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Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System
Description

Foreword

Preface

Contents

1.4 Glacier Studies in the Himalaya

Academia Sinica. Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology, Cryopedology and Desert Research. Department of Glaciology. (1975) Basic features of the glaciers of the Mt. Jolmo Lungma Region, southern part of the Tibet Autonomous region, China. Scientia Sinica, 18(1): 106-130.

Acharyya, S.K. (n.d.) Late Paleozoic glaciation versus volcanic activity along the Himalayan China with special reference to the Eastern Himalaya. Himalayan Geology (Delhi) , vol. 3, 209-230.

Ageta, Y. (1983) Characteristics of mass balance of the summer - accumulation type glacier in the Nepal Himalaya-I. Seppyo, 45(2): 81-105.

Ageta, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1984) Estimation of mass balance components of a summer - accumulation type glacier in the Nepal Himalaya. Geografiska Annaler, 66A(3): 249-255.

Ageta, Y. and Kodota, T. (1992) Predictions of changes of glacier mass balance in the Nepal Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau: a case study of air temperature increase for three glaciers. (In: Hooke, R.L., ed. Symposium on Mountain Glaciology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 26-30 August 1991. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16: 89-94.)

Ageta, Y., Ohata, T., Tanaka, Y., Ikegami, K. and Higuchi, K. (1980) Mass balances of Glacier AX010, in Shorong Himal during the summer monsoon season, East Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 34-41.)

Ageta, Y. and Satow, K. (1978) Study of the mass balance of small glaciers in Khumbu Himal during the summer monsoon season. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 4-11.)

Ahmad, N. (1962) Milam Glacier, Kumaun Himalayas. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 58: 230-233.

Ahmad, N. and Saxena, H.B. (1963) Glaciations of the Pindar River Valley, Southern Himalayas. Journal of Glaciology, 4(34): 471-476.

Aizen, V.B., Loktionova, E.M. and Martmaa, T. (1992) Isotope measurement of precipitation in the glaciation system with monsoonal type of feeding (Southeast Tibetan plateau). Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 17-30.

American Geographical Society (1958) Western Arctic and Eastern Asia. (In: Geographical Study of Mountain Glaciation in the Northern Hemisphere, Part 6. American Geographical Society, 54p.)

Anonymous (1908) Observations of glacier movements in the Himalayas. Geographical Journal, no. 31.

Anonymous (1932) Karumber Glacier. Himalayan Journal, no. 4: 182-184.

Anonymous (1939) Glaciers. Himalayan Journal, no. 12: 52-63.

Anonymous (1963) Die Riesengletscher von West-Tibet. Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, 107: 66-67.

Anonymous (1977) Chinese Study Tibet's Glaciers. London. New Science.

Anonymous (1980) Glaciological data of the Khumbu Glacier in 1978 ( with 5 separate sheets) Meteorological data in Shorong Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 107-111.)

Auden, J.B. (1937) Snout of the Gangotri Glacier, Tehri Garhwal. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 72(2): 135-140.

Bahadur, J. (1972) Himalayan Glaciers. Science Today, July, 21-27.

Bahadur, J. (1992) Snow and glaciers and their contribution to India's water resources. NIH. Water Science Educational Series No. 1. Roorkee, India. National Institute of Hydrology.

Bahadur, J., Murty, A.S., Lal, V.B. and Das, M.S. (1980) Snow and glacier contributions in a Western Himalayan catchment. Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika, Obsuzhdeniia, vol. 38: 121-125, English text 206-207.

Best. F., Gurber, G. and Kick, W. (1981) Das ende des Chogo-lungmagletscher. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 17(2): 177-189.

Bhatti, A.K. (1962) Glaciers and the Indus Basin. Indus, 2(12): 29-32.

Bose, S.C., et al. (1960) Expedition to Gangstang Glacier. Geographical Review of India, 22(3): 49-52.

Brookfield, M.E. (1994) Problems of applying preservation, facies and sequence models to Sinian (neuproterozic) glacial sequences in Australia and Asia. Precambrian Research, vol. 70,1-2: 113-143.

