Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System
Description

Foreword

Preface

Contents

1.7 Water Resources in the Himalaya

Agarwal, N.K. (1976) Institutional and legal factors of irrigation projects in Nepal. (In: Proceedings of the Symposium on social and non-economic factors in water resources development, Bangkok: Dec 9 - 15, 1975, 47: 115-117. UNESCAP: Bangkok.)

Agarwal, N.K. (1982) Catchment management for optimum use of land and water resources in Nepal. (In: Moore, D.J., ed., Catchment management for optimum use of land and water resources, Documents from an ESCAP seminar: I - Introductory and country statements, Hamilton, Mar. 15 - 19, 1982. Water and Soil Miscellaneous Publication: Hamilton, 45: 167-187.)

Aitken, J.M., Cornwell, G. and Wishart, G. (1991) Mini and micro hydropower in Nepal. ICIMOD: Kathmandu, Nepal.

APROSC (1979) Resource Conservation and Utilization Project. Agricultural Projects Services Centre: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Bachmann Andreas (1983) Traditional and new technology development in the Himalayas. Mountain Research and Development, 3: 1: 33-34.

Bahadur, J. (1992) Snow and glaciers and their contribution to India's water resources. Water Science Educational Series no. 1. Roorkee, India. National Institute of Hydrology.

Bahadur, J., Murty, A.S., Lal, V.B. and Das, M.S. (1980) Snow and glacier contributions in a Western Himalayan catchment. Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika, Obsuzhdeniia, 38: 121-125, English text 206-207.

Bajracharya, D. (1986) Decentralized energy planning and management for the Hindu Kush-Himalaya. Occasional Paper no. 4, ICIMOD: Kathmandu.

Bandhopadhyay, J. and Gyanwali, D. (1994) Himalayan water resources: ecological and political aspect of management. Mountain Research and Development, 14: 1: 1-24.

Bhandari, R. and Gupta, C. (1986) Problems of land slides in the Himalaya and future directions. (In: Singh, J, ed., Environmental Regeneration in Himalaya, Central Himalaya Environment Association and Gyanodaya Prakashan: India, 17-37.)

Bhaskaran, A. R. (1936) Landslides and their origin and control in the Kosi Catchment. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation in India, 10: 79-83.

Bishop, B. (1990) Karnali Under stress. Geography Research Paper nos. 228-229: Working Paper. University of Chicago: USA.

Bjoness, I.M. (1982) Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project: A conceptual framework for analysis of the effects from the Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project, Nepal. Research Working Paper no. 1: University of Oslo, Department of Geography: Oslo.

Bjoness, I.M. (1983) Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project: Energy and development policy, planning, ideology and reality. Research Working Paper no. 2: University of Oslo, Department of Geography: Oslo.

Bjoness, I.M. (1983) Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project: Socio-economic analysis of the effects from the Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project, Nepal. Research Working Paper no. 3: University of Oslo, Department of Geography: Oslo.

Bjoness, I.M. (1984) Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project: Strategies for survival - subsistence agriculture versus work at the Kulekhani Hydro-Electric Project, Nepal. Research Working Paper no. 4: University of Oslo, Department of Geography: Oslo.

Bjoness, I.M. (1987) A conceptual framework for analysis of the socio-economic and environmental effects of Kulekhani Hydroelectric Project, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 205-208.

Bruijnzeel, L.A. and Bremmer, C.N. (1989) Highland-Lowland Interactions in the Ganges Brahmaputra Basin: A review of published literature. Occasional Paper no. 11, ICIMOD: Kathmandu.

Byers, A. (1984) Resource management in Arid Himalaya: Problem and prospective solutions. University of Colorado: Boulder, Co.

Carson, B. (1992) The land, the farmer and the future. Occasional Paper no. 12, ICIMOD: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Chandler, C.G. (1981) Appropriate technology for planning hydroelectric power projects in Nepal: the need for assumption analysis. (In: Technical Report Centre for Research in Water Resources, Report no. 182: 220 Environmental Health Engineering Laboratory, Civil Engineering Department: The University of Texas at Austin.)

Chyurlia, J. (1984) Water Resources Report. (In: Nepal Land Resources Mapping Project, Kenting Earth Sciences Limited, Ottawa, ed., Kathmandu, Nepal.)

Das, G.A. and Paudyal, G.N. (1987) Integrated water resources development planning in the Tinao River. (In: Wunderlich, W.O. and Prins, J.E., eds., Water for the future: water resources developments in perspective, International Symposium on Water for the Future, Rome, Apr. 6-11, 1987, International Association of Hydrological Research: A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, 597-606.

