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Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Deep permafrost temperatures and thickness of permafrost

6.0 REFERENCES AND BIBLIOGRAPHY

This section is an initial attempt at a comprehensive bibliography of scientific papers, engineering reports and miscellaneous articles that refer to sites in this database. Entries particularly pertinent to this database are annotated by the related GSC site numbers. A few site numbers are not found in this database, rather are in the "shallow" database in preparation(see text).

e.g. Bateman, 1949: pertinent data is site 66 (Yellowknife) and site 105 (a mine site at Yellowknife, shallow data collection).

Besides GSC site numbers, alphabetic codes refer to general regions. The codes are:

AI = Arctic Islands (Arctic Archipelago)
ALL = All of arctic Canada
MAC = Mackenzie Delta and Valley including Beaufort Sea
YUKON= Yukon territory

Readers are encouraged to bring other papers or unpublished reports to our attention. The bibliography is alphabetical by first author and by date.


1988		Allen, D., Michel, F. and Judge, A.
		The permafrost regime in the Mackenzie Delta, Beaufort Sea region, N.W.T. and its significance to the reconstruction of the palaeoclimatic history. Journal of Quaternary Science 3, 3-13.

			MAC

1949		Bateman, J.D.
		Permafrost at Giant Yellowknife.  Transactions, Royal Society of Canada . v. 43, ser. 3(4), p. 7-11.

			66	105			

1966		Beck, A.E. and Sass, J.H.
		A preliminary value of the heat flow at the Muskox intrusion near Coppermine, N.W.T.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters 1, 123-129.

			902	903

1995		Beltrami, Hugo, and Taylor, Alan
		Records of climate change in the Canadian Arctic: towards calibrating oxygen isotope data and geothermal data. Palaeogeog., Palaeoclim., Palaeoecol. (Global and Planetary Change)  11, 127-138.

			197	606

1997		Beniston, M., Haeberli, W., Hoelzle, M. and Taylor, A.
		On the potential use of glacier and permafrost observations for verification of climate models. Annals of Glaciology. submitted.

1948		Birch, F.
		Effects of Pleistocene climate variations upon geothermal gradients.  American Journal of Science 246, 729-760.

1955		Bremner, P.C.
		Diamond drilling in permafrost at Resolute Bay, N.W.T.  Publications, Dominion Observatory (Government of Canada) 16, 365-390.

			901

1997		Brown, J., Ferrians, O.J., Heginbottom, J.A. and Melnikov, E.S.
		Circum-arctic map of permafrost and ground ice conditions.  United States Geological Survey, map CP-45 (1:10,000,000).

			ALL

1967		Brown, R.J.E.
		Permafrost in Canada (map).  Division of Building Research, National Research Council of Canada (map NRC 9769) and Geological Survey of Canada (map 1246A).

1978		Brown, R.J.E.
		Permafrost. Hydrological Atlas of Canada. Fisheries and Environment Canada, Ottawa.

1982a		Burgess, M.M., Judge, A.S., and Taylor, A.E.
		Yukon ground temperature data collection - 1966 to August 1981; Earth Physics Branch Open File 82-1; Energy, Mines and Resources Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 138 p.

			YUKON

1982b		Burgess, M., Judge, A., Taylor, A. and Allen, V.
		Ground temperature studies of permafrost growth at a drained lake site, Mackenzie Delta. in, H.M. French, ed. Proceedings, Fourth Canadian Permafrost Conference. Natural Research Council of Canada, Ottawa. p. 3-11.

			MAC

1983		D&S Petrophysical Co.
	Study of geophysical well logs in Mackenzie Delta-Beaufort Sea area to outline permafrost thickness and/or gas hydrate occurrence.  EMR Canada, Earth Physics Branch, Open file 83-10 (242 pages). 

1991		Dallimore, S.R. (compiler)
		Geological, geotechnical and geophysical studies along an onshore-offshore transect of the Beaufort Shelf.  Geological Survey of Canada, open file 2408.


			601	602	603

1992		Dallimore, S.R. (compiler)
		Borehole logs from joint GSC-industry Mackenzie Delta geology/permafrost transect. Geological Survey of Canada, open file 2561.

			610	611	612

1993		Dallimore, S.R. and Taylor, A.E.
		Permafrost conditions along an onshore-offshore transect of the Canadian Beaufort Shelf. in, Proceedings, Sixth International Conference on Permafrost. South China University of Technology Press, Guangzhou, China. p. 125-130.

