Published Research

The following references cite studies that used data distributed by NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Zeinivand, Hossein. 2009. Development of Spatially Distributed Hydrological WetSpa Modules for Snowmelt, Soil Erosion, and Sediment Transport. : 238 p.

Zhao, H. X. and R. Fernandes. 2009. Daily snow cover estimation from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Polar Pathfinder data over Northern Hemisphere land surfaces during 1982-2004. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 114.


Brown, Laura, Robin Thorne, and Ming-Ko Woo. 2008. Using satellite imagery to validate snow distribution simulated by a hydrological model in large northern basins. Hydrological Processes 22(15): 2777-2787 . doi:

Das, N, B. P. Mohanty, and E. G. Njoku. 2008. A Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for upscaled soil-vegetation-atmosphere-transfer modeling to evaluate satellite-based soil moister measurement.. Water Resources Research 44. doi:

Davis, R. E., et al. 2008. NASA Cold Land Processes Experiment (CLPX 2002/2003): Spaceborne Remote Sensing. J. of Hydrometeorology 9(6): 1427-1433.

Durand, Michael, Noah P. Molotch, and Steven A. Margulis. 2008. Merging complementary remote sensing datasets in the context of snow water equivalent reconstruction. Remote Sensing of Environment 112(3): 1212-1225. doi:

Jain, Sanjay K., A. Goswami, and A. K. Saraf. 2008. Accuracy assessment of MODIS, NOAA and IRS data in snow cover mapping under Himalayan conditions. International Journal of Remote Sensing 29(20): 5863-5878.

Li, Baolin, et al. 2008. Automatic mapping of snow cover depletion curves using optical remote sensing data under conditions of frequent cloud cover and temporary snow. Hydrological Processes 22(16): 2930-2942. doi:

Li, Xingong and Mark W. Williams. 2008. Snowmelt runoff modelling in an arid mountain watershed, Tarim Basin, China. Hydrological Processes 22(19): 3931-3940. doi:

Lopez, Paulina, et al. 2008. Snow cover monitoring in the Northern Patagonia Icefield using MODIS satellite images (2000Ð2006). Global and Planetary Change 61(3-4): 103-116. doi:

Molotch, Noah P. and Steven A. Margulis. 2008. Estimating the distribution of snow water equivalent using remotely sensed snow cover data and a spatially distributed snowmelt model: A multi-resolution, multi-sensor comparison. Advances in Water Resources 31(11): 1503-1514. doi:

Parajka, J. and G. Bloeschl. 2008. Spatio-temporal combination of MODIS images -- potential for snow cover mapping. Water Resources Research 44. doi:

Parajka, J. and G. Bloeschl. 2008. The Value of MODIS snow cover data in validating and calibrating conceptual hydrologic models. Journal of Hydrology 358(3-4): 240-258. doi:

Pino, Ivano. 2008. Monitoring Ice Velocity Field in Victoria Land (Antarctica) Using Cross-Correlation Techniques on Satellite Images. Universitˆ di Bologna: viii, 96 p.

Pinty, B., et al. 2008. Partitioning the solar radiant fluxes in forest canopies in the presence of snow. Journal of Geophysical Research, Atmsopheres 113(D04): D04104. doi:

Radi, Taoufik and Anne de Vernal. 2008. Dinocysts as proxy of primary productivity in midÐhigh latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. Marine Micropaleontology 68(1-2): 84-114.

Rignot, Eric, et al. 2008. Recent Antarctic ice mass loss from radar interferometry and regional climate modelling. nature geoscience 1: 106-110. doi:

Scambos, T., et al. 2008. Calving and ice-shelf break-up processes investigated by proxy : Antarctic tabular iceberg evolution during northward drift. J. of Glaciology 54(187): 579-591. doi:

Scambos, Ted, et al. 2008. Calving and ice-shelf break-up processes investigated by proxy: Antarctic tabular iceberg evolution during northward drift. J. of Glaciology 54(187): 579-591.

Su, Hua, et al. 2008. Enhancing the estimation of continental-scale snow water equivalent by assimilating MODIS snow cover with the ensemble Kalman filter. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 113. Art. #D08120. doi:

Tschudi, Mark A., James A. Maslanik, and Donald K. Perovich. 2008. Derivation of melt pond coverage on Arctic sea ice using MODIS observations. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 2605-2614. doi:

Wang, Xianji, et al. 2008. Estimation of sea and lake ice characteristics with GOES-R ABI. Remote Sensing of Environment: poster.

Wang, Xianwei, Hongjie Wie, and Tiangang Lang. 2008. Evaluation of MODIS snow cover and cloud mask and its application in Northern Xinjiang, China. Remote Sensing of Environment 112: 1497-1513.


de Wildt, Martijn de Ruyter, Gabriela Seiz, and Armin Gruen. 2007. Operational snow mapping using multitemporal Meteosat SEVIRI imagery. Remote Sensing of Environment 109(1): 29-41.

