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Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System
Description

Foreword

Preface

Contents

1.8 Secondary Readings on Himalayan Hydrology

Abbott, J. (1848) Inundation of the Indus taken from the lips of an eyewitness, A.D. 1842. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 17: 230-232.

Adair, C.F.E.S. (1899) A summer in high Asia: Being a record of sport and travel in Balistan and Ladakh. W. Thacker and Co: London.

Adams, L. (1867) Wanderings of a Naturalist in India, The Western Himalayas and Cashmere. Edmonson: Edinburgh.

Anginieur, F. (1904) En Asie Centrale. Turkestan-Tibet-Cachemir 1903.Paris.

Anonymous (1965) Mahalangur Himal, Chomolongma - Mount Everest: Map Supplement 1:25000. Erdkunde, 19: On Folder.

Auden, J.B. (1935) Traverses in the Himalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 69: 461-471.

Auden, J.B. (1937) Resume of geological Results, Shaksgam Expedition. Himalayan Journal, 10: 40-48.

Austen, H.H.G. (1964) The glaciers of the Mustagh Range (Trans-Indus). (In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographers Society, 8: Memoir, London.)

Austen, H.H.G. (1862) On the glacier Phenomena of the valley of the Upper indus. (In: Report of the 32nd Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, Memoir.)

Austen, H.H.G. (1864) Geological notes on part of the North-Western Himalayas. Quarterly Journal of Geological Society of London, 20: 383-387.

Austen, H.H.G. (1866) On the district of Lake Pangong, in Tibet. British Association for the Advancement of Scientific Report, 38: 77-89.

Austen, H.H.G. (1866) Notes on the Pangong Lake District of Ladakh. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 37: 84-117.

Austen, H.H.G. (1867) Notes on the Pangong Lake District of Ladakh, from a Journal made during a Survey in 1863. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, 37: 16-22.

Austen, H.H.G. (1880) On the Post Tertiary and more recent deposits of Kashmir and the Upper Indus Valley. British Association for the Advancement of Scientific Report, 50: 65-67.

Austen, H.H.G. (1884) The Mountain systems of the Himalaya and neighboring Ranges of India. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society N.S. , 6: 83-87.

Bachmann A. (1983) Traditional and new technology development in the Himalayas. Mountain Research and Development, 3(1): 33-34.

Bailey, F.M. (1924) Through Bhutan and southern Tibet. Geographical Journal, 64: 4: 291-297.

Band, G. (1955) Road to Rakaposhi. Hodder and Southton: London.

B.B.D. (1927) Geodetic observations and triangulation in Kashmir (de Filippi Expedition 1913-14). Geographical Journal, 69: 156-159.

Becher, J. (1859) The flooding of the Indus. Letter addressed to R.H.Davies, Secretary to the Government of Punjab and its dependence. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 28: 219-228.

Bellew, H.W. (1875) Kashmir and Kashgar. A journey of the Embassy to Kashgar in 1873-1874. Trubner and Co: London.

Bhatt, S.C. and Saklani, S. (1994) Strain transition and microstructural-fabric analysis of quartz-Mylonites exposed within Pratapnagar Nappe Garhwal Himalaya, India. Journal of Geological Society of India, 43: 4: 381-394.

Bishop, B.C. (1936) Wintering on the roof of the world. National Geographic Magazine, 122: 4: 502-547.

Blandford, W.T. (1878) Scientific results of the Second Yarkland Mission; based upon the collections and notes of the late Ferdinand Stoliczka.Calcutta.

Blandford, W.T. (1891) Note on the Age and Ancient glaciers of the Himalayas. Geological Magazine, vol. 8: New Series: 209-210.

Blandford, W.T. (1891) The age of the Himalayas. Geological Magazine, vol. 8: 372-375.

Bonney, T.G. and Raisin, A.C. (1894) On rocks and minerals collected by Mr. W.M. Conway in the Karakorum Himalayas. (In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographers Society of London, 55: 468-487.)

Bordet, P. (1961) Recherches geologique dans l'Himalaya du Nepal, region du Makalu. Expeditions Francaises a l'Himalaya. Mission Scientific du CNRS. CNRC Paris: France.

Bose, S. C., et al. (1960) Expedition to Gangstang Glacier. Geographical Review of India, 22(3): 49-52.

Bower, H. (1893) A journey across Tibet. Geographical Journal, 7: 385-408.

