Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System
Description

Foreword

Preface

Contents

1.3 Snow and Ice of the Himalaya

Bagchi, A.K., Salomonson, V.V. and Shavsar, P.D., eds. (1979) Studies of snow accumulation characteristics on Himalayan slopes. (In: Contribution of Space Observations to Water Resources Studies and the Management of These Resources, Advances in Space Exploration: COSPAR Symposium Series, no. 9. Oxford, Pergamon Press, 153-156.)

Bahadur, J. (1992) Snow and glaciers and their contribution to India's water resources. Roorkee, India. NIH Water Science Educational Series, no. 1.

Bahadur, J. (1993) Himalayas: a third polar region. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 181-190.)

Bahadur, J., Murty, A.S., Lal, V.B. and Das, M.S. (1980) Snow and glacier contributions in a Western Himalayan catchment. Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika, Obsuzhdeniia, no. 38: 121-125, English text, 206-207.

Banerji, S.K. (1951) Determination of snow-melt in Himalaya. Weather, 6(11): 334-338.

Bell, I.D., Gardner, J.S. and de Scally, F.A. (1990) An estimate of snow avalanche debris transport, Kaghan Valley, Himalaya Mountains, Pakistan. Journal of Arctic and Alpine Research, 22(3): 317-321.

Bhakra Beas Management Board (1988) Snow hydrology study in India with particular reference to the Satluj and Beas catchment. (In: Workshop on Snow Hydrology, Manali, India, 23-26 November 1988:Manali, India. Manali. Bhakra Beas Management Board.)

Bhan, S.N. (1956) Snowfall at Srinagar (1939-1956). Indian Journal of the Meteorology and Geophysics, 17(3): 295-300.

Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1987) Seasonal variation of Eurasian snow cover and its impact on the Indian summer season. (In: Goodison, B.E., Barry, R.G. and Dozier, J., eds. Large Scale Effects of Seasonal Snow Cover. International Symposium, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 9-22 August 1987. Proceedings. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 166, 51-60.)

Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1988) Eurasian snow cover and seasonal forecast of Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 33(5): 515-525.

Burbank, D.W. and Kang, J. (1991) Relative dating of Quaternary moraines, Rongbuk Valley, Mount Everest, Tibet: implications for snow and ice sheet on the Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Researches, 36(1): 1-18.

Church, J.E. Himalaya co-operative snow surveys. Science and Culture, 13(5): 174-177.

Church, J.E. Snow seeking in the Himalaya (Home of snow). Science and Culture, 13(3): 82-86.

Dey, B. and Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1983) An apparent relationship between Eurasian spring snow cover and the advance of the Indian summer season. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 21(12): 1,929-1,932.

Dey, B. and Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1983) Himalayan winter snow cover area and summer season rainfall over India. Journal of Geophysical Research, 88(C9): 5,471-5,474.

Dey, B., Gosawmi, D.C. and Rango, A. (1983) Utilization of satellite snow-cover observations for seasonal streamflow estimates in the Western Himalayas. Nordic Hydrology, no. 14, 257-266.

Dey, B., Sharma, V.K., Gorwami, D.C. and Subba Rao, P. (1988) Snow cover, snowmelt and runoff in the Himalayan river basins: final technical report. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA-CR-182434, 37p.

Dhanju, M.S. (1992) Snow and Ice Monitoring by Remote Sensing. (In: International Workshop on Snow and Ice. Proceedings. New Delhi, 39p.)

Dhar, O.N., Kulkarni, A.K. and Mandal, B.N. (1985) Initiation of first snow surveys in the Himalaya - a brief appraisal. (In: Joshi, S.C., ed. National Symposium on Seasonal Snow Cover, New Delhi, India, 28-30 April 1983. Proceedings, vol. 1. Manali, India. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment, 164-171.)

Dhar, O.N., Kulkarni, A.K. and Mandal, B.N. (1986) Snow survey experiments in the upper Tamur basin (Eastern Nepal). (In: Joshi, S C, ed. Nepal Himalaya Geoecological Perspectives. Nainital, India. Himalayan Research Group, 422-431.)

Dhir, R.D. (1951) Feasibility of snow survey in the Himalayas. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 32, 305-314.

Fujii, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1976) Ground temperatures and its relationship to permafrost occurrence in the Khumbu Region and Hidden Valley. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 125-128.)

Grabs, W.E. and Pokhrel, A.P. (1993) Establishment of a measuring service for snow and glacier hydrology in Nepal - conceptual and operational aspects. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 3-16.)

Gregory, C.E.C. (1932) Shyok ice-barrier in 1931. Himalayan Journal, vol. 4, 64-74.