Flueraru, Cristian, et al. 2007. Research Article: A Validation of MODIS Snowcover Products in Romania: Challenges and Future Directions. Transactions in GIS 11(6): 927-941. doi:

Hall, D. K. and G. A. Riggs. 2007. Accuracy assessment of the MODIS snow products. Hydrological Processes 21(12): 1534-1547.

Khlopenkov, Konstantin V. and Alexander P. Trischenko. 2007. SPARC: New cloud, snow, and cloud shadow detection scheme for historical 1-km AVHHR data over Canada. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 24(3): 322-343.

Latifovic, Rasim and Darren Pouliot. 2007. Analysis of climate change impacts on lake ice phenology in Canada using the historical satellite data record. Remote Sensing of Environment 106(4): 492-507.

Matsuoka, M., et al. 2007. Land cover in East Asia classified using Terra MODIS and DMSP OLS products. International Journal of Remote Sensing 28(2): 221-248.

Pinker, Rachel T. 2007. Toward improved satellite estimates of short-wave radiative fluxes - Focus on cloud detection over snow: 2. Results. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 112(D9). Art. #D09204. doi:

Pu, Zhaoxia, Li Xu, and Vincent V. Salomonson. 2007. MODIS/Terra ovserved seasonal variations of snow cover over the Tibetan Plateau. Geophysical Research Letters 34(6). Art. #L06706.

Scambos, T., et al. 2007. Antarctic tabular iceberg evolution during northward drift: A proxy system for studying ice shelf break-up. 10th International Symposium on Antarctic Earth Sciences.

Sorman, A. Ü., et al. 2007. Commentary on comparison of MODIS snow cover and albedo products with ground observations over the mountainous terrain of Turkey. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 11(4): 1353-1360.


Anttila, S., S. Metsamaki, and C. Derksen. 2006. A Comparison of Finnish SCAmod Snow Maps and MODIS Snow Maps in Boreal Forests in Finland and in Manitoba, Canada. IN: Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2006. IGARSS '06. IEEE International Conference: 2176 - 2179.

Ault, Timothy W. 2006. Validation of the MODIS snow product and cloud mask using student and NWS cooperative station observations in the Lower Great Lakes Region. Remote Sensing of Environment 105(4): 341-353.

Bindschadler, R. 2006. The environment and evolution of the West Antarctic ice sheet: setting the stage. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 364(1844): 1583-1605.

Hall, D. K., G. A. Riggs, and V. V. Salomonson. 2006. MODIS snow and sea ice products.. IN: Earth Science Satellite Remote Sensing--Volume I: Science and Instruments. Qu J editor. Springer-Verlag Press: Berlin, Heidelberg.

McGuire, Marketa. 2006. Use of Satellite Data for Streamflow and Reservoir Storage Forecasts in the Snake River Basin. Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 132(2): 97-110. doi:

Parajka, J. and G. Bloeschl. 2006. Validation of MODIS snow cover images over Austria. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 10(5): 679-689.

Poon, S. K. M. and C. Valeo. 2006. Investigation of the MODIS snow mapping algorithm during snowmelt in the northern boreal forest of Canada. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 32(3): 254-267.

Salomonson, V. V. and Igor Appel. 2006. Development of the Aqua MODIS NDSI fractional snow cover algorithm and validation results.. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 44(7): 1747-1756.

Stroeve, Julienne C., Jason E. Box, and Terry Haran. 2006. Evaluation of the MODIS (MOD10A1) daily snow albedo product over the Greenland ice sheet. Remote Sensing of Environment 105(2): 155-171.

Tekeli, A. E. 2006. Accuracy assessment of MODIS daily snow albedo retrievals with in situ measurements in Karasu basin, Turkey. Hydrological Processes 20(4): 705-721.


Barlage, M., et al. 2005. A Global 0.05 Degrees Maximum Albedo Dataset of Snow-Covered Land Based on MODIS Observations. Geophysical Research Letters 32(17). doi:

Brubaker, K. L., R. T. Pinker, and E. Deviatova. 2005. Evaluation and comparison of MODIS and IMS snow-cover estimates for the continental United States using station data.. Journal of Hydrometeorology 6(6): 1002-1017.

Déry, Stephen J. 2005. An Approach to using snow areal depletion curves inferred from MODIS and its application to land surface modelling in Alaska.. Hydrological Processes 19: 2755-2774.

Drue, C. and G. Heinemann. 2005. Accuracy assessment of sea-ice concentrations from MODIS using in-situ measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment 95(2): 139-149.

Lee, Songweon Andrew G. Klein, and Thomas M. Over. 2005. A comparison of MODIS and NOHRSC snow-cover products for simulating streamflow using the Snowmelt Runoff Model.. Hydrological Processes 19(15): 2951-2972.

