This data set consists of river ice thickness measurements, and beginning and ending dates for river freeze-up events from fifty stations in northern Russia. The data set includes values from 1917 through 1992, however the record length varies for each station. The longest station record covers the period 1917 through 1988 (the station table shows the beginning and end years for measurements at each station). Data were obtained through the U.S.-Russia Working Group VIII of the U.S.-Russia Bilateral Agreement on the Protection of Environmental and Natural Resources.
Access to the Russian River Ice Thickness and Duration data set is unrestricted, but users are encouraged to register for the data. Registered users will receive e-mail notification about any product changes.
Vuglinsky, V. 2000. Russian river ice thickness and duration. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center. http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5J10129
The following example shows how to cite the use of this data set in a publication. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.
|Spatial coverage and resolution||50 stations in northern Russia|
|Temporal coverage and resolution||1917-1992|
|File size||The entire data set is 462 KB.|
|Parameter(s)||River ice freeze/thaw, thickness, freeze-up events, and duration|
|Metadata access||View metadata|
|Data access||Data are available via FTP.|
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form: Contact NSIDC User Services
Ice freeze-up and break-up data are in files named ice.nn, where nn represents the station number. See the station table to match a station number to a station name and river. Missing values are set to 99 for dates, and to 999999 for ice heights. Each record has the following fixed-length and comma-delimited ASCII format fields:
Hydrological Year; (yyyy)
(The hydrological year runs from October through September, for instance, the year 1978 runs from October 1977 through September 1978.)
The following four dates all concern the start of autumn and winter ice events:
Date of start of winter ice events; (dd,mm)
(The date at freeze-up that shore ice becomes fixed, and that frazil ice begins to form in the open river. Short-term ice events, such as periods of ice formation and dissipation that last less than 3 days and are separated by ice-free periods of 10 days or longer, are not included.)
Date of start of frazil ice drift; (dd,mm)
Date of start of ice flow drift in autumn; (dd,mm)
Date of start of ice cover formation; (dd,mm)
(The date the ice cover on the river becomes stable. Ice must remain stable for more than 20 days after this date for it to be a valid date.)
The following dates and data concern ice events in spring:
Date of start of ice melt; (dd,mm)
(The date that melt water appears on the surface of the ice, that ice motion occurs, or that holes appear in the ice.)
Date of start of spring ice drift; (dd,mm)
(The date of ice break-up, when ice begins to drift downstream in the river.)
Date of highest level of ice drift; (dd,mm)
Highest level of ice drift in centimeters; (xxxxxx)
Date when river is free of ice; (dd,mm)
(The last day ice is observed. Drifts of ice that last for 1 to 3 days after the main breakup has occurred are not included.)
The following data concern any ice dam events:
Date of start of ice dam; (dd,mm)
Date of highest level of dam; (dd,mm)
Highest level of dam in centimeters; (xxxxxx)
Duration in days of ice dam; (nn)
The following data concern the duration of ice and ice events:
Duration in days of autumn frazil ice; (nn)
Duration in days of autumn drift ice; (nn)
Duration in days of spring drift ice; (nn)
Duration in days of continuous ice cover; (nnn)
Total period in days from start of winter ice events to date river is free of ice; (nnn)
A sample record from the data file ice.05:
Ice and snow thickness data are in files named icethic.nn where nn represents the station number. See the station table to match a station number to a station name and river. Ice and snow values are in centimeters; missing values are set to -1. Each record has the following fixed-length and comma-delimited fields:
Calendar Year; (yyyy)
Snow thickness on river ice for the 10th of the month; (xxx)
River ice thickness for the 10th of the month; (xxx)
Snow thickness on river ice for the 20th of the month; (xxx)
River ice thickness for the 20th of the month; (xxx)
Snow thickness on river ice for the last day of the month; (xxx)
River ice thickness for the last day of the month; (xxx)
A sample showing the first few records from the data file icethic.05:
ICE THICKNESS (cm) KOLA - 1429 KM 1977,11, -1, -1, -1, -1, 10, 19 1977,12, 7, 25, 12, 31, 17, 35 1977,10, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1 1978, 5, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1 1978,10, -1, -1, -1, -1, 2, 14 1978,11, 0, 16, 3, 20, 18, 25 1978,12, 21, 28, 37, 31, 10, 48 1978, 4, 16, 60, 21, 62, 6, 56 1978, 2, 37, 45, 40, 50, 34, 52 1978, 1, 19, 35, 27, 41, 36, 42 1978, 3, 27, 54, 20, 54, 19, 57 1979, 5, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1
Quality checks performed at NSIDC were limited to checking dates for validity (for instance, there can not be more than 31 days in a month). If a date failed a test, the value was changed to "missing" (99), and the original data were printed to an error file named err.nn, where nn is the station number.
Data were aquired with visual observations.
Data are available via FTP.
These data were provided by Dr. Valery Vuglinsky, State Hydrological Institute, St. Petersburg, Russia, under the auspices of the U.S.-Russia Working Group VIII of the U.S.-Russia Bilateral Agreement on the Protection of Environmental and Natural Resources, and with funding from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Environmental Services Data and Information Management program. Dr. Larry Smith, University of California at Los Angeles, kindly reviewed the data set. NOAA, through the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center, has provided funding for data set publication and maintenance. This data set is maintained at NSIDC.
This documentation was originally authored in June, 2000, by NSIDC writer R. Welch based on information from the data provider and from Dr. Larry Smith. In 2006 it was reformatted, and F. Fetterer added information to the Related Data Collections section.