Dhruva Narayan, V.V. (1987) Downstream impacts of soil conservation in the Himalayan region. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 287-298.

Dobremez, J.F. (1976) Le Nepal, ecologie et biogeographie. CNRS, Paris: Paris.

Dobremez, J.F. and Jest, C. (1970) Ecological map of Annapurna-Dhaulagiri area. CNRS, Paris: Paris.

Domroes, M. (1987) Temporal and spatial variations of rainfall in the Himalayan with particular reference to mountain ecosystem. Journal of Nepal Research Centre, 2(3): 41-48.

Dunsmore, J.R. (1988) Mountain environmental management in the Arun River basin of Nepal. 65 pp. Occasional Paper no. 9: ICIMOD, Kathmandu:

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East, Committee on Natural Resources (1974) In: Report on the first sessions of Committee on Natural Resources, Tokyo, Japan: 5- -11 November 1974, U.N. document no E/CN.11/1182: 46 pp. ECAFE: Bangkok.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1958) In: Regional Technical Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Manila, Philippines: 4 - 10 December 1957, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER.F/ 13: vii+173 pp. U.N.: New York.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1963) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Bangkok, Thailand: 20 - 26 November 1962, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER.F/23: U.N.: New York.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1965) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Bangkok, Thailand: 1964, Water Resource Series, no 28: 400 pp. U.N.: New York.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1968) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Canberra, Australia: 19 - 26 September 1966, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER.F/32, sales no. E68.II.F.5: Water Resources series, no 32: U.N.: New York.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1969) In: Proceedings of the second symposium on the development of deltaic areas, Tokyo, Japan: 4-13 November, U.N. document no E/ CN.11/948, sales no. E.71. II.F.10: Water Resources Series, no 39: viii: 281 pp. ECAFE: Bangkok.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1970) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Bangkok, Thailand: 18 - 25 November 1968, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER 38, sales no. E 70.II.F.13): Water Resources series, no 38: U.N.: New York.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1970) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Bangkok, Thailand: 29 September - 5 October 1970, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER 40, sales no. E 72.II.F.20): Water Resources series, no 40: 202 pp. U.N.: New York.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1972) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development. A reappraisal of the water resources requirement of the developing portion of the ECAFE region, Manila, Philippines: 18 - 25 September 1972, U.N. document no E/CN.11/WRD/ conf.10/L.3: 27 pp. ECAFE: Bangkok.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1974) In: Regional Conference on ater Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Manila, Philippines: 18-25 September 1972, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER.F/ 44, sales no. E 74.II.F.10): Water Resources series, no 44: 216 pp. U.N.: Bangkok.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE) (1975) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development in Asia and Far East, Bangkok, Thailand: 5-11 November 1974, U.N. document no ST/ECAFE/SER.F/ 46, sales no. E 74.II F.2: Water Resources series, no 46: 184 pp. U.N.: Bangkok.

Economic Commission for the Asia and the Far East (ECAFE secretariat in collaboration with FAO) (1970) In: Regional Conference on Water Resource Development. The scope of water resources development needed to meet the anticipated food requirements of the developing countries of the region 1970-1990, Bangkok, Thailand: 28 September - 5 October 1970, U.N. document no E/CN.11/WRD/ conf.9/L.3: 40 pp.

Ekholm, E. (1975) The deterioration of mountain environments. Science 139: 746-770.

Ekholm, E. (1976) Loosing Ground: Environmental Stress and World Food Prospects. W.W. Norton and Co.: New York.

Environmental Resources LTD. (1989) Natural Resource management for sustainable development: A study of feasible policies, institutions and investment activities in Nepal with special emphasis on Hills. ERL, 106 Gloucester Place: London.

Evett, W.W. (1969) Hydrology and water resources development in Nepal. U.S. Geological Survey, 94.

Fleming, W.M. (1978) Classification of Catchments in the Western Development Region of Nepal. UNDP/FAO Working Paper no. 10: Kathmandu:Nepal.

Fleming, W.M. (1978) Review of the catchment area situation of the western development region, Nepal. Department of Soil and Water Conservation and Management: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Fort, M. (1987) Geomorphic and hazards mapping in the dry, continental Himalaya, 1:50000 maps of Mustang district, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 222-238.

Fowler, F.J. (1950) Some problems of water distribution between East and West Punjab. Geographical Review, 40: 583-599.

