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Note: This data set was first published on the 1998 CAPS CD.
The text for this document was taken unchanged from that CD.

See also Description of Data Files.

Beta revision 28 April 1630 MST

CRYOSOLIC PEDONS FROM NORTHERN CANADA

Pedons included here represent Cryosolic (permafrost-affected) soils from across the Canadian North from Baffin Island in the east, to the lower Mackenzie Valley and northern Yukon in the west, and to Ellesmere Island in the High Arctic.

The definition of Cryosolic soils in the Canadian soil classification is as follows:

Cryosolic soils are either mineral or organic materials that have permafrost either within 1 m of the surface (Static and Organic Cryosols) or within 2 m (Turbic Cryosols) if more than one-third of the pedon has been strongly cryoturbated, as indicated by disrupted, mixed, or broken horizons. They have a mean annual temperature below 0 degree C. In the soil profile descriptions, the perennially frozen (permafrost) soil horizons are identified by the letter 'z'.

The descriptions and nomenclature used to describe these pedons are according to:

Expert Committee on Soil Survey. 1983. The Canada Soil Information System, Manual for describing soil in the field. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada. Agriculture Canada Expert Committee on Soil Survey. 1987. The Canadian System of Soil Classification. (2nd ed.) Research Branch, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

The methods for laboratory analysis are according to:

Sheldrick, B.H. (editor). 1984. Analytical Methods Manual. 1984. Land Resource Research Institute, Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

The data file accompanying this documentation file contains laboratory analyses of the soil samples, including chemical, physical, mineralogical (clay mineralogy when applicable), and particle size distribution analyses.

The numbers, site names, locations and sampling dates of the 25 pedons are as follows:

Pedon 12-96-A6:  
Owl River area, Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1996
Location: Lat. 66o 53' 24" N,  Long. 64o 40' 52" W     

Pedon ISSS - Site 2:  
Inuvik area, N.W.T.
Date recorded: September, 1975
Location: Lat. 68o 06' 39" N, Long. 133o 28' 29" W     

Pedon ISSS - Site 1:  
Inuvik area, N.W.T.
Date recorded: September, 1975
Location: Lat. 68o 18' 57" N, Long. 133o 25' 51" W
     
Pedon ISCOM - Site 3A:  
Mackenzie Delta, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1991
Location: Lat. 68o 25' N,  Long. 133o 52' W  

Pedon ISCOM - Site 3B:  
Mackenzie Delta, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1991
Location: Lat. 68o 25' N,  Long. 133o 52' W  

Pedon ISCOM - Site 9 (EP-2, S91-FN-260-004):  
Eagle Plains, northern Yukon
Date recorded: July, 1991
Location: Lat. 66o 42' 59" N, Long. 136o 21' 11" W     

Pedon ISCOM - Site 11 (EP-3):  
Eagle Plains, northern Yukon
Date recorded: September, 1991
Location: Lat. 66o 32' 27" N, Long. 136o 22' 28" W     

Pedon ISCOM - Site 12 (EP-1, S91-FN-260-003):  
Eagle Plains, northern Yukon
Date recorded: July, 1991
Location: Lat. 66o 23' 20" N, Long. 136o 41' 44" W     

Pedon ISCOM - Site 25B (DC-2, S91-FN-260-008):  
Dawson City area, central Yukon
Date recorded: July, 1991
Location: Lat. 64o 03' 11" N, Long. 138o 59' 49" W     

Pedon ISCOM - Site 28B: 
Klondike Valley, Dawson City area, central Yukon
Date recorded: August, 1992
Location: Lat. 63o 56' 30" N, Long. 138o 43' W    

Pedon 12-90-T4:  
Tanquary Fiord, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 24' 25" N,  Long. 76o 51' 23" W     

Pedon 12-90-T3:  
Tanquary Fiord, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 23' 37" N,  Long. 76o 53' 29" W     

Pedon 12-90-T2:  
Tanquary Fiord, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 23' 56" N,  Long. 76o 26' 26" W     

Pedon 12-90-H3:  
Lake Hazen, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 49' 54" N,  Long. 71o 26' 25" W     

Pedon 12-90-H2:  
Lake Hazen, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 49' 12" N,  Long. 71o 23' 32" W     

Pedon 12-90-H4:  
Lake Hazen, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 49' 36" N,  Long. 71o 21' 53" W     

Pedon 12-90-H1:  
Lake Hazen, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 49' 48" N,  Long. 71o 17' 54" W     

Pedon 12-90-T1:  
Tanquary Fiord, Ellesmere Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1990
Location: Lat. 81o 23' 44" N,  Long. 76o 48' 00" W     

Pedon 12-95-A1:  
Overlord, Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1995
Location: Lat. 66o 23' 30" N,  Long. 65o 29' 20" W     

Pedon 12-95-A3:  
Windy Lake, Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1995
Location: Lat. 66o 30' 35" N,  Long. 65o 29' 04" W
     
Pedon 12-95-4:  
Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1995
Location: Lat. 66o 30' 50" N,  Long. 65o 29' 07" W     

Pedon 12-95-45E:  
Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1995
Location: Lat. 66o 31' N,   Long. 65o 17' W  

Pedon 12-95-A4:  
Summit Lake, Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1995
Location: Lat. 66o 36' 40" N,  Long. 65o 13' 10" W     

Pedon 12-95-3:  
Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1995
Location: Lat. 66o 31' 05" N,  Long. 65o 29' 58" W     

Pedon 12-96-6:  
Owl River area, Pangnirtung Pass, Baffin Island, N.W.T.
Date recorded: July, 1996
Location: Lat. 66o 53' 18" N,  Long. 64o 41' 01" W     

Additional information relating to these pedons can be obtained by contacting Charles Tarnocai, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Research Branch (ECORC), K.W. Neatby Building, Rm. 1135, 960 Carling Avenue, OTTAWA, Canada, K1A 0C6; Tel.: (613) 759-1857; Fax: (613) 759-1937; E-mail: tarnocaict@em.agr.ca.

Please cite these data as follows:

Tarnocai, C. 1998. Cryosolic pedons from Northern Canada. In: International Permafrost Association, Data and Information Working Group, comp. Circumpolar Active-Layer Permafrost System (CAPS), version 1.0. CD-ROM available from National Snow and Ice Data Center, nsidc@kryos.colorado.edu. Boulder, Colorado: NSIDC, University of Colorado at Boulder.