Bruce, C.G. (1907) In the footsteps of Marco Polo, being an account of a journey from Simla to Pekin. Edinburgh.

Bruce, C.G. (1907) A journey across Asia from Leh to Peking. Geographical Journal, 29: 597-626.

Bruce, C.G. (1910) Twenty Years in the Himalaya. London.

Burnes, A. (1839) A memoir of a map of the Eastern Branch of the Indus, giving an account of the alterations produced in it by the earthquake of 1819 and the bursting of the dams in 1826; etc. Bombay.

Byers, A. (1986) A geomorphic study of man-induced soil erosion in the sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 6: 1: 83-87.

Byers, A. (1987) An assessment of landscape in the Khumbu region of Nepal using repeat photography. Mountain Research and Development, 7: 1: 77-81.

Byers, A. (1987) Landscape change and man accelerated soil loss, the case of the Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 209-216.

Campbell, J.F. (1877) On Himalayan Glaciation. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 46: pt 2: 22-34.

Chatterjee, S. (1974) Himalayan Mountain Ranges. Encyclopedia Britannica, vol. 8: 882-887.

Chen, W. and Roecker, S.W. (1980) The regional variation of the focal mechanism of intermediate depth earthquakes and seismicity in the Karakoram-east Hindu Kush area. EOS Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 61: 1031.

Chhibber, H.L. (1954) The development of the landforms in the Himalayas. Bulletin of National Geographical Society of India, 20: 17-31.

Chinese Academy of Sciences (1975) Report of Scientific expedition in the region of Qomolongma Peak (glaciology and geomorphology) . Beijing. Science Press

Collie, J.N. (1898) Nanga Parbat. Commission internationale des Glaciers: Les Variation Periodiques des Glaciers: Geneve.

Collie, J.N. (1902) Climbing on the Himalaya and other Mountain Ranges. Douglas: Edinburgh.

Collie, J.N. (1911) Journeys in the Himalayas and some factors of erosion. Geographical Journal, vol. 38: Memoir.

Concept Publishing Company (1992) Concept's Discovering Himalaya Series 2. Concept Publishing Company: New Delhi.

Conway, W.M. (1898) Ascensions et explorations a sept mille metres dansl'Himalayan.Paris.

Coulson, A.L. (1929) The epicenter of the North-West Himalayan earthquake of 1st February, 1929. Records of Geological Survey of India, 62: 279-289.

Crane, R. I. (ed) (1956) Area Handbook of Jammu and Kashmir State (Preliminary edition) . University of Chicago: Chicago US.

Cunningham, J.D. (1844) Notes on Moorcroft's travels in Ladakh and on Gerard's account of Kunawar, including a general description of the latter district. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. 13: Part I: Memoir.

Cunningham, J.D. (1848) Journal of a trip through Kulu and Lahul to the Chu Mureri Lake in Ladak, during the months of August and September 1846. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 18: Part I: 45.

Cunningham, J.D. (1849) Note on the limits of perpetual snow in the Himalaya. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 18: 694-697.

Cunningham J.D. (1854) Ladak: physical, statistical and historical with notices of the surrounding countries. Allen and C.: London.

Dainelli, G. (1924) Il limite delle nevi nel bacino superiore dell'Indo (Caracorum e Himalaya Occidentale. (In: Recueil de travaux of fert a M.Journal Cvijic par ses amis et collaborateurs etc, . Belgrade.)

Dainelli G. (ed) (1924-1932) Relazione Scientifiche della Spedizione Italina de Fillippi, nell' Himalaia, Caracorum e Turchestan Cinese (1913-1914). Serie II. (In: Resultati geologici e geografici, 12 vol. . umes: Nicola Zanichella: Bologna.)

Dang, H. (1963) Mount Everest. Alpine Journal, 68: 1-10.

Das, S.C. (1902) Journey to Lhasa and Central Tibet. Murray: London.

de Montessus de Ballore, F. (1911) The seismic phenomena of British India and their connection with geology. Memoirs of Geological Survey of India, 35: 153-194.

Dechy, M. (1880) Gebirgreisse im Sikkim-Himalaya. Petermanns Mitteilungen, 26: 67-78.

Dechy, M. (1880) Mitteilungen uber eine Reise in Sikkim-Himalaya. Mitteilungen der k. k. Geografische Gesellschaft, 23: 54-67.

Diener, C. (1912) Trails of the Himalayas. Memoirs of Geological Survey of India, 36: 1-159.

