media sources, the internet news magazine Himnet, especially its endnote, Arctic and Antarctic Region CD-ROM, and GEO-Ref CD-ROM contributed to a significant number of records in the bibliography.

Organization of the Bibliography

The references are presented separately for the Himalaya and Karakoram mountain ranges. Within each of these major sections there are sub-sections as described in the table of contents. There is some overlap between the major sections and considerable overlap between the sub-sections.

The main stem of the Indus river has been taken as the basis for separating the two mountain ranges. References pertaining to upper-Indus basin and Nanga Parbat appear in both the Himalaya and Karakoram sections. General records, such as those written on the hydrology of the South-Asian mountains or those without clear distinction, also appear in both the sections. References pertaining to the catchments on the north slopes of the Himalaya and the Karakoram are included.


This bibliography has been compiled through the efforts of many individuals over several years. In particular we acknowledge the considerable contributions of Professor Kenneth Hewitt, Chris Bradley, Robert A. Metcalfe, Cameron Chadwick, Richard Pyrce and Corinne Schuster.

Gordon J. Young and Bhanu Neupane
Cold Regions Research Centre
Wilfrid Laurier University
75 University Avenue
Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3C5 Canada