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Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System
Description

Foreword

Preface

Contents

1.5 Hydrology of the Himalaya

Ageta, Y. (1976) Characteristics of the precipitation during the monsoon season in Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 84-88.)

Ahmad, E. (1960) Indus - A study in river geography. The Geographer, vol. 8: 21-32.

Aizen, V.B., Loktionova, E.M. and Martmaa, T. (1992) Isotope measurement of precipitation in the glaciation system with monsoonal type of feeding (Southeast Tibetan plateau). Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 17-32.

Akiba, C., Amma, S. and Ohta, Y. (1973) Arun River rgion. (In: Hashimoto, S, Ohta, Y. and Akiba, C, eds. Geology of Nepal Himalayas. Japan. Hokkaido University: 13-31.)

Alford, D. (1992) Hydrological Aspects of the Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development. ICIMOD Occasional Paper, no. 18. Kathmandu, Nepal.

Anonymous (1976) Meteorological data at Lhajung (4420 m) in 1973 and 1974, 1. Precipitation 2. Air Temperature. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 129-130.)

Bagchi, A.K. (1982) Orographic variation of precipitation in a high-rise Himalaya basin. (In: Glen, J.W., ed. Hydrological Aspects of Alpine and High-Mountain Areas. International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI) Symposium, Exeter, UK, 19-30 July 1982. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 138: 3-9.)

Bagchi, A.K., Salomonson, V.V. and Shavsar, D., eds. (1979) Studies of snow accumulation characteristics on Himalayan slopes. (In: Salomonson, V.V. and Bhavsar, D., eds. Symposium on the Contribution of Space Observation to Water Resources Studies and the Management of these Resources, Bangalore, 29 May - 9 June 1979. Proceedings. Advances in Space Exploration: COSPAR Symposium Series, no. 9. Oxford. Pergamon Press: 153-156.)

Bahadur, J. (1992) Snow and glaciers and their contribution to India's water resources. Roorkee, India. National Institute of Hydrology. Water Science Educational Series, no. 1.

Banerji, S.K. (1951) Determination of snow melt in the Himalaya. Weather, 6(11): 334-338.

Bhakra Beas Management Board (1988) Snow hydrology study in India with particular reference to the Satluj and Beas catchment. (In: Workshop on Snow Hydrology, Manali, India, 23-26 November 1988, Mimeo.)

Bhanu Iumar, O.S.R.U., Sahay, K.S.N., Bakasi, A.K. and Gupta, M.L. (1982) Oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composition of water in the Puga and Manikaran geothermal areas (Himalaya), India. (In: Cermak, V. and Haenel, R., eds. Geothermics and Geothermal Energy, Symposium, Budapest, August 1980. Stuttgart. E. Schweizer, Verlagsbuchhandlung: 211-218.)

Bhattarai, D.R. (1980) Some geothermal springs of Nepal. International Geodynamics Conference: The Alpine-Himalayan region, Kathmandu, March 1978. Tectonophysics, 62(1-2): 7-11.

Bishop, B. (1990) Karnali under stress. University of Chicago Geography Research Paper, no. 228-229.

Braun, L.N., Grabs, W. and Rana, B. (1993) Application of a conceptual precipitation-runoff model in the Langtang Khola basin, Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 221-237.)

Burrard, S.G. and Hayden, H. (1907) Rivers of the Himalaya and Tibet. Calcutta, India. Government Printing.

Caine, N. and Mool, K. (1981) Channel geometry and flow estimates for two small mountain streams in the Middle Hills, Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 1(3-4): 231-243.

Chakraborty, P.S. and Basu, A.K. (1982) Some geotectonic observations on the origin of hot springs of the Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas based on the study of ERTS photograph. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Mining and Metallurgical Society of India, 54(3-4): 98-100.

Chalise, S.R. (1993) Regional cooperation in hydrological research and training in the Hindu Kush-Himalayas. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 37-47.)

Chalise, S.R., Adhikary, S.P. and Shankar, K. (1978) Research in Meteorology and Hydrology: (In: Research in Tribhuvan University: Problems and Prospects. Tribhuvan University Journal, 10.)

