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Glaciological Data Series
1.6 Water Related Hazards in the Himalaya
Bartarya, S.K. and K.S. Valdiya (1989) Landslides and erosion in the catchment of the Gaula River, Kumaun Lesser Himalaya, India. Mountain Research and Development, 9(4): 405-419.
Bhandari, R. and C. Gupta (1986) Problems of land slides in the Himalaya and future directions. (In: J. Singh, ed., Environmental Regeneration in Himalaya, Central Himalaya Environment Association and Gyanodaya Prakashan: India. 17-37.)
Brower, B. (1983) Mountain hazards and people of Khumbu-pharag. University of California (Unpublished Paper): Berkeley.
Byers, A. (1986) A geomorphic study of man-induced soil erosion in the sagarmatha (Mount Everest) National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 6(1): 83-87.
Byers, A. (1987) Landscape change and man accelerated soil loss, the case of the Sagarmatha (Mt. Everest) National Park, Khumbu, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 209-216.
Caine, N. and Mool, K. (1982) Landslides in Kholpu-Khola Drainage, Middle Mountain nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 2(2): 157-173.
Carson, B. (1985) Erosion and Sedimentation Process in the Nepalese Himalaya, ICIMOD Occasional Paper no. 1. ICIMOD, Nepal: Kathmandu.
Chatra Research Centre (1976) Results of runoff and erosion experiments on small catchments. Annual Report: CRC:Kathmandu: Nepal.
Collie, J.N. (1911) Journeys in the Himalayas and some factors of erosion. Geographical Journal, 38: 3-31.
Damen, M. (1992) Study on the potential outburst flooding of Tsho Rolph glacier lake, Rolwaling Valley, East Nepal. ITC Draft Report Enschede: The Netherlands.
Davies, W.M. (1907) ) Glacial erosion in the Himalaya. Science, N.S.: 25: 230-231.
Ekholm, E. (1975) The deterioration of mountain environments. Science, 139: 746-770.
Ekholm, E. (1976) Loosing Ground: Environmental Stress and World Food Prospects. W.W. Norton and Co.: New York.
Fort, M. (1987) Geomorphic and hazards mapping in the dry, continental Himalaya, 1:50000 maps of Mustang district, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 222-238.
Fushimi, H., Ikegami, K., Higuchi, K. and Shankar, K. (1985) Nepal case study: catastrophic floods. International Association Hydrological Sciences. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication no. 149: 125-130.
Galay, V. (1985) Glacier lake outburst flood (jokulhpaup) on Bhote/Dudh Koshi - August 4, 1985, Internal Report. Water and Energy Commission, Ministry of Water Resources, His Majesty's Government, Nepal.: Nepal.
Galay, V. (1987) Erosion and sedimentation in the Nepal Himalaya - an assessment of river processes. WECS Report, Kathmandu: Nepal.
Gansser, A. (1978) Proposal for an investigation of dangerous lakes in north Bhutan, Report for the government of Bhutan. UnPublished: Government of Bhutan: Thimpu.
Garg, S. (1987) Soil erosion in the Sub-Himalayan region - A case study. Deccan Geographer, 9(1): 7-14.
Grabs, W.E. and Hanisch, J. (1993) Objectives and prevention methods for glacier lake outburst floods (GLOFs). (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 341-352.)
Gunn, J.P. (1930) Hydraulic Observations on the Shyok Flood of 1929 - Report on the Khumdan Dam and Shyok Flood of 1929. (In: Minutes of Proceedings of the Punjab Engineering Congress Lahore 1930, 28, Paper no. 134: 53-72. Lahore.)
Gunn, J.P. (1930) Report of the Khumdan Dam and Shyok Flood of 1929. Lahore, Government of Punjab Publication: Lahore.
Gupta, M. (1985) Necessity for creating network for the gauging of snow in the Himalayas. (In: Joshi, S.C., ed. National Symposium on Seasonal Snow Cover, New Delhi, India, 28-30 April 1983. Proceedings, vol. 1. Manali, India. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment.)
Haigh, M.J. (1984) Landslide prediction and highway maintenance in lesser Himalaya, India. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologique, suppl. 6d: 51p: 17-31.
Haigh, M.J. (1989) Water erosion and its control: Case studies from South Asia. (In: K. Ivanov and D. Pechinov, eds., Water erosion: Abridged Proceedings of the International IHP/MAB symposium, International IHP/MAB Symposium on Water Erosion, Varna, Sept. 19 - 24, 1988. 1-38. Varna.)
