Published Research

The following references cite studies that used data distributed by NSIDC. Please contact User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.


Hart, W., J. Spinhirne, et al. 2005. GLAS Spaceborne LIDAR Observations of Clouds and Aerosols. Óptica Pura y Aplicada  39(1): 117-123.

Hart, W., J. Spinhirne, et al. 2005. Height Distribution between Cloud and Aerosol Layers from the GLAS Spaceborne Llidar in the Indian Ocean Region. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S06). doi:

Hese, S., W. Lucht, et al. 2005. Global Biomass Mapping for an Improved Understanding of the CO2 Balance — The Earth Observation Mission Carbon-3D. Remote Sensing of Environment  94(1): 94-104.

Heyder, U. 2005. Vertical Forest Structure from ICESat/GLAS LIDAR Data. MSc Thesis University College London. University College London, London.

Hlavka, D., S. Palm, et al. 2005. Aerosol and Cloud Optical Depth from GLAS: Results and Verification for an October. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S07). doi:

Hoff, R., S. Palm, et al. 2005. GLAS Long-Range Transport Observation of the 2003 California Forest Fire Plumes to the Northeastern US. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S08). doi:

Joughin, I. and J. Bamber. 2005. Thickening of the Ice Stream Catchments Feeding the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L17503). doi:

Lancaster, R., J. Spinhirne, et al. 2005. Laser Pulse Reflectance of the Ocean Surface from the GLAS Satellite LIDAR. Geophysical Research Letters  32( L22S10). doi:

Lefsky, M., D. Harding, et al. 2005. Estimates of Forest Canopy Height and Aboveground Biomass Using ICESat. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S02). doi:

Luthcke, S., D. Rowlands, et al. 2005. Reduction of ICESat Systematic Geolocation Errors and the Impact on Ice Sheet Elevation Change Detection. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L21S05). doi:

Magruder, L., E. Silverberg, et al. 2005. In Situ Timing and Pointing Verification of the ICESat Altimeter Using a Ground-Based System. Geophysical Reseacrh Letters 32(L21S04). doi:

Martin, C., R. Thomas, et al. 2005. ICESat Range and Mounting Bias Estimation Over Precisely-Surveyed Terrain. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L21S07). doi:

Naud, C., J. Muller, et al. 2005. On the Use of ICESAT-GLAS Measurements for MODIS and SEVIRI Cloud-Top Height Accuracy Assessment. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L19815). doi:

Nguyen, A. and T. Herring. 2005. Analysis of ICESat Data Using Kalman Filter and Kriging to Study Height Changes in East Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L23S03). doi:

Padman, L. and H. Fricker. 2005. Tides on the Ross Ice Shelf Observed with ICESat. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L14503). doi:

Palm, S., A. Benedetti, et al. 2005. Validation of ECMWF Global Forecast Model Parameters Using GLAS Atmospheric Channel. Geophysical Research Letters  32( L22S09). doi:

Palm, S., M. Fromm, et al. 2005. Observations of Antarctic Polar Stratospheric Clouds by the Geoscience Laser. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S04). doi:

Rim, H., S. Yoon, et al. 2005. ICESat Precision Orbit Determination Over Solar Storm Period (AAS 05-138). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  120(1): 579.

Sauber, J., B. Molnia, et al. 2005. Ice Elevations and Surface Change on the Malaspina Glacier, Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters  32( L23S01). doi:

Scambos, T., O. Sergienko, et al. 2005. ICESat Profiles of Tabular Iceberg Margins and Iceberg Breakup at Low Latitudes. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L23S09): L23S09. doi:

Schenk, T. and B. Csatho. 2005. Multisensor Fusion for Change Detection. Eos American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005, abstract IN31A-1139.

Schenk, T., B. Csatho, et al. 2005. Registering Imagery to ICESat Data for Measuring Elevation Changes on Byrd Glacier, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  32( L23S05). doi:

Schutz, B. 2005. Geolocation for the ICESat Laser Altimeter (AAS 05-011). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  121: 127.

Schutz, B., H. Zwally, et al. 2005. Overview of the ICESat Mission. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L21S01). doi:

Sharov, A. and S. Etzold. 2005. Upgrading Interferometric Models of European Tidewater Glaciers with Altimetry Data. Proceedings of the 1st International CryoSat Workshop, Frascati, Italy, ESRIN.

Sirota, J., S. Bae, et al. 2005. The Transmitter Pointing Determination in the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S11). doi:

Skourup, H. and R. Forsberg. 2005. Sea-Ice Freeboard Heights in the Arctic Ocean from ICESat and Airborne LIDAR - A Comparison. Eos American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2005, abstract C34A-03.