Chauhan, D.S. and Hasnain, S.I. (1993) Chemical characteristics, solute and suspended sediment loads in the meltwaters draining Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak glaciers, Ganga basin, India. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 403-410.)

Chen, C. and Guan, Z. (1981) Hydrochemistry of rivers in Xizang. (In: Symposium on Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau. Geological and Ecological Studies of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Beijing, China, 25 May - 2 June 1980. Proceedings, vol. 2. Bejing, Science Press, New York, Gordon and Breach: 1686-1692.)

Chhibber, H.L. (1954) Glacial lakes of the Gangotri Glacier and the Neighborhood, Tehri Garhwal Himalayas. (In: Proceedings of Indian Scientific Congress, 41 Session, Hyderabad.)

Chhibber, H.L. (1954) Some glacial lakes in the Ogput Range and the Pir Panjal Range, Kashmir. Bulletin of National Geographic Society of India, 21: 43-45.

Davies, L.M. (1940) Note on three Himalayan rivers. Geological Magazine, 77: 410-412, 175-183.

Dey, B., Gosawmi, D.C. and Rango, A. (1983) Utilization of satellite snow-cover observations for seasonal streamflow estimates in the Western Himalayas. Nordic Hydrology, 14: 257-266.

Dey, B., Sharma, V.K., Goswami, D.C. and Rao, S. (1988) Snow cover, snowmelt and runoff in the Himalayan river basins. Final technical report. (In: U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Contractor Report, NASA-CR-182434: 37p.)

Dhruva Narayana, V.V. and Shastry, G. (1983) Runoff characteristics of small watersheds in the outer Himalayas of Doon valley, Annual Report of CSWERTI. Dehra Dun, India, Deharadun. 201pp.

Domroes, M. (1987) Temporal and spatial variations of rainfall in the Himalayan with particular reference to mountain ecosystem. Journal of Nepal Research Centre, 2(3): 41-48.

Evett, W.W. (1969) Hydrology and water resources development in Nepal. U.S. Geological Survey: 94p.

Fleming, W.M. (1978) Classification of Catchments in the Western Development Region of Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal UNDP/FAO Working Paper no. 10.

Fleming, W.M. (1978) Review of the catchment area situation of the western development region, Nepal. Nepal. Department of Soil and Water Conservation and Management: Nepal.

Flohn, H. (1957) Large scale aspects of the Summer Monsoon in South and East Asia. Journal of Meteorological Society of Japan. 75th Anniversary Volume: 180-186.

Fort, M. (1976) Quaternary deposits of the middle Kali Gandaki Valley: central Nepal. Himalayan Geology, 6: 499-507.

Froehlich, W., Gil, E., Kasza, I. and Starkel, L. (1990) Thresholds in the transformation of slopes and river channels in the Dargeeling Himalaya, India. Mountain Research and Development, 10: 4: 301-312.

Fukushima, Y. (1987) Runoff characteristics in three glacier- covered watersheds of Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 5: 11-18.

Fukushima, Y., et al. (1987) Hydrological data of Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 5: 115-120.

Fukushima, Y., Watanabe, O. and Higuchi, K. (1991) Estimation of streamflow change by global warming in a glacier-covered high mountain area of the Nepal Himalaya. (In: Bergmann, H., Lang, H.P, Frey, W., Issler, D. and Salm, B., eds. International Symposium Snow, Hydrology and Forests in High Alpine Areas, Vienna, 11-24 August 1991. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 205: 181-188.)

Fushimi, H. (1978) Glaciations in the Khumbu Himal. (In: Collected Papers on Sciences of Atmosphere and Hydrosphere, v. 16, no. 22, 1978. Glaciological Expedition to Nepal, 1974.)

Fushimi, H. (1978) Glaciations in the Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40: 71-77.)

Fushimi, H. (1978) Stratagraphic studies of the Gyajo glacier, Khumbu Himal. (In: Collected Papers on Sciences of Atmosphere and Hydrosphere, v. 16, no. 22, 1978. Glaciological Expedition to Nepal, 1974.

