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Data Set ID:
NSIDC-0131

Methane and Carbonyl Sulfide Analysis of Siple Dome Ice Core Subsamples, Version 1

This data set is part of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet cores (WAISCORES) project, an NSF-funded project to understand the influence of the West Antarctic ice sheet on climate and sea level change. WAISCORES researchers acquired and analyzed ice cores from the Siple Dome, in the Siple Coast region, West Antarctica. Siple Dome ice cores were analyzed for methanesulfonate (MSA) and carbonyl sulfide (OCS). The methanesulfonate analysis was done on cores A-E and a hot water core, and the carbonyl sulfide analysis was done on 11 C cores. Methanesulfonate data include the sample identification number, depth, and methanesulfonate parts per billion (ppb) of each sample. Carbonyl sulfide data include the depth, OCS parts per trillion (ppt) of each sample, percent error, and gas age (years). Data are available via FTP in tab-delimited ASCII text (.dat, .txt) file format.

Geographic Coverage

Spatial Coverage:
  • N: -81, S: -81, E: -149, W: -149

Spatial Resolution: Not Specified
Temporal Coverage:
  • 1 January 1996 to 31 December 1999
Temporal Resolution: Not specified
Parameter(s):
  • Atmospheric Chemistry > Sulfur Compounds > Carbonyl Sulfide
  • Ice Core Records
  • Snow/Ice > Ice Depth/Thickness
  • Glaciers/Ice Sheets > Ice Sheets
  • Ice Core Records > Methane
  • Atmospheric Chemistry > Carbon and Hydrocarbon Compounds > Methane
  • Snow/Ice > Snow/Ice Chemistry
Platform(s) GROUND STATIONS, GROUND-BASED OBSERVATIONS, LABORATORY
Sensor(s): CORING DEVICES
Data Format(s):
  • ASCII Text
Version: V1
Data Contributor(s): Eric Saltzman, Murat Aydin

Data Citation

As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Saltzman, E. and M. Aydin. 2002. Methane and Carbonyl Sulfide Analysis of Siple Dome Ice Core Subsamples, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NSIDC: National Snow and Ice Data Center. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5P848VP. [Date Accessed].

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Detailed Data Description

Format

Data are available as tab-delimited ASCII text files (.dat, .txt).

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File and Directory Structure

Data are available on the FTP site in the ftp://sidads.colorado.edu/pub/DATASETS/AGDC/waiscores/saltzman/ directory. Table 1 lists the files in this directory:

Table 1. Files in the /AGDC/waiscores/saltzman/ directory
File Name Description
msaA1.dat
msaA2.dat
msaB.dat
msaC.dat
msaE.dat
msaHW.dat
Methanesulfonate analysis for ice cores A through E and a hot water core
msameta.html Notes related to the methanesulfonate data, available as an HTML file
OCSdata.txt Carbonyl sulfide analysis for 11 C ice cores, available as a tab-delimited ASCII text file
OCSmeta.txt Notes related to the carbonyl sulfide data, available as an ASCII text file
 
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File Naming Convention

Files are named according to the following convention and as described in Table 2:

xxxid.zzz

Where:

Table 2. File Naming Convention
Variable Description
xxx Analysis type, msa or OCS
id Core site identification:
  • Two core site A samples, A1 and A2
  • Core samples from core sites B, C, E
  • Hot water core sample, HW
  • Core sample from 11 C core sites, data
.zzz File Extension type:
  • .dat for methanesulfonate analysis data
  • .txt for carbonyl sulfide analysis data
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File Size

The data set contains 10 files ranging in size from 1 KB to 14 KB.

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Volume

The total volume of the data set is 58 KB.

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Spatial Coverage

Ice core data were collected at the Siple Dome site in the Siple Coast region of Antarctica.

Southernmost Latitude: 81° S
Northernmost Latitude: 81° S
Westernmost Longitude: 149° W
Easternmost Longitude: 148° W

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Temporal Coverage

Data were obtained during three Antarctic field seasons in 1996 to 1999.

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Parameter or Variable

Parameters for methanesulfonate analysis include the depth in meters (m) and methanesulfonate ion concentration in parts per billion (ppb). Parameters for carbonyl sulfide analysis include depth in meters (m), carbonyl sulfide ion concentration in parts per trillion (ppt), the percent error of the concentration (%), and the gas age in years.

Parameter Description

Carbonyl sulfide(OCS) and methane sulfonate (MSA) data files include methanesulfonate and carbonyl sulfide concentration measurements for ice cores at Siple Dome summit. Table 3 provides details on the files and parameters.

Table 3. OCS and MSA Data Files and Parameters
Parameter Description
Methanesulfonate Analysis
MSA analysis Files containing sample ID, measurement depth, and ion concentration in parts per billion (ppb)
Carbonyl Sulfide Analysis
OCS analysis File containing measurement depth, ion concentration in parts per trillion (ppt), percent error of ion concentration (%), and gas age in years

Sample Data Record

Below are two sample records from the Methane Analysis and Carbonyl Sulfide Analysis data files. Only the first four data records are shown from each data file. The Methane Analysis sample record is from msaA1.dat and the Carbonyl Sulfide Analysis sample record is from OCSdata.txt.

Methane Analysis:

Sample Id Top Depth (m) MSA (ppb)
Siple 1 4.32 13.63
2-SIPLE 4.83 14.66
Siple 3 5.61 26.11
Siple 4 6.29 16.09

Carbonyl Sulfide Analysis:

depth (m) OCS (ppt) error (%) gas age (years)
88.645 392.5 7.0 376.7
84.820 432.7 5.6 341.8
86.570 380.7 4.1 357.6
82.290 337.0 4.5 315.8
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Software and Tools

Data are accessible using standard spreadsheet software.

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Data Acquisition and Processing

Analysis of the ice core sub-samples for methanesulfonate was carried out using chemically suppressed ion chromatography. Carbonyl sulfide concentration was measured in air extracted from 11 ice cores. Air trapped in the ice cores was released using a dry extraction technique and analyzed by a gas chromatography with mass selective detection. For more information on data acquisition methods, see the researchers' notes in the msameta.html and OCSmeta.txt files and the References and Related Publications listed below.

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References and Related Publications

Contacts and Acknowledgments

Dr. Eric Saltzman
University of California, Irvine
Department of Earth System Science
Irvine, California 92697
USA

Dr. Murat Aydin
University of California, Irvine
Department of Earth System Science
Irvine, California 92697
USA

Acknowledgements: 

This research was supported by NSF OPP grant 0338359.

Document Information

Document Creation Date

9 September 2009

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