Published Research

The following references cite studies that used data distributed by NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Krabill, W., W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. Aircraft Laser Altimetry Measurement of Elevation Changes of the Greenland Ice Sheet: Technique and Accuracy Assessment. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 357-376.

Lefsky, M., W. Cohen, et al. 2002. LIDAR Remote Sensing of Above-Ground Biomass in Three Biomes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11(5): 393-399.

Lefsky, M., W. Cohen, et al. 2002. LIDAR Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Studies. BioScience  52(1): 19-30.

Luthcke, S. 2002. Introduction. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 343-345.

Luthcke, S., C. Carabajal, et al. 2002. Enhanced Geolocation of Spaceborne Laser Altimeter Surface Returns: Parameter Calibration from the Simultaneous Reduction of Altimeter Range and Navigation Tracking Data. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 447-475.

Mahesh, A., J. Spinhirne, et al. 2002. Atmospheric Multiple Scattering Effects on GLAS Altimetry- Part 2: Analyasis of Expected Errors in Antarctic Altitdue Measurements. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 40(11): 2353-2362.

Mitsuo, I. 2002. 3-4 Airborne/Spaceborne Laser Altimeter. Journal of the Communications Research Laboratory  48: 81-95.

Morring, F. 2002. ICESat Brings Mars Technique to Earth for Climate Research. Aviation Week and Space Technology 157(25): 63.

Palm, S., B. Hart, et al. 2002. An Overview of the GLAS Real-Time Atmospheric Processing Algorithms and Results from the Analysis of Simulated GLAS Data Sets. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2002 3: 1376-1378.

Reagan, J. A., X. Wang, and M. T. Osborn 2002. Spaceborne LIDAR Calibration form Cirrus and Molecular Backscatter Returns . IEEE Transcations on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 40(10): 2285-2290.

Velicogna, I., and J. Wahr. 2002. A Method for Separating Antarctic Postglacial Rebound and Ice Mass Balance Using Future ICESat Geoscience Laser Altimeter System, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and GPS Satellite Data. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(2263). doi:

Webb, C., H. Rim, et al. 2002. Radiation Force Modeling for ICESat Precision Orbit Determination (AAS 01-335). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  109(1): 501-518.

Wu, X.P., M.M. Watkins, E.R. Ivins, et al. 2002. Toward Global Inverse Solutions for Current and Past Ice Mass Variations: Contribution of Secular Satellite Gravity and Topography Change Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research  107(B11): article no. 2291.

Zwally, H., W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. Surface Melt-Induced Acceleration of Greenland Ice-Sheet Flow. Science  297(5579): 218-222.

Zwally, H.J., B. Schutz, W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. ICESat's Laser Measurements of Polar Ice, Atmosphere, Ocean, and Land. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 405-445.


Bae, S. and B. Schutz 2001. Robust Star Identification Technique for Use in Laser Pointing Determination of the ICESAT (AAS 01-1777). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  108(1): 1059-1074.

Baltsavias, E., E. Favey, et al. 2001. Digital Surface Modelling by Airborne Laser Scanning and Digital Photogrammetry for Glacier Monitoring. Photogrammetric Record  17(98): 243-273.

Blair, J., M. Hofton, et al.  2001. Wide-Swath Imaging LIDAR Development for Airborne and Spaceborne Applications. International Archives of Photgrammetry Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  34(3/W4): 17-22.

Carabajal, C. and D. Harding. 2001. Evaluation of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) Waveforms For Vegetated Landscapes Using Airborne Laser Altimeter Scanning Data. International Archives of Photgrammetry Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  34(3/W4): 125-130.

Forsberg, R., K. Keller, et al. 2001. Laser Monitoring of Ice Elevations and Sea-Ice Thinkness in Greenland. International Archives of Photgrammetry Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  34(3/W4): 163-168.

Harding, D., M Lefsky, et al. 2001. Laser Altimeter Canopy Height Profiles: Methods and Validation for Closed-Canopy, Broadleaf Forests. Remote Sensing of Environment 76(3): 283-297.

King, M. 2001. The Dynamics of the Amery Ice Shelf from a Combination of Terrestrial and Space Geodetic Data, University of Tasmania. Journal of Geodesy 80: 171-176.

Lisano, M. and B Schutz 2001. Arcsecond-Level Pointing Calibration for ICESat Laser Altimetry of Ice Sheets. Journal of Geodesy 75(2): 99-108.

Luthcke, S., C. Carabajal, et al. 2001. Improvements in Spcaeborne Laser Altimeter Data Geolocation . Surveys in Geophysics 22(5): 549-559.

Luthcke, S., D. Rowlands, et al. 2001. Spaceborne Laser Altimeter Instrument Parameter Calibration from Integrated Residual Analysis- A Brief Overview. International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing XXXIV-3/W4.

Magruder, L., B. Schutz, et al. 2001. Pointing Angle and Timing Calibration/Validation of the Geoscience Laser Altimeter with a Ground-Based Detection System. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2001 4: 1585-1587.

Parker, G., M. Lefsky, et al. 2001. Light Transmittance in Forest Canopies Determined Using Airborne Laser Altimetry and In-Canopy Quantum Measurments . Remote Sensing of Environments 76(3): 298-309.

