Frozen Ground Data Center
Frozen Ground Data Center
   Home    Frozen Ground Data    Maps    Bibliography    Glossary

Frozen Ground Maps

This page links to various maps that provide a visual perspective of Arctic permafrost, soil conditions, and frozen ground extent. Thumbnail images of maps link to larger browse images in GIF or JPG format. The source maps in their original formats (for example, ESRI Shapefiles or binary) are available by clicking on the "Access Data" links or on the links within each map description below.

There are two general classes of maps:

Permafrost, Soil Temperature, and Ground Ice Maps
Soil, Vegetation, and Landscape Maps

Permafrost, Soil Temperature, and Ground Ice Maps

Thumbnail of Circum-Arctic Permafrost Map
View larger image


Access Data

Circum-Arctic Permafrost Map

The Circum-Arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground-Ice Conditions is a modified version of the USGS 1997 publication "Circum-arctic Map of Permafrost and Ground-Ice Conditions," USGS Circum-Pacific Map Series CP-45 (scale 1:10,000,000), prepared and edited by J. Brown, O.J. Ferrians, Jr., J.A. Heginbottom, and E.S. Melnikov. The map contains information for two main parameters: permafrost continuity and estimated ground ice content as a function of thickness of surficial deposits and proximity to bedrock (see the map legend for color- and/or letter-coded classes). Also included are the glaciers and ice sheets for North America (including Greenland) and the arctic islands that were available from digital databases.

Chinese Permafrost Classification Map
View larger image


Access Data

Permafrost Maps of China

Maps of Geocryological Regions and Classifications in China include ESRI Shapefiles of meteorological stations, permafrost regions, and permafrost classifications, and binary arrays of 25 km EASE-Gridded permafrost regions and classifications.

Permafrost Extent Map of Russia
View larger image


Access Data

Permafrost Extent Maps of Russia

Land Resources of Russia -- Maps of Permafrost and Ground Ice include maps of permafrost extent, permafrost temperature, the permafrost boundary, and ground ice thickness for all of Russia. The maps are available as ESRI Shapefiles, which were digitized from paper maps taken from the World Atlas of Snow and Ice Resources, 1997, Institute of Geography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. The scale of the source maps range from 1:20,000,000 to 1:40,000,000. Polygons were assigned attributes based on the classes used in the legends of the paper map.

Geocryology Maps of Mongolia
View larger image


Access Data

Geocryology Maps of Mongolia

Geocryology and Geocryological Zonation of Mongolia includes maps of general geocryological regions based on factors such as elevation, mean annual air temperature, and freeze/thaw depth. Locations of specific cryogenic phenomena are also included. The maps are available as ESRI shapefiles. They were digitized from two plates in the 1990 National Atlas of Mongolia. One source map was at 1:4,500,000 scale and the other was at 1:12,000,000.

Permafrost of the Usa River Basin
View larger image


Access Data

Permafrost of the Usa River Basin

The Permafrost of the Usa River Basin consists of ESRI Shapefiles of the Usa River basin, Russia, including Lek-Vorkuta and Bolshaya Rogovaya. There are four data themes in the data set: a base map theme, a permafrost theme, and two key (permafrost) areas. Each data theme comprises several layers. Parameters include permafrost temperature and degree of continuity; permafrost temperature classes, lithology, and stratigraphy; thermokarst, pingos, mass ground ice, and topography, lakes, large rivers (in streams), rivers, and watershed boundary.

No Browse Image Available

Access Data

Map of Landscape, Permafrost Zones, and Soil Temperature in Russia and the Middle Asian Mountains

The Map of Natural (Landscape) and Permafrost Zones and the Net of Soil Temperature Meteorological Stations in Russia and Middle Asian Mountains is a vector coverage of the Map of Natural Landscape and Permafrost Zones and the Net of Soil Temperature Meteorological Stations in Russia and Middle Asian Mountains (scale 1:4,000,000), published by the Russian Academy of Sciences Earth Cryosphere Institute and Institute for Phytochemical and Biological Problems in Earth Science. The original map was compiled by E. Melnikov and D.A. Gilichinsky.

Browse of Permafrost Map of Canada
View larger image

Permafrost Map of Canada

The Permafrost Map of Canada depicts the distribution, characteristics, and boundaries of permafrost and ground ice in Canada. Permafrost classification is based on the proportion of land that is underlain by permafrost within a given area. Canada was divided into physiographic units, and each unit was classified in terms of permafrost extent and ground ice content. The map shows mountain permafrost as sporadic or isolated discontinuous permafrost, rather than as a separate category.