Gulati, T.D. (1973) Role of snow and ice hydrology in India. (In: Role of Snow and Ice in Hydrology, Symposium, Banff, British Columbia, Canada, September 1972. Proceedings, vol. 1. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 107:610-623.)

Gupta, M.P. (1985) Necessity for creating network for the gauging of snow in the Himalayas. (In: Joshi, S.C., ed. Symposium on Seasonal Snow Cover, 1st, New Delhi, India, 28-30 April 1983 Proceedings. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment, Manali, 79-82.)

Hahn, D.G. and Shukla, J. (1976) An apparent relationship between Eurasian snow cover and Indian monsoon rainfall. Journal of the Atmospheric Science, vol. 33, 2,461-2,462.

Hedin, S. (1909) In the snow. (In: Trans-Himalaya, vol. 2, 267-271.)

Hellmich, W., ed. (1964-1966) Khumbu Himal, Ergebnisse des Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya. Berlin. Springer-Verlag, 352p.

Hewitt, K. (1967) Ice-front sedimentation and the seasonal effect: a Himalayan example. Transactions of the British Institute of Geographers, vol. 42, 93-106.

Hewitt, K. (1984) Snow and ice conditions in the Upper Indus Basin: a review and bibliography. Internal Report. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Wilfrid Laurier University, Snow and Ice Hydrology Project.

Hewitt, K. (1986) Upper Indus snow belts: Snowfall and sources of water yield. (In: Hewitt, K., ed. Snow and Ice Hydrology Project Annual Report 1985. Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Wilfrid Laurier University, 58-63.)

Hewitt, K. (1987) Himalayan Glaciers and Snowfields: Research Into a Major Water Resource. Report to International Development Research Council. Mimeograph.

Higuchi, K. (1976) Snow crystals observed at Lhajung Station in Khumbu Region. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 93-101.)

Higuchi, K., Ageta, Y. and Inoue, J. (1978) Snow crystal observations at Mt. Yalung Kang, Kangchenjunga region, east Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 45-49.)

Higuchi, K., Fujii, Y., Hakawo, M. and Shrestha, M.L. (1978) Observations of snow particles at Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo >, Special Issue, no. 40, 42-45.)

Iida, H., Endo, Y., Kohshima, S., Motoyama, H. and Watanabe, O. (1987) Characteristics of snowcover and formation process of dirt layer in the accumulation area of Yala Glacier, Langtang Himal, Nepal. Bulletin of Glacier Research, no. 5: 55-62.

Ikegami, K. and Ageta, Y. (1991) Ice flow of Glacier AX010 in the Nepal Himalaya. Bulletin of Glacier Research, no. 19, 17-22.

Inoue, J. and Nagoshi, A. (1977) Stratigraphic study of the snow cover in Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, vol. 39, 26-29.)

Jenkins, M.D., Drever, J.I., Reider, R.D. and Buchanan, T. (1987) Chemical composition of fresh snow on Mt. Everest. Journal of Geophysical Research, 92(D9): 10,999-11,002.

Kattlemann, R. (1993) Role of snowmelt in generating streamflow during spring in East Nepal. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 103-111.)

Krishnamurthy, K. (1980) Dolia snegovogo pitaniia v stoke Gimalaiskikh rek. (Part of snowmelt in the discharge of Himalayan rivers.) Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika Obsuzhdeniia, vol. 39, 37-39.

Kuhn, M. (1993) Methods of assessing the effects of climatic changes on snow and glacier hydrology. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 135-144.)

La Touche, T.D. (1910) Relics of the Great Ice Age in the plains of Northern India. Geological Magazine. N. Ser, Decade, 5(7): 193-201.

Lida, H., Endo, Y. and Kohshima, S. (1987) Characteristics of snow cover and formation of dirt layer in the accumulation area of Yala Glacier, Langtang Himalaya, Nepal. Bulletin of Glacier Research, no. 5: 55-62.

Loewe, F. (1959) Some observations of the radiation budget and of the ablation of glacier ice in the Nanga Parbat Region. Pakistan Journal of Science, 11(5): 227-236.

Losev, K.S. (1978) Regional'nyi uchebnyi seminar po l'du, snegu i lavinam v Indii v marte 1978 g. (Regional seminar on ice, snow and avalanches in India, March 1978.) Akademiia Nauk SSSR. Institut Geografii. Materialy Gliatsiologicheskikh Issledovanii. Khronika, Obsuzhdeniia, vol. 33, 41-42.

Lyons, W.B. and Mayewski, P.A. (1983) Nitrate plus nitrite concentration in a Himalayan ice core. Geophysical Research Letters, 10(12): 1,160-1,163.

Mae, S. (1976) Ice temperature of Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 37-38.)

Makhdoom, M.T.A. and Solomon, S.I. (1986) Attempting flow forecasts of the Indus River, Pakistan using remotely sensed snow cover data. Nordic Hydrology, no. 17, 171-184.