Freeberne, M. (1965) Glacial meltwater resources in China. Geographical Journal, 131(1): 57-60.

Fritz, E. (1967) Die Topographische Bearbeitung der Khumbu Himal-Karte I, 1:50, 000, Khumbu Himal. Ergebnisse des Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya, 1, 1.5: 427-429.

Froehlich, W., Gil, E., Kasza, I. and Starkel, L. (1990) Thresholds in the transformation of slopes and river channels in the Dargeeling Himalaya, India. Mountain Research and Development, 10: 4: 301-312.

Gansser, A. (1978) Proposal for an investigation of dangerous lakes in north Bhutan, Report for the Government of Bhutan. UnPublished: Ministry of Water Resources: Bhutan.

Garg, S. (1987) Soil erosion in the Sub-Himalayan region - A case study. Deccan Geographer, 9(1): 7-14.

Gautam, R. and Rao, G.K. (1988) Feasibility of ground water development in the mountain terrains of Nepal: A conceptual study. Journal of Nepal Geological Society, 5(1): 11-21.

Gilmour, D.A., Bonell, M. and Cassells, D.S. (1987) The effects of forestation on soil hydraulic properties in the middle hills of Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 239-249.

Government of India, Planning Commission (1982) Report on the task force for the study of Eco-development in the Himalayan region. 152 pp. Planning Commission, Government of India: New delhi.

Gupta, R.K. (1983) The living Himalayas, Vol. I. Today and Tomorrow Publication, New Delhi, India.

Gupta, R.K. (1983) The living Himalayas, Vol. II. Today and Tomorrow Publication, New Delhi, India.

Gurung, H.B. (1970) Geomorphology of Pokhara Valley. Himalayan Review, 2-3: 37-49.

Gurung, H.B. (1971) Landscape pattern of Nepal. Himalayan Review, IV: 1-10.

Gurung, H.B. (1981) Ecological Change in Nepal: A native interpretation, New Era Occasional Paperno: 01. New Era: Kathmandu.

Gurung, H.B. (1982) The Himalaya: Perspective on change. New Era: Kathmandu.

Gyawali, D. (1989) Water in Nepal. East-West Environment and Policy Institute. Occasional Paper no. 8: 36pp.

Gyawali, D. (1991) Troubled politics of Himalayan waters. Himalaya, 4: 2: 37-44.

Hagen, T. (1913) Notes on the relationship of the Himalaya to the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Indian Peninsula. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 43: 138-167.

Haigh, M.J. (1984) Landslide prediction and highway maintenance in lesser Himalaya, India. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologique. suppl. 6d 51: 17-31.

Haigh, M.J. (1989) Water erosion and its control: Case studies from South Asia. (In: Ivanov, K. and Pechinov, D., eds., Water erosion: Abridged Proceedings of the International IHP/MAB symposium, Internation IHP/MAB symposium on water erosion, Varna, Sept. 19-24, 1988. 1-38. Varna.

Haigh, M.J., et al. (1989) Environmental Indicators of landslide activity along the Kilbury Road, Nainital, Lesser Himalaya. Mountain Research and Development, 9(1): 25-33.

Hamilton, A.F. (1935) Siwalik Erosion. Himalayan Journal, 7: 87-102.

Hamilton, L.S. (1987) What are the impacts of Himalayan deforestation on the Ganges-Brhmaputra lowland and delta? Assumptions and facts. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 256-263.

Hasnain, S.I. (1989) Himalayan Glaciers as a sustainable water resource. Water Resources Development, 5(2), 106-112.

Hayden, H.H. (1913) Notes on the relationship of the Himalayas to the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 43: 138-172.

Hewitt, K. (1986) The Upper Indus snow belts: Snowfall and sources of water yield. (In: Hewitt, K., ed., Snow and Ice Hydrology Project Annual Report 1985, pp. 58-63. Wilfrid Laurier University: Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.)

Hewitt, K. (1987) Himalayan Glaciers and snowfields: research into a major water resource. Report to IDRC:

Hewitt, K. (1988) The Snow and Ice Hydrology Project: research and training for water resource development in the Upper Indus basin. Journal of Canada - Pakistan Cooperation, 2(1): Introduction.

Hewitt, K. (1989) Hazards to water development in high mountain regions. The Himalayan sources of the Indus. (In: Hydrology of Disasters: Proceedings of the Technical Conference, Geneva, November 1988, World Meteorological Organization, ed., 294-312. James and James: London.)

