Close

Service Interruption

Glaciological Data Series

Report GD-29: Bibliography on the Hydrology of the Himalaya-Karakoram Region

Report GD-29

WDC System
Description

Foreword

Preface

Contents

1.2 Climate of the Himalaya

Academia Sinica. Investigation Team on Xizang (1975) General condition of the investigation of the solar radiation on the region of Mt. Qomolangma. (In: Report on the Mt. Qomolangma Region Scientific Expedition 1966-1968: Meteorology and Solar Radiation. Beijing, Science Press.)

Agarwal, M.C., Katiyar, V.S. and Babu, R. (1984) Probability analysis of annual maximum and minimum daily rainfall of U.P. Himalayas. Annual Report of CSWCRTI. CSWCRTI, Dehradun: India.

Ageta, Y. (1976) Characteristics of the precipitation during the monsoon season in Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, vol. 38: 84-88.)

Ageta, Y. and Kodota, T. (1992) Predictions of changes of glacier mass balance in the Nepal Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau: a case study of air temperature increase for three glaciers.Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16: 89-94.)

Ageta, Y., Ohata, T., Tanaka, Y., Ikegami, K. and Higuchi, K. (1980) Mass balances of Glacier AX010, in Shorong Himal during the summer monsoon season, East Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 34-41.)

Ageta, Y. and Satow, K. (1978) Study of the mass balance of small glaciers in Khumbu Himal during the summer monsoon season. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 4-11.)

Alford, D. (1992) Hydrological Aspects of the Himalayan Region. International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development. ICIMOD Occasional Paper, no. 18, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Anonymous (1923) Le Climat de l'Everest (Chomolungmo). L'echo des Alps. October, 343-350.

Anonymous (1937) Problem of Mount Everest. Himalayan Journal, no. 9: 110-127.

Anonymous (1976) Meteorological data at Lhajung (4420 m) in 1973 and 1974, 1. Precipitation 2. Air Temperature. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 129-130.)

Anonymous (1978) Meteorological data at Lhajung (4420 m) in 1975 and 1976 and at Shorong (4900 m) in 1976. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, vol. 40, Special Issue, 84.)

Anonymous (1980) Glaciological data of the Khumbu Glacier in 1978 ( with 5 separate sheets) Meteorological data in Shorong Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 107-111.)

Bagchi, A.K. (1982) Orographic variation of precipitation in a high-rise Himalaya basin. (In: Glen, J.W., ed. Hydrological Aspects of Alpine and High-Mountain Areas. International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI) Symposium, Exeter, UK, 19-30 July 1982. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication. no. 138, 3-9.)

Bagchi, A.K., Salomonson, V.V. and Shavsar, P.D. eds. (1979) Studies of snow accumulation characteristics on Himalayan slopes. (In: Advances in Space Exploration, Contribution of Space Observations to Water Resources Studies and the Management of These Resources, Advances in Space Exploration. COSPAR Symposium Series, no. 9. Oxford, Pergamon Press, 153-156.)

Barry, R.G. (1992) The Himalaya. (In: Mountain Weather and Climate, 2nd edition. London and New York. Routledge, 301-308.)

Benerji, S.K. (1951) Determination of snow melt in the Himalaya. Weather, 6(11): 334-338.

Bhan, S.N. (1956) Snowfall at Srinagar (1939-1956). Indian Journal of the Meteorology and Geophysics, 17(3): 295-300.

Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1987) Seasonal variation of Eurasian snow cover and its impact on the Indian summer season. (In: Goddison, B.E, Barry, R.G. and Dozier, J., eds. Large Scale Effects of Seasonal Snow Cover. International Symposium, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 9-22 August 1987. Proceedings. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 166, 51-60.)

Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1988) Eurasian snow cover and seasonal forecast of Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 33(5): 515-525.

Bishop, B.C. (1962) Wintering on the roof of the world. National Geographical Magazine, 122(4): 502-547.

Bishop, B.C. (1966) Solar radiation measurements in the High Himalayas (Everest Region). Journal of Applied Meteorology, 5(1): 94-104.

Braun, L.N., Grabs, W. and Rana, B. (1993) Application of a conceptual precipitation-runoff model in the Langtang Khola basin, Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 221-237.)

Brazel, A.J. andMarcus, M.G. (1991) July temperature in Kashmir and Ladakh, India: Comparison of observation and general circulation model simulations. Mountain Research and Development, 11(2): 75-86.

