GLERL Radiation Transfer Through Freshwater Ice

Summary

Radiation transmittance (ratio of transmitted to incident radiation) through clear ice, refrozen slush ice and brash ice, from ice surface to ice-water interface in the 400 to 600 nanometer range (photosynthetically active range), was measured at two freshwater lakes (Silver Lake, near Ann Arbor, Michigan, and Whitefish Point on Lake Superior). Data available include surface and under-ice sensor readings, date and time of observation, ice thickness, water depth, distance of under-ice sensor from ice bottom surface, and site number/location. The data are relevant to studying the survival of plants and animals in freshwater lakes with ice or ice and snow cover. These data were collected by the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL), Ann Arbor, MI.

Access to the GLERL Radiation Transfer Through Freshwater Ice data set is unrestricted, but users are encouraged to register for the data. Registered users will receive e-mail notification about any product changes.

Citing These Data

Bolsenga, S.J. 1995. GLERL radiation transfer through freshwater ice. Boulder, Colorado USA: National Snow and Ice Data Center. http://dx.doi.org/10.7265/N5QN64N6

We kindly request that you cite the use of this data set in a publication using the following citation example. For more information, see our Use and Copyright Web page.

Overview Table

Category Description
Data format ASCII
Spatial coverage and resolution Silver Lake (46 degrees, 46 minutes North, 83 degrees, 43 minutes West) and Lake Superior (Whitefish Point, 46 degrees, 46 minutes North, 84 degrees, 57 minutes West).
Temporal coverage and resolution 1978
File size The total data set is 86.8 KB.
Parameter(s)

Solar radiation, transmittance, ice thickness

Metadata access View metadata
Data access Data are available via FTP.

Table of Contents

1. Contacts
2. Overview
3. Detailed Data Description
4. Data Access and Related Collections
5. References and Related Publications
6. Acknowledgements
7. Document Information

1. Contacts

Investigator

Bolsenga, S.J.

Technical Contact

NSIDC User Services
National Snow and Ice Data Center
CIRES, 449 UCB
University of Colorado
Boulder, CO 80309-0449  USA
phone: +1 303.492.6199
fax: +1 303.492.2468
form: Contact NSIDC User Services
e-mail: nsidc@nsidc.org

2. Overview

Radiation transfer through clear ice, refrozen slush, and brash ice, from the ice surface to the ice-water interface in the 400-700 nanometer range was measured at two freshwater lake sites: Silver Lake (46 degrees, 46 minutes North, 83 degrees, 43 minutes West) and Lake Superior (Whitefish Point, 46 degrees, 46 minutes North, 84 degrees, 57 minutes West). Silicon photodiodes were used to measure transmittance.

3. Detailed Data Description

Format

The ASCII files containing the data have the following structure:

Field name Position
Surface sensor reading (nanometers) 1- 4
Surface scale 5- 8
Under-ice sensor reading (nanometers) 9-12
Under-ice sensor scale 13-16
Hour 17-18
Minute 19-20
Month 21-22
Day 23-24
Year 25-26
Ice thickness (centimeters) 27-40
Water depth (centimeters)
(99=depth not measured; -1 = very deep;
other negative value = estimated depth)
41-44
Under-ice sensor depth (centimeters) 45-48
Site number 49-50
Site letter 51-51
Lake name 61-72

Sample Data Record

.3551000.315 300 930122276  24            64   0 1          SILVER LAKE         
.3601000.970 100 934122276  24            64   0 1          SILVER LAKE         
.3681000.330 300 935122276  24            64   0 1          SILVER LAKE         
.3711000.750 100 937122276  24            64 -45 1          SILVER LAKE         
.5601000.390 3001055122276  24            64   0 1          SILVER LAKE         

File Size

The total data set is 86.8 KB.

4. Data Access and Related Collections

Data Access

Data are available via FTP.

Related NSIDC Data Collections

5. References and Related Publications

Assel, R. A. Great Lakes weekly ice cover statistics. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-133. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, 27 pp. (2005). ftp://ftp.glerl.noaa.gov/publications/tech_reports/glerl-133/

Assel, R. A. Computerized National Weather Service Great Lakes ice reports for winter seasons 1899-1970. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-130. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, 31 pp. (2004). ftp://ftp.glerl.noaa.gov/publications/tech_reports/glerl-130/

Assel, R. A. A Laurentian Great Lakes ice cover climatology. Proceedings of the 61st Annual Meeting of the Eastern Snow Conference, Portland, Maine, June 9-11, 2004. 2 pp. (2004). http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2004/20040027.pdf

Assel, R. A., F. H. Quinn, and C. E. Sellinger. Hydro-climatic factors of the recent drop in Laurentian Great Lakes water levels. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 85(8):1143-1151 (2004). http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2004/20040017.pdf

Assel, R. A., S. Drobot, and T. E. Croley, II. Improving 30-day Great Lakes ice cover outlooks. Journal of Hydrometeorology 5(4):713-717 (2004). http://www.glerl.noaa.gov/pubs/fulltext/2004/20040016.pdf

Assel, R. A., S. Drobot, and T. E. CROLEY, II. Improving monthly Great Lakes ice cover outlooks. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-129. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, 22 pp. (2004). ftp://ftp.glerl.noaa.gov/publications/tech_reports/glerl-129/

Assel, R. A. Lake Erie ice cover climatology -- basin averaged ice cover: winters 1898-2002. NOAA Technical Memorandum GLERL-128. NOAA, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, Ann Arbor, MI, 15 pp. (2004). ftp://ftp.glerl.noaa.gov/publications/tech_reports/glerl-128/

Bolsenga, S.J. (1978) Photosynthetically active radiation transfer through ice. NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL GLERL-18, 48 pages. NTIS order number PB299-463.

6. Acknowledgements

This data set is maintained at NSIDC with support from the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center.

7. Document Information

Document Authors

Unknown

Document Creation Date

Unknown

Document Revision Date

In July, 2006, this document was reformatted. F. Fetterer reviewed this document.

Document URL

http://nsidc.org/data/docs/noaa/g00802_glerl_rad_transfer/index.html