Drew, F. (1873) Alluvial and lacustrine deposits and glacial records of the Upper Indus Basin. Quarterly Journal (Geology), London, 29: 441-471.

Eckenstein, O. (1896) The Karakoram and Kashmir: an account of a journey. London.

Falconer, H. (1841) Letter to the Secretary of the Asiatic Society on the recent Cataclysm of the Indus. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 10: pt 2: 615-620.

Filchner, W. (1939) Bismilah! A scientist in Tartary. From Hoang-ho to the Indus. (Translated E.O. Lorimer). Faber and Faber: London.

Forster, G. (1808) A journey from Begal To England, through the northern part of India, Kashmire, Afghanistan and Persia, and into Russia by the Caspian Sea. Faulder: London.

Forsyth, Sir T. D. (1875) Report of a Mission to Yarkland in 1873. Calcutta.

Fox, C. S. (1950) The mineral resources of Kashmir. The Mining Magazine, 8: 80-86.

Franco, J. (1955) Reconnaissance an Makalu et Guld Magnone: L'equipment de L'expedition 1954. La Montagne et l'apinisme: Paris.

Fraser, D. (1820) Journal of a Tour through part of the Snowy Range of the Himalaya mountains and to the sources of the rivers Jamna and Ganges. London.

Fraser, D. (1907) The marches of Hindustan. The record of a journey in Tibet, Trans-Himalayan, India, Chinese Turkestan and Persia. Blackwood: London.

Fraser, J.B. (1820) Notices respecting the Himalaya Mountain and the sources of the Jamuna and the Ganges. Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal 3, 219-230.

Fraser, J.B. (1820) Account of a journey to the sources of the Jumna and Bhagirathi rivers. Asiatic Researches, 13: 170 et. seq.

Fritz, E. (1967) Die Topographische Bearbeitung der Khumbu Himal-Karte I, 1:50, 000, Khumbu Himal. Ergebnisse des Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya, 1, 1.5: 427-429.

Froehlich, W. Gil, E, Kasza, I. and Starkel, L. (1990) Thresholds in the transformation of slopes and river channels in the Dargeeling Himalaya, India. Mountain Research and Development, 10: 4: 301-312.

Gansser, A. (1956) Geological research in Bhutan Himalaya. (In: The mountain world, Swiss Foundation of Alpine Research, 88-97. Swiss Foundation of Alpine Research: Zürich.)

Ganzenmueller, C. (1887) Kashmir, sein Klima, seine Pflanzen and Theirwelt. Mitteilungen der k.k. Geografishe Gesellschaft Wein. Bd. 30.

Garwood, E.J. (1902) On the origin of some of the hanging valleys in the Alps and Himalayas. Quarterly Journal of Geological Society of London, 58: 703-718.

Garzanti, E., Gorza, M., Martellini, L. and Nicora, A. (1994) Transition from digenesis to metamorphism in the paleozoic and mesozoic succession of the Dolpo-Manang Synclinorium and ThakKhola Garben (Nepal Tethys Himalaya). Ecologae Geol Helv. , 87(2): 613-623.

Gautam, R. and Rao, G.K. (1988) Feasibility of ground water development in the mountain terrains of Nepal: A conceptual study. Journal of Nepal Geological Society, 5(1): 11-21.

Geary, C.L.H. (1947) The Indus Valley in Central Ladakh. Punjab Geographical Review, 2: 34-45.

Gerard, J.G. (1833) Observations in the Spitiu Valley and Circumjacent country within the Himalaya. Asiatic Researches, 18: Part 2: 259.

Gregory, C.E.C. (1932) The Shyok ice-barrier in 1931. Himalayan Journal, 4: 64-74.

Guillamod, J. (1904) Six mois dans l'Himalaya, le Karakoram et l'Hindu-Kush-Voyages et explorations aux plus hautes montagnes du monde. Sandoz: Neuchatel.

Guillaume, C. (1893) Les glaciers de Moustagh (Himalaya) d'apres l'expedition recente de M. Conway avec carte. Nouvelles Geog: Italy.

Gulatee, B.C. (1952) Height of Himalayan snow peaks. Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics (Delhi) , 3, 165-172.

Gupta, R.K. (1983) The living Himalayas, vol. . I. , Today and Tomorrow Publication: New Delhi, India.

Gupta, R.K. (1983) The living Himalayas, vol. . II. , Today and Tomorrow Publication: New Delhi, India.

