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Soil Characteristics: Monthly Summaries of Soil Temperature and Soil Moisture at Sites in China

China 1 (Fenghuoshan station)
China 2 (Ecology station)
China 3 (Wuli site)
China 4 (Two rivers, lower)
China 5 (Two rivers, upper)
China 7 (Glacier station)


China 1 (Fenghuoshan station)

Description Date: 08/02/1999                     Print Date: 05/28/2002
Describer:  C.L. Ping, W.J. Akin, O. Chadwick, X. Nan, L. Qing, L. Zhao

Site ID:  99FN280003
Site Note:
Pedon ID:  99FN280003                            Pedon Rec ID:         108,662
Lab Pedon #:  00P0394                            Lab Source ID:  SSL

Soil Name as Described/Sampled:  Funhoshan
Soil Name as Correlated:
Classification:

Pedon Type:                                      Pedon Purpose:
Taxon Kind:

Location Information:
  County:                                        State:  Foreign (not Used)
  MLRA:
  Soil Survey Area:
  Map Unit:
  USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Name:

  Location Description:
  Legal Description:

  Latitude:  35 degrees 43 minutes 48.60 seconds north
  Longitude:   92 degrees 53 minutes 30.80 seconds east
  Datum:
  UTM Zone:        UTM Easting:                 UTM Northing:

Physigraphic Division:
Physiographic Province:
Physiographic Section:
State Physiographic Area:
Local Physiographic Area:

Geomorphic Setting:  None Assigned
Slope Shapes - Up:  convex                       Across:  convex

Earth Covers - Primary:                          Secondary:

Geographically Associated Soils:

Site Observations
  Plants:
  Observed moisture state:

Parent Material:
Geologic Formation:
Bedrock Kind:
Bedrock Depth:
Bedrock Hardness:
Bedrock Fracture Interval:

Surface Fragments:  0 percent

Particle Size Control Section:

Diagnostic Features:

_______________________________________________________________________________________
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|    Top    |  Bottom   |              Restriction               |    Restriction     |
|Depth (cm) |Depth (cm) |                  Kind                  |      Hardness      |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|

Cont. Site ID: 99FN280003                        Pedon ID: 99FN280003

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| Slope | Elevation | Aspect | MAAT | MSAT | MWAT | MAP |  Frost-   | Drainage  | Slope  |Upslope |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     | Free Days |   Class   | Length | Length |
|  (%)  | (meters)  | (deg)  | (C)  | (C)  | (C)  |(mm) |           |           |(meters)|(meters)|
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
|  6.0  |  4,760.0  |  270   |      |      |      |     |           |   well    |        |        |
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|


A1--0 to 8 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/3), silt loam; 8 percent clay; weak fine subangular blocky and
granular structure; friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very fine and fine roots and few medium
roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2074

A2--8 to 24 cm; brown (10YR 4/3), silt loam; 12 percent clay; weak fine granular and weak fine platy
structure; very friable, nonsticky, slightly plastic; many very fine and fine roots and  medium
roots and few coarse roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2075

2Bt1--24 to 40 cm; reddish brown (5YR 4/3), silt loam; 18 percent clay; firm, slightly sticky; 30
percent discontinuous faint clay films on all faces of peds; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample #
00P2076

2Bt2--40 to 53 cm; dark reddish brown (5YR 3/3), silty clay loam, light reddish brown (5YR 6/3),
dry; 33 percent clay; firm; 30 percent discontinuous distinct clay films on all faces of peds; clear
smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2077

2Bt3--53 to 77 cm; reddish brown (5YR 4/4), sandy clay loam, light reddish brown (5YR 6/3), dry; 28
percent clay; firm, very plastic; few fine and medium roots; 10 percent patchy faint clay films on
all faces of peds; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2078

2Bw1--77 to 105 cm; reddish brown (5YR 4/3), very cobbly silt loam; 20 percent clay; moderate fine
and medium subangular blocky structure; firm, slightly sticky; few fine roots; 30 percent faint clay
films on all faces of peds; 20 percent 2 to 75 millimeter and 20 percent 75 to 250 millimeter; clear
wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2079