Liang, Shunlin, Julienne Stroeve, and Jason E. Box. 2005. Mapping daily snow/ice shortwave broadband albedo from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): the improved direct retrieval algorithm and validation with Greenland in situ measurement.. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres 110(D10): 10.

Riggs, G. A., N. DiGirolamo, and D. K. Hall. 2005. Comparison of MODIS daily fractional snow-cover maps at 0.5- and 0.25- degree resolutions. 62nd Eastern Snow Conference. Proceedings: 21-28.

Shi, Rui-xiang. 2005. MODIS Snow Product and its Comparison with the One from NSIDC--A case study of snow on Qinghai-Tibet plateau. Remote Sensing Information.

Tekeli, A. Emre. 2005. Using MODIS snow cover maps in modeling snowmelt runoff process in the eastern part of Turkey. Remote Sensing of Environment 97: 216-230.

Zhou, Xiaobing, Hongjie Xie, and Jan M. H. Hendrickx. 2005. Statistical evaluation of remotely sensed snow-cover products with constraints from streamflow and SNOTEL measurements.. Remote Sensing of Environment 94(2): 214-231.


Armstrong, Richard L, Mary J. Brodzik, and Matthew H. Savoie. 2004. Enhanced Snow Cover Mapping Using Combined Optical and Passive Microwave Data. IN: Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004. IGARSS '04. IEEE International Conference 2: 861-864.

Brown, Ian C. and Ted A. Scambos. 2004. Satellite monitoring of blue-ice extent near Byrd Glacier, Antarctica.. Annals of Glaciology 39: 223-230.

Dankers, R. and S. De Jong. 2004. Monitoring Snow-Cover Dynamics in Northern Fennoscandia With SPOT VEGETATION Images. International J. of Remote Sensing 25(15): 2933-2949.

Davidson, A. and S. S. Wang. 2004. The Effects of Sampling Resolution on the Surface Albedos of Dominant Land Cover Types in the North American Boreal Region. Remote Sensing of Environment 93(1-2): 211-224.

Drue, C. and G. Heinemann. 2004. High-Resolution Maps of the Sea-Ice Concentration From MODIS Satellite Data. Geophysical Research Letters 31(L20403). doi:

Drusch, Matthias, Drasko Vasiljevic, and Pedro Viterbo. 2004. ECMWF's Global Snow Analysis : Assessment and Revision Based on Satellite Observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology 43(9): 1282-1294.

Greuell, W. and J. Oerlemans. 2004. Narrowband-to-Broadband Albedo Conversion for Glacier Ice and Snow: Equations Based on Modeling and Ranges of Validity of the Equations. Remote Sensing of Environment 89(1): 95-105.

Hall, D. K. 2004. Comparison of MODIS and SnowStar snow maps in Scandinavia.. Eastern Snow Conference 61: 75-80.

Hall, D. K. 2004. Merging the MODIS and RUCL Monthly Snow-cover Records.. IN: IGARSS '04: 1318-1321.

Hall, D. K. 2004. Sea ice surface temperature product from MODIS.. I E E E Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 42(5): 1076-1087.

Hulbe, Christina L. 2004. Catastrophic ice shelf breakup as the source of Heinrich event icebergs. Paleoceanography 19(1). doi:

Kaminiski, M., et al. 2004. NASA EOS sensors demonstrate potential for multiparameter studies of Arctic sea ice. Eos 85(46): 481, 488-489.

Kelly, Richard E.J. 2004. Using remote sensing and spatial models to monitor snow depth and snow water equivalent. IN: Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment. Edited by R. Kelly, N. Drake, S. Barr C. 2004. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: 35-58.

King, Michael D. 2004. Remote Sensing of Liquid Water and Ice Cloud Optical Thickness and Effective Radius in the Arctic: Application of Airborne Multispectral MAS Data.. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 21(6): 857-875.

Moore, G.W.K. 2004. Mount Everest snow plume: a case study.. Geophysical Research Letters 31(22). Art. #L22102. doi:

Pavelsky, Tamlin Muir and Laurence C. Smith. 2004. Spatial and temporal patterns in Arctic river ice breakup observed with MODIS and AVHRR time series. Remote sensing of environment 93(3): 328-338.

Riggs, George A. and Dorothy K. Hall. 2004. Snow mapping with the MODIS Aqua instrument.. Eastern Snow Conference 61: 81-84.

Rodell, M. and P. R. Houser. 2004. Updating a land surface model with MODIS-derived snow cover. Journal of Hydrometeorolgy 5(6): 1064-1075.

Salomonson, V.V. and I. Appel. 2004. Estimating fractional snow cover from MODIS using the normalized difference snow index.. Remote Sensing of Environment 89(3): 351-360.