Fushimi, H. (1978) Stratagraphic studies of the Gyajo glacier, Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40: 17-20.)

Galay, V. (1987) Erosion and sedimentation in the Nepal Himalaya - an assessment of river processes. Kathmandu, Nepal. Water and Energy Commission Secretariat, Report.

Giggenbach, W.F., Gonfiantini, R., Jangi, B.L. and Truesdell, A.H. (1983) Isotopic and chemical composition of Parbati Valley geothermal discharges, North-West Himalaya, India. (In: Barbier, E. and Giggenbach, W.F., eds. Application of Nuclear Techniques in Geothermal Investigations. Consultants' Meeting organized by International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, 3-6 November 3 - 6, 1981. Vienna. International Institute of Geothermic Research. 199-222.)

Gilmour, D.A., Bonell, M. and Cassells, D.S. (1987) Effects of forestation on soil hydraulic properties in the middle hills of Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 239-249.

Goswami, D.C. (1983) Brahmaputra River Assam (India): Suspended Sediment Transport, Valley Aggradation and Basin Denudation. John Hopkins University, Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation. Ann Arbor, MI Microfilm International.

Goswami, D.C. (1985) Brahmaputra River Assam, India: Physiography, basin denudation and channel aggradation. Water Resources Research, 21(7): 259-278.

Grabs, W.E. and Pokhrel, A.P. (1993) Establishment of a measuring service for snow and glacier hydrology in Nepal - conceptual and operational aspects. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 3-16.)

Gregson, M. (1928) Note on the head water of the Yarkland River. Geographical Journal. 72: 345-347.

Gulati, T.D. (1973) Role of Snow and Ice Hydrology in India. (In: International Symposium The Role of Snow and Ice in Hydrology, Banff, British Columbia, Canada, 6-20 September 1972. Proceedings, Vol. 1. International Association Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 107: 610-623.)

Gunn, J.P. (1930) Hydraulic Observations on the Shyok Flood of 1929 - Report on the Khumdan Dam and Shyok Flood of 1929. (In: Minutes of the Proceedings of the Punjab Engineering Congress, Lahore, 1930, 28, Paper no. 134: 53-72.)

Gyawali, D. (1989) Water in Nepal. Hawaii East Univeristy. East-West Environment and Policy Institute, East-West Center, Occasional Paper, 8: 36p.

Hagen, T. (1913) Notes on the relationship of the Himalaya to the Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Indian Peninsula. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 43: 138-167.

Hahn, D.G. and Shukla, J. (1976) An apparent relationship between Eurasian snow cover and Indian monsoon rainfall. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 33: 2461-2462.

Hammond, J.E. (1988) Glacial Lakes in the Khumbu Region, Nepal: an Assessment of the Hazards. Unpublished Master's Thesis. Boulder, Colorado, University of Colorado.

Handa, B.K. (1991) Chemistry and mineral equilibria in thermal spring waters in the Himalayas. (In: Contemporary Geoscientific Researches in Himalaya, vol. 2, A.K. Sinha, ed., 33-40.)

Hasnain, S.I. (1992) Glacio-fluvial sediment transfer from Chhota-Shirgri Glacier, Lahul-Spiti Valley, India. (In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Hydrology of Mountainous Areas, Organized during May 28-30, 1992. Shimla, India: 273-284.)

Hasnain, S.I., Subramanian, V. and Dhanpal, K. (1989) Chemical characteristics and suspended sediment load of meltwaters from a Himalayan Glacier in India. Journal of Hydrology, 106(991-2): 99-108.

Hayden, H.H. (1913) Notes on the relationship of the Himalayas to the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 43: 138-172.

Hewitt, K. (1961) Glaciers and the Indus. Indus, 2(9): 4-14.

Hewitt, K. (1985) Snow and ice hydrology in remote, high mountain basins: The Himalayan sources of the River Indus. Wilfrid Laurier University, Snow and Ice Hydrology Project Working Paper, no. 1.

Hewitt, K. (1986) Upper Indus snow belts: Snowfall and sources of water yield. (In: Hewiit, K., ed. Snow and Ice Hydrology Project Annual Report 1985. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Wilfrid Laurier University: 58-63.)