2Bw2--105 to 117 cm; reddish brown (5YR 4/3), silt loam; 27 percent clay; strong fine and medium
subangular blocky structure; firm; 10 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample
# 00P2080

2BC--117 to 139 cm; dark reddish brown (5YR 3/3), silt loam; 24 percent clay; very firm, very
plastic; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2081

2CF--139 to 160 cm; red (2.5YR 4/6), silt loam; 24 percent clay; moderate medium subangular blocky
structure; very firm, very plastic. Lab sample # 00P2082


China 2 (Ecology station)

Description Date: 08/01/1999                     Print Date: 05/28/2002
Describer:  C.L. Ping, W.J. Akin, O. Chadwick, X. Nan, L. Qing, L. Zhao

Site ID:  99FN280002
Site Note:
Pedon ID:  99FN280002                            Pedon Rec ID:         108,663
Lab Pedon #:  00P0393                            Lab Source ID:  SSL

Soil Name as Described/Sampled:  Ecostation
Soil Name as Correlated:
Classification:

Pedon Type:                                      Pedon Purpose:
Taxon Kind:

Location Information:
  County:                                        State:  Foreign (not Used)
  MLRA:
  Soil Survey Area:
  Map Unit:
  USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Name:

  Location Description:
  Legal Description:

  Latitude:  35 degrees 25 minutes 59.60 seconds north
  Longitude:   93 degrees 35 minutes 55.60 seconds east
  Datum:
  UTM Zone:        UTM Easting:                 UTM Northing:

Physigraphic Division:
Physiographic Province:
Physiographic Section:
State Physiographic Area:
Local Physiographic Area:

Geomorphic Setting:  None Assigned
Slope Shapes - Up:  linear                       Across:  concave

Earth Covers - Primary:                          Secondary:

Geographically Associated Soils:

Site Observations
  Plants:
  Observed moisture state:

Parent Material:
Geologic Formation:
Bedrock Kind:
Bedrock Depth:
Bedrock Hardness:
Bedrock Fracture Interval:

Surface Fragments:  0 percent

Particle Size Control Section:

Diagnostic Features:

_______________________________________________________________________________________
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|    Top    |  Bottom   |              Restriction               |    Restriction     |
|Depth (cm) |Depth (cm) |                  Kind                  |      Hardness      |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|

Cont. Site ID: 99FN280002                        Pedon ID: 99FN280002

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| Slope | Elevation | Aspect | MAAT | MSAT | MWAT | MAP |  Frost-   | Drainage  | Slope  |Upslope |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     | Free Days |   Class   | Length | Length |
|  (%)  | (meters)  | (deg)  | (C)  | (C)  | (C)  |(mm) |           |           |(meters)|(meters)|
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
|  5.0  |  4,550.0  |   0    |      |      |      |     |           |excessively|        |        |
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|


A1--0 to 10 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/4), fine sand, light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4), dry; 1
percent clay; moderate medium granular and  single grain; friable, nonsticky, nonplastic;  fine and
medium roots and many very fine roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2061

A2--10 to 18 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/4), fine sand, light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4), dry;
1 percent clay; weak fine granular and  single grain; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very
fine and fine roots and common medium roots; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2062

AC--18 to 39 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/4), fine sand, light yellowish brown (10YR 6/4), dry;
1 percent clay;  massive; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many fine and medium roots; diffuse
smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2063

C1--39 to 78 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/6), sand, brownish yellow (10YR 6/6), dry; 1 percent
clay;  massive; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; few fine to coarse roots; abrupt smooth
boundary. Lab sample # 00P2064

2C2--78 to 90 cm; 30 percent pale yellow (2.5Y 7/4) and 65 percent light yellowish brown (2.5Y 6/3),
sandy loam; 8 percent clay; weak medium and coarse platy structure; firm, slightly sticky, slightly
plastic; many fine and medium roots; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2065