Chauhan, D.S. and Hasnain, S.I. (1993) Chemical characteristics, solute and suspended sediment loads in the meltwaters draining Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak glaciers, Ganga basin, India. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 403-410.)

Chhibber, H.L. (1954) Glacial lakes of the Gangotri Glacier and the Neighborhood, Tehri Garhwal Himalayas (1954) (In: Proceedings of the Indian Scientific Congress 41st Session, Hyderabad, India, Mimeo.)

Chhibber, H.L. (1954) Some glacial lakes in the Ogput Range and the Pir Panjal Range, Kashmir. Bulletin of National Geographical Society of India, 21: 43-45.

Chinese Academy of Sciences (1975) Report of Scientific Expedition in the Region of Qomolongma Peak (Glaciology and Geomorphology) . Beijing. Science Press.

Collins, D.N. (1983) Solute yield from a glacierized high mountain basin. International Association Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 141: 41-50.

Cotter, G.deP. and Brown, J.C. (1907) Notes on certain glaciers in Kumaoun. In: A preliminary survey of certain glaciers in the Northwest Himalayas. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 35: 148-157.

Coulson, A.L. (1938) Pleistocene glaciation in Northwestern India, with special reference to the erratics of Punjab. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 72(4): 422-439.

Dainelli, G. (1914) Intorno alla morfologia Himalajana. Appunti critici ed osservazioni preliminari. Rivista Geografica Italiana, vol. 23.

Dainelli, G. (1922) Studi sul Glaciale. Spedizione Italiane de Filippi nell Himalaia, Caracorum e Turchestan Cinese (1913-1914). Serie III, Vol. 3. Bologna. Nicola Zanichella.

Dainelli G., ed. (1924-1932) Relazione Scientifiche della Spedizione Italina de Fillippi, nell' Himalaia, Caracorum e Turchestan Cinese (1913-1914). Serie II. (In: Resultati geologici e geografici, 12 Volumes: Bologna. Nicola Zanichella.)

Dainelli, G. (1933) Buddhists and Glaciers of Western Tibet. Bologna, Italy.

Davies, W.M. (1907) ) Postglacial aggradation of Himalayan valleys. Science (N.S.), 25: 231p.

Desio, A. (1953) Sull'eccezionale avanzamento di un ghiacciaio Himalayano. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Ser 8. Classe de Scierze Fisiche, Matemaliche e Naturali. Rendicorti, 15(5): 53-255.

Desio, A. (1962) Appunti geologici preliminari sui bacini dei ghicciai Biafo e Hispar (Karakorum-Himalaya). Cocieta Geologiia Italiana. Bolletino, 81: 69-84.

de Terra, H. and Hutchinson, G.E. (1936) Data on post glacial climatic changes in northwestern India. Current Science, 1: 5-10.

Dutt, G.N. (1961) Bara Shigri Glacier, Kangra district, East Punjab, India. Journal of Glaciology, 3(30): 1007-1015.

Dyhrenfruth, G.O., Ertl, H. and Rooch, A. (1939) Baltoro: ein Himlaya-Buch. Basel.

Finsterwalder, R. (1935) On the Map of the Zemu Glacier. Himalayan Journal, 7: 125-138.

Finsterwalder, R. (1937) Die gletscher des Nanga Parbat. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde, 25: 57-108.

Finsterwalder, R. and Pillewizer, W. (1939) Photogrammetric studies of glaciers of High Asia. Himalayan Journal, 11: 107-113.

Fort, M. (1981) Un example de milieu periglaciarie d'altitude: le versant tibetan de la chaine Himalayenne. Recherches Geographiques, Starsbourg, 16/17: 169-178.

Freeberne, M. (1965) Glacial meltwater resources in China. Geographical Journal, 131(1): 57-60.

Freshfield, D.W. (1902) Glaciers of Kangchenjunga. Geographical Journal, 1.

Fujii, Y. (1976) Periglacial phenomenon in Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 120-124.)

Fujii, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1977) Statistical analyses of the forms of the glaciers in the Khumbu region. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 7-14.)