Bryson, R.A. and Swain, A.M. (1981) Holocene variations of monsoon rainfall in Rajasthan. Quaternary Research, no. 16, 135-145.

Butz, D.A.O. and Hewitt, K. (1986) A note in the Upper Indus Basin Weather Stations. (In: Hewitt, K., ed. Snow and Ice Hydrology Project: Annual Report. Waterloo, Wilfrid Laurier University, 64-76.)

Chalise, S.R., Adhikary, S.P. and Shankar, K. (1978) Research in Meteorology and Hydrology: (In: Research in Tribhuvan University: Problems and Prospects. Tribhuvan University Journal, vol. 10.)

Chang, C.P. and Krishnamurti, T.M. (1987) Monsoon Meteorology. New York, Oxford Univesity Press.

Chaudhury, A.M. (1950) On the vertical distribution of winds and temperature over India-Pakistan along the meridian 76°E in winter. Tellus, no. 2, 56-62.

Dey, B. and Bhanu Kumar, O.S.R.U. (1983) An apparent relationship between Eurasian spring snow cover and the advance of the Indian summer season. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 21(12): 1929-1932.

Domroes, M. (1987) Temporal and spatial variations of rainfall in the Himalayan with particular reference to mountain ecosystem. Journal of Nepal Research Centre, 2(3): 41-48.

Duncan, M.H. (1930-31) Eastern Tibetan weather. Journal of West China Border Resource Society, no. 4, 145-150.

Edgar, J.H. (1914) Notes on temperatures in high altitudes on Tibetan Borders. Journal of North China Branch, Royal Asiatic Society, no. 45, 57-64.

Flohn, H. (1947) Zum Klima der Hochgebirge Zentralk Asiens. Meteorologische Rundschau, 95-97.

Flohn, H. (1956) Der indische Sommermonsun als Glied der planetarischen Zirkulation der Atmosphare. Berichte des Deutichen Wetterdienstes, no. 22, 134-139.

Flohn, H. (1957) Large scale aspects of the Summer Monsoon in South and East Asia. Journal Meteorological Society of Japan. 75th Anniversary Volume, 180-186.

Flohn, H. (1958) Beitrage zur Klimakunde von Hochasien. Erdkunde, no. 12, 294-307.

Flohn, H. (1959) Bemerkungen zur Klimatologie von Hochasien, Aktuelle Schneegrenze und Sommerklima. Akademie der Wissenschaft und Literatur Maing. Abhandlungen, vol. 14, 1,409-1,431.

Flohn, H. (1969) Zum Klima und Wasserhaushalt des Hindukuschs und der benachbarten Hochgebirbe. Erkunde, 23(3): 205-215.

Flohn, H. (1970) Beitrage zur Meteorlogie des Himalaya. Khumbu Himal., 7, 25-45.

Fujii, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1976) Ground temperatures and its relationship to permafrost occurrence in the Khumbu Region and Hidden Valley. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 125-128.)

Fujii, Y., Nakawo, M. and Strestha, M.L. (1976) Mass balance studies of the glaciers in the Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal: Glaciers and climates of Nepal Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38, 17-21.)

Gao, Y., Arimoto, R., Zhou, M.Y., Merrill, J.T. and Druce, R.A. (1992) Relationships between the dust concentration over eastern Asia and the remote north Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97(D9): 9,867-9,872.

Gulatee, B.C. (1952) Height of Himalayan snow peaks. Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics (Delhi), no. 3, 165-172.

Haffner, W. (1979) Nepal Himalaya. Untersuchungen zum vertikalen Landschafts aufbau Zentral-und Ostnepals. Erdwissenschaftliche Forschung, vol. 12, 123.

Hahn, D.G. and Shukla, J. (1976) An apparent relationship between Eurasian snow cover and Indian monsoon rainfall. Journal of Atmospheric Science, no. 33, 2,461-2,462.

Heske, F. (1929) Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Waldzonen der West- Himalaya. Acta Forestalia Fennica, vol 34.

Higuchi, K. (1976) Glaciers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 130.)

Higuchi, K. (1977) Effect of nocturnal precipitation on the mass balance of the Rikha Samba Glacier, Hidden Valley, Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, vol. 39, 43-49.)