Remy, F.,. B. Legresy, et al. 2001. Ice Sheet and Satellite Altimetry. Surveys in Geophysics 22(1): 1-29..

Schutz, B. 2001. Laser Altimetry and Lidar from ICESat/GLAS. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 3: 1016-1019.

Schutz, B. E. 2001. Laser Altimetry and LIDAR from ICESay/GLAS. Geoscience and Remote Senssing Symposium, 2001. IEEE International 3: 1016-1019.


Bae, S. 2000. GLAS Spacecraft Attitude Determination Using CCD Star Tracker and 3-Axis Gyros. Thesis (PhD). The University of Texas At Austin: 3386. Source DAI-B 60/70.

Baker, C. 2000. Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) Final Test Report of DM LHP TV Testing . . NASA/TP-2000-209898.

Davis, C., C. Kluever, et al. 2000. Improved Elevation-Change Measurement of the Southern Greenland icesheet from Satellite Radar Altimetry. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 39(3): 1367-1378.

Demarest, P. and B. Schutz 2000. Maintenance of the ICESat Exact Repeat Ground Track (AAS 99-391). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  103(2): 1419-1434.

Harding, D. and G. Berghoff 2000. Fault Scarp Detection Beneath Dense Vegetation Cover Airborne LIDAR Mapping of the Seattle Fault Zone, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, Kitsap Public Utility District. Proceedings of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Annual Conference. Washington, D.C..

King, M., L. Nguyen, et al. 2000. Strategies for High Precision Processing of GPS Measurements with Application to the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antartica. GPS Solutions 4(1): 2-12..

Krabill, W., W. Abdalati, et al. 2000. Greenland Ice Sheet: Hight-Elevation Balanace and Peripheral Thinning. Science 21 289(5478): 428-430.

Kubitschek, D., K. Gold, et al. 2000. ICESat Attitude Algorithm For Maintained Reference Groundtrack Pointing (AAS 99-374). Advances In The Astronautical Sciences 103(2): 1115-1130.

Luthcke, S., D. Rowlands, et al. 2000. Spaceborne Laser-Altimeter-Pointing Bias Calibration from Range Residual Analysis. Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets 37(3): 374-384.

Partain, P. 2000. A Multisensor Diagnostic Satellite Cloud Property Retrieval Scheme. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D15): 19,955-19,971.

Rim, H. J. 2000. Effect of GPS Orbit Errors on ICESat Precision Orbit Determination. AIAA/AAS Astrodynamics Specialist Conference. Denver, Colorado.

Rim, H., C. Webb, et al. 2000. Comparison of GPS-Based Precision Orbit Determination Approaches for ICESat (AAS 00-114). Advances In The Astronautical Sciences 105(1): 223-236.

Schutz, B. 2000. GLAS Altimeter Post-Launch Calibration and Validation Plan. . Version 0.99 Center for Space Research, University of Texas at Austin.

Schutz, B. 2000. Laser Altimetry from ICEsat. International Astronautical Congress, 51 st.

Thomas, R., T. Akins, et al. 2000. Mass Balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet ay High Elevations . Science 289(5478): 426-428.

Velicogna, I., and J. Wahr. 2000. Post Glacial Rebound and Ice Mass Balance Estimate from ICESAT/GLAS, GRACE and GPS Measurements . Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 81: 308.

Wahr, J., D. Wingham, et al. 2000. Papers on Geodesy and Gravity Tectonophysics- A Method of Combining ICESat and GRACE Satellite Data to Constrain Antartic Mass Balance. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(7): 16279-16294.


Axelrad, P., K. Gold, et al. 1999. ICESat Observatory Multipath Effect, Final Report. . Colorado Center for Astrodynamics Research, University of Colorado, March.

Filin, S. and B. Csathó. 1999. A Novel Approach for Calibrating Satellite Laser Altimeter Systems. International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 32(3W14): 47-54.

Means, J. 1999. Design, Capabilities and Uses of Large-Footprint and Small-Footprint Llidar Systems . International Archives of the Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 32(Part 3): 9-11..

Webb, C., B. Schutz, and H. Rim. 1999. Analysis of GPS and Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) Data for ICESat Precision Orbit Determination (AAS 99-146). Advances In The Astronautical Sciences 102: 635-648.


Schutz, B. 1998. Spcaeborne Laser Altimetry: 2001 and Beyond. Proceedings of WEGENER-98, Norwegian Mapping Authority, Honefoss Norway.


Palm, S. P., and J. D. Spinhirne 1996. The Detection of Clouds, Aerosols, and Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer Characterisitcs form Simulated GLAS Data. 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC): 273-240. Annapolis, MD, 6-10 July.

Spinhirne, J. D., and S. P. Palm 1996. Space Based Atmosphere Measurements by GLAS. Advances in Atmosphere Remote Sensing with LIDAR: Selected papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Berlin, 22-26 July 1996. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.


Hartman, D. 1994. The Scientific Importance of GLAS Atmospheric Measturements . The Earth Observer 6: 5-9..