The map and descriptive information was taken from the National Atlas of Canada web site (http://atlas.gc.ca/site/index.html). © 2002. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada with permission of Natural Resources Canada.

Permafrost Map for Northwestern Canada (Mackenzie Region)
View larger image


Access Data

Permafrost Map for Northwestern Canada (Mackenzie Region)

The Permafrost Map for Northwestern Canada (Mackenzie Region) is a digital version (ESRI Shapefiles) of the 1:1,000,000 map produced by Heginbottom and Radburn (Heginbottom and Radburn, 1992). The map provides information on permafrost distribution and ground ice conditions in the Mackenzie Region of northwestern Canada.

Permafrost Map of Alaska
View larger image


Access Data

Permafrost Map of Alaska, USA

The Permafrost Map of Alaska, USA consists of a georeferenced digital map and attribute data derived from the publication "Permafrost map of Alaska." The map is presented at a scale of 1:2,500,000 and shows the correlation of physiographic provinces to the presence of permafrost across Alaska. Data are provided by Emily Binnian, U.S. Geological Survey EROS Alaska Field Office.

Mean Annual Near Surface Ground Temperature Map
View larger image

Mean Annual Near Surface Ground Temperature Map

The Mean Annual Near Surface Ground Temperature Map is based on temperature information extracted from Canadian and Alaskan databases. Canadian data include mean annual near-surface ground temperatures from over 500 sites. Data are from various sources and are compiled in a GSC database (Smith and Burgess 2000). Temperatures were either determined directly in the upper meter of the ground or extrapolated from the mean annual temperature profile below the depth of zero annual amplitude, where only deeper temperatures were available.

Data for Alaskan boreholes were extracted from databases on the Frozen Ground Data Center site and CAPS CD for 45 sites. Mean temperature at the top of permafrost was determined from the available data.

This map is a preview example of a product that can be created from the source data, available from the Geological Survey of Canada (GSC) http://sts.gsc.nrcan.gc.ca/clf/geoserv_permafrost.asp. A complete gridded data set will be available from the Frozen Ground Data Center in the future.

Soil, Vegetation, and Landscape Maps

Map of Northern Circumpolar Soils
View larger image


Access Data

Northern Circumpolar Soils Map

The Northern Circumpolar Soils Map consists of dominant soil characteristics covering the United States, Canada, Greenland, Iceland, northern Europe, Russia, Mongolia, and Kazakhstan. The map is presented as ESRI Shapefiles, at a scale of 1:10,000,000, and was created using the Northern and Mid Latitude Soil Database. Soils include turbels, orthels, histels, histosols, mollisols, vertisols, aridisols, andisols, entisols, spodosols, inceptisols (and hapludolls), alfisols (cryalf and udalf), natric great groups, aqu-suborders, glaciers, and rocklands.

Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map
View larger image


Access Data

Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map

The December 2002 draft version of the Circumpolar Arctic Vegetation Map (CAVM) defines the spatial extent of dominant vegetation in terms of the dominant plant growth forms and physiognomy. Mapped vegetation extends south to the treeline, which varies with longitude. Spatial coverage is 60°N to 90°N, -180° W to 180°W. The map is available in Adobe PDF format, Portable Network Graphics (PNG) format, and ESRI Shapefile format. Please refer to the Alaska Geobotany Center http://www.geobotany.uaf.edu/cavm/ for the future final version.

Soil Map of Russia
View larger image


Access Data

Soil Maps of Russia

Land Resources of Russia -- Maps of Soil Characteristics include map coverages of various soil characteristics for all of Russia. The maps are available as ESRI Shapefiles and they are accompanied by databases of soil profiles and related characteristics. The soil classification coverage was generalized from the standard 1:2,500,000 soil map of Russia (Fridland, 1988). Investigators aggregated the thematic content or soil classes of the source map and spatially aggregated the mapping units to accommodate a smaller scale presentation. General soil classifications include the Russian Soil Classification, the United States Department of Agriculture Soil Taxonomy, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization's major soil groups, and the World Reference Base soil groups.

Landscape Map of the Russian Arctic Coastal Zone
View larger image


Access Data

Landscape Map of the Russian Arctic Coastal Zone

The Landscape Map of the Russian Arctic Coastal Zone describe landscape unit types for the Russian Arctic coastal zone (scale 1:4,000,000). The map is based on a digital circumpolar Lambert projection map.