Glaciological Data Series
2.6 Water Related Hazards in the Karakoram
Bell, I. (1988) Avalanche geomorphology in Kaghan Valley. Unpublished M. A. Thesis. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario. Canada.
Bell, I.D., Gardner, J.S. and de Scally, F.A. (1990) An estimate of snow avalanche debris transport, Kaghan Valley, Himalaya Mountains, Pakistan. Journal of Arctic and Alpine Research, 22(3): 317-321.
Binnie, Deacon and Gourley (in association with Harza Engineering Company International and Preece, Cardew and Rider) (1959) The probable maximum flood on the River Jhelum at Mangla.West Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority, Mangla Dam Project: Pakistan, p. 11-68.
de Scally, F.A. (1989) The role of avalanche snow transport in seasonal snowmelt, Himalaya Mountains, Pakistan. Unpublished PhD. dissertation. University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada,
de Scally, F.A. (1989) The role of avalanche snow transport in seasonal snowmelt, Himalaya mountains, Pakistan. Dissertation abstracts International B. 50(6): 2316-B-2317-B.
de Scally, F.A. (1992) Influence of avalanche snow transport on snowmelt runoff. Journal of Hydrology, 137(1-4): 73-97.
de Scally, F.A. and Gardner, J.S. (1986) Avalanche hazard in Kaghan Valley, Himalaya Range, Pakistan. (In: Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop. Lake Tahoe, October 1986. Canada, p. 21-28.)
de Scally, F.A. and Gardner, J.S. (1986) Avalanche hazard in Kaghan valley, Pakistan. Snow and Ice Hydrology Working Paper no. 2, Cold Region Research Project, Wilfrid Laurier University: Waterloo, Canada.
de Scally, F.A. and Gardner, J.S. (1988) The hydrological importance of avalanche snow, Kaghan Valley, Himalayan mountains, Pakistan. Proceedings of the International Snow Science Workshop. Canadian Avalanche Association, Vancouver, p. 277-283.
de Scally, F.A. and Gardner, J.S. (1989) Evaluation of avalanche mass determination approaches: an example from the Himalaya, Pakistan. Journal of Glaciology, 40: 248-252.
de Scally, F.A. and Gardner, J.S. (1990) Ablation of avalanched and undistributed snow, Himalaya Mountains, Pakistan. Water Resources Research 26(11): 2757-2767.
de Scally, F.A. and Gardner, J.S. (1994) Characteristics and mitigation of the snow avalanche hazard in Kaghan Valley, Pakistan Himalaya. Natural Hazards, no. 9(1-2): 197-213.
Ding, Y. and Lie, J. (1992) Glacier lake outburst flood disasters in China. (In: Hooke, R.L., ed., Symposium on Mountain Glaciology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 26-30 August 1991. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16: 180-184.)
Ferguson, R.I., Collins, D.N. and Whalley, W.B. (1984) Techniques for investigating meltwater runoff and erosion. (In: Miller, K.J., ed., The International Karakoram Project, 374-382. Cambridge University Press: Great Britain.)
Gardner, J.S. and Hewitt, K. (1990) A surge of Bualtar Glacier, Kararoram Range, Pakistan: a possible landslide trigger. Journal of Glaciology, 36(123): 159-162.
Gunn, J.P. (1930) Hydraulic Observations on the Shyok Flood of 1929 - Report on the Khumdan Dam and Shyok Flood of 1929. (In: Minutes of Proceedings of the Punjab Engineering Congress Lahore 1930, 28: Paper no. 134: 53-72. Punjab Engineering Congress: Lahore.)
Gunn, J.P. (1930) Report of the Khumdan Dam and Shyok Flood of 1929. Government of Punjab Publication: Lahore.
Harza Engineering Company International (1975) Appraisal of Flood Management Systems in Pakistan. vol. I. Flood Forecasting and Flood Warning System. Harza Engineering Company International: Lahore.
Harza Engineering Company International (1976) Appraisal of Flood Management Systems in Pakistan. vol. II. Existing Flood Control Structures and Recommendations for a Planning Programme. Harza Engineering Company International: Lahore.
Henderson, A. (1957) Memorandum on the nature and effects of the flooding of the Indus, 10th August 1958, as ascertained at Attock. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 28: 199-228.
Hewitt, K. (1968) Records of natural damming and related events. Indus, 10(4): 3-17.
Hewitt, K. (1982) Natural dams and outburst floods of the Karakoram Himalaya. (In: Glen, J.W., ed., Hydrological Aspects of Alpine and High-Mountain Areas. International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI) Symposium, Exeter, UK, 19-30 July 1982. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 138: 259-269.)
Hewitt, K. (1988) Catastrophic landslide deposits in the Karakoram Himalaya. Science, 242: 64-67.
Hewitt, K. (1989) Hazards to water development in high mountain regions. The Himalayan sources of the Indus, (In: Hydrology of Disasters, Proceedings of the Technical Conference, World Meteorological Organization, Geneva, November 1988. 294-312. James and James: London.)
Hewitt, K. and MacDonald, K.I. (1988) Systems of large landslides along a glacier margin in the Karakoram Himalaya. Mimeo. Paper presented at the 1988 Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association for Geographers: Saint Mary's University, Halifax.
Khan, I. (1955) Flood control on the Indus River System. Pakistan Journal of Science, 7: 3-14.
Lai, Z.(1984) Characteristics of glacial flood - example of rivers in Xinjiang. Journal of Glaciology and Geocrylogy, 6(2): 45-52.
Mansell-Moullin, M. (1986) Improvement of the River Forecasting and Flood Warning System for the Indus River Basin in Pakistan - Phase II. (In: Mission Report on contract PAK/84/003/A/01/16 to the World Meteorological Organization, World Meteorological Organization: Geneva.)
Mason, K. (1929) Indus floods and Shyok glaciers. Himalayan Journal, 1, 10-20.
Mason, K. (1930) The Shyok flood - a commentary.Himalayan Journal, 2: 40-47.
Mason, K. (1935) The study of the threatening glaciers. Geographical Journal, 85: 24-41.
Moughtin, C. (1984) Barkulti in Yasin valley: a study of traditional settlement form as a response to environmental hazard. (In: Miller, K.J., ed., The International Karakoram Project, vol. II, , 307-322. Cambridge University Press: Great Britain.)
Pithawalla, M.B. (1943) The physics of the Indus River and its relation to the recurrence of flood. Calcutta, India. Science and Culture, 9.
Shi, Y. and Wang, W. (1980) Research on snow cover in China and the avalanche phenomenon of Batura Glacier in Pakistan. Journal of Glaciology, 26: 94: 25-30.
World Meteorological Organization (1989) Improvement of the River Forecasting and Flood Warning System for the Indus River - Phase II. PAK/84/003/A/01/16, WMO: Geneva.
Xu, D. and Feng, Q. (1988) Studies on catastrophes of glacier debris flows and glacial lake outburst floods in China. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 10(3): 284-289.
Zhang, X.(1989) The cause of the flash floods in the Yarkant River. Study on the glacier lake outburst floods of the Yarkant River, Karkoram Mountains. Scientific Publisher of China, 46-57.
Zhang X. (1992) Investigation of glacier bursts of the Yarkant River in Xinjiang, China. (In: Hooke, R.L., ed., Symposium on Mountain Glaciology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 26-30 August 1991. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16: 135-139.)