Higuchi, K. (1993) Nepal-Japan cooperation in research on glaciers and climates of the Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 29-36.)

Higuchi, K., Ageta, Y., Yasunari, T. and Inoue, J. (1982) Characteristics of precipitation during the monsoon season in high-mountain areas of the Nepal Himalaya. (In: Glen, J.W., ed. Hydrological Aspects of Alpine and High-Mountain Areas. International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI) Symposium, Exeter, UK, 19-30 July 1982. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 138, 21-30.)

Hodges, K.V., Hames, W.E., Olszewski, W., Burchfiel, B.C., Royden, L.H. and Chen, Z. (1994) Thermobarometric and Ar-40/Ar-39 geochronologic constraints on Eohimalayan metamorphism in the Dinggye Area, Southern Tibet. Contribution to Mineralogy and Petrology, 117(2): 151-163.

Huang, M. (1990) On the temperature distribution of glaciers in China. Journal of Glaciology, 36(123): 210-216.

Ikegami, K., Inoue, J., Higuchi, K. and Ono, A. (1978) Atmospheric aerosol particles observed in high altitude Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 50-55.)

Impat, P. (1981) Hydrometeorology and sediment data for Phewa Watershed: 1979 data. Phewa Tal Technical Report, no. 14. Integrated Watershed Management Project. Nepal, Ministry of Forests. Department of Soil Conservation and Watershed Management.

India. Central Board of Irrigation (1948) Some features of precipitational variations in the Upper Indus Catchment- A probability method of Approach. Government of India, Annual Report, 93-111.

Inoue, J. (1976) Climate of Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 66-73.)

Inoue, J. (1976) An extraordinary gale at the end of winter in the Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 102-104.)

Inoue, J. (1978) Gales over the Nepal Himalayas in 1976. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 56-59.)

Inoue, J. and Hayashi, T. (1980) On wind energy in the Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, vol. 41 Special Issue, 100-103.)

Inoue, J. and Yoshida, M. (1980) Ablation and heat exchange over the Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 26-33.)

Iwata, S., Watanbe, O. and Fushimi, T. (1980) Surface morphology in the ablation area of the Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, vol. 41, 9-17.)

Kadota, T. and Ageta, Y. (1992) On the relation between climate and retreat of Glacier AX010 in the Nepal Himalaya from 1978 to 1989. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 10: 1-10.

Kashyap, S.R. (1924-25) The vegetation of Western Himalaya and Western Tibet in relation to their climate. Journal of Indian Botanical Society, no. 4, 327-334.

Kohshima, S., Seko, K. and Yoshimura, Y. (1993) Biotic acceleration of glacier melting in Yala Glacier, Langtang region, Nepal Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 309-316.)

Kou, Y., Sen, Q., Xie, W. and Xie, Y. (1975) On the solar radiation of the Mt. Qomolangma Region. (In: Report on the Mt. Qomolangma Region Scientific Expedition 1966-1968: Meteorology and Solar Radiation. Beijing, Science Press.)

Kou Y., Xie, W., Xiao, S. and Li, W. (1982) Heat balance on glacial surfaces in China. Academia Sinica Institute of Glaciology and Cryopedology. Memoirs, vol. 3, 91-101.

Kraus, H. (1966) Freie und Bedeckte Ablation. Khumbu Himalaya. Ergebinsse der Forschungsunternehmens Nepal Himalaya, 1(1-3): 203-235.

Kuhn, M. (1993) Methods of assessing the effects of climatic changes on snow and glacier hydrology. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 135-144.)

Lambert, L. and Chitrakar, B.D. (1989) Variation of potential evapotranspiration with elevation in Nepal. Mountain Research and Development, 9(2): 145-152.

Latif, M., Assenbaum, M., Junge, M. and Maierreimer, E. (1994) Climate variability in a coupled GCM .2. the Indian ocean and Monsoon. Journal of Climate, 7(10): 1449- 1462.

Liu, Y.Q., Giorgi, F. and Washington, W.M. (1994) Simulation of summer monsoon climate over east Asia with NCAR Regional Climate Model. Monthly Weather Review, 122(10): 2331-2348.

Lochwood, J.G. (1965) Indian monsoon. A review. Weather, no. 20, 2-8.

Loewe, F. (1959) Some observations of the radiation budget and of the ablation of glacier ice in the Nanga Parbat Region. Pakistan Journal of Science, 11(5): 227-236.