Haigh, M.J., et al. (1989) Environmental Indicators of landslide activity along the Kilbury Road, Nainital, Lesser Himalaya. Mountain Research and Development, 9(1): 25-33.
Hamilton, A.F. (1935) Siwalik Erosion. Himalayan Journal, 7: 87-102.
Hamilton, L.S. (1987) What are the impacts of Himalayan deforestation on the Ganges-Brhmaputra lowland and delta? Assumptions and facts. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 256-263.
Hammond, J.E. (1988) Glacial lakes in the Khumbu region, Nepal: An assessment of the hazards. Unpublished Master's Thesis. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.
Henderson, A. (1957) Memorandum on the nature and effects of the flooding of the Indus, 10th August 1958, as ascertained at Attock. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 28: 199-228.
Hewitt, K. (1989) Hazards to water development in high mountain regions. The Himalayan sources of the Indus. (In: Hydrology of Disasters, Proceedings of the Technical Conference, Geneva, November 1988. World Meteorological Organization, 294-312. James and James: London.)
Ives, J.D. (1986) Glacial Lake Outburst Floods and Risk Engineering in the Himalaya. Occasional Paper no. 5, ICIMOD: Kathmandu, 42pp.
Ives, J.D. (1986) Jokulhlaup disasters in the Himalaya and their identification, a case study: The Langmoche Jokulhlaup of 4th August 1985, Khumbu Himal, Nepal. ICIMOD: Kathmandu.
Johnson, K., Olson, E.A. and Manandhar, S. (1982) Environmental knowledge and response to natural hazards in mountainous Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 2: 2: 175-188.
Kattelmann, R. (1988) Mountain Hazards and Hydroelectric Development in the Nepal Himalaya, Water for Development. (In: Proceedings of the VIth IWRA World Congress on Water Resources, vol. I, International Water Resources Association: USA.)
Kattelmann, R. (1990) Exporting Himalayan Floods. (In: Fitzgibbon, J.E., ed., International and Transboundary Water Resources Issues, American Water Resources Association, 101-110.)
Keinholz, H., Schneider, G., Grunder, M. and Mool, K. (1984) Mapping of mountain hazards and slope stability. Mountain Research and Development, 4(3): 247-266.
Laban, (1978) Field measurements on erosion and sedimentation in Nepal. (1WM/SP/05): Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management: Kathmandu.
Losev, K. S. (1978) Regional seminar on ice, snow and avalanches in India, March 1978. [Regional'nyi uchebnyi seminar po l'du, snegu i lavinam v Indii v marte 1978 g.]. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. 33: 41-42.
Mason, K. (1929) Indus floods and Shyok glaciers. Himalayan Journal, 1: 10-20.
Mason, K. (1930) The Shyok flood - a commentary. Himalayan Journal, 2: 40-47.
Mean, G. and Schwarz, W. (1993) Estimation of glacier lake outburst flood and its impact on a hydro project in Nepal. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 331-339.)
Nainwal, H.C., Bisht, M.S. and Prasad, C. (1985) Studies in mass movement in the landslide zones of Kaliasaur, Garhwal Himalaya, India. Joshard, 9: 77-81.
Neve, A. (1911) Journeys in the Himalayas and some factors of Himalayan erosion. Geographical Journal, 38:
Peters, T.J. and Mool, K. (1983) Glaciological and petrographic base studies for the mountain hazards mapping project in Kathmandu Kakani area, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 3(3): 221-226.
Pithawalla, M.B. (1943) The physics of the Indus River and its relation to the recurrence of flood. Calcutta, India. Science and Culture, 9.
Pramanik, S.K. and Rao, K.N. (1952) Contribution of snow to flood flow in Indian rivers. Abstract only. International Association Hydrological Sciences. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication no. 32: 319.
Ramsay, W.J.H. (1985) Erosion in the middle Himalaya, Nepal with a case study of the Phewa valley, Pokhara. University of British Columbia, Department of Forest Resource Management: Vancouver, BC.
Ramsay, W.J.H. (1987) Deforestation and erosion in the Nepalese Himalaya: is the link myth or reality?. International Association Hydrological Sciences. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication no. 167: 239-250.
Rao, N.M., Rangachary, N., Kumar, V. and Verdhen, A. (1987) Some aspects of snow cover development and avalanche formation in the Indian Himalayas. International Association Hydrological Sciences. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication no. 162: 453-462.