Hewitt, K. (1987) Himalayan Glaciers and snowfields: research into a major water resource. Report to IDRC. Mimeo.

Hewitt, K. (1988) Snow and Ice Hydrology Project: research and training for water resource development in the Upper Indus basin. Journal of Canada - Pakistan Cooperation. 2: 1.

Higuchi, K. (1977) Effect of nocturnal precipitation on the mass balance of the Rikha Samba Glacier, Hidden Valley, Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal, Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 43-49.)

Higuchi, K., Ageta, Y. and Kodama, H. (1976) Water discharge of Imja Khola in Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 22-26.)

Higuchi, K., Ageta, Y., Yasunari, T. and Inoue, J. (1982) Characteristics of precipitation during the monsoon season in high-mountain areas of the Nepal Himalaya. (In: Glen, J.W., ed. Hydrological Aspects of Alpine and High-Mountain Areas. International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI) Symposium, Exeter, UK, 19-30 July 1982. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 138: 21-30.)

Hutchinson, G. E. (1937) Limnological studies in Indian Tibet. International Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, Technical Report, 35: 135-177.

Impat, (1981) Hydrometeorology and sediment data for Phewa Watershed: 1979 data. Kathmandu, Nepal. Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management, Integrated Watershed Management Project, Phewa Tal Technical Report no. 14: 87pp.

India. Central Board of Irrigation, India (1948) Some features of precipitational variations in the upper Indus catchment- A probability method of approach. India. Central Board of Irrigation, Annual Report: 93-111.

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (1965) Indus Special Study - West Pakistan. Prepared by: Sir Alexander Gibb and Partners, Hunting Technical Surveys Ltd and International Land Development Consultants, Washington, IBRD.

Ives, J.D. and Messerli, B. (1986) Himalaya Ganges Problem Position Paper. Tokyo, United Nations Univeristy: 55 pp.

Iwata, S., Fujii, Y. and Yasunari, T. (1980) Preliminary investigations of sediment core samples from the Tsola-Tso Lake, Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 104-106.)

Japan International Co-operation Agency (1984) Master Plan Study on Kosi River Water Resources Development - Interim Report. Tokyo, JICA.

Jenkins, D.T., Sharma, C.K. and Hassett, J.M. (1987) Stable isotope reconnaissance of groundwater resources in the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. (In: Isotope Techniques in Water Resources Development: Proceedings of an International Symposium, 30 March-3 April 1987, Vienna. 775-778.)

Jenkins, D.T., Siegel, D.I. and Eschner, A.E. (1986) Isotopic variations in groundwater in a wet alluvial fan, southern Nepal. EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 67(16): 277.

Jha, V.K. (1982) Hydrological aspects of mountainous terrain: case example from Okhaldhunga area, Nepal Himalayas. (In: Symposium on Resources Survey for Land Use Planning and Environmental Conservation, 20-22 October 1982. Proceedings. Dehra Dun, India. Indian Society of Photo-Interpretation and Remote Sensing: 95-99.)

Kanwar, S. (1948) Role of glaciers and snow on hydrology of Punjab rivers. India. Panjab Irragation Branch. Central Board of Irrigation Publication, no. 36: 1-30.

Karmacharya, J.L. (1982) Hydrological Studies of Nepal. Nepal. Water and Energy Commission

Karpou, A.V. and Nebolsine, R. (1958) Indus River Valley - Past, Present and Future. New York. Hydrotechnic Corporation Report.

Kattelmann, R. (1987) Uncertainty in assessing Himalayan water resources. Mountain Research and Development, 7(3): 279-286.

Kattelmann, R. (1990) Exporting Himalayan floods. (In: Fitzgibbon, J.E., ed. International and Transboundary Water Resources Issues. American Water Resources Association: 101-110.)

Kattelmann, R. (1990) Hydrology and development of the Arun River, Nepal. (In: Lang, H. and Musy, A., ed. International Conference on Water Resources in Mountainous Regions, Lausanne, Switzerland, 27 August-1 September 1990. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication. no. 193: 777-784.)