Gysin, M. and Lombard, A. (1960) Observations complementaires de petrographie et de geologie dans le massif du mont. Everest-Lohtse. Ecologae Geol.Helv. , 53: 1: 189-204.

Haffner, W. (1972) Khumbu Himalaya, landschaft sokologische untersuchungen in den hochtalern des Mt. Everest gebietes. (In: Geoecology of the high mountain regions of Eurasia, Troll, C, 123 pp. Wiesbaden.)

Haffner, W. (1979) Nepal Himalaya. Untersuchungen zum vertikalen landschafts Aufban Zentral-und Ostnepals. Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung, 12, 123 pp.

Hanemann, F. (1871) Das Quellgebeit des Indus and Satledsch. Petermann's Mitteilungen, no. 17: 434.

Harcourt, A.F. (1871) On the Himalayan Valleys: Koolo, Lahoul and Spiti. Journal of the Royal Geographers Society, 14-23.

Hayward, G.W. (1870) Journey from Leh to Yarkland and Kasghar and the exploration of the sources of the Yarkland River. Journal of the Royal Geographers Society, 40: 33-166.

Hedin, S. (1909) In the Snow. (In: Trans-Himalaya, vol. . 2: 267-271. New York.)

Hedin, S. ed. (1909) Trans-Himalaya. vol. . 2., 439p, The Macmillan Co: New York.

Heim, A. and Gansser, A. (1939) Central Himalaya (Geological observations of the Swiss Expedition 1936). Himalayan Publishing Corporation: (India) Delhi.

Hellmich, W. ed. (1964-1966) Khumbu Himal, Ergebnisse des Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya. Springer-Verlag: Berlin, 352p.

Henderson, G. and Hume, A. O. (1873) Lahore to Yarkland. Incidents of the Route and Natural history of the countries traversed by the expedition of 1870 under F.D. Forsyth. Reevex: London.

Hillary, E. (1992) Environmental problem in the Himalaya and the pacific. (In: Merging business and the environment - Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand: 1992, Mimeo.)

Hillary, E. and Lowe, G. (1956) East of Everest. Hodder and Stoughton: London.

Hora, S.L. (1939) The origin of the great river gorges of the Himalayas as evidenced by the distribution of fishes. (In: 25th Indian Science Congress, India.)

Howard Bury, C.K. (1923) A la conquete du Mont Everest. Payot: Paris.

Howard Bury, C.K., et al. (1922) Mount Everest, the reconnaissance, 1921. Arnold: London.

Huber, W. (1867) Les Glaciers. Paris.

Humboldt, A. (1820) Sur la limite inferieue des Neiges perpetuelles dans les montagnes de l'Himalaya et les regions equatoriales (Ann. de Chemie et de physique) . Tome 14.

Hunt, J. and Cooke, C.R. (1938) A winter visit to the Zemu Glacier. Himalayan Journal, 10: 49-70.

Hutton, T. (1849) Remarks on the snow line in the Himalaya. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 2: 23-32.

International Center for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) (1988) Agriculture Development Experience in Nepal. (In: Agricultural Development in the Hindukush Himalayas, MFS workshop report no. 3: Workshop Report 1: ICIMOD: Kathmandu.)

Iwata, S., Fujii, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1976) Nepal Himalaya no Kohzohdo (Patterned ground in the Nepal Himalayas.). Journal of Geography, 85: 143-161.

Izzet, U. (1842-43) Travels beyond the Himalaya. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 7: 297.

Johnson, C. (1867) Journey through the Himalaya Mountains to the sources of the River Jumma, and thence to the confines of Chinese Tartary; performed in April-October 1827. Journal of the Royal Geographers Society, vol. 37.

Johnson, W.H. (1873) Meteorological observations at Le. (In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, 1873, vol. 17.)

Kawakita, J. (1981) Cultural ecology of Nepal Himalaya. Association for Technical cooperation to the Himalayan areas. Tokyo.

Kingsbury, P. and Kingsbury, R.C. (1960) Afghanistan and the Himalayan States. Doubleday: New York.

Krishnan, M.S. (1940) Did the Indobrahm or Siwalik river exist? . Records of the Geological Survey of India, 75: Prof. Paper No, 6: 24.

Krummenacher, D. (1956) Contribution a l'etude geologique et petrographique de l'Himalaya du Nepal. Note 1: Sur quel ques roches de la region de Namche Bazar. Arch. Sci. (Geneve) , 9(1): 111-114.