Mayewski, P.A., Lyons, W.B. and Ahmad, N. (1983) Chemical Composition of a high altitude fresh snowfall in the Ladakh Himalayas. Geophysical Research Letters, 10(1): 105-108.

Mayewski, P.A., Lyons, W.B., Spencer, M.J. and Clayton, J.L. (1986) Snow Chemistry from Xixabangma Peak, Tibet. Journal of Glaciology, vol. 32: 542-543.

Miller, M.M., Leventhal, J.S. and Libby, W.F. (1965) Tritium in Mt. Everest ice - Annual glacier accumulation and climatology at great equatorial altitude. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 70, 3,885-3,888.

Murakami, S., Ozawa, H. and Yamada, T. (1989) Permeability coefficient of water in snow and firn at the accumulation area of Yala Glacier, Nepal Himalaya. Bulletin of Glacier Research, no. 7, 203-208.

Nepal. Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit (1990) Snow and Glacier Hydrology Yearbook 1987-89. His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Nepal. Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit (1991) Snow and Glacier Hydrology Yearbook 1990. His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Nepal Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit (1991) Snow and Glacier Hydrology Yearbook 1990 (supplement no. 1). His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Nijampurkar, V.N. and Rao, D.K. (1992) Accumulation and past flow rates of ice on Chhota Shigra Glacier, Central Himalaya. Journal of Glaciology, 38(128): 43.

Nijampurkar, V.N. and Rao, D.K. (1993) Ice dynamics and climatic studies on Himalayan glaciers based on stable and radioactive isotopes. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 355-369.)

Ohata, T. (1990) Effect of snow/ice-cloud radiative interaction on the global solar radiation at the surface of snow and ice masses. (In: Kotlyakov, V.M., Ushakov, A. and Glazovsky, A., eds. International Symposium on Glaciers-Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions, St. Petersburg (Leningrad, USSR), Russia, 24-29 September 1990. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 208, 495-506.)

Ohta, T., Motoyama, H. and Iida, H. (1990) Snow surveys on the north facing slope of Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, vol. 8, 29-30.

Ono, Y. (1984) Annual moraine ridges and recent fluctuations of Yala (Dakhpalsen) Glacier, Langtang Himal. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 2, 73-83.

Pramanik, S.K. and Rao, K.N. (1952) Influence of snow accumulation in the Himalaya on the subsequent rainfall in India. Abstract only. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 32, 320.

Pramanik, S.K. and Rao, K.N. (1952) Relationship between snow accumulation and river discharges in India. Abstract only. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 32, 320.

Pugh, L.G.C.E. (1954) Notes on temperature and snow condition in the Everest region in spring 1952 and 1953. Journal of Glaciology, 2(15): 363-364.

Ramamoorthi, A.S. (1986) Forecasting snowmelt runoff of Himalayan river using NOAA AVHRR imageries since 1980. (In: Johnson, A.I., ed. International Workshop on Hydrologic Applications of Space Technology, Cocoa Beach, Fl., 19-23 August 1985. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 160, 341-348.)

Rango, A. (1992) Worldwide testing of the snowmelt runoff model with applications for predicting the effects of climate change. Nordic Hydrology, 23(3): 155-171.

Rango, A., Salmonson, V.V. and Foster, J.L. (1977) Seasonal stream flow estimation in the Himalayan region employing meteorological satellite snow cover observations. Water Resources Research, 13(1): 109-112.

Rao, N.M. (1983) Some observations on seasonal snowcover. (In: Joshi, S.C., ed. National Symposium on Seasonal Snow Cover, New Delhi, India, 28-30 April 1983. Proceedings, vol. 1. Manali, India. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment.)

Rao, N.M., Bandyopadhyay, B.K. and Verdhen, A. (1991) Snow hydrology studies in Beas basin for developing snow-melt runoff model. Journal of Institution of Engineers (India), vol. 72, 92-102.

Rao, N.M., Rangachary, N., Kumar, V. and Verdhen, A. (1987) Some aspects of snow cover development and avalanche formation in the Indian Himalayas. (In: Salm, B. and Gubler, H., eds. Symposium on Avalanche Formation, Movement and Effects, Swiss Federal Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research, Davos Switzerland, 14-19 September 1986. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS-AISH Publication, no. 162 453-462.)

Roch, A. (1953) Khumbu Icefall. London. The Mountain World.

Roch, A. (1954) Glaciers, snow, and avalanches of Mount Everest. Journal of Glaciology, 2(16): 428-430.

Salomonson, V.V. (1971) NIMBUS 3 and 4 observations of snow cover and other hydrological features in Western Himalayas. (In: International Workshop on Earth Resources Survey System, 3-14 May 1971. Proccedings, Vol. 2. Washington, D.C., U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 444-448.)