Longstaff, T.G. (1923) Meteorological notes from the Mount Everest Expedition, 1922. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, no. 49, 273-276.

Mae, S. (1976) Ice temperature of Khumbu Glacier. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 37-38.)

Mae, S., Wushiki, H., Agtea, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1975) Thermal drilling and temperature measurements in Khumbu Glacier, Nepal Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 37, 161-169.)

Massey, L.A., Reddy, S.M., Harris, N.B.W. and Harmon, R.S. (1994) Correlation between melting, deformation and fluid interaction in the continental crust of the high Himalayas, Langtang Valley, Nepal. Terra. Nova, 6(3): 229-237.

Mattson, L.E. (1992) Relationships between glacier debris cover and ablation: Case studies from the Himalaya, Rocky Mountains and Saint Elias Range. University of Waterloo, Canada, Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation.

Mattson, L.E. and Gardner, J.S. (1989) Energy exchanges and the ablation rates on the debris-covered Rakhiot Glacier, Pakistan. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde und Glazialgeologie, 25(1): 17-32.

Mattson, L.E., Gardner, J.S. and Young, G.J. (1993) Ablation on debris covered glaciers: an example from the Rakhiot Glacier, Punjab, Himalaya. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 289-296.)

Mayewski, P.A., Pregent, G.P., Jeschke, P.A. and Ahmad, N. (1980) Himalayan and Trans-Himalayan glacier fluctuations and the south Asian monsoon record. Arctic and Alpine Research, 12(2): 171-182.

Meehl, G.A. (1994) Coupled land-ocean-atmosphere processes and south Asian monsoon variability. Science, vol. 266, 5183: 263-267.

Meehl, G.A. (1994) Influence of land surface in the Asian summer monsoon - external conditions versus internal feedbacks. Journal of Climate, 7(7): 1033-1049.

Middleton, N.J. (1989) Climatic controls on the frequency, magnitude and distribution of dust storms: Examples from India/ Pakistan, Mauritania and Mongolia. (In: Leinen, M. and Sarnthein, M., eds. Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport. Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology. Boston, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 97-132.)

Miller, M.M. (1964) Glacio-meteorology on Mt. Everest in 1963. The Khumbu Glacier of Chomolongma in North Eastern Nepal. Weatherwise, 17(4): 168-189.

Miller, M.M. (1964) Meteorological and Climatological Observations on the Khumbu Glacier of Mount Everest. (In: American Mount Everest Expedition, 1963, Glaciological-Phys. Report, no. 2. Washington, D.C., National Geographic Society, 153-163.)

Miller, M.M., Leventhal, J.S. and Libby, W.F. (1965) Tritium in Mt. Everest ice - Annual glacier accumulation and climatology at great equatorial altitude. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 70, 3885-3888.

Miller, M.M. and Marston, R.A. (1989) Glacial response to climate change and epeirogeny in the Nepalese Himalaya. (In: Marston, R A, ed. Environment and Society in the Manaslu-Ganesh Region of the Central Nepal Himalaya: A Final Report of the 1987 Manaslu-Ganesh Expedition. University of Idaho, Foundation for Glacier and Environmental Research, 65-88.)

Mooley, D.A. (1957) Role of western disturbances in the production of weather in India during different seasons. Indian Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics, vol. 8, 254-260.

Motoyama, H. and Yamada. T. (1989) Hydrological observations in Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas during 1987 monsoon-postmonsoon season. Bulletin of Glacier Research, vol. 7, 195-201.

Murakami, T. (1987) Effects of the Tibetan Plateau. (In: Chang, C.P. and Krishnamurti, T.N., eds. Monsoon Meteorology. New York, University Press, 235-270.)

Nakajima, C. (1976) Movement and development of the clouds over Khumbu Himal in winter. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 89-92.)

Nakajima, C., Chalise, S.R. and Shrestha, M.L. (1980) On the fog in Kathmandu. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 90-99.)

Nakajima, C., Shrestha, M.L. and Basnyat, M.B. (1976) Synoptic analyses of the precipitation over Nepal and India. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 50-59.)

Nakawo, M., Morohoshi, T. and Uehara, S. (1993) Satellite data utilization for estimating ablation of debris covered glaciers. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 75-83.)