Smith, B., C. Bentley, et al. 2005. Recent Elevation Changes on the Ice Streams and Ridges of the Ross Embayment from ICESat Crossovers. Geophysical Research Letters  32( L21S09). doi:

Spinhirne, J., S. Palm, et al. 2005. Antarctica Cloud Cover for October 2003 from GLAS Satellite LIDAR Profiling. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S05). doi:

Spinhirne, J., S. Palm, et al. 2005. Cloud and Aerosol Measurements from GLAS: Overview and Initial Results. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L22S03). doi:

Spinhirne, J., S. Palm, et al. 2005. Global Aerosol Distribution from the GLAS Polar Orbiting LIDAR Instrument. Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Aerosols, 2005. IEEE Workshop : p 2-8.

Thomas, R., E. Frederick, et al. 2005. Elevation Changes on the Greenland Ice Sheet from Comparison of Aircraft and ICESat Laser-Altimeter Data. Annals of Glaciology  42(1): 77-82.

Urban, T. and B. Schutz. 2005. ICESat Sea Level Comparison. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L23S10). doi:

Williams, T. 2005. ICESat Geolocation Accuracy Assessment and Influence of Atmospheric Effects from Waveform Simulations of Within-Footprint Structure. Geophysical Research Abstracts  7(10349).

Winther, J., R. Bindschadler, et al. 2005. Remote Sensing of Glaciers and Ice Sheets. Geophysical Monograph  163: 39-61.

Yi, D., H. Zwally, et al. 2005. ICESat Measurement of Greenland Ice Sheet Surface Slope and Roughness. Annals of Glaciology  42(1): 83-89.

Yoon, S., S. Bae, et al. 2005. High Frequency Attitude Motion of ICESat (AAS 05-108). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  120(1): 117.

Zwally, H., M. Giovinetto, et al. 2005. Mass Changes of the Greenland and Antarctic Ice Sheets and Shelves and Contributions to Sea-Level Rise: 1992-2002. Journal of Glaciology  51(175): 509.


Anselm, B., N. Center, et al. 2004. Lessons-Learned on NASA's EOS/ICESat Mission. IEEE Proceedings Aerospace Conference, 2004  1: 104.

Bamber, J. 2004. Modelling Ice Sheet Dynamics with the Aid of Satellite-Derived Topography. Chap. 2 in Spatial Modelling of the Terrestrial Environment. West Sussex, England: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., 2004.

Braun, A., K. Cheng, et al. 2004. ICESat Laser Altimetry in the Great Lakes. 60th Annual Meeting Of The Institute Of Navigation 609.

Farrell, S. L. 2004. Using ICESat/GLAS To Detect Changes In Arctic Sea Ice. 55th International Astronautical Congress 2004. IAC-04-B.4.08.

Fiorani, L., R. Barbini, et al. 2004. Combination of LIDAR, MODIS and SeaWiFS Sensors for Simultaneous Chlorophyll Monitoring. EARSeL eProceedings  3(1): p 8-17.

Grob, E. 2004. Geoscience Laser Altimeter System(GLAS) Loop Heat Pipes: An Eventual First Year On-Orbit. SAE Technical Document: International Conference on Environmental Systems, Report Number: 2004-01-2558.

Hakun, C., J. Budinoff, et al. 2004. A Boresight Adjustment Mechanism For Use on Laser Altimeters. 37th Aerospace Mechanisms Symposium.

Hamilton, G. and V. Blue Spikes. 2004. Evaluating a Satellite Altimeter-Derived Digital Elevation Model of Antarctica using Precision Kinematic GPS Profiling. Global and Planetary Change  42(1-4): 17-30.

Hlavka, D., W. Hart, et al. 2004. Initial Validation and Results of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System Optical Properties Retrievals . International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 1: 672-675.

Holt, B. and R. Kwok. 2004. Sea Ice Geophysical Measurements from SEASAT to the Present, with an Emphasis on Ice Motion: A Brief Review and a Look Ahead. ESA Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Coastal and Marine Applications of SAR September 2004, Svalbard, Norway.

Hurtt, G., R. Dubayah, et al. 2004. Beyond Potential Vegetation: Combining LIDAR Remote Sensing and a Heightstructured Ecosystem Model for Improved Estimates of Carbon Stocks and Fluxes. Ecological Applications  14: 873–883.

Kotchenova, S., X. Song, et al. 2004. LIDAR Remote Sensing for Modeling Gross Primary Production of Deciduous Forests. Remote Sensing of the Environment  92(2): 158-172.