2C3--90 to 109 cm; 5 percent strong brown (7.5YR 4/6) and 30 percent pale yellow (2.5Y 7/3) and 65
percent light olive brown (2.5Y 5/3), fine sandy loam; 6 percent clay; weak medium subangular blocky
structure; friable, nonsticky, slightly plastic; common fine and medium roots; abrupt smooth
boundary. Lab sample # 00P2066

Oib1--109 to 123 cm; 35 percent very dark grayish brown (2.5Y 3/2) and 65 percent dark grayish brown
(2.5Y 4/2), sandy loam; 10 percent clay;  massive; very friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic;
clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2067

Oab1--123 to 144 cm; very dark grayish brown (2.5Y 3/2), mucky silt loam; 8 percent clay; weak
medium platy structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample #
00P2068

Oab2--144 to 161 cm; very dark grayish brown (2.5Y 3/2), mucky very fine sandy loam; 3 percent clay;
moderate fine platy structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2069

Oib2--161 to 177 cm; 35 percent grayish brown (10YR 5/2) and 65 percent yellowish brown (10YR 5/8),
peat, fine sandy loam; 5 percent clay; weak fine platy structure; very friable, nonsticky,
nonplastic; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2070

3C4--177 to 200 cm; 40 percent brown (10YR 4/3) and 60 percent brown (10YR 5/3), sand; 3 percent
clay; , nonsticky, nonplastic; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2071

3C5--200 to 212 cm; brown (10YR 5/3), fine sand; 2 percent clay; weak fine and medium subangular
blocky structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; few fine roots; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab
sample # 00P2072

4C6--212 to 255 cm; black (10YR 2/1), gravelly loamy sand; 3 percent clay;  massive; very friable,
nonsticky, nonplastic; 16 percent 2 to 75 millimeter. Lab sample # 00P2073

5Cf--255 cm; gray (5Y 6/1), silt;  massive; firm.


China 3 (Wuli site)

Description Date: 08/04/1999                     Print Date: 05/28/2002
Describer:  C.L. Ping, W.J. Akin, O. Chadwick, X. Nan, L. Qing, L. Zhao

Site ID:  99FN280004
Site Note:
Pedon ID:  99FN280004                            Pedon Rec ID:         108,664
Lab Pedon #:  00P0395                            Lab Source ID:  SSL

Soil Name as Described/Sampled:  Wuli
Soil Name as Correlated:
Classification:

Pedon Type:                                      Pedon Purpose:
Taxon Kind:

Location Information:
  County:                                        State:  Foreign (not Used)
  MLRA:
  Soil Survey Area:
  Map Unit:
  USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Name:

  Location Description:
  Legal Description:

  Latitude:  34 degrees 28 minutes 14.30 seconds north
  Longitude:   92 degrees 43 minutes 37.10 seconds east
  Datum:
  UTM Zone:        UTM Easting:                 UTM Northing:

Physigraphic Division:
Physiographic Province:
Physiographic Section:
State Physiographic Area:
Local Physiographic Area:

Geomorphic Setting:  None Assigned
Slope Shapes - Up:  concave                      Across:  concave

Earth Covers - Primary:                          Secondary:

Geographically Associated Soils:

Site Observations
  Plants:
  Observed moisture state:

Parent Material:
Geologic Formation:
Bedrock Kind:
Bedrock Depth:
Bedrock Hardness:
Bedrock Fracture Interval:

Surface Fragments:  0 percent

Particle Size Control Section:

Diagnostic Features:

_______________________________________________________________________________________
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|    Top    |  Bottom   |              Restriction               |    Restriction     |
|Depth (cm) |Depth (cm) |                  Kind                  |      Hardness      |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|

Cont. Site ID: 99FN280004                        Pedon ID: 99FN280004

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| Slope | Elevation | Aspect | MAAT | MSAT | MWAT | MAP |  Frost-   | Drainage  | Slope  |Upslope |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     | Free Days |   Class   | Length | Length |
|  (%)  | (meters)  | (deg)  | (C)  | (C)  | (C)  |(mm) |           |           |(meters)|(meters)|
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
|  1.0  |  4,597.0  |  270   |      |      |      |     |           |moderately |        |        |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |   well    |        |        |
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|