Hillary, E. (1992) Environmental problem in the Himalaya and the pacific. (In: Merging business and the environment - Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand.)

His Majesty's GovernmentN/IUCN (1991) Background papers to the national conservation strategy for Nepal (Vols. I and II) . Nepal Conservation Strategy Implementation Program, NPC/His Majesty's Government in Collaboration with IUCN: Nepal.

Hurst, A. and Chao, C. (1975) Sediment deposition model for Tarbela Reservoir. (In: Symposium on modeling technique. vol. 1, American Society of Civil Engineers, 501-520. New York, N.Y.)

Ives, J. D. (1984) The Himalaya-ganges problem in the context of peace and resource use conflict management. Mountain Research and Development, 4: 4: 363-365.

Ives, J.D. and Messerli, B. (1986) The Himalaya Ganges problem position paper. UNU, 55 pp: Tokyo.

Ives, J.D. and Messerli, B. (1989) The Himalayan Dilemma. UNU/ Routledge: London.

Japan International Cooperation Agency (1984) Master Plan Study on Kosi River Water Resources Development - Interim Report. Tokyo, JICA: Kathmandu.

Jha, V. K. (1982) Hydrological aspects of mountainous terrain: case example from Okhaldhunga area, Nepal Himalayas. Proceedings of the symposium on resources survey for land use planning and environmental conservation, Oct.20-22, 1982. 95-99. Indian Society of Photo-interpretation and Remote Sensing: Dehra Dun, India.

Jodha, N.S. (1990) A framework for sustainable mountain development. MFS Series no. 1, ICIMOD: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Jodha, N.S. (1990) Mountain agriculture: search for sustainability. MFS series no. 2, ICIMOD: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Jodha, N.S., Banskota, M. and Pratap, T. (1992) Sustainable mountain agriculture: Perspectives and Issues. Oxford and ICIMOD: New Delhi.

Johnson, K., Olson, E.A. and Manandhar, S. (1982) Environmental knowledge and response to natural hazards in mountainous, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 2: 2: 175-188.

Kanwar, S. (1987) The role of glaciers and snow on hydrology of Punjab rivers. 1-30. Publication no. 36: Central Board of Irrigation, Irrigation Branch: Punjab.

Kattelmann, R. (1987) Uncertainty in Assessing Himalayan Water Resources. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 279-286.

Kattelmann, R. (1988) Mountain Hazards and Hydroelectric Development in the Nepal Himalaya, Water for Development. (In: Proceedings of the Sixth IWRA World Congress on Water Resources, vol. 1, International Water Resources Association: USA.)

Kattelmann, R. (1990) Exporting Himalayan Floods. (In: Fitzgibbon, J.E., ed., International and Transboundary Water Resources Issues, American Water Resources Association. 101-110.)

Kattelmann, R. (1990) Hydrology and development of the Arun River, Nepal. (In: Lang, H. and Musy, A., ed. International Conference on Water Resources in Mountainous Regions, Lausanne, Switzerland, 27 August-1 September 1990. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication no. 193: 777-784.)

Kholsa, A.N. (1953) Silting of Reservoirs. Annual Report: International Association Hydrological Sciences. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication no. 51, Central Board of Irrigation: India.

Krishna, R.G. (1989) Exploration and development of groundwater in the crystalline rocks. (In: Gupta, C.P. et al., eds., International workshop on Appropriate methodologies for development and management of groundwater resources in developing countries, Hyderabad, Feb.28 - Mar.4, 1989. 641-648. Oxford and IBH Publ. Co., New Delhi.

Krishnamurthy, K. Snow melt contributions in some Himalayan rivers. Institut Geografii. Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika, Obsuzhdeniia, vol. 39: 118-120.

Kumar, R., Sumit, K.G. and Phadtare, N.R. (1994) Siwalik Foreland Basin of Himalaya. Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Deharadun: December 1991, Oxford and IBH Publishing: New Delhi.

Laban, P.(1978) Field measurements on erosion and sedimentation in Nepal. 1WM/SP/05: Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management: Kathmandu.

Lall, J. S. and Moddie, A.D., eds. (1981) The Himalaya: aspects of change. Oxford University Press: New Delhi.

Lall, J.S., et al. (1984) Development of Himalayan Resources - Regional Perspective. Mimeograph, Indian Council of World Affairs: New Delhi.