			601	603

1997		Dallimore, S.R. and Matthews, J.V., Jr., editors.
		The Mackenzie Delta borehole project. in, Environmental Studies Research Funds, report 135. CD-ROM.

		165	167	173	255	267	268	269	280	282	287	601	610			 611				612

1978		Davidson, D.W., El-Defrawy, M.K., Fuglem, M.O. and Judge, 			A.S.
		Natural gas hydrates in northern Canada.  in, Proceedings, Third International Conference on Permafrost. National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa. p. 937-943.

1990		EBA Engineering Ltd.
		Modelling of offshore temperature profiles for Amauligak and Angasak wells, Beaufort Sea. Geological Survey of Canada, open file 2227.

			600	601

1962		Garland, G.D. and Lennox, D.H.
		Heat flow in western Canada.  Geophysics Journal 6, 245-262.

			88

1990		Geo-engineering Ltd.
		Geothermal modelling, offshore temperature profiles at Angasak and Amauligak, Beaufort Shelf.  Geological Survey of Canada, open file 2226.

			600	601

1983		Geophysicon Ltd.
		Detection of permafrost base in permafrost areas -transient electromagnetic survey in Mackenzie Delta area, N.W.T.  Earth Physics Branch, EMR Canada, open file 83-17.

		173	267	268	269	280	282	287	610	611	612

1983		Geotech Engineering Ltd.
		Subsurface temperature data from Arctic wells. EMR Canada, Earth Physics Branch, Open file 83-11 (401 pages).

1984		Geotech Engineering Ltd.
		Subsurface temperature data from wells north of sixty, Yukon - Northwest Territories.  EMR Canada, Earth Physics Branch, Open file 84-28 (557 pages).

1956		Goguel, J.
		Influences des variations de la temperature superficielle sur le degre geothermique, en particulier dans le cas d'un sol gele permanent. Annales Geophys. 12, 183-201.

			901

1984a		Hardy and Associates Ltd.
	Study of well logs in the Arctic Islands to outline permafrost thickness and/or gas hydrate occurrence. EMR Canada, Earth Physics Branch, Open file 84-8 (215 + 159 pages).

			AI

1984b		Hardy and Associates Ltd.
	Study of well logs in the western Northwest Territories and Yukon  to outline permafrost thickness and/or gas hydrate occurrence.  EMR Canada, Earth Physics Branch, Open file 84-27 (290 pages)

			MAC	YUKON

1949		Hemstock, R.A.
		Permafrost at Norman Wells, N.W.T.  Unpublished report, Imperial Oil Ltd., Calgary, Canada.

			88

1963		Jacobsen, G.
				Deep permafrost measurement in North America. Polar Record 11, 595-596.

			73

1949		Jenness, J.L.
		Permafrost in Canada.  Arctic 2, 13-27.

1970		Jessop, A.M.
		Depth of permafrost.  Oilweek, Jan. 12, p. 22-25.

			ALL	63

1984		Jessop, A.M., Lewis, T.J., Judge, A.S., Taylor, A.E., and 			Drury, M.J.
		Terrestrial Heat Flow in Canada; Tectonophysics 103, p. 239-261.

1989		Jones, F.W., Majorowicz, J.A. and Embry, A.F.
		A heat flow profile across the Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Islands.  Geophysics 54, 171-180.

			AI

1990		Jones, F.W., Majorowicz, J.A., Embry, A.F. and Jessop, A.M.
		Geothermal gradients and terrestrial heat flow along a south-north profile in the Sverdrup Basin, Canadian Arctic Archipelago.  Geophysics 55, 1105-1107.

			AI

1973a		Judge, A.S.
		Deep temperature observations in the Canadian North. in, Permafrost, Second International Conference, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. p. 35-40.

			ALL

1973b		Judge, A.S.
		The prediction of permafrost thickness.  Canadian Geotechnical Journal 10, 1-11.

			ALL

1973c		Judge, A.S.
		The thermal regime of the Mackenzie Valley: observations of the natural state.  Environmental-Social Program, Northern Pipelines, Task Force on Northern Oil Development, report 73-38 (177 pages); Canadian Department of Indian and Northern Affairs, Ottawa.

			MAC	88

1974a		Judge, A.S.
		Geothermal measurements in northern Canada. in, Proceedings, Symposium of geology of Arctic Canada. Geological Association of Canada - Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Saskatoon. p. 301-311.

			ALL

1974b		Judge, A.S.
		Occurrence of offshore permafrost in northern Canada; in, J.C. Reed and J.E. Sater, ed. The coast and shelf of the Beaufort Sea.  Arctic Institute of North America, p. 427-437.

