The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) and the Alaska Satellite Facility (ASF) will jointly manage SMAP science data on behalf of the NASA ESDIS Project. Currently, NSIDC distributes validation campaign data for the SMAP mission. Post-launch, NSIDC will distribute and support Level 1-4 SMAP science data.
About the Instrument
Launched in January 2015, the SMAP instrument includes a radiometer and a high-resolution radar to measure surface soil moisture and freeze-thaw state. The instrument is designed to make coincident measurements of surface emission and backscatter, and to sense soil conditions through moderate vegetation cover. With a swath width of 1,000 km, SMAP provides global coverage within three days at the equator and two days at boreal latitudes (greater than 45 degrees N).
First Mission Data
About the Mission
The primary science objective of SMAP is to create global, high-resolution mapping of soil moisture and its freeze/thaw state with unprecedented accuracy, resolution, and coverage to:
- link terrestrial water, energy, and carbon cycle processes
- estimate global water and energy fluxes at the land surface
- quantify net carbon flux in boreal landscapes
- extend weather and climate forecast capabilities
- develop improved flood and drought prediction capability
- develop improved agricultural productivity and climate change prediction capability