Lamba, S.S. and Prem, K.S. (1975) Integrated development for rivers Sutlej Beas and Ravi for optimum utility of water in North western areas of India. (In: World congress on Water Resources, 2nd Proceedings, New Delhi, 12 - 16 December 1975. 79-87. WCWR: India.)

Lynam, J. (1960) The Kulu-Lahul-Spiti watershed. Geographical Journal, 126(4): 481-482.

Maharjan, B.D. (1983) Water Quality Problems in Nepal. Unpublished Master's thesis. Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado.

Mahat, T.B.S. (1987) Farming Forestry Linkages in Mountains. Occasional paper no. 7, ICIMOD: Kathmandu.

Malik, R.A. (1963) Irrigation development and land occupance in the Upper Indus Basin. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Indiana University, Bloomington.

Marston, R.A. (1989) Environment and Society in the Manaslu - Ganesh region of the central Nepal Himalaya. University of Idaho, Foundation for Glacier and Environmental Research, Moscow, ID.

Messerli, B., Hofter, T. and Wymann, S., eds. (1993) Himalayan environment: pressure, problems, processes: 12 years of research. Institute of Geography, University of Berne: Berne.

Michel, A.A. (1967) The Indus Rivers: A Study of the Effects of Partition. Yale University Press: New Haven.

Monga, P. and Vnekata, R., eds. (1992) Energy, environment and sustainable development in the Himalayas: Proceedings of the National workshop on energy and environmental issues in mountain development. Jointly organized by TERI (Tata energy research Institute), New Delhi and Himurja(Himanchal Pradesh Energy Development Agency) Shimla. VII: Indus Cop.: Shimla.

Murthy, L.T. (1978) Environmental problems of water resource development in the Himalayan region. (In: Proceedings of water resource development and environment in the Himalayan region, New Delhi: Department of Science and Technology.)

Murthy, Y.K. (1981) Water resource potentials of the Himalaya. (In: Lall, J.S. and Moddie, A.D., eds., The Himalaya aspects of change, 152-171. Oxford University Press, India International Center, New Delhi.)

Negi, S.S. (1982) Environmental problems in the Himalayas. Bishun Singh, Mahendra Prasad Singh, Dehradun: Deharadun.

Negi, S.S. (1990) A hand Book of Himalayas. Indus Publishing Company: New Delhi.

Nepal Electricity Authority (1987) Upper Arun hydroelectric project feasibility study. NEA: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Neupane, B.R. (1993) Attitudes to policy integration for environment and development: Case study of Lower Daraundi Watershed, Nepal. (In: Albertson, M.A. and Sheen, M., eds., Proceedings of the International conference on Sustainable Village based Development, 4: 1211-1232. Fort Collins, Colorado.)

Norberg-Hodge, M. (1981) Ladakh: Development without destruction. (In: Lall, J.S. and Moddie, A.D., eds., The Himalaya: Aspects of change, 257-269. Oxford University press: New Delhi.)

Norberg-Hodge, M. (1988) Ecological steps towards a sustainable future: the Ladakh Project. Unpublished manuscript:

Pangtey, Y.S. and Rawal, R.W. (1994) High altitudes of the Himalaya (Biogeography, Ecology and Conservation). Gyanodaya Prakashan: Nainital, India.

Pilgrim, G.E. (1919) Suggestion concerning the history of drainage of Northern India. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 15: 81-89.

Pipes, A. and Quick, M. (1986) Assessment of forecasting system for the Upper Indus Basin. (In: Hewitt, K., ed., Snow and Ice Hydrology Project Annual Report 1985, Wilfrid Laurier University: Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.)

Prasad, T. (1992) Co-operative development of Indo-Nepal water resources - prospects opportunities, and challenges. Theme Paper. Proceedings of the Patna Workshop. Centre for Water Resources Studies: Patna University, India.

Punjab Government (1925) Technical Review of the Irrigation Department. Technical Paper no. 28: Department of Works: India.

Qu, Y. and Kang, E. (1990) A summary of researches on glacial water sources in China. (In: Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Glaciology and Geocryology, Chinese Society of Geography, Ed., [In Chinese]: 16-17. Gansu People's Press: Lanzhou.)

Ramsay, W.J.H. (1985) Erosion in the middle Himalaya, Nepal with a case study of the Phewa valley, Pokhara. University of British Columbia, Department of Forest Resource Management: Vancouver, BC.

Ramsay, W.J.H. (1987) Deforestation and erosion in the Nepalese Himalaya: is the link myth or reality?. International Association Hydrological Sciences. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication no. 167: 239-250.