Nakawo, M. and Takahashi, S. (1982) A simplified model for estimating glacier ablation under a debris layer. (In: Glen, J.W., ed. Hydrological Aspects of Alpine and High-Mountain Areas. International Commission on Snow and Ice (ICSI) Symposium, Exeter, UK, 19-30 July 1982. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 138, 137-145.)

Nepal. Department of Hydrology and Meteorology. (1989) Report on Regional Workshop on Hydrology of Mountainous Areas. His Majesty's Government, Kathmandu. Ministry of Water Resources, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology. Kathmandu, Nepal.

Nepal. Water and Energy Commission Secretariat and Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (1990) Methodologies for Estimating Hydrologic Characteristics of Ungauged Locations in Nepal. Kathmandu, Nepal. His Majesty's Government Ministry of Water Resource.

Nijampurkar, V.N., Bhandari, N., Borole, D.V. and Bhattacharya, U. (1985) Radiometric chronology of Change Khangpu Glacier, Sikkim. Journal of Glaciology, 31(107): 28-33.

Nijampurkar, V.N., Bhandari, N., Ramesh, R. and Bhattacharya, S.K. (1986) Climatic significance of D/H ratios of a temperate glacier in Sikkim. Current Science, 55(18): 910-912.

Nijampurkar, V.N., Bhandari, N., Vohra, C.P. and Krishnan, V. (1982) Radiometric chronology of Nehnar Glacier. Journal of Glaciology, 28(98): 91-105.

Nijampurkar, V.N. and Rao, D.K. (1990) Evidence of Chernobyl fallout on temperate Himalayan glacier. Current Science, 59(23): 1239-1241.

Nijampurkar, V.N. and Rao, D.K. (1993) Ice dynamics and climatic studies on Himalayan glaciers based on stable and radioactive isotopes. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 355-369.)

Ohata, T. (1990) Effect of snow/ice-cloud radiative interaction on the global solar radiation at the surface of snow and ice masses. (In: Kotlyakov, V.M., Ushakov, A. and Glazovsky, A., eds. International Symposium on Glaciers-Ocean-Atmospher Interactions, St. Petersburg (Leningrad, USSR), Russia, 24-29 September 1990. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 208, 495-506.)

Ohata, T. (1992) An evaluation of scale-dependent effects of atmosphere-glacier interactions on heat supply to glaciers. (In: Hooke, R.L., ed. Symposium on Mountain Glaciology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 26-30 August 1991. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16: 115-122.)

Ohata, T. and Higuchi, K. (1978) Valley wind revealed by wind-shaped trees at Kali Gandaki Valley. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 37-41.)

Ohata, T. and Higuchi, K. (1980) Heat balance study on the glacier AX 010 in Shorong Himal, East Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 42-48.)

Ohata, T., Higuchi, K. and Ikegami, K. (1981) Mountain-valley wind system in the Khumbu Himal, East Nepal. Journal of Meteorological Society of Japan, vol. 59, 753-762.

Ohata, T., Kang, X. and Takahashi, S. (1990) Full year surface meteorological data at northwestern Tibetan plateau using automatic observation system. Bulletin of Glacier Research, vol. 8, 73-85.

Ohno, H., Ohata, T. and Higuchi, K. (1992) Influence of humidity on the ablation of continental-type glaciers. (In: Hooke, R.L., ed. Symposium on Mountain Glaciology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, 26-30 August 1991. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, vol. 16: 107-114.)

Pant, P.S. and Gupta, M.G. (1973) Application of satellite cloud pictures in snow hydrology of the Himalayas and in the estimation of rainfall over India during southwest monsoon season. (In: Design of Water Resources Projects with Inadequate Data Symposium, Madrid, June 1973. Proceedings. IAHS/UNESCO/WM, Studies and Reports in Hydrology, no. 16, 233-246.)

Parthsarathy, B. and Mooley, D.A. (1978) Some features of long homogeneous series of Indian summer monsoon rainfall. Monthly Weather Review, no. 106, 771-778.

Pathak, P.C. (1985) Apportionment of rainfall in central Himalayan forests (India). Journal of Hydrology, no. 76, 319-332.

Pathan, J.M. (1994) Short-period heavy rainspells and their contribution to the SW rainfall at Indian stations. Indian Journal of Radio and Space Physics, 23(4): 246-252.

