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ICESat / GLAS Data

Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation / Geoscience Laser Altimeter System


Pre-ICESat Launch Published Research

This page is a bibliography of research published about the NASA ICESat/GLAS instrument prior to its launch in October 2003. Please contact NSIDC User Services if you have a reference you would like to share on this page.

Also, for a complete description of the the physical and mathematical concepts of the algorithms used in the generation of the ICESat/GLAS data products, see the ICESat/GLAS Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents from the Center for Space Research at the University of Texas.

To navigate around the Published Research pages, use the following links:

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To navigate around the Pre-ICESat Launch Published Research page, use the following links:

2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1996 1994


Allison, I. 2003. The AMISOR Project: Ice Shelf Dynamics and Ice-Ocean Interaction of the Amery Ice Shelf. Forum for Ice Shelf Processes Report.

Anselm. 2003. Report from the School of Experience: Lessons-Learned on NASA's EOS/ICESat Mission. IEEE Aerospace Conference 2004.

Bamber, J. and W. Krabill. 2003. Repeat Pass Airborne LIDAR Measurements of Svalbard Glaciers and Ice Caps.  Geophysical Research Abstracts 5, abstract 07156.

Birkett, C., D. Harding, et al. 2003. Satellite Radar Altimetry and LIDAR: Application and Outlook.  Geophysical Research Abstracts 5, abstract 04533.

Drake, J., R. Knox, et al. 2003. Above-Ground Biomass Estimation in Closed Canopy Neotropical Forests using LIDAR Remote Sensing: Factors Affecting the Generality of Relationships. Global Ecology & Biogeography 12(2): 147-159.

Hagen, J., J. Kohler, et al. 2003. Glaciers in Svalbard: Mass balance, Runoff and Freshwater Flux. Polar Research 22(2): 145-159.

Holt, B. and R. Kwok. 2003. Sea Ice Investigations from Seasat to the Present.  Coastal and Marine Applications of SAR Workshop, Svalbard, Norway.

Meek, M. 2003. Automated Operational Orbit Determination for the ICESat Mission. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences 115: 399-414.

Mitchell, D., J. Sauber, et al. 2003. Expected ICESat Measurement of Flacier Elevation Change. Geophysical Research Abstracts 5, abstract 04398.

Padman, L., S. Erofeeva, et al. 2003. Tides of the Ross Sea and Ross Ice Shelf Cavity. Antarctic Science 15(01): 31-40.

Padman, L., M. King, et al. 2003. Ice-Shelf Elevation Changes due to Atmospheric Pressure Variations. Journal of Glaciology 49(167): 521-526.

Rocadenbosch, F. 2003. LIDAR - Aerosol Sensing. Encyclopedia of Optical Engineering: 1090-1102.

Sauber, J., B. Molnia, et al. 2003. ICESat Observations of Southern Alaska Glaciers. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 84, Fall 2003 Meeting, abstract C31D-07.

Shiobara, M., M. Yabuki, et al. 2003. A Polar Cloud Analysis Based on Micro-Pulse LIDAR Measurements at Ny-Alesund, Svalbard and Syowa, Antarctica. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 28(28-32): 1205-1212.

Thomas, R., W. Abdalati, et al. 2003. Investigation of Surface Melting and Dynamic Thinning on Jakobshavn Isbrae, Greenland. Journal of Glaciology 49(165): 231-239.

Yi, D. and H. Zwally. 2003. ICESat/GLAS Measurement of Ice Sheet Surface Slope and Roughness. Annals of Glaciology 42: 83-89.

Zwally, H., A. Brenner, et al. 2003. Deriving Sea-Ice Freeboard Height Distributions and Estimates of Ice Thickness From ICESat/GLAS Laser Altimetry. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2003, abstract C32A-0442.

Zwally, H., R. Schutz, et al. 2003. GLAS/ICESat L2 Antarctic and Greenland Ice Sheet Altimetry Data V018, 15 October to 18 November 2003. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. Digital Media.


Abdalati, W., W. Krabill, et al. 2002. Airborne Laser Altimetry Mapping of the Greenland Ice Sheet Application to Mass Balance Assessment. Journal of Geodynamics 34(3-4): 391-403.

Demarest, P. 2002. A Comparison of Latitude Targeting Schemes for Maintaining Ground Track at High Latitudes. Advances in the Astronautical Sciences 109.

Filin, S. 2002. Establishing Analytical Criteria for Selection of Sites for Calibration of Spaceborne Laser Altimeters. IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2002 6: 3591- 3594

Hofton, M. and J. Blair. 2002. Laser Altimeter Return Pulse Correlation: A Method for Detecting Surface Topographic Change. Journal of Geodynamics 34(3-4): 477-489.

Krabill, W., W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. Aircraft Laser Altimetry Measurement of Elevation Changes of the Greenland Ice Sheet: Technique and Accuracy Assessment. Journal of Geodynamics 34(3-4): 357-376.

Lefsky, M., W. Cohen, et al. 2002. LIDAR Remote Sensing of Above-Ground Biomass in Three Biomes. Global Ecology and Biogeography 11(5): 393-399.

Lefsky, M., W. Cohen, et al. 2002. LIDAR Remote Sensing for Ecosystem Studies. BioScience 52(1): 19-30.

Luthcke, S. 2002. Introduction. Journal of Geodynamics 34(3-4): 343-345.

Luthcke, S., C. Carabajal, et al. 2002. Enhanced Geolocation of Spaceborne Laser Altimeter Surface Returns: Parameter Calibration from the Simultaneous Reduction of Altimeter Range and Navigation Tracking Data. Journal of Geodynamics 34(3-4): 447-475.

Mitsuo, I. 2002. 3-4 Airborne/Spaceborne Laser Altimeter. Journal of the Communications Research Laboratory 48: 81-95.

Morring, F. 2002. ICESat Brings Mars Technique to Earth for Climate Research. Aviation Week and Space Technology 157(25): 63.

Velicogna, I., and J. Wahr. 2002. A Method for Separating Antarctic Postglacial Rebound and Ice Mass Balance Using Future ICESat Geoscience Laser Altimeter System, Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment, and GPS Satellite Data. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(2263), doi: 10.1029/2001JB000708.

Wu, X.P., M.M. Watkins, E.R. Ivins, et al. 2002. Toward Global Inverse Solutions for Current and Past Ice Mass Variations: Contribution of Secular Satellite Gravity and Topography Change Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research 107(B11): article no. 2291.

Zwally, H.J., B. Schutz, W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. ICESat's Laser Measurements of Polar Ice, Atmosphere, Ocean, and Land. Journal of Geodynamics 34(3-4): 405-445.

Zwally, H., W. Abdalati, et al. 2002. Surface Melt-Induced Acceleration of Greenland Ice-Sheet Flow. Science 297(5579): 218-222.


Baltsavias, E., E. Favey, et al. 2001. Digital Surface Modelling by Airborne Laser Scanning and Digital Photogrammetry for Glacier Monitoring. Photogrammetric Record 17(98): 243-273.

Blair, J., M. Hofton, et al. 2001. Wide-Swath Imaging LIDAR Development for Airborne and Spaceborne Applications. International Archives of Photgrammetry Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 34(3/W4): 17-22.

Carabajal, C. and D. Harding. 2001. Evaluation of Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS) Waveforms For Vegetated Landscapes Using Airborne Laser Altimeter Scanning Data. International Archives of Photgrammetry Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Scinces 34(3/W4): 125-130.

Forsberg, R., K. Keller, et al. 2001. Laser Monitoring of Ice Elevations and Sea-Ice Thickness in Greenland. International Archives Of Photogrammetry Remote Sensing And Spatial Information Sciences 34(3/W4): 163-168.

Harding, D., M. Lefsky, et al. 2001. Laser Altimeter Canopy Height Profiles: Methods and Validation for Closed-Canopy, Broadleaf Forests. Remote Sensing of Environment 76(3): 283-297.

King, M. 2001. The Dynamics of the Amery Ice Shelf from a Combination of Terrestrial and Space Geodetic Data, University of Tasmania. Journal of Geodesy 80: 171-176.

Parker, G., M. Lefsky, et al. 2001. Light Transmittance in Forest Canopies Determined Using Airborne Laser Altimetry and In-Canopy Quantum Measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment 76(3): 298-309.

Rémy, F., B. Legresy, et al. 2001. Ice Sheet And Satellite Altimetry. Surveys in Geophysics 22(1): 1-29.

Schutz, B. E. 2001. Laser Altimetry and LIDAR from ICESat/GLAS.  Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, 2001. IEEE International 3: 1016-1019.


Davis, C., C. Kluever, et al. 2000. Improved Elevation-Change Measurement of the Southern Greenland Icesheet from Satellite Radar Altimetry. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 38(3): 1367-1378.

Harding, D. and G. Berghoff. 2000. Fault Scarp Detection Beneath Dense Vegetation Cover Airborne LIDAR Mapping of the Seattle Fault Zone, Bainbridge Island, Washington State, Kitsap Public Utility District. Proceedings of the American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Annual Conference, Washington, D.C., May, 2000.

King, M., L. Nguyen, et al. 2000. Strategies for High Precision Processing of GPS Measurements with Application to the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica. GPS Solutions 4(1): 2-12.

Krabill, W., W. Abdalati, et al. 2000. Greenland Ice Sheet: High-Elevation Balance and Peripheral Thinning. Science 21 289(5478): 428 - 430.

Partain, P. 2000. A Multisensor Diagnostic Satellite Cloud Property Retrieval Scheme. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(D15): 19,955-19,971.

Thomas, R., T. Akins, et al. 2000. Mass Balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet at High Elevations. Science 289(5478) 426-428.

Velicogna, E. and J. Wahr 2000. Post Glacial Rebound and Ice Mass Balance Estimate from ICESAT/GLAS, GRACE and GPS Measurements. Eos Transactions American Geophysical Union 81: 308.

Wahr, J., D. Wingham, et al. 2000. Papers on Geodesy and Gravity Tectonophysics - A Method of Combining ICESat and GRACE Satellite Data to Constrain Antarctic Mass Balance. Journal of Geophysical Research 105(7): 16279-16294.


Means, J. 1999. Design, Capabilities and Uses of Large-Footprint and Small-Footprint Llidar Systems. International Archives of the Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing 32(Part 3): 9–11.


Schutz, B. 1998. Spaceborne Laser Altimetry: 2001 and Beyond. Proceedings of WEGENER–98, Norwegian Mapping Authority, Honefoss, Norway.


Palm, S. P., and J. D. Spinhirne. 1996. The Detection of Clouds, Aerosols, and Marine Atmospheric Boundary Layer Characteristics from Simulated GLAS Data. 19th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Annapolis, MD, 6-10 July 1998, pp. 237-240.

Spinhirne, J. D., and S. P. Palm. 1996. Space Based Atmosphere Measurements by GLAS. Advances in Atmospheric Remote Sensing with LIDAR: Selected Papers of the 18th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), Berlin, 22-26 July 1996. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.


Hartman, D. 1994. The Scientific Importance of GLAS Atmospheric Measurements. The Earth Observer 6: 5-9.