			MAC

1975		Judge, A.S.
		Geothermal studies in the Mackenzie Valley by the Earth Physics Branch.  Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 2, 12 pages.

			MAC

1977		Judge, A.S.
		Calculations of permafrost thickness. in, L.C. Bliss, ed. Truelove Lowland, Devon Island, Canada: a High Arctic ecosystem. University of Alberta Press, Edmonton, Alberta. p. 26-30.

			AI	99

1978		Judge, A.S. and Jessop, A.M.
		Heat flow north of 60 deg N. in, J.F. Sweeney, ed. Arctic geophysical review. Earth Physics Branch, EMR Canada. Publication no. 45, p. 25-33.

			ALL

1979		Judge, A.S., Taylor, A.E., and Rutledge, L.
		A supplement to the Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells 1977-78; Earth Physics Branch, Open File 79-13, 64 p.

			ALL

1979		Judge, A.S., Taylor, A.E., and Burgess, M.M.
		Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells 1977-78; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 11, 187 p.

			ALL

1981		Judge, A.S., Taylor, A.E., Burgess, M.M., and Allen, V.S.
		Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells 1978-80; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 12, 190 p.

			ALL

1982		Judge, A.S.
		Natural gas hydrates in Canada. in, H.M. French, ed. Proceedings, Fourth Canadian Permafrost Conference. Natural Research Council of Canada, Ottawa. p. 320-328.

			AI

1985		Judge, A.S. and Taylor, A.E.
		Permafrost distribution in Northern Canada: interpretation of wells logs, in, J. Brown, M. Metz and P. Hoekstra, eds.; Workshop on permafrost geophysics, Golden, Colorado, October 1984, USA-CREEL Special Report 85-5, p. 19-25.

			MAC

1987a		Judge, A.S., Taylor, A., Duguid, A., Allen, V., Hill, M., 	Woodroffe, D., Harrington, J., Baudais, D., and 	Uhrich, I.
		Automatic data acquisition system installed in offshore Canadian Arctic well:  Monitoring precise temperatures by acoustic telemetry; in Proceedings, OCEANS '87 Conference, Marine Technology Society and IEEE Ocean Engineering Society, Halifax, N.S., v. 1, p. 156-160.

			427

1987b		Judge, A. and Bawden, W.
		Geothermal contours, geothermal gradients. in, B.R. Pelletier, ed., Marine Science Atlas of the Beaufort Sea: Geology and Geophysics.  Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 40, p.6-7.

			MAC

1987c		Judge, A.S., Pelletier, B.R. and Norquay, I.
		Permafrost base and distribution of gas hydrates. in, B.R. Pelletier, ed., Marine Science Atlas of the Beaufort Sea: Geology and Geophysics.  Geological Survey of Canada, Miscellaneous Report 40, p.39.

			MAC

1989		Judge, A., Duguid, A., Taylor, A., and Allen, V.
		The automatic well temperature measuring system installed at Cape Allison C-47, offshore well, Arctic Islands of Canada:  1. Concept and deployment; Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology 28, p. 89-94.

			427

1992		Judge, A.S. and J.A. Majorowicz
		Geothermal Conditions for Gas Hydrate Stability in the Beaufort-Mackenzie Area: The Global Change Aspect, Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology (Global and Planetary Change), 98, p. 251-263. 

			MAC

1994		Judge A., Sharon L. Smith, and J.A. Majorowicz
		The Current Distribution and Thermal Stability of Natural Gas Hydrates in the Canadian Polar Regions, Proceedings of the Fourth, International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, Osaka, Japan, April 10-15,1994, p. 307-314. 

			AI	MAC

1957		Lachenbruch, A.H.
		Thermal effects of the ocean on permafrost. Bulletin, Geological Society of America 68, 1515-1530.

			55	901

1959		Lachenbruch, A.H. and Brewer, M.C.
		Dissipation of the temperature effect in drilling a well in arctic Alaska.  U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1083-C, p. 73-109.

1987		LaFleche, P.T., Judge, A.S., and Taylor, A.E.
		Applications of geophysical methods to resource development in northern Canada; CIM Bulletin 80, p. 78-87.

			114	157	267	268	269	287

1967		Mackay, J.R.
		Permafrost depths, lower Mackenzie Valley, N.W.T. Arctic 20, 21-26.

			MAC

1988		Majorowicz, J.A., Jones, F.W. and Jessop, A.M.
		Preliminary geothermics of the sedimentary basins of the Yukon and Northwest Territories (60 deg N-70 deg N) - estimates from petroleum bottom-hole temperature data.  Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology 36, 39-51.