Pisharoty, P.R. and Desai, B.N. (1956) Western disturbances and Indian weather. Indian Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics, vol. 7, 333-338.

Pramanik, S.K. and Rao, K.N. (1952) Influence of snow accumulation in the Himalaya on the subsequent rainfall in India. Abstract only. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 32, 320.

Pramanik, S.K. and Rao, K.N. (1952) Relationship between snow accumulation and river discharges in India. Abstract only. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 32, 320.

Prasad, B. (1974) Diurnal variation of rainfall in Brahmaputra valley. Indian Journal of Meteorology and Geophysics, vol. 25, 245-250.

Pugh, L.G.C.E. (1954) Notes on temperature and snow condition in the Everest region in spring 1952 and 1953. Journal of Glaciology, 2(15): 363-364.

Raman, P.K. and Satakopan, V. (1934) Evaporation in India calculated from other meteorological factors. Scientific Notes of the Indian Meteorological Department, 6(61): 27-57.

Ramanathan, A.S. (1977) Climatology of the Himalayas. (In: International Workshop in Ice, Snow and Avalanches, Manali Workshop, 13-18 April 1977. Proceedings. New Delhi, Indian National Committee for IHP.)

Ramesh, R., Bhattacharya, S.K. and Gopalan, K. (1986) Climatic correlations in the stable isotopes records of Silver fir (Abies pindrow) trees from Kashmir, India. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 66-74.

Rango, A. (1992) Worldwide testing of the snowmelt runoff model with applications for predicting the effects of climate change. Nordic Hydrology, 23(3): 155-171.

Sarin, M.M., Krishnaswami, S., Trivedi, J.R. and Sharma, K.K. (1992) Major ion chemistry of the Ganga source waters: weathering in the high altitude Himalaya. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences: Earth and Planetary Sciences, 101(1): 89-98.

Schweinfurth, U. (1956) Uber klimatische Trockentaler im Himalaya. Erdkunde, no. 10: 297-302.

Seko, K. (1987) Seasonal variation of altitudinal dependence of precipitation in Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, vol. 5, 41-47.

Seko, K. and Takahashi, S. (1991) Characteristics of winter precipitation and its effect on glaciers in the Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, vol. 9, 9-16.

Sen, S.N. and Chatterjee, N.P. (1934) Himalayan Meteorology. London, Routledge.

Shanbhag, G.Y. (1956) Climates of India and its vicinity according to a new method of classification. Indian Geographical Journal, vol. 31, 1-25.

Shiraiwa, T. and Ueno, K. (1995) Contribution of non-monsoonal precipitation to glacier mass balance in the Nepal Himalayas. Geografiska Annaler, A, in press.

Shrestha, M.L., Fujii, Y. and Nakawo, M. (1976) Climate of Hidden Valley, Mukut Himal during the monsoon in 1974. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 105-108.)

Singh, R. (1978) Remote sensing for meteorological data and short term snow melt prediction. (In: Symposium on Remote Sensing of Snow in the Himalayas for Effective Water Control Management for Irrigation and Power. Nangal, October 1978. Nangal, India. Beas and Bhakhra Management Board.)

Singh, R. and Mathur, B.S. (1976) Snowmelt estimation of the Beas catchment using meteorologic parameters. (In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Tropical Monsoons, Pune. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology.)

Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit (1990) Snow and Glacier Hydrology Yearbook 1987-89. His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit (1991) Snow and Glacier Hydrology Yearbook 1990. His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Snow and Glacier Hydrology Unit (1991) Snow and Glacier Hydrology Yearbook 1990 (Supplement no. 1) . His Majesty's Government of Nepal, Department of Hydrology and Meteorology.

Steinegger, U., Braun, L.N., Kappenberger, G. and Tartari, G. (1993) Assessment of annual snow accumulation over the past 10 years at high elevations in the Langtang region. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 155-165.)

Suzuki, M., Fukushima, Y., Kawashima, K. and Ohta, T. (1987) Stream water temperature observations in Langtang Khola, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, no. 5: 25-28.

Takahashi, S., et al. (1987) Summary of meteorological data at Kyangchen in Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas, 1985-1986. Bulletin of Glacier Research, no. 5: 121-128.

Tanaka, Y., Ageta, Y. and Higuchi, K. (1980) Ice temperature near the surface of glacier AX010 in Shorong Himal, East Nepal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 55-61.)