Rawal, J.S. and Rawat, M.S. (1994) Accelerated Erosion and denudation in the Nana Koshi watershed, central Himalaya, India, Part I: Sediment load. Mountain Research and Development, 14(1): 25-38.
Rawal, J.S. and Rawat, M.S. (1994) The Nana Koshi watershed, central Himalaya, India, Part II: Human impact of stream runoff. Mountain Research and Development, 14(3) 255-260.
Roch, A. (1954) The glaciers, snow, and avalanches of Mount Everest. Journal of Glaciology, 2(16): 428-430.
Scheling, D. (1988) Flooding and Road Destruction in Eastern Nepal [Sun-Koshi]. Mountain Research and Development,8(1): 78-79.
Sharma, C.K. (1988) Natural Hazards and man made impacts in the Nepal Himalayas. Pushpa Sharma: Kathmandu.
Shroder, R. (1989) Hazards of the Himalaya. American Scientist, 77: 564-79.
Starkel, L. (1972) The role of catastrophic rainfall in the shaping of relief of the lower Himalaya (Darjeeling Hills). Geographica Polonica, 21: 103-143.
Subramanian, V. and Dalavi, R.A. (1978) Some aspects of stream erosion in the Himalaya. Himalayan Geology, 8: Part 2: 822-834.
Tejani, K.G. (1984) Biophysical and socio-economic causes of land degradation and strategy to foster watershed degradation in the Himalaya. (In: IUFRO symposium of effects of forest land use on erosion and slope stability, East-west Centre: Honolulu, 55-60.)
Thapa, G.B., Paudyal, G.N. and Weber, K.E. (1989) Soil erosion and lake sedimentation in two small watersheds of Pokhara Valley, Nepal: the need for integrated area development planning exemplified. (In: D. Lianzhen, ed., Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on River Sedimentation, Beijing, June 5 - 9, 1989, Beijing. Science Press, 4: 390-397.)
Thompson, M. and Warburton, M. (1985) Uncertainty on a Himalayan Scale. Mountain Research and Development, 5(2): 115-135.
Valdiya, K.S. (1985) Accelerated erosion and landslide-prone zones in the central Himalayan region. (In: Singh, J H, ed., Environmental Regeneration in the Himalaya: Concepts and Strategies, Proceedings of the Kathmandu Symposium, November 1992. 12-38. The Central Himalayan Environmental Association: Nainital, India.)
Vuichard, D. (1986) Geological and petrographical investigations for the mountain hazards mapping project, Khumbu, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 6(1): 41-52.
Vuichard, D. and Zimmermann, M. (1986) The Langmoche flash flood, Khumbu Himal, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 6(1): 90-94.
Vuichard, D. and Zimmermann, M. (1987) The 1985 catastrophic drainage of a moraine-dammed lake, Khumbu Himal, Nepal cause and consequences. Mountain Research and Development, 7(2): 91-110.
Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (1986) Preliminary study of glacier lake outburst floods (GLOFs) in the Nepal Himalaya: Phase 1 interim report. WECS Report: Kathmandu, Nepal.
Water and Energy Commission Secretariat (1989) Erosion and sedimentation in the Nepal Himalaya: an assessment of river processes. 181pp. WECS: Nepal.
World Meteorological Organization (1989) Improvement of the River Forecasting and Flood Warning System for the Indus River - Phase II. PAK/84/003/A/01/16: WMO: Geneva.
Xu, D. (1987) Characteristics of debris flows caused by outbursts of glacial lake on the Boqu river in Xizang, China. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 9(1): 23-34.
Xu, D. and Feng, Q. (1988) Studies on catastrophes of glacier debris flows and glacial lake outburst floods in China. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 10(3): 284-289.
Xu, D. and Feng, Q. (1989) Characteristics of dangerous glacier lakes and their outburst, Tibet, Himalaya mountain. Acta Geographica Sinica, 44(4): 343-345.
Yamada, T. (1991) Preliminary work report on glacier lake outburst flood in the Nepal Himalayas. WECS Report no. 4/1/ 291191/1/1 Seq. no. 387: WECS: Kathmandu.
Yamada, T. and Sharma, C.K. (1993) Glacier lakes and outburst floods in the Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 319-330.)
Zimmermann M., Bischel, M. and Keinholz, H. (1986) Mountain hazards mapping in the Khumbu Himal, Nepal with prototype map, scale 1:50, 000. Mountain Research and Development, 6: 1.