Fujii, Y., Nakawo, M. and Strestha, M.L. (1976) Mass balance studies of the glaciers in the Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal: Glaciers and climates of Nepal Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 17-21.)

Fukushima, Y. (1987) Runoff characteristics in three glacier-covered watersheds of Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 5: 11-18.

Fukushima, Y., et al. (1987) Hydrological data of Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 5: 115-120.

Fukushima, Y., Watanabe, O. and Higuchi, K. (1991) Estimation of streamflow change by global warming in a glacier-covered high mountain area of the Nepal Himalaya. (In:Bergman, H., ed. International Symposium Snow, Hydrology and Forests in High Alpine Areas, Vienice, 11-14 August 1991. Procedures. International Association Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AIHS Publication, no. 205, 181-188.)

Fushimi, H. (1977) Glaciation in the Khumbu Himal (1). (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, vol. 39, 60-67.)

Fushimi, H. (1977) Structural studies of glaciers in the Khumbu region. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, vol. 39, 30-39.)

Fushimi, H. (1978) Glaciations in the Khumbu Himal. Collected Papers on Sciences of Atmosphere and Hydrosphere, Water Research Institute, Nagoya University, 16(22) . (Also in: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 71-77.)

Fushimi, H. (1978) Stratagraphic studies of the Gyajo glacier, Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 17-20.)

Fushimi, H. (1978) Stratagraphic studies of the Gyajo glacier, Khumbu Himal. Collected Papers on Sciences of Atmosphere and Hydrosphere, Water Research Institute, Nagoya University. 16: 16: Nagoya University.

Fushimi, H. (1981) Glacial history in the Khumbu Region, Nepal Himalayas in relation to upheavals of the Great Himalayas. (In: Geological and Ecological Studies of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Symposium on Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau, Beijing, China, 25 May-2 June 1980. Proceedings, Vol. 2. Bejing, Science Press, New York, Gordon and Breach: 1641-1648.)

Fushima, H. and Ohata, T. (1980) Fluctuations of glaciers from 1970 to 1978 in the Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 71-81.)

Fushimi, H., Ohata, T. and Higuchi, K. (1982) Recent fluctuations of glaciers in the eastern part of Nepal Himalayas. International Association Hydrological Sciences. (In: Allison, I., ed. International Symposium on Sea Level, Ice Sheets and Climatic Change, Canberra, Australia, 7-8 December 1979. Proceedings. Abstract Only. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 131, p. 21-29.)

Fushimi, H., Yoshida, M., Watanabe, O. and Upadhyay, B.P. (1980) Distributions and grain sizes of supraglacial debris in the Khumbu Glacier, Khumbu Region, East Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 18-25.)

Gunther, A.E. (1955) Glaciers of Kulu-Lahul-Spiti watershed. Geographical Journal, 121(1): 117-119.

Gardner, J.S. (1986) Recent fluctuations of Rakhiot Glacier, Nanga Parbat, Punjab Himalaya, Pakistan. Journal of Glaciology, 32(112): 527-529.

Gardner, J.S. and Jones, N.K. (1990) Sediment transport and yield at the Rakhiot Glacier, Nanga Parbat, Punjab Himalaya. Geomorphology and Quaternary of Pakistan, 34-46.

Garwood, E.J. (1902) Notes on a map of the glaciers of Kanchanjungha with remarks on some of the physical features of the district. Geographical Journal, 20(1): 13-24.

Garwood, E.J. (1902) On the origin of some of the hanging valleys in the Alps and Himalayas. Quarterly Journal of Geological Society of London, 58, 703-718.

Garwood, E.J. (1924) Himalayan glaciation. Geographical Journal, 63, 243-246.

Geological Survey of India (1907) Preliminary survey of certain glaciers in North-West Himalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 35: 123-126.

Gilbert, L.B. and Auden, J.B. (1932) Note on the glaciers in the Arwa Valley, British Garwal. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 66(3): 338-404.

Glaciological Expedition to Nepal (1980) Glaciological data on the Khumbu Glacier (in 1978). (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 107-110.)