1989		Majorowicz, J.
		(there are a number of pertinent papers by this author prior to 1990)

1990		Majorowicz, J.A., Jones, F.W. and Judge, A.S. 
		Deep subpermafrost regime in the Mackenzie Delta basin, Northern Canada - analysis from petroleum bottom hole temperature data.  Geophysics, 55, 362-371.

1996		Majorowicz J.A., A.M. Jessop, and A.S. Judge
		Geothermal Regime, in: Geological Atlas of the Beaufort-Mackenzie Area, Edited by J. Dixon,Geological Survey of Canada, Report 59, P. 33-37, Natural Resources, Canada. 

1996		Majorowicz J.A.
		Anomalous Heat Flow Regime in the Western Margin of the North American Craton, Canada, J.Geodynamics Vol 21, No.2, pp. 123-140. 

1997		Majorowicz, J.A. and W.R. Skinner
		Recent and Pre-instrumental Climatic Conditions as Reconstructed from Temperature logs in Western and Northern Canada, AMS Transactions, Global Change Symposium, 1997 Annual Conference, Long Beach, CA., paper 15.1 
 1997		Majorowicz J.A.
		A Constraint to the Methane Gas Hydrate Stability from the Analysis of Thermal Data in the Northern Canadian Sedimentary Basins - Arctic Archipelago Case. Proceedings of the VIIth International Conference on Permafrost, submitted.

1998		Majorowicz, J.A. and Embry, A.
		Present heat flow and paleo geothermal regime in the Canadian Arctic margin, analysis of industrial thermal data and coalification gradients. in, Cermak, V.ed.  Heat Flow and the Structure of the Lithosphere, Tectonophysics. Tectonophysics 291 (1-4) (June 1998): 141-159.

1955		Misener, A.D.
		Heat flow and depth of permafrost at Resolute bay, Cornwallis Island, N.W.T.  Transactions, American Geophysical Union 36, 1055-1060.

			901

1956		Misener, A.D., Bremner, P.C. and Hodgson, J.H.
		Heat flow measurements in permafrost at Resolute Bay, N.W.T.  Journal Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 50, 2-12.

			901

1978		Nicholson, F.H.
		Permafrost distribution and characteristics near Schefferville, Quebec...recent studies.  In, Proceedings, Third International Permafrost Conference, National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, pages 427-433.

			110

1986		Nixon, J.F.
		Thermal simulation of subsea permafrost. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 23, 2039-2046.

1985		Outcalt, S.I.
		A numerical model of subsea permafrost. in, D.M. Anderson and P.J. Williams, eds. Freezing and thawing of soil-water systems.  American Society of Civil Engineering, New York, pages 58-65.

1987		Seto, J.T.C.
		The determination of surface temperature history from borehole temperature measurements.  Unpublished report to Terrain Sciences Division, Geological Survey of Canada.  101 pages.
 			ALL

1974		Taylor, A.E., and Judge, A.S.
		Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells, 1955 to February 1974; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 1, 171 p.

			ALL

1975		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells 1975; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 3, 170 p.

			ALL

1976		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells 1975; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 6, 142 p.


			ALL

1976		Taylor, A.E., and Judge, A.S.
		Permafrost studies provide data for future Arctic developments; Oilweek, August 23, p. 12-16.

			ALL

1976		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Permafrost distribution in the far north is subject of on-going research; The Northern Miner, July 15, 1976.

			ALL

1977		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Canadian Geothermal Data Collection - Northern Wells 1976-77; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 10, 194 p.

			ALL

1978		Taylor, A.E.
		A finite difference programme to solve the transient heat conduction equation involving latent heat in cylindrical symmetry; Earth Physics Branch, Open File 78-8, 180 p.

1978		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Mining companies assist in studies of permafrost in northern Quebec; Northern Miner, November 30, p. 14-15, 1978.

			114

1978		Taylor, A.E.
		Temperatures and heat flow in a system of cylindrical symmetry including a phase boundary; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 7, 95 p.

			63

1979		Taylor, A.E. and Judge A.S.
	Permafrost studies in northern Quebec; Geographié Physique et Quaternaire  33, p. 245-251.

			114

1979		Taylor, A.E.
		 	The thermal regime modelled for drilling and producing in permafrost; Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology 18, no. 2, 59-66.

			114

1980		Taylor, A.E., and Judge, A.S.
		Permafrost studies in northern Quebec, in, W.J. Scott and R.J.E.  Brown, ed.; Proceedings, Symposium on Permafrost Geophysics, Nov.  1978, National Research Council of Canada, Technical Memorandum No. 128, p. 94-102.

			114

1981		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Measurement and Prediction of Permafrost thickness, Arctic Canada; Technical Papers, 51st Annual Meeting, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, v. 6, p. 3964-3977.

			AI	MAC	63	114	196	286	

1982		Taylor, A.E., Burgess, M.M., Judge, A.S., and Allen, V.S
		Canadian geothermal data collection - Northern Wells 1981; Earth Physics Branch, Geothermal Series 13, 153 p.

			ALL

1983		Taylor, A.E., Judge, A.S., and Desrochers, D.
		Shoreline Regression:  Its effect on permafrost and the geothermal regime, Canadian Arctic Archipelago; in Proceedings, Fourth International Conference on Permafrost, Fairbanks, Alaska, National Academy Press, Washington, p. 1239-1244.

			AI

1985		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Obtaining precise temperature measurements in abandoned offshore petroleum exploration wells, in, J. Brown, M. Metz and P. Hoekstra, eds.; Workshop on permafrost geophysics, Golden, Colorado, October 1984, USA-CREEL Special Report 85-5, p. 95-99.

			427

1985		Taylor, A.E. and Judge, A.S.
		Monitoring temperatures in an offshore arctic well -a brief note; The Northern Engineer 17, 18-19.

			427

1986		Taylor, A.E., Judge, A.S., Allen, V., Hill, M., 			Woodroffe, D., Harrington, J., Baudais, D., Duguid, 			A., and Uhrich, I.
		Downhole Temperature Acquisition System Installed in an Offshore Canadian Arctic Well; Eos, Transactions, American Geophysical Union  67, p. 154-155.

			427

1987		Taylor, A.E., and Judge, A.S.
		Reconstruction of marine transgression history from an offshore ground temperature profile, Esso Angasak L-03 wellsite, Beaufort Sea; Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 88-1D, p. 137-142.

			600

1988		Taylor, A.E.
		A constraint to the Wisconsinan glacial history, Canadian Arctic Archipelago; Journal of Quaternary Research 3, p. 15-18.

			86	155	170	195	256	427

1989		Taylor, A., Judge, A., and Allen, V.
		The automatic well temperature measuring system installed at Cape Allison C-47, offshore well, Arctic Islands of Canada:  2. Data retrieval and analysis of the thermal regime; Journal of Canadian Petroleum Technology 28, p  95-101.

			86	155	170	195	256	427

1989		Taylor, Alan, Judge, Alan and Allen, Vic.
		Recovery of precise offshore permafrost temperatures from a deep geotechnical hole, Canadian Beaufort Sea; Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 89-1D, p. 119-123.

			601

1990		Taylor, A.
		Holocene paleoenvironmental reconstruction from deep ground temperatures, Canadian Arctic Archipelago: a comparison with climatic inferences from the _18O record of ice cores; Annals of Glaciology 14, 359-360.

			AI

1990		Taylor, A.
		Holocene paleoenvironmental reconstruction from deep ground temperatures: a comparison with paleoclimate derived from the _18O record in an ice core at the Agassiz Ice Cap, Canadian Arctic Archipelago; Journal of Glaciology 37, 209-219.

			166	175	197	606

1991		Taylor, Alan E.
		Marine transgression, shoreline emergence: evidence in seabed and terrestrial ground temperatures of changing relative sea levels, Arctic Canada; Journal of Geophysical Research 96B, 6893-6906.

			155	170	172	195	196	199	200	259	286	299	600	601


1996		Taylor, A.E., Dallimore, S.R. and Outcalt, S.I.
		Late Quaternary history of the Mackenzie-Beaufort region, arctic Canada, from modelling of permafrost temperatures: 1. The onshore-offshore transition; Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 33 (1), 52-61.

			165	601	602	603

1996		Taylor, A.E., Dallimore, S.R. and Judge, A.S.
		Late Quaternary history of the Mackenzie-Beaufort region, arctic Canada, from modelling of permafrost temperatures: 2. the Mackenzie Delta-Tuktoyaktuk Coastlands; Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 33 (1), 62-71.

		165	167	173	255	267	268	269	280	282	287	601	610			611	612

1998		Taylor, A.E., Burgess, M.M., Judge, A.S. and Allen, V.S.
		Permafrost thickness and deep ground temperatures. in, L. Dyke and G. Brooks, eds. The physical environment of the Mackenzie Valley: a baseline for the assessment of environmental change. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin xxx. Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin no. 547: 105-109.

			ALL