Rawal, J.S. and Rawat, M.S. (1994) The Nana Koshi watershed, central Himalaya, India, Part II: Human impact of stream runoff. Mountain Research and Development, 14: 3: 255-260.

Robinson, N.A. (1987) Marshalling environmental law to resolve the Himalaya-ganges problem. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 305-315.

Schalekamp, M. (1984) A look at the water supplies of today and of tomorrow in Nepal, Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia and the Philippines. Aqua, no. 5: 265-285.

Scheling, D. (1988) Flooding and Road Destruction in Eastern Nepal [Sun-Koshi]. Mountain Research and Development, 8: 1: 78-79.

Sharma, C.K. (1980) Integration of ground water and surface water is a necessity to Nepal. (In: Proceedings of the Afro-Asian Regional Conference, Third Afro-Asian regional conference, International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, New Delhi, Oct. 23 - 28, 1980. 1: 61-69. New Delhi.)

Sharma, C.K. (1985) Water and Energy Resources of the Himalayan Block. S. Sharma: Kathmandu.

Sharma, C.K. (1986) The problem of sediment load in the development of water resources in Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 316-318.

Shrestha, A. (1991) Hydropower in Nepal: Issues and concepts of development. Resources, Nepal: Kathmandu.

Shrestha, B.D. (1983) Watershed Conditions of the Districts of Nepal. FAO Field Document No:9, FAO: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Shrestha, S. (1976) Institutional and legal aspects of water resources development in Nepal. (In: Proceedings of the Symposium on social and non-economic factors in water resources development, December 9 - 15, 1975, Bangkok. 111-115. United Nations Water Resources Series no. 47, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific: Bangkok.)

Singh, T. and Kaur, J., eds. (1985) Integrated mountain development. Himalayan Books: New delhi.

Sinha, I.N. (1992) Co-operative development of Indo-Nepal water resources. Irrigation and Power, 49: 2: 1-8.

Srivastava, R.C. (1973) Surface water appraisal and its planning in Rapti basin. (In: Indian Scientific Congress Association, Proceedings of the 60th Session. 60: Part 4: 38.)

Tejani, K.G. (1984) Biophysical and socio-economic causes of land degradation and strategy to foster watershed degradation in the Himalaya. (In: IUFRO symposium of effects of forest land use on erosion and slope stability. East-west centre, Honolulu: 55-60.)

Tejani, K.G. (1985) Watershed management in Indian Himalaya. In: International Workshop on watershed management in the Hindu Kush Himalaya region, Organized by ICIMOD in Chengdu, China. pp 70. mimeographed, ICIMOD: Kathmandu, Nepal.

Tejani, K.G. (1987) Sedimentation of reservoirs in the Himalayan region, India. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 323-327.

Thapa, B. (1987) Barun Hydroelectricity Feasibility Study. Unpublished M.S. thesis. Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh.

Thapa G.B. (1990) Watershed Management in Upper Pokhara Valley. Unpublished Dissertation no: 90 - 1. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.

Thapa, G. B., Paudyal, G.N. and Weber, K. E. (1989) Soil erosion and lake sedimentation in two small watersheds of Pokhara Valley, Nepal: the need for integrated area development planning exemplified. (In: Lianzhen, D., ed., Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Beijing, June 5 - 9, 1989. 4: 390-397. Beijing. Science Press.)

Thompson, M. and Warburton, M. (1985) Uncertainty on a Himalayan Scale. Mountain Research and Development,5(2): 115-135.

Veatch, F.M. and Hulsing, H. (1936) A water resources investigation program for Nepal. 83 p, U.S. Geological Survey: United States.

Verghese, B. G. (1990) Waters of Hope. Oxford and IBH: New Delhi.

Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (1989) Erosion and sedimentation in the Nepal Himalaya: an assessment of river processes. 181pp, WECS: Nepal.

Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (1990) WECS and the environment:Final report. WECS: Kathmandu.

Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (1991) Environmental issues in the water and energy sector: WECS proposal for enhancing environmental program, Activities. WECS: Kathmandu.

Yang, Z., ed. (1991) Glacier water resources of China. 39-45. Science and Technology Publishing House of Gansu: Lanzhou.

Yang, Z. and Hu, X. (1992) Study of glacier meltwater resources in China. (In: Hooke, R.L., ed. Symposium on Mountain Glaciology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 26-30 August 1991. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, 16: 141-145.)