Krabill, W., E. Hanna, et al. 2004. Greenland Ice Sheet: Increased Coastal Thinning. Geophysical Research Letters  31(L24402). doi:

Kwok, R., H. Zwally, et al. 2004. ICESat Observations of Arctic Sea Ice: A First Look. Geophysical Research Letters  31(L16401). doi:

Leonard, K., M. Studinger, et al. 2004. Anomalous Accumulation Rates Resulting from Ice Flow Over Lake Vostok. Geophysical Research Letter  31(L24401). doi:

Mahesh, A., M. Gray, et al. 2004. Passive and Active Detection of Clouds: Comparisons between MODIS and GLAS Observations. Geophysical Research Letters  31(L04108). doi:

Parker, G., D. Harding, et al.  2004. A Portable LIDAR System for Rapid Determination of Forest Canopy Structure. Journal of Applied Ecology  41(4): 755-767.

Raney, R. and C. Leuschen. 2004. Simultaneous Laser and Radar Altimeter Measurements Over Land and Sea Ice. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium  1: 678.

Ranson, K., G. Sun, et al. 2004. Landcover Attributes from ICESat GLAS data in central Siberia. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004  2: 753-756.

Ranson, K., G. Sun, et al. 2004. Use of ICESat GLAS Data for Forest Disturbance Studies in Central Siberia. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004  3: 1936-1939.

Rignot, E., G. Casassa, et al. 2004. Recent Ice Loss from the Fleming and Other Glaciers, Wordie Bay, West Antarctic Peninsula. Geophysical Research Letters 32(L07502). doi:

Sauber, J. and B. Molnia. 2004. Glacier Ice Mass Fluctuations and Fault Instability in Tectonically Active Southern Alaska. Global and Planetary Change  42(1-4): 279-293.

Scambos, T., J. Bohlander, et al. 2004. Glacier Acceleration and Thinning after Ice Shelf Collapse in the Larsen B Embayment, Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters  31(L18402). doi:

Sergienko, O., T. Scambos, et al. 2004. Tabular Icebergs in the South Atlantic: Melt Ponding, Melt Pond Geometry and Margin Evolution. Geophysical Research Letters  32(L23S09). doi:

Shitobara, M., J Spinhirne, et al. 2004. Micro-Pulse Lidar Measurements at the Artic and Antarctic Sites for Ground Truth of the ICESat/GLAS Cloud and Aerosol Measurements. Nippon Kisho Gakkai Taikai Koen Yokoshu 338.

Sirota, J. M. 2004. Laser Pointing Determination System for the Geoscience Laser Altimeter on ICESat. EOS Transactions American Geophysical Union 84(46): 607. C32A-0433. Fall Meeting .

Sun, X., J. Abshire, et al. 2004. Cloud and Aerosol Lidar Channel Design and Performance of the Geosicence Laser Altimeter System on the ICESat Mission. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004 2.

Thomas, R., E. Rignot, et al. 2004. Accelerated Sea-Level Rise from West Antarctica. American Association for the Advancement of Science  306: 255-258.

Thome, K., J. Regan, et al. 2004. Validation of GLAS Calibration Using Ground and Satellite-Based Data. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004 4: 2468-2471.

Wadhams, P. 2004. Recent Observations on Arctic Ocean Ice Thickness. Gayana (Concepción)  68: 572-575.

Wingham, D., L. Phalippou, et al. 2004. The Mean Echo and Echo Cross Product from a Beamforming Interferometric Altimeter and their Application to Elevation Measurement. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  42(10): 2305-2323.

Yi, D., J. Minster, et al. 2004. The Effect of Ocean Tidal Loading on Satellite Altimetry over Antarctica. Antarctic Science  12(01): 119-124.

Yong, P., G. Sun, et al. 2004. Effects of Forest Spatial Structure on Large Footprint LIDAR Waveform. Geoscience and IEEE International Remote Sensing Symposium, 2004. 7: 4738-474.


Allison, I. 2003. The AMISOR Project: Ice Shelf Dynamics and Ice-Ocean Interaction of the Amery Ice Shelf. Forum for Ice Shelf Processes Report.

Anselm. 2003. Report from the School of Experience: Lessons-Learned on NASA's EOS/ICESat Mission. IEEE Aerospace Conference 2004.

Bamber, J. and W. Krabill. 2003. Repeat Pass Airborne LIDAR Measurements of Svalbard Glaciers and Ice Caps. Geophysical ResearchAbstracts 5, abstract 07156.

Birkett, C., D. Harding, et al. 2003. Satellite Radar Altimetry and LIDAR: Application and Outlook. Geophysical Research Abstracts 5, abstract 04533.

Drake, J., R. Knox, et al. 2003. Above-Ground Biomass Estimation in Closed Canopy Neotropical Forests using LIDAR Remote Sensing: Factors Affecting the Generality of Relationships. Global Ecology & Biogeography  12(2): 147-159.

E. Grob, C. Baker, T. 2003. McCarthy, In-Flight Thermal Performance of the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) Instrument. SAE International Conference on Environmental Systems, . abstract 2003-01-2421. Vancouver.

Hagen, J., J. Kohler, et al. 2003. Glaciers in Svalbard: Mass balance, Runoff and Freshwater Flux. Polar Research  22(2): 145-159.

Holt, B. and R. Kwok. 2003. Sea Ice Investigations from Seasat to the Present. Coastal and Marine Applications of SAR Workshop, Svalbard, Norway.

Magruder, L., B. Schutz, et al. 2003. Laser Pointing Angle and Time of Measurement Verification of the ICESat Laser Altimeter Using a Ground-Based Electro-Optical Detection System. Journal of Geodesy 77(3): 148-154.

Magruder, L., M. Suleman 2003. ICESat Laser Altimeter Measurement Time Validation System. Measurement Science and Technology 14(11): 1978-1985.

Meek, M. 2003. Automated Operational Orbit Determination for the ICESat Mission. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  115: 399-414.

Mitchell, D., J. Sauber, et al. 2003. Expected ICESat Measurement of Flacier Elevation Change. Geophysical Research Abstracts 5, abstract 04398 5, abstract 04398.

Padman, L., M. King, et al. 2003. Ice-Shelf Elevation Changes due to Atmospheric Pressure Variations. Journal of Glaciology  49(167): 521-526.

Padman, L., S. Erofeeva, et al. 2003. Tides of the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf Cavity. Antarctic Science  15(01): 31-40.

Riris, H. P. Schafer, et al. 2003. Calibration and Testing of Laser Altimeters. Conference on Lasers and Elctro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference . paper CThY3. Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003).

Rocadenbosch, F. 2003. LIDAR - Aerosol Sensing. Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering: 1090-1102.

Sauber, J., B. Molnia, et al. 2003. ICESat Observations of Southern Alaska Glaciers. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 84, Fall 2003 Meeting, abstract C31D-07.

Schutz, B., S. Bae, et al. 2003. Precision Orbit and Attitude Determination for ICESat (AAS 03-282). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  115: 415-426.

Shiobara, M., M. Yabuki, et al. 2003. A Polar Cloud Analysis Based on Micro-Pulse LIDAR Measurements at Ny-Alesund, Svalbard and Syowa, Antarctica. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth  28(28-32): 1205-1212.

Thomas, R., W. Abdalati, et al. 2003. Investigation of Surface Melting and Dynamic Thinning on Jakobshavn Isbrae, Greenland. Journal of Glaciology  49(165): 231-239.

Yi, D. and H. Zwally. 2003. ICESat/GLAS Measurement of Ice Sheet Surface Slope and Roughness. Annals of Glaciology  42: 83-89.

Zwally, H., A. Brenner, et al. 2003. Deriving Sea-Ice Freeboard Height Distributions and Estimates of Ice Thickness From ICESat/GLAS Laser Altimetry. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2003, abstract C32A-0442.

Zwally, H., R. Schutz, et al. 2003. GLAS/ICESat L2 Antarctic and Greenland Ice Sheet Altimetry Data V018. 15 October to 18 November 2003; Digital Media. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center.


Abdalati, W., W. Krabill, et al. 2002. Airborne Laser Altimetry Mapping of the Greenland Ice Sheet Application to Mass Balance Assessment. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 391-403.

Bae, S., B. Schutz, et al. 2002. ICESAT/GLAS Laser Pointing Determination (AAS 02-126). Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  112(1): 359-370.

Demarest, P. 2002. A Comparison of Latitude Targeting Schemes for Maintaining Ground Track at High Latitudes. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences  109.

Filin, S. 2002. Establishing Analytical Criteria for Selection of Sites for Calibration of Spaceborne Laser Altimeters. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2002  6: 3591- 3594.

Hofton, M. and J. Blair. 2002. Laser Altimeter Return Pulse Correlation: A Method for Detecting Surface Topographic Change. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 477-489.

Krabill, W., W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. Aircraft Laser Altimetry Measurement of Elevation Changes of the Greenland Ice Sheet: Technique and Accuracy Assessment. Journal of Geodynamics  34(3-4): 357-376.