So far this summer, Arctic sea ice has been melting at a record pace. Satellite data, which go back to 1979, show that ice extent is currently lower than it was at the same time in 2007, the year that went on to shatter all previous records for low ice extent in September, the end of the melt season (Figure 1). It is not yet clear if the ice will hit a new record low this September. But whether or not the ice extent sets another record, Arctic sea ice is continuing its long-term decline, a trend that researchers say is related to warming temperatures in the Arctic.
Arctic sea ice has most likely frozen to its maximum extent for the winter. This event marks the turning point between winter and spring for sea ice, and may affect the amount of ice that will remain by end of summer. In early April, NSIDC scientists will talk about what this year’s maximum signifies for the upcoming summer. Meanwhile, readers are asking how the ice cover this year is different from the ice cover in years past.
Arctic sea ice grows each winter, hitting its annual maximum sometime in March. When the sun returns to the Arctic in the spring, the air warms up and the ice starts to melt. The ice retreats through the warmer summer months, hitting its lowest point sometime in September. Although scientists watch the sea ice year-round, they pay attention to the highest and lowest extents of the year as indicators of the overall health of the sea ice. Continue reading