Grabczak, J., Niewodniczanski, J. and Rozanski, K. (1983) Isotope stratification in high mountain glaciers: Examples from the Peruvian Andes and Himalaya. Journal of Glaciology, 29(103): 417-424.

Grabs, W.E. and Hanisch, J. (1993) Objectives and prevention methods for glacier lake outburst floods (GLOFs). (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 341-352.)

Grabs, W.E. and Pokhrel, A.P. (1993) Establishment of a measuring service for snow and glacier hydrology in Nepal - conceptual and operational aspects. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 3-16.)

Grant, I.H.L. and Mason, K. (1940) Upper Shayok Glacier, 1939. Himalayan Journal, 12: 52-63.

Gregory, J.W. (1919) Low level glaciated surface in the Eastern Himalayas. Geological Magazine, 6: 397-406.

Grinlinton, J.L. (1912) Notes on the Poting Glaciers, Kumaun Himalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 42(2): 102-126.

Grinlinton, J.L. (1914) Notes on some glaciers of the Dhauli and Lissar valleys, Kumaun Himalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 44: 280-335.

Grinlinton, J.L. (1928) Former glaciation of the East Lidar Valley, Kashmir. Records Geoglogical Survey of India, 49(2): 100.

Gunther, A.E. (1954) Glaciers of the Kulu-Spiti Divide. Alpine Journal, 59: 288-298.

Hammond, J.E. (1988) Glacial Lakes in the Khumbu Region, Nepal: An Assessment of the Hazards. Unpublished M.A. Thesis. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado.

Hasnain, S.I. (1989) Himalayan glaciers as a sustainable water resource. Water Resources Development, 5(2): 106-112.

Hasnain, S.I. (1992) Glacio-fluvial sediment transfer from Chhota-Shirgri Glacier, Lahul-Spiti Valley, India. (In: International Symposium on Hydrology of Mountainous Areas. Proceedings. Simla, India, 273-284.)

Hasnain, S.I., Subramanian, V. and Dhanpal, K. (1989) Chemical characteristics and suspended sediment load of meltwaters from a Himalayan glacier in India. Journal of Hydrology, 106(991-2): 99-108.

Hayden, H.H. (1907) Notes on certain glaciers in North-West Kashmir. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 35: 127-137.

Hedin, S. (1910) Kumdam Glaciers in 1902. Geographical Journal, 36: 184-194.

Heim, A. (1937) Structural studies in the Central Himalaya. Himalayan Journal, 9: 38-43.

Heuberger, H. (1956) Beobachrungen uber die heutige und eiszeitliche Vergletscherung in Ost-Nepal. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 3(3): 349-364.

Hewitt, K. (1961) Glaciers and the Indus. Indus, 2(9): 4-14.

Hewitt, K. (1986) Upper Indus snow belts: Snowfall and sources of water yield. (In: Hewitt, K., ed. Snow and Ice Hydrology Project Annual Report 1985. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Wilfrid Laurier University, 58-63.)

Hewitt, K. (1987) Himalayan glaciers and snowfields: research into a major water resource. Report to International Development Research Council, Mimeo.

Higuchi, K. (1976) Glaciers and climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of theGlaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38, 130p.

Higuchi, K. (1976) Outline of the glaciological expedition to Nepal (1). (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 1-3.)

Higuchi, K. (1976) Snow crystals observed at Lhajung Station in Khumbu Region. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 93-101.)

Higuchi, K. (1977) Effect of nocturnal precipitation on the mass balance of the Rikha Samba Glacier, Hidden Valley, Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal, Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 43-49.)

Higuchi, K. (1977) Outline of the glaciological expedition to Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal, Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39, Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 1-2.)

Higuchi, K. (1978) Outline of the glaciological expedition to Nepal (3). (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 1-3.)

Higuchi, K. (1980) Outline of the glaciological expedition to Nepal (4). (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 1-4.)

Higuchi, K. (1981) Characteristics of the glaciers in the Nepal Himalayas. (In: Geological and Ecological Studies of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Symposium on Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau, Beijing, China, 25 May-2 June 1980. Proceedings, Vol. 2. Bejing, Science Press, New York, Gordon and Breach: 1611-1618.)