A1--0 to 5 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/4), fine sandy loam; 8 percent clay; weak fine platy and weak fine
granular structure; very friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; many very fine and fine roots;
2 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2083

A2--5 to 9 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/6), silt loam; 11 percent clay; strong fine platy
structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; many very fine and fine roots and few medium
roots; 2 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2084

2Bt1--9 to 36 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/3), very gravelly clay loam; 34 percent clay; strong medium angular
blocky structure; very firm, very sticky, very plastic; many very fine and fine roots and few medium
roots; 55 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; gradual smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2085

2Bt2--36 to 56 cm; 50 percent brown (7.5YR 4/4) and 50 percent dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/6), very
gravelly clay loam; 25 percent clay; moderate medium angular blocky structure; very firm; few very
fine and fine roots; 50 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2086

3Bt3--56 to 100 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/4), extremely gravelly coarse sandy loam; 10 percent clay; weak
fine subangular blocky structure; very friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few fine roots
and common very fine roots; 60 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; gradual smooth boundary. Lab sample #
00P2087

3Bt4--100 to 114 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/4), extremely gravelly coarse sandy loam; 5
percent clay; weak fine subangular blocky structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; few fine
roots; 75 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; gradual smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2088

3BC--114 to 158 cm; brown (7.5YR 5/4), extremely gravelly coarse sandy loam; 1 percent clay; weak
fine subangular blocky structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; 80 percent 2 to 75
millimeter; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2089

3C1--158 to 168 cm; yellowish brown (10YR 5/8), extremely gravelly coarse sandy loam; 8 percent
clay; weak fine subangular blocky and weak medium granular structure; very friable, slightly sticky,
nonplastic; 75 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; abrupt broken boundary. Lab sample # 00P2090

4C2--168 to 173 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/4), extremely gravelly sand; 1 percent clay;
single grain; loose, nonsticky, nonplastic; 80 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; abrupt broken boundary.
Lab sample # 00P2091

5C3--173 to 187 cm; yellowish brown (10YR 5/6), gravelly loam; 22 percent clay; 20 percent 2 to 75
millimeter; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2092

5Cg1--187 to 200 cm; 5 percent strong brown (7.5YR 5/8) and 45 percent yellowish brown (10YR 5/8)
and 50 percent olive yellow (2.5Y 6/6), silt loam, sand; 20 percent clay; friable, slightly sticky;
abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2093

5Cg2--200 cm; light brownish gray (2.5Y 6/2); friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic. Lab sample
# 00P2094


China 4 (Two rivers, lower)

Description Date: 08/07/1999                     Print Date: 05/28/2002
Describer:  C.L. Ping, W.J. Akin, O. Chadwick, Q. Lin, X. Nan, L. Zhao

Site ID:  99FN280007
Site Note:
Pedon ID:  99FN280007                            Pedon Rec ID:         108,667
Lab Pedon #:  00P0398                            Lab Source ID:  SSL

Soil Name as Described/Sampled:  Two River A
Soil Name as Correlated:
Classification:

Pedon Type:                                      Pedon Purpose:
Taxon Kind:

Location Information:
  County:                                        State:  Foreign (not Used)
  MLRA:
  Soil Survey Area:
  Map Unit:
  USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Name:

  Location Description:
  Legal Description:

  Latitude:  31 degrees 49 minutes       seconds north
  Longitude:   94 degrees 44 minutes       seconds east
  Datum:
  UTM Zone:        UTM Easting:                 UTM Northing:

Physigraphic Division:
Physiographic Province:
Physiographic Section:
State Physiographic Area:
Local Physiographic Area:

Geomorphic Setting:  on toeslope of None Assigned
Slope Shapes - Up:  concave                      Across:  concave

Earth Covers - Primary:                          Secondary:

Geographically Associated Soils:

Site Observations
  Plants:
  Observed moisture state:

Parent Material:
Geologic Formation:
Bedrock Kind:
Bedrock Depth:
Bedrock Hardness:
Bedrock Fracture Interval:

Surface Fragments:  0 percent

Particle Size Control Section:

Diagnostic Features:

_______________________________________________________________________________________
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|    Top    |  Bottom   |              Restriction               |    Restriction     |
|Depth (cm) |Depth (cm) |                  Kind                  |      Hardness      |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|

Cont. Site ID: 99FN280007                        Pedon ID: 99FN280007

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| Slope | Elevation | Aspect | MAAT | MSAT | MWAT | MAP |  Frost-   | Drainage  | Slope  |Upslope |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     | Free Days |   Class   | Length | Length |
|  (%)  | (meters)  | (deg)  | (C)  | (C)  | (C)  |(mm) |           |           |(meters)|(meters)|
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
|  2.0  |           |  270   |      |      |      |     |           |  poorly   |  400   | 300.0  |
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|


Oa1--0 to 26 cm; very dark brown (10YR 2/2), muck; moderate medium granular structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic;  fine and medium roots and many very fine roots; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2110

Oa2--26 to 58 cm; very dark brown (10YR 2/2), muck; friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very fine
and fine roots and common medium roots; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2111

Oa3--58 to 74 cm; black (10YR 2/1), muck; friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very fine and fine
roots; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2112

Oa4--74 to 81 cm; very dark gray (2.5Y 3/1), muck; moderate fine platy structure; friable,
nonsticky, nonplastic; few fine roots and many very fine roots; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2113

Bg--81 to 102 cm; 40 percent very dark gray (2.5Y 3/1) and 60 percent dark olive brown (2.5Y 3/3),
mucky sandy loam; firm, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; many very fine and fine roots; abrupt
smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2114

Bgf--102 to 110 cm; 20 percent very dark gray (2.5Y 3/1) and 40 percent dark olive brown (2.5Y 3/3)
and 40 percent very dark gray (2.5Y 3/1), mucky sandy loam; firm, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2115

Cf1--110 to 115 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 4/6), sandy loam; 10 percent clay; firm, slightly
sticky, slightly plastic; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2116

Cf2--115 to 140 cm; olive brown (2.5Y 4/4), sandy loam; 8 percent clay; firm, slightly sticky,
nonplastic. Lab sample # 00P2117



China 5 (Two rivers, upper)

Description Date: 08/07/1999                     Print Date: 05/28/2002
Describer:  C.L. Ping, W.J. Akin, O. Chadwick, L. Zhao

Site ID:  99FN280008
Site Note:
Pedon ID:  99FN280008                            Pedon Rec ID:         108,668
Lab Pedon #:  00P0399                            Lab Source ID:  SSL

Soil Name as Described/Sampled:  Two River B
Soil Name as Correlated:
Classification:

Pedon Type:                                      Pedon Purpose:
Taxon Kind:

Location Information:
  County:                                        State:  Foreign (not Used)
  MLRA:
  Soil Survey Area:
  Map Unit:
  USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Name:

  Location Description:
  Legal Description:

  Latitude:  31 degrees 49 minutes 15.60 seconds north
  Longitude:   91 degrees 44 minutes 28.70 seconds east
  Datum:
  UTM Zone:        UTM Easting:                 UTM Northing:

Physigraphic Division:
Physiographic Province:
Physiographic Section:
State Physiographic Area:
Local Physiographic Area:

Geomorphic Setting:  on backslope of None Assigned
Slope Shapes - Up:  convex                       Across:  convex

Earth Covers - Primary:                          Secondary:

Geographically Associated Soils:

Site Observations
  Plants:
  Observed moisture state:

Parent Material:
Geologic Formation:
Bedrock Kind:
Bedrock Depth:
Bedrock Hardness:
Bedrock Fracture Interval:

Surface Fragments:  8 percent

Particle Size Control Section:

Diagnostic Features:

_______________________________________________________________________________________
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|    Top    |  Bottom   |              Restriction               |    Restriction     |
|Depth (cm) |Depth (cm) |                  Kind                  |      Hardness      |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|

Cont. Site ID: 99FN280008                        Pedon ID: 99FN280008

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| Slope | Elevation | Aspect | MAAT | MSAT | MWAT | MAP |  Frost-   | Drainage  | Slope  |Upslope |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     | Free Days |   Class   | Length | Length |
|  (%)  | (meters)  | (deg)  | (C)  | (C)  | (C)  |(mm) |           |           |(meters)|(meters)|
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| 19.0  |  4,850.0  |  270   |      |      |      |     |           |   well    |  500   | 300.0  |
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|


A--0 to 12 cm; very dark grayish brown (10YR 3/2), fine sandy loam; 3 percent clay; weak fine
granular structure; very friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very fine and fine roots and few
coarse roots; 5 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; abrupt smooth boundary. Lab sample # 00P2118

AB--12 to 26 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 3/4), extremely gravelly fine sandy loam; 6 percent
clay; moderate medium subangular blocky structure; friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very fine
and fine roots and few coarse roots; 70 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2119

Bw--26 to 42 cm; dark yellowish brown (10YR 3/4), gravelly fine sandy loam; 15 percent clay; weak
medium subangular blocky structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; many very fine and
fine roots; 30 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2120

2Bt1--42 to 55 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/4), clay loam; 30 percent clay; strong fine and medium subangular
blocky structure; firm;  fine and medium roots and few very fine roots; clear wavy boundary. Lab
sample # 00P2121

2Bt2--55 to 68 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/4), gravelly clay loam; 28 percent clay; strong medium subangular
blocky structure; firm; few very fine and fine roots; 15 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear wavy
boundary. Lab sample # 00P2122

2BC1--68 to 93 cm; brown (7.5YR 4/4), gravelly loam; 18 percent clay; moderate medium subangular
blocky structure; firm, slightly plastic; few very fine and fine roots; 16 percent 2 to 75
millimeter; abrupt wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2123

3BC2--93 to 107 cm; olive brown (2.5Y 4/3), extremely gravelly sandy loam; 12 percent clay; weak
medium subangular blocky structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few very fine and
fine roots; 85 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2124

3Bk1--107 to 129 cm; light olive brown (2.5Y 5/3), extremely gravelly sandy loam; 11 percent clay;
moderate medium subangular blocky structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few very
fine and fine roots; 80 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear wavy boundary. Lab sample # 00P2125

3Bk2--129 to 210 cm; light olive brown (2.5Y 5/3), extremely cobbly coarse sandy loam; 6 percent
clay; weak fine subangular blocky structure; friable, nonsticky, nonplastic; 20 percent 2 to 75
millimeter and 60 percent 75 to 250 millimeter. Lab sample # 00P2126


China 7 (Glacier station)

Description Date: 08/08/2000                     Print Date: 06/11/2002
Describer:  C.L. Ping, L. Zhao, S.T. Wu, C.M. Chiu, S.L. Wang, P.Y. Chen and H. Chen

Site ID:  00FN280001
Site Note:  natural grassland burned annually; seasonal frost free depth: 190 cm in 1992
Pedon ID:  00FN280001                            Pedon Rec ID:         116,541
Lab Pedon #:  01P0300                            Lab Source ID:  SSL

Soil Name as Described/Sampled:  XJ001
Soil Name as Correlated:
Classification:  Coarse-loamy over sandy or sandy-skeletal, mixed, frigid Fluventic Calciudolls

Pedon Type:                                      Pedon Purpose:
Taxon Kind:

Location Information:
  County:                                        State:
  MLRA:
  Soil Survey Area:
  Map Unit:
  USGS 7.5 Minute Quadrangle Name:

  Location Description:  Tien Shan Glacier Station, Xingjiang, China
  Legal Description:

  Latitude:  43 degrees 12 minutes 42.60 seconds north
  Longitude:   87 degrees  7 minutes  4.20 seconds east
  Datum:
  UTM Zone:        UTM Easting:                 UTM Northing:

Physigraphic Division:
Physiographic Province:
Physiographic Section:
State Physiographic Area:
Local Physiographic Area:  Valley

Geomorphic Setting:  terrace
Slope Shapes - Up:                               Across:

Earth Covers - Primary:                          Secondary:

Geographically Associated Soils:

Site Observations
  Plants:
  Observed moisture state:

Parent Material:
Geologic Formation:
Bedrock Kind:
Bedrock Depth:
Bedrock Hardness:
Bedrock Fracture Interval:

Surface Fragments:

Particle Size Control Section:

Diagnostic Features:

_______________________________________________________________________________________
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|    Top    |  Bottom   |              Restriction               |    Restriction     |
|Depth (cm) |Depth (cm) |                  Kind                  |      Hardness      |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|
|           |           |                                        |                    |
|___________|___________|________________________________________|____________________|

Cont. Site ID: 00FN280001                        Pedon ID: 00FN280001

___________________________________________________________________________________________________
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
| Slope | Elevation | Aspect | MAAT | MSAT | MWAT | MAP |  Frost-   | Drainage  | Slope  |Upslope |
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     | Free Days |   Class   | Length | Length |
|  (%)  | (meters)  | (deg)  | (C)  | (C)  | (C)  |(mm) |           |           |(meters)|(meters)|
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|
|       |           |        |      |      |      |     |           |           |        |        |
|  2.0  |  2,130.0  |  116   | 1.6  |      |      | 300 |           |           |        |        |
|_______|___________|________|______|______|______|_____|___________|___________|________|________|


A1--0 to 15 cm;, very fine sandy loam, very dark brown (10YR 2/2), dry; 15 percent clay; moderate
medium granular structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few fine roots and many very
fine roots; 5% pebbles and some coal and charcoal particles; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample #
01P1812

A2--15 to 37 cm;, sandy loam, very dark brown (10YR 2/2), dry; 12 percent clay; moderate medium
subangular blocky and moderate very fine granular structure; friable, slightly sticky, slightly
plastic; many very fine roots; 5 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; very abrupt. Lab sample # 01P1813

C1--37 to 40 cm;, very gravelly sand;  single grain; loose, nonsticky, nonplastic; common very fine
roots; concentrated as root mats; (not sampled); very abrupt.

Bwb1--40 to 59 cm;, silt loam, dark brown (10YR 3/3), dry; 16 percent clay; strong medium platy
structure; firm, slightly sticky, slightly plastic; common very fine roots; 10 percent 2 to 75
millimeter; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 01P1814

Bwb2--59 to 71 cm;, very fine sandy loam, brown (10YR 4/3), dry; 10 percent clay;  massive; friable,
slightly sticky, slightly plastic; few fine roots; 10 percent 2 to 75 millimeter; clear smooth
boundary. Lab sample # 01P1815

2Bk1--71 to 96 cm;, extremely cobbly sand;  single grain; loose, nonsticky, nonplastic; many very
fine roots; 77% rock fragments by weight; 80% of gravel with carbonates undercating, reddish brown
spuds <0.5 mm in diameter concentrated in the center of undercoating; clear smooth boundary. Lab
sample # 01P1816

2Bk2--96 to 135 cm;, extremely cobbly sand, very dark gray (2.5Y 3/1), dry;  single grain; loose,
nonsticky, nonplastic; few very fine roots; 85% rock fragent by wiehgt; 90% of gravel with
carbonates undercoating, reddish brown spuds <0.5 mm in diameter concentrated in the center of
undercoating; clear smooth boundary. Lab sample # 01P1817

2Bk3--135 to 200 cm;, extremely cobbly sand;  single grain; loose, nonsticky, nonplastic; 15 percent
250; 85% rock fragment by weight; 95% of gravel with carbonate undercoating, reddish brown spuds
<0.5 mm in diameter concentrated in the center of undercoating. Lab sample # 01P1818