Shashi Kumar, V., Paul, P.R., Ramana Rao, C.L.V., Haefner, H. and Seidel, K. (1993) Snowmelt runoff forecasting studies in Himalayan basins. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 85-94.)

Sian, K. (1946) Role of Glaciers and Snow on Hydrology of Punjab Rivers. Simla, India. Central Board of Irrigation.

Singh, P. (1991) Status report on snowmelt modelling studies. Roorkee, India. National Institute of Hydrology.

Singh, R. (1978) Remote sensing for meteorological data and short term snow melt prediction. (In: Symposium on Remote Sensing of Snow in the Himalayas for Effective Water Control Management for Irrigation and Power. Nangal, India. Beas and Bhakhra Management Board.)

Singh, R. and Mathur, B.S. (1976) Snowmelt estimation of the Beas catchment using meteorologic parameters. (In: Symposium on Tropical Monsoons. Proceedings. Pune. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology.)

Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment (1985) National Symposium on Seasonal Snow Cover, New Delhi, India, 28-30 April. Proceedings, 2 Volumes. Manali, India. National Hydrology Institute.

Steinegger, U., Braun, L.N., Kappenberger, G. and Tartari, G. (1993) Assessment of annual snow accumulation over the past 10 years at high elevations in the Langtang region. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 155-165.)

Tanaka, Y., Ageta, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1980) Ice temperature near the surface of glacier AX010 in Shorong Himal, East Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 55-61.)

Thapa, K.B. (1980) Analysis for Snowmelt Runoff During Premonsoon Months in Beas Using Satellite Imageries. Roorkee, India. University of Roorkee, Unpublished M-Tech Thesis.

Thapa, K.B. (1993) Estimation of snowmelt runoff in Himalayan catchments incorporating remote sensing data. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 69-74.)

Thapliyal, V. (1986) Role of Himalayan Snow Cover. (In: Basic Physics of Monsoons. Internal Report DST, India, 1-6.)

Upadhyay, D.S. et al. (1991) Use of satellite based information in snowmelt run-off studies. Mausam, 42(2): 187-194.

Upadhyay, D.S., Chaudhary, J.N. and Katyal, K.N. (1983) An empirical model for prediction of snowmelt runoff in Satluj. (In: Joshi, S.C., ed. National Symposium on Seasonal Snow Cover, New Delhi, India, 28-30 April 1983. Proceedings, vol. 1. Manali, India. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment.)

Verdhen, A. (1987) Snowmelt runoff prediction model on degree day method for Beas catchment. Unclassified Studies Report. Manali, India. Snow and Avalanche Study Establishment.

Verdhen, A. (1989) Modelling of snowmelt and runoff forecasting. (In: Snow Hydrology Proceedings of the Roorkee First National Workshop, February 1989. India. National Institute of Hydrology.)

Verdhen, A. and Prasad, T. (1993) Snowmelt runoff simulation models and their suitability in Himalayan conditions. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 239-248.)

Vohra, C.P. and Srivastava, G.S. (1980) Problems of snow cover assessment: an approach using remote sensing techniques in a pilot project in the Beas River basin, Himanchal Pradesh, India. (In: Salomonson, V.V. and Bhavsar, P.D., eds. Symposium on the Contribution of Space Observation to Water Resources Studies and the Management of these Resources, Bangalore, 29 May-9 June 1979. Advances in Space Exploration: COSPAR Symposium Series, no. 9. India. Pergamon Press, 139-142.)

Wadia, D.N. (1941) Pleistocene Ice Age deposits of Kashmir. (In: Proceedings of the National Institute of Science India, Vol. 7. Mimeograph.)

Workman, W.H. (1914)) Nieve penitente and allied formations in Himalaya, or surface-forms of neve and ice created or modelled by melting. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde, vol. 8, 289-330.

Wushiki, H. (1977) Altitude effect on the deuterium content of the local rains and snows in the Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, vol. 39, Special Issue, 57-59.)

Wushiki, H. (1977) Ice cliffs and exposed stratigraphy of Kongma Glacier, Khumbu. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, vol. 39, Special Issue, 22-25.)

Yasunari, T. 1977 nen 12 gatu no Nepal Himalayas ni okeru oyuki. (Heavy snow falls in Nepal Himalayas on December, 1977). (In: Symposium of Japan Society of Snow and Ice in 1981. Proceedings. Nagoya University, 99p.)

Zhang, S., Zhang, Q., Xie, Z. and Zen, Q. (1973) Distribution of deuterium and heavy water in the ice and snow meltwater in the region of Mt. Qomolangma in southern part of the Xizang Autonomous Region, China. Scientia Sinica, no. 9: 4-27.