Higuchi, K. ed. (1984) Glacial Studies in Langtang Valley. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 2: 1-136.

Higuchi, K. (1993) Nepal-Japan cooperation in research on glaciers and climates of the Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 29-36.)

Higuchi, K., Fushimi, H., Ohata, T., Iwata, S., Yokoyama, K., Higuchi, H., Nagoshi, A. and Iozawa, T. (1978) Preliminary report on glacier inventory in the Dudh Kosi region. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40,78-83.)

Higuchi, K., Fushimi, H., Ohata, T., Takenaka, S., Iwata, S., Yokoyama, K., Higuchi, H., Nagoshi, A. and Iowaza, T. (1980) Glacier inventory in the Dudh Kosi region, East Nepal. International Association Hydrological Sciences. (In: Clarke, R.T., ed. International Workshop on the World Glacier Inventory, Aletsch Ecological Centre, Riederalp, Ct. Valais, Switzerland, 17-22 September 1978. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 126: 95-103.)

Higuchi, K., Iozawa, T. and Higuchi, H. (1976) Flight observations for the inventory of glaciers in the Nepal Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 6-9.)

Higuchi, K., Hal, S. and Kodama, H. (1977) Thickness of the Khumbu Glacier flowing from Mount Everest, East Nepal. (In: International Workshop on Dynamics of Glacier Variation and Surges, 30 September - 15 October 1976. Proceedings. Alma Ata. )

Hobbs, W.H. (1910) Cycle of mountain glaciation. Geographical Journal, 35: 37-53.

Hobbs, W.H. (1911) Characteristics of Existing Glaciers. New York, Macmillan.

Holland, T.H. (1907) A preliminary survey of certain glaciers in the North-West Himalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 35: 47-52.

Holland, T.H. (1908) Observations of glacier movements in Himalaya. Geographical Journal, 31: 315-317.

Holland, T.H. and Tipper, G.H. (1926) Indian geological terminology. Memoirs of the Geographical Survey of India, 51(1): 184

Huang, M. (1990) On the temperature distribution of glaciers in China. Journal of Glaciology, 36(123): 210-216.

Hunt, J. and Cooke, C.R. (1938) A winter visit to the Zemu Glacier. Himalayan Journal, 10: 49-70.

Huntington, E. (1906) Pangong: a glacial lake in the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Geology, 14(7): 599-617.

Iida, H., Endo, Y., Kohshima, S., Motoyama, H. and Watanabe, O. (1987) Characteristics of snowcover and formation process of dirt layer in the accumulation area of Yala Glacier, Langtang Himal, Nepal. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 5: 55-62.

Ikegami, K. and Ageta, Y. (1991) Ice flow of Glacier AX010 in the Nepal Himalaya. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 9: 17-22.

Ikegami, K. and Inoue, J. (1978) Mass balance studies on Kongma Glacier, Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40,12-16.)

Inoue, J. (1977) Mass budget of Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal, Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 15-19.)

Inoue, J. and Yoshida, M. (1980) Ablation and heat exchange over the Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 26-33.)

Iwata, S. (1976) Late Pleistocene and Holocene moraines in the Sagarmatha Region, Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 109-114.)

Iwata, S. (1978) Soil creep measurements in Khumbu. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 60-63.)

Iwata, S., Watanbe, O. and Fushimi, T. (1980) Surface morphology in the ablation area of the Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 9-17.)

Jangpangi, B.S. (1958) Report on the survey and glaciological study of the Gangotri glacier, Tehri Garhwal District: Glacier No 3, Arwa Valley: Satopanth and Bhagirath Kharak Glaciers, Garhwal District, Uttar Pradesh. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, 18p.

Jangpangi, B.S. (1958) Study of some of the Central Himalayan Glaciers. Journal of Science and Industrial Research, 17A(12): 91-93.

Jangpangi, B.S. and Vohra, C.P. (1962) Retreat of the Sunkalpa (Ralam) Glacier in Central Himalaya, Pithoragarh District, Uttar Pradesh, India. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 58: 234--238.

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