Kattlemann, R. (1993) Role of snowmelt in generating streamflow during spring in East Nepal. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 103-111.)

Khan, I. (1955) Flood control on the Indus River system. Pakistan Journal of Science, 7: 3-14.

Kholsa, A.N. (1942) Rainfall and runoff. Simla, India. Central Board of Irrigation Annual Report.

Kick, W. (1980) Material for a glacier inventory of the Indus drainage basin -- the Nanga Parbat massif. (In: Clarke, R.T., ed. International Workshop on the World Glacier Inventory, Aletsch Ecological Centre, Riederalp, Ct. Valais, Switzerland, 17-22 September 1978. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 126: 105-109.)

Kick, W. (1986) Glacier mapping for an inventory of the Indus drainage basin: current state and future possibilities. (In: Richardson, E.L. ed. Symposium on Glacier Mapping and Surveying, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, 26-29 August 1985. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, 8: 102-105.)

Kirch, J. (1987) Upper Indus Basin, Snow and Ice Runoff Forecasting Project. Project Identification Mission Report, 714/ 0014720 to C.I.D.A: CIDA: Canada.

Kohshima, S., Seko, K. and Yoshimura, Y. (1993) Biotic acceleration of glacier melting in Yala Glacier, Langtang region, Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 309-316.)

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Kotarba, M., Sokolowski, A. and Bogacz, W. (1981) Hydrogeological investigations in the Kali Gandaki thermal springs area (Nepal Himalayas). Bulletin de l'Academie Polonaise des Sciences, 29(4): 283-291.

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Krishnamurthy, K. Snow melt contributions in some Himalayan rivers. Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika, Obsuzhdeniia, 39: 118-120.

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Lambert, L. and Chitraker, B.D. (1989) Variation of potential evapotranspiration with elevation in Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 9(2): 145-152.

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Makhdoom, M.T.A. and Solomon, S.I. (1986) Attempting flow forecasts of the Indus River, Pakistan using remotely sensed snow cover data. Nordic Hydrology, 17: 171-184.

Malhotra, R.V., McKim, H.L. and Rangachari, R. (1988) Snow hydrology in the upper Yamuna basin, India. (In: Eastern Snow Conference, 45th, Lake Placid, New York, 8th and 9th, June 1988. Proceedings, 84-93.)

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Marakami, S., Ozawa, H. and Hamada, T. (1989) Permeability coefficient of water in snow and firn at the accumulation area of Yala Glacier, Nepal Himalaya. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 7: 203-208.

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Motoyama, H., Ohta, T. and Yamada, T. (1987) Winter runoff in the glacierized drainage basin in Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 5: 29-33.

Motoyama, H. and Yamada. T. (1989) Hydrological observations in Langtang Valley, Nepal, Himalayas during 1987 monsoon-postmonsoon season. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 7: 195-201.

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Murakami, T. (1987) Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. (In: Chang, C.P. and Krishnamurti, T.N., eds. Monsoon Meteorology. New York. Oxford University Press: 235-270.)

Nakajima, C. (1976) Movement and development of the clouds over Khumbu Himal in winter. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 89-92.)

Nakajima, C., Shrestha, M.L. and Basnyat, M.B. (1976) Synoptic analyses of the precipitation over Nepal and India. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 50-59.)

Nakawo, M. (1979) Deduction of glacier flow from the distribution of elongated bubbles. Journal of Glaciology, 24(90): 457-467.

Nakawo, M., Fujii, Y. and Strestha, M.L. (1976) Flow of glaciers in Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 39-43.)

Nakawo, M., Fujii, Y. and Strestha, M.L. (1976) Water discharge of Rikha Samba Khola in Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 27-30.)

Nepal. Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (1989) Report on Regional Workshop on Hydrology of Mountainous Areas, Kathmandu. Nepal. Ministry of Water Resources, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Nepal. His Majesty's GovernmentN/UNESCO/ICIMOD (1992) Mountain hydrology in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region. (In: Report of the Second Consultative Meeting of the Regional Working Group on Mountain Hydrology, 16 - 18 March, 1992, ICIMOD: Kathmandu.)

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