Krummenacher, D. (1956) Contribution a l'etude geologique et petrographique de l'Himalaya du Nepal. Note 2: Sur quelques roches du bassin superior de la Dudh Kosi de l' Imja Khola et de la Bhote Kosi. Arch. Sci. (Geneve) , 9(3): 264-281.

Kurz, M. (1959) Chroniqne himalayenne; L'age d'or, 1940-1955. Swiss Fdn. Alpine Research Zurich.

Lall, J.S. and Moddie, A.D., eds. (1981) The Himalaya: aspects of change. Oxford University Press: New Delhi.

Leigh Mallory, G.H. (1923) La reconnaissance de la montagne. (In: A la conquete du Mont Everest, Howard Bury, C K, ed., payot: Paris.)

Lombard, A. (1958) Un itineraire geologique dans l'Est du Nepal (Massif du Mont Everest). Mem. Soc. Helv. Sci. Nat. , lxxxii: 1: 104 pp.

Longstaff, T.G. (1908) A Mountaineering Expedition to Himalaya of Gahrwal. Geographical Journal, vol. 31.

Longstaff, T.G. (1928) The Nanda Devi group and the sources of the Nandakini. Geographical Journal, 71: 5: 417-430.

Ludlow, F. (1929) The Shyok Dam in 1928. Himalayan Journal, 1, 4-10.

Lydekker, R. (1876) Notes on the geology of the Pir Panjal and neighboring districts. Records of the Geological Survey of India, no. 9: 155-162.

Lydekker, R. (1878) Great Snow Fall in Kashmir. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 17-23.

Lydekker, R. (1879) Notes on the geology of the Kashmir, Kishtwar and Pangi. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 13: 30-63.

Lydekker, R. (1880) Geology of Ladak and neighboring districts. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 13: 26-58.

Lydekker, R. (1881) Geology of the part of Dardistan, Baltistan and neighboring districts. Records of the Geological Survey of India, vol. 14.

Lydekker, R. (1881) Observations on the ossiferous beds of Hundes in Tibet. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 14: 178-184.

Lydekker, R. (1883) The geology of the Kashmir and Chamba Territories and the British district of Khagan. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India. vol. 22.

Lynam, J. (1960) The Kulu-Lahul-Spiti watershed. Geographical Journal, 126: 4: 481-482.

Macpherson, J. (1854) The mineral waters of India, with some hints on spas and Sanatoria. Indian Annals of Medical Science, 7-17.

Madden, E. (1847) Notes of an Excursion to Pendree Glacier, in September 1846. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 16: Part 1: 27-32.

Markham, C. R. (1877) The Himalayan system. Geographical Magazine, 4: 114.

Mason, K. (1914) The Indo-Russian triangulation connection: 1911-13. Geographical Journal, 43: 664-672.

Mason, K. (1931) Expedition notes: tours in the Gilgit Agency. Himalayan Journal, 3, 110-3,115.

Mcmahon, C.A. (1884) Microscopic structures of some Himalayan granites. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 17.

Medilcott, H.B. (1864) On the geological structure and relations of the Himalayan Range between the rivers Ganges and Indus. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 3: 1-212.

Medilcott, H.B. (1868) The Alps and the Himalayas, a geological comparison. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society London, 24: 39-52.

Medilcott, H.B. (1877) Note on Mr. G.F.Cambell's remarks on Himalayan Glaciation. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 46: 23-25.

Michael, S. (1937) Survey of the Mount Everest reconnaissance 1935. Himalayan Journal, no. 9: 16-19.

Middleton, N.J. (1989) Climatic controls on the frequency, magnitude and distribution of dust storms: Examples from India/ Pakistan, Mauritania and Mongolia. (In: Leinen, M. and Sarnthein, M. eds., Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport, 97-132. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston.)

Miller, M.M. (1965) Mount Everest and the Mahalangur Himal. Explorer's Journal, 43: 3: 130-148.

Montogomerie, T.G. (1857) Memorandum on the Nanga Parbat. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 26: 33-45.

Montogomerie, T.G. (1860) Memorandum on the great flood of the River Indus which reached Attock on 10th August, 1858. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29: 128-135.

Montogomerie, T.G. (1869) Report on the Trans-Himalayan explorations during 1867. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, vol. 39: 146-187.

Moorcroft, W. (1818) Journey to Lake Mansorowar in thec Un-des, a province of Little Tibet. Asiatic Researches, 12, 380. et seq.

Moorcroft, W. and Trebeck, G. (1841) Travels in the Himalayan province of Hindustan and the Panjab, Ladak and Kashmir; in Peshwar, Kabul, Kunduz and Bokhara, 1819-1829. Hayman Wilson: London.

Mumm, A.L. (1909) Five months in the Himalaya. London.

Neve, A. (1911) Journeys in the Himalayas and some factors of Himalayan erosion. Geographical Journal, vol. . 38.

Norkse, Himalaia-Ekspedisjonen (1952) Tirich Mir. Hodder and Staughton: London.

Obbard, J. (1860) On the translation of waves of water with relation to the great flood of the Indus in 1858. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29: 266-274.

Oldham, R.D. (1882) The thermal Springs of India. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, vol. 19.

Oldham, R.D. (1888) Some Notes on the geology of the North-West Himalayas. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 21: 149-157.

Oldham, R.D. (1892) The river valleys of the Himalaya. Journal Manchester Geographical Society, 9: 112-125.

Oldham, R.D. (1894) The evol. ution of Indian Geography. Geographical Journal, 3, 169-196.

Oswald, F. (1910) Trans-Himalaya. Nature, 84: 180.

Oswald, F. (1910) Trans-Himalaya and Tibet. Science Progress, no. 17:

Petermann, A. (1861) Die Ergebnisse der wissenschaftlichen Mission der Gebruder Herman, Adolph und Robert V. Schlagintweit nach Indien und Hochasien, in den Jahren 1854 bis 1858. Petermanns Mitteilungen, 7: 268-275.

Pranavananda, S. (1950) New light on the sources of the four great rivers. (In: Exploration of Tibet, Part III, 179-256. India.)

Pratt, J.H. (1860) On the physical difference between a rush of water like a torrent down to a channel and the transmission of a wave down a river - with reference to the inundation of the Indus as observed at Attock in August, 1858. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 29: 274-282.

Pugh, L.G.C.E. (1936) Himalayan scientific and mountaineering expedition, 1960-61. The Scientific programme. Geographical Journal, 128: 4: 447-456.

Purdon, W.H. (1861) On the trigonometrical survey and physical configuration of the valley of Kashmir. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, vol. 31.

Ryall, E.C. (1879) Explorations in Western Tibet, by the Trans-Himalayan parties of the India. (In: Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, vol. 1, New Series.)

Saunders, T.W. (1870) Sketch of the mountains and river basins of India in two maps, with explanatory memoirs. Geography Department of India Office Report: London.

Schlagintweit, R. de. (1865) Enumeration of Hot Springs of India and High Asia. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 33: 2: 51-73.

Schneider, H.J. (1960) Geosynklinale Entwicklng und Maggnetismus an der Wende Palazockum-Mesozoikum in N.W. Himalaya und Karakoram. Geological Rundschau, 50: 334-352.

Sherwill, J.L. (1862) Journal of a trip undertaken to explore the glaciers of Kanchanjungha group in the Sikkim Himalayas, in November 1861. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 31: 33-35.

Smith, H.U. (1866-67) A trip to Thibet, Kylas, source of the Sutlej, and the Mansurwar and Rakhas Lakes. Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society.

Spender, M. and Auden, J.B. (1938) The Shaksgam Expedition, 1937 And Geological notes. Himalayan Journal, 10: 22-39.

Stoliczka, F. (1866) Geological sections across the Himalayan Mountains, From Wangtubridge on the river Sutlej to Sungdo on the Indus: with an account on the formations in Spiti, accompanied by a revision of all known fossils from that districts. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, vol. 5.

Strachey, R. (1847) A description of the glaciers of the Pindur and Kuphinee Rivers in the Kumaon Himalayas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 16: part 2: 16-26.

Strachey, R. (1848) Note on the motion of the glacier of the Pindur in Kumaon. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, no. 17: part 2: 19-31.

Strachey, R. (1849) On the snowline in the Himalaya. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, vol. 1.

Strachey, R. (1851) On the Physical geography of the Provinces of Kumaon and Garhwal, in the Himalaya Mountains, and of the adjoining parts of Tibet. Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, vol. 21.

Strachey, R. (1900) Narrative of a Journey to the Lakes Rakas-Tal and Manasarowar, in Western Tibet, undertaken in September 1848. Geographical Journal, vol. 15.

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Theobald, W. (1880) The Kumaun Lakes. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 13: 161-175.

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