Terra de, H. and Hutchinson, G.E. (1936) Data on post glacial climatic changes in northwestern India. Current Science, no. 1, 5-10.

Thapliyal, V. (1986) Role of Himalayan snow cover. (In: Basic Physics of Monsoons. 1-6. Internal Report, DST.)

Ueno, K., Shiraiwa, T. and Yamada, T. (1993) Precipitation environment in the Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. (In: Young, G.J., ed. Snow and Glacier Hydrology. International Symposium, Kathmandu, Nepal, 16-21 November 1992. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, no. 218: 207-219.)

Ueno, K. and Yamada, T. (1990) Diurnal variation of precipitation in Langtang Valley, Nepal Himalayas. Bulletin of Glacier Research, vol. 8, 93-101.

Vivian, R. (1970) Geography of temperatures in the Modi Khola, a Nepalese glacial stream. Revue de Geographie Alpine, 58(2): 393-395. In French.

Wagner, G. (1934) Meteorologisches zur Nanga Parbat-Expedition. Mitteilungen d Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenvereins, 276-277.

Watanabe, O., Iwata, S. and Fushimi, H. (1986) Topographic characteristics on the ablation area of the Khumbu Glacier, Nepal Himalaya. (In: Richardson, E.L. ed. Symposium on Glacier Mapping and Surveying, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, 26-29 August 1985. Proceedings. Annals of Glaciology, vol. 8, 177-180.)

Watanabe, O., Yodhida, M., Fushimi, H., Higuchi, K. and Inoue, J. (1979) Effects of debris cover on the heat balance of Khumbu Glacier, Nepal Himalayas. (In: Allison, I., ed. International Symposium on Sea Level, Ice Sheets and Climatic Change, Canberra, Australia, 7-8- December 1979. Proceedings. Abstract Only. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS Publication, no. 131, 53.)

Wien, K. (1936) Weather conditions on Nanga Parbat July 1934. Himalayan Journal, vol. 8, 78-85.

Workman, W.H. (1914) Nieve penitente and allied formations in Himalaya, or surface-forms of neve and ice created or modelled by melting. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde, vol. 8, 289-330.

Wushiki, H. (1977) Altitude effect on the deuterium content of the local rains and snows in the Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 57-59.)

Wushiki, H. (1977) Deuterium content in the Himalayan precipitation at Khumbu District, observed in 1974/1975. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 2. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 39: 50-56.)

Xie, Z. (1976) Ablation features on the Rongbuk Glacier. (In: Report on the Mt. Qomolangma Region Scientific Expedition 1966-1968: Glaciology and Geomorphology. Beijing, Science Press.)

Yamanaka, H. (1982) Radiocarbon ages of upper quarternary deposits in central Nepal and their geomorphological significance. Science Report of Tohoku University, 7th Series, 32(1): 33-74.

Yasunari, T. (1976) Seasonal weather variations in Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 78-83.)

Yasunari, T. (1976) Spectral analysis of monsoonal precipitation in the Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 38: 59-65.)

Yasunari, T. (1980) Airborne measurements of the surface temperature over the Nepal Himalayas. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 4. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 41: 82-85.)

Yasunari, T. and Inoue, J. (1978) Characteristics of monsoon precipitation around peaks and ridges in Shorong and Khumbu Himal. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 26-32.)

Yasunari, T. and Nakajima, C. (1978) Air borne measurements of the temperature over the Nepal Himalayas- A preliminary observations. (In: Higuchi, K., Hakajima, C. and Kusunoki, K., eds. Glaicers and Climates of Nepal Himalayas. Report of the Glaciological Expedition to Nepal: Part 3. Seppyo, Special Issue, no. 40, 33-36.)

Yasunari, T. and Ueno, K. (1983) Seasonal and inter-annual variability of teleconnection patterns in the Northern Hemisphere. Journal of Meteorological Society of Japan, 23-44.

Yoshino, M., ed. (1971) Water Balance of Monsoon Asia : A Climatological Approach. University of Tokyo. Tokyo Press.

Zeng, Q. and Kou, Y. (1975) Heat balance during glacier ablation in Rongbuk Glacier. (In: A Report of the 1966-68 Scientific Eexpedition to the Mt. Qomolangma Region. Glaciology and Geomorphology. Beijing, Science Press, 52-64. [In Chinese])