Simic, Anita. 2004. Validation of VEGETATION, MODIS, and GOES + SSM/I snow-cover products over Canada based on surface snow depth observations.. Hydrological Processes 18(6): 1089-1104.


Brown, Ross. 2003. Validation of MODIS, VEGETATION, and GOES+SSM/I snow cover products over Canada based on surface snow depth observations.. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2003, 2: 836-838.

Cline, D. 2003. Overview of the NASA cold land processes field experiment (CLPX-2002). Proceedings of the SPIE 4894: 361-372.

Kelly, Richard E. 2003. The Effect of sub-pixel areal distribution of snow on the estimation of snow depth from spaceborne passive microwave instruments.. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2003. IGARSS '03. Proceedings. 2003 IEEE International 4: 2834.

Klein, Andrew G. 2003. Determination of broadband albedos of partially snow-covered sites for validation of MODIS snow albedo retrievals. Eastern Snow Conference 60: 23-35.

Klein, Andrew G. and Ann C. Barnett. 2003. Validation of daily MODIS snow cover maps of the Upper Rio Grande River Basin for the 2000-2001 snow year. Remote Sensing of Environment 86(2): 162-176.

Maurer, Edwin P. 2003. Evaluation of the snow-covered area data product from MODIS. Hydrological Processes 17(1): 59-71.

Parkinson, C. L. 2003. Aqua: an Earth-Observing Satellite mission to examine water and other climate variables. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41(2): 173- 183.

Platnick, S. 2003. The MODIS cloud products: algorithms and examples from Terra. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 41(2): 459- 473.

Riggs, George A. and Dorothy K. Hall. 2003. Reduction of cloud obscuration in the MODIS snow data product.. Eastern Snow Conference 60: 205-212.

Zhou, X. and S. Li. 2003. Comparison Between In Situ and MODIS-Derived Spectral Reflectances of Snow and Sea Ice in the Amundsen Sea, Antarctica. International J. of Remote Sensing 24(December): 5011-5032.


Appel, I. L. and V. V. Salomonson. 2002. Estimate of Fractional Snow Cover Using MODIS data. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2002. IGARSS '02. 2002 IEEE International: 3044-3046.

Bitner, D. 2002. An Assessment of the differences between three satellite snow cover mapping techniques. Hydrological Processes 16(18): 3723-3733.

Bussieres, Normand. 2002. Evaluation of MODIS snow cover products over Canadian regions.. International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2002 4: 2302-2304.

Calvin, W. M., M. Milman, and H. H. Kieffer. 2002. Reflectance of Antarctica From 3 to 5 mu m: Discrimination of Surface Snow and Cloud Properties. Annals of Glaciology 34: 121-126.

Hall, D. K. 2002. Assessment of the relative accuracy of hemispheric-scale snow-cover maps. Annals of Glaciology 34: 24-30.

Hall, D. K., Rune Solberg, and George A. Riggs. 2002. Validation of satellite snow-cover maps in North America and Norway. Eastern Snow Conference 59: 55-63.

Hall, Dorothy K., et al. 2002. MODIS snow-cover products. Remote Sensing of Environment 83(1-2): 181-194.

Jin, Yufang , et al. 2002. How does snow impact the albedo of vegetated land surfaces as analysed with MODIS data?. Geophysical Research Letters 29(10). doi:

Justice, C. O. 2002. An Overview of MODIS Land data processing and product status. Remote Sensing of Environment 83(1): 3-15.

Klein, Andrew G. and Julienne Stroeve. 2002. Development and validation of a snow albedo algorithm for the MODIS instrument. Annals of Glaciology 34: 45-52.

Scharfen, G. and S. Khalsa. 2002. Assessing the utility of Modis for monitoring snow and sea ice extent. Observing our cryosphere from space : techniques and methods for monitoring for snow and ice with regard to climate change : 122-127.

Showstack, Randy 2002. Antarctic "Larsen B" Ice Shelf Shatters. EOS 83(14): 158.

Trepte, Qing, Patrick Minnis, and Robert F. Arduini. 2002. Daytime and Nighttime Polar Cloud and Snow Identification Using MODIS Data. Proceedings of SPIE 3rd International Asia-Pacific Environmental Remote Sensing Symposium 2002.


Hall, D. K. 2001. Mapping global snow cover using moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data.. Glaciological Data: 33-36.

Hall, D. K. 2001. Earth Observing System (EOS) Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) global snow-cover maps.. IAHS Proceedings and Reports 267: 55-60.

Hall, D. K. 2001. Early results from the moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) global snow and ice cover products.. IGARSS 2000; IEEE 2000 international geoscience and remote sensing symposium; 4: 1763-1765.

Hall, D. K. 2001. Snow-Cover Variability in North America in the 2000-2001 Winter as Determined from MODIS Snow Products. IN: IGARSS '01 3: 1206-1208.