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IceBridge NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature Data, Version 1
The IceBridge National Suborbital Education & Research Center (NSERC) L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature (IAMET1B) data set is a collection of airborne in-flight meteorological and in-cabin measurements, and thermal emission measurements of near-nadir surface skin temperature. Instruments flown over Antarctica include cabin pressure transducer, 3-stage hygrometer, 2-stage hygrometer, total air temperature sensor, and infrared surface temperature pyrometer. The data files contain measurements for 36 meteorological, surface characteristic, and positional variables. The data were collected as part of Operation IceBridge funded campaigns, and are stored in Intercontinental Chemical Transport Experiment (ICARTT) comma separated format, and are available for periodic, ongoing campaigns from 12 October 2009 to the present via FTP.
|Sensor(s):||HYGROMETERS, NSERC Onboard Data, PRESSURE TRANSDUCERS, PYROMETERS, TEMPERATURE SENSORS|
|Data Contributor(s):||Rick Shetter, Eric Buzay, David Van Gilst|
|Metadata XML:||View Metadata Record|
As a condition of using these data, you must cite the use of this data set using the following citation. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.Shetter, R., E. Buzay, and D. Van Gilst. 2010, updated 2013. IceBridge NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature Data, Version 1. [Indicate subset used]. Boulder, Colorado USA. NASA National Snow and Ice Data Center Distributed Active Archive Center. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5067/Y6SQDAAAOEQU. [Date Accessed].
Detailed Data Description
The NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature data files are ICARTT comma delimited text files.
Data files are organized on the FTP site,
The data files are named according to the following convention and as described in Table 2:
||Short name for IceBridge NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature Data|
||Navigation, aircraft, and facility instrumentation data|
||NASA Dryden DC-8 airborne laboratory aircraft|
||Four-digit year of data collection|
||Two-digit month of data collection|
||Two-digit day of data collection|
||Data revision 1|
||Indicates ICARRT data file|
Data files range from approximately 1 MB to 12 MB.
Data volume for the full data set is approximately 883 MB.
Spatial coverage for the IceBridge NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature campaigns include the Greenland and Antarctic areas. In effect, this represents the two coverages noted below.
Arctic / Greenland:
Southernmost Latitude: 60° N
Northernmost Latitude: 90° N
Westernmost Longitude: 180° W
Easternmost Longitude: 180° E
Southernmost Latitude: 90° S
Northernmost Latitude: 53° S
Westernmost Longitude: 180° W
Easternmost Longitude: 180° E
Spatial resolution varies by instrument parameter and aircraft flight characteristics.
Projection and Grid Description
These data are provided in unprojected geographic coordinates using the WGS84 vertical datum.
These data were collected as part of NASA Operation IceBridge funded campaigns from 12 October 2009 to the present.
IceBridge campaigns are conducted on an annual repeating basis. Arctic and Greenland campaigns are conducted during March, April, and May; and Antarctic campaigns are conducted during October and November.
NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature data are captured once per second.
The NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature data set contains meteorological and in-cabin measurements and thermal emission measurements.
Data parameters vary between campaigns. Please see the following parameter descriptions for each campaign:
Software and Tools
NSIDC provides a MATLAB reader that reads NSERC L1B Geolocated Meteorologic and Surface Temperature Data files. The data files also may be opened by any ASCII text reader.
Data Acquisition and Processing
The DC-8 data set is collected from a number of sources. All of the navigation data comes from the Air Data Computer, Flight Management System, and GPS receivers. The parameters from the Air Data Computer and Flight Management System are recorded using dual NASDAT flight recorders via ARINC-429 data bus. The flight recorders are located in the housekeeping rack.
The flight recorders also record the analog voltage output data from the facility instruments located on board, including pressure transducer, hygrometers, and infrared pyrometer. All parameters are recorded at one hertz for the entire duration of the flight.
Data are taken at one hertz from aircraft instruments and facility instruments onboard. Data are recorded on two redundant NASA Airborne Science Data Acquisition and Transmission (NASDAT) flight recorders. No special techniques or algorithms are used in this data set.
The following processing steps are performed by the data provider.
- Obtain flight specific files from flight recorder (NASDAT).
- Convert to ASCII ICARTT format.
- Perform quality control on the data set using graphs and curve fitting.
- Output final quality controlled ICARTT file.
Some data sets have missing data parameters due to either a fault in the system, or data is out of range for respective instruments. Missing parameters are marked with a -99999 label.
Instruments used for the collection of this data include the following:
MKS Baratron Type 220D Pressure Transducer (Cabin Pressure)
The MKS Baratron Pressure Transducer is used to measure the pressure within the cabin of the aircraft. Based on a reference pressure which remains constant within the instrument, the exterior pressure can then be measured. The pressure transducer has a resolution of 1 Torr and the accuracy is ± 0.15 percent of Reading ±temperature coefficient. The temperature coefficient is 0.02 percent of Reading / °C.
2-Stage Hygrometer Buck Research Instruments Model 1011B (Dew/Frost Point)
The Buck Research Hygrometer system is a chilled-mirror type hygrometer designed for airborne measurements of dew and frost point temperatures. It is capable of measuring dew/frost points between -75°C and +50°C, over a wide range of temperatures, pressures, and airspeeds. The accuracy of this system is ± 0.1°C.
3-Stage Hygrometer Model 137 Vigilant by Edgetech (Dew Point)
The Edgetech Model 137 Hygrometer is a rugged, shock mounted instrument used for dew point measurement. This model measures dew point only, including dew points measured below zero degrees Celsius. The dew point is measured using chill mirror technology assuring precision accuracy, repeatability and reliability. The Edgetech hygrometer is able to accurately detect the dew point within the range of -50°C to 90°C with an accuracy of ± 0.2°C and precision of 0.1°C. The sensor is capable of a 65°C depression from an ambient temperature of 25°C.
Total Air Temperature Goodrich (Rosemount) model 102
Total air temperature is measured by a Rosemount probe and Goodrich Sensor mounted on the surface of the aircraft. The total air temperature sensor can measure temperature between -70°C to +70°C with a speed of up to Mach 3 at altitudes between 0 to 100,000 feet. The accuracy of the total air temperature is ± 1.0466 degrees Celsius.
Heitronics Infrared Radiation Pyrometer KT-19.85II
The Heitronics Infrared Radiation Pyrometer is a remotely sensed measuring transducer that receives the infrared radiation emitted by the measuring object and transforms it into a standardized output signal. The pyrometer is located on the bottom of the aircraft to measure surface and cloud top temperatures. It has a spectral range of 9.6 to 11.5 μm, a response time of one second, and a temperature range of -100° to +200°C. The accuracy is ± 0.5 percent plus 0.7 percent of the difference between target temperature and housing temperature.
References and Related Publications
Contacts and Acknowledgments
Rick Shetter, Eric Buzay, and David Van Gilst
University of North Dakota
National Suborbital Education and Research Center
4149 University Avenue Stop 9011
Grand Forks, ND
NASA Airborne Science
NASA Langley Research Center - ICARTT File Format Scanning by Ali Aknan
Document Creation Date
12 April 2011
Document Revision Date
19 September